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PREFACE.

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Y the advice of the Bookseller these

little VOLUMES are now brought to a conclufion. The favourable reception they have met with has but served to convince the COMPILER, that in the approbation of the plan of them, the Public has overlooked the deficiencies in the execution.

History has been called “ Philosophy

teaching by examples.” Biography may be said to be Philosophy rendered dra

matic,

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matic, and brought home to “ each man's “ business and bosom ;” and, in the opinion of a great master * of this species of composition, " is, of the various kind of narrative writing, that which is most

cagerly read, and most easily applied “ to the purposes of life.”

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ONE deviation only from the general plan of the work occurs,--the introduction of a living character. In this, perhaps, the COMPILER but anticipates the wishes of the reader, who may think that a man like Dr. Tucker omni major eulogio should be also omni exceptione major.

* Idler, No. 84.

SUP

SUPPLEMENT,

&c. &c. &c.

LORENZO DE MEDICI.

THI "HIS great Statesman, on finding himself dying,

fent for his son Pietro, who was to succeed him in his estates and in his dignity, and thus addressed him: “I doubt not, Son, that you will “ hereafter possess the same weight and authority " in the State which I have hitherto enjoyed; “ but as the Republic, although it forms but one « body, has many heads, you must not expect that « it will be possible for you, on all occasions, so " to conduct yourself as to obtain the approbation « of every individual. Remember therefore, in « every fituation, to pursue that course of conduct

which strict integrity prescribes, and to consult SUPPLEMENT,

P

66 the

o the interests of the whole Community rather is than the gratification of any particular part of it." The History of the Life and Times of this

great Man has been lately written by Mr. Roscoe, in so elegant a style, and with such knowledge of the state of Literature and of the Arts at that period, that every person of taste mult with that he would proceed with the Life of his Son Leo X. under whose Pontificate they reached perfection. TRANSLATION of the ITALIAN LETTER in the

Fourth Volume of these ANECDOTE:, written by LORENZO to his Son GIOVANNI DE' MEDICI (afterwards Leo X.), on his being made a CARDINAL; from Mr. Roscoe's “ Life of Lorenzo."

LORENZO DE' MEDICI, TO GIOVANNI DE' MEDICI, CARDINAL. “ You, and all of us who are interested in your " welfare, ought to esteem ourselves highly fa« voured by Providence, not only for the many « honours and benefits bestowed on our House, “ but more particularly for having conferred upon

us, in your person, the greatest dignity we have "ever enjoyed. This favour, in itself so im

portant, is rendered ftill more so by the circum"stances with which it is accompanied, and ef

pecially by the consideration of your youth, and *6 of our situation in the world. The first thing " that I would therefore suggest to you is, that “ you ought to be grateful to God, and continually « to recollect that it is not through your merits, “ your prudence, or your solicitude, that this “ event has taken place, but through his favour, " which you can only repay by a pious, chaste, « and exemplary life ; and that your obligations “ to the performance of these duties are so much “ the greater, as in your early years you have “ given some reafonable expectation that your “ riper age may produce such fruits. It would « indeed be highly disgraceful, and as contrary to

65 that

your duty as to my hopes, if, at a time when “ others display à greater share of reason, and « adopt a better mode of life, you should forget “ the precepts of your youth, and forsake the path « in which you have hitherto trodden. Endeavour s6 therefore to alleviate the burthen of your early “ dignity, by the regularity of your life, and by “ your perseverance in those studies which are « suitable to your profeffion. It gave me great “ satisfaction to learn, that, in the course of the « past year, you had frequently, of your own ac“ cord, gone to communion and confeffion ; nor u do I conceive that there is

any
better
way

of obtaining the favour of Heaven, than by habi“ tuating yourself to a performance of these and “ fimilar duties. This appears to me to be the

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