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difficult to find out so proper a Patron for it as Your Self, there being none whose Mesit is more " universally acknowledged by all Parties, and who has made himself more Friends and fewer Enemies. Your great Abilities, and unquestioned : Integrity, in those high Employments which You have passed through, would not have been able to have raised You this general Approbation, had they not been accompanied with that Moderation in an high Fortune, and that Affability of Man

which are so conspicuous through all Parts , of your Life. Your Aversion to any Ostentatious Arts of setting to show those

great

ners,

great Services which You have done the Publick, has not likewise a little contributed to that Universal Acknowledgment which is paid You by your Country.

THE Considerationi of this Part of Your Character, is that which hinders me from enlarging on those Extraordinary Talents, which have given You so great a Figure in the British Senate, as well as on that Elegance and politeness which appear in Your more retired Conversation. I should be unpardonable, if, after what I have said, I should longer detain You with an Address of this Nature : I cannot, however, conclude it FIAT A

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without owning those great Obligations which You have laid upon,

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THE

SPECTATO R.

VOL. III.

N° 170. Friday, September 14. 1711.

In amore hec omnia infunt vitia: injuria,
Sufpiciones, inimicitiæ, induciæ,
Bellum, pax rurfum

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SPON looking over the Letters of my fem

male Correspondents, I find several from
Women complaining of jealous Husbands,
and at the same time protesting their own
Innocence; and defiring my Advice on

this Occasion. I shall therefore take this
Subject into my Consideration ; and the more willingly,
because I find that the Marquiss of Hallifax, who, in his
Advice to a Daughter, has instructed a Wife how to be-
have herself towards a false, an intemperate, a cholerick,
a sullen, a covetous or a filly Husband, has not spoken
one Word of a jealous Husband.

JEALOUS Y is that Pain wbich a Man feels from the Apprehenfion that he is not equally beloved by the

Perfon whom he intirely loves. Now because our inward Passions and Inclinations can never make themselves,

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visible, it is impossible for a jealous Man to be throughly cured of his Sufpicions. His Thoughts hang at best in a State of Doubtfulness and Uncertainty ; and are never capable of receiving any Satisfaction on the advantageous Side ; so that his Inquiries are most successful when they discover nothing : His Pleasure arises from his Disappointments, and his Life is spent in Pursuit of a Secret that destroys his Happiness if he chance to find it.

AN ardent Love is always a strong Ingredient in this Passion ; for the same Affection which stirs up the jealous Man's Desires, and gives the Party beloved so beautiful a Figure in his Imagination, makes him believe she kindles the fame Passion in others, and

appears as ámiable to all Beholders. And as Jealousy thus arises from an extraordinary Love, it is of fo delicate a Nature, that it scorns to

with any thing less than an equal Return of Love. Not the warmest Expressions of Affection, the foftest and most tender Hypocrisy, are able to give any Satis. faction, where we are not persưaded that the Affection is real and the Satisfaction mutual. For the jealous Man wishes himself a kind of Deity to the Person he loves : He would be the only Pleasure of her Senses, the Employment of her Thoughts ; and is angry at every thing the admires, or takes Delight in, besides himself.

PHÆDRIA's Request to his Mistress, upon his leaving her for three Days, is inimitably beautiful and natural.

Cum milite ifto præfens, abfens ut fres:
Dies, noctefque me ames: me defideres :
Me fomnes : me expectes : de me cogites :
Me peres : me te oblectes: 'mecum tota fis:
Meus fac fis poftremò animus, quando ego fum tuus.

Ter: Eun.

THE jealous Man's Disease is of so malignant a Nature, that it converts all it takes into its own Nourish-ment. A cool Behaviour fets him on the Rack, and is interpreted as an Instance of Aversion or Indifference}, a fond one raises his Suspicions, and looks too much like Dissimulation and Artifice. If the Person he loves be chearful, her Thoughts must be employed on another ;

and

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