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The Apostle's Third Argument, for encouraging the Christi
ans of Judea to Perfeverance in their Profesion, under
OW faith is the Said 1, it was a steddy Faith in A. D. 63.
Chris, and a refolute Profefthings hoped for, the fion of his Religion, that must pro- Chap. X. evidence of things not seen.
cure your Salvation. And whereas 29.
the Jewish Zealots are wont to affright you, by confidently affirming, That to embrace Christianity, is to Apoftatize from Moses and from God : It will be enough to filence that vain Pretence, to confider, that to be a Christian, is the Exercise and Résult of no other Principle of Faith, but what justified all the Patriarcbs and holy Men of Old; viz. Such a rational and feddy Belief, either of Things long since past, cr of the invisible Blefings of a future Life, proportionable to the Evidences God has given us of them, as will actuate us into Obedience, and make us ready to suffer for the Profession of such a Belief,
* Ver. 1. The substance of things hoped for: üróseos, TL firm Asurance, or Expectation. So this Word is truly render'd Pfalxxxix. 7. Ruth i. 12. Ezek. xix, 5. in the LXX: and Chap. iii. 14. of this Epiftle.
which do appear.
A. D.63. 2 For by it the el- 2. For this great Virtue the An
ders obtained a good cestors of your Nation stand recordreport.
ed, as such eminent Examples of
Piety and true Religion. 3 Through faith
3. What is it, but Divine Revewe understand that lation, that makes us absolutely cer.fo's ásón the worlds were fra- tain, that the World * was not by
med by the Word of Chance, nor a fortuitous Jumble of God, so that things pre-existing Matter, but made in
which are seen were + Aphpezo not made of things t of God, and put into this
beauteous Time, by the Power and Command
Form wherein we now see it, by
4. The serious Belief of Divine
demonstrating his Acceptance of him
yet is his Sacrifice a standing Evidence,
That this is the Principle that makes
5. By faith Enoch 5. As a Reward of this very fame
V. 22, 24
6 But without faith 6. And indeed, nothing is plainer,
it is impossible to than that a firm Perswafion of the * Sa ver. I, please him: for he Existence of God (tho’ he be * invi
that cometh to God, fible to us) and à lively Hope and
Aflurance, proportionable to the
I 'Erempaus. Verfion. Theodos. See Gen, xv. 17. Lev, ix, 24,
Plal. xx. 3.
all his true and sincere Worshippers (tho' that Reward be A. D. 63. he:
future and at a distance) is the first and most neceflary Tech
Principle of all true Religion.
7. Upon this it was, that Noah
ly left to perish in their unreasonable
8 By faith * Abra- 8 & 9. By this, Abraham left his -
a Stranger, in a mean and obscure
or was acquainted with the Promise,
and enjoy it, Gen. xii. with
10 For he looked 10. It was sufficient to that rea-
promised him, in general, To be his builder and maker is field and exceeding great reward, God.
Gen. xv. 1. And his Eye was upon the certain and unchangeable State of future Happiness.
11 Through faith 11 & 12; In Reward of the same
Ver. 8. Abraham when he was called, or • xanguera
4. D. 63. because the judged him Age: And from them came an in
faithful who had pro- numerable Pofterity, which, with mised.
out an extraordinary Act of Divine 12 Therefore sprang Power, could no more have been there even of *
one, and him as good as
expected from two such Superanuated dead, so many as People, than if they had been actuthe Atars of the sky in ally Dead *. multitude, and as the fand which is by the sea shore innumerable. 13 These all died
13 & 14. All these forementioned in faith, not having Worthies died in this noble Principle; received the promi- full of the Hopes, and poffefs'd with ses, but having seen them afar off, and the Prospect of future and Eternal were perswaded of Felicities. Upon these Diftant Joys them and embraced they acted; for Thefe they gave up them, and confeffed all Worldly Enjoyments, and looked that they were ftran- upon the present Life as nothing but gers and pilgrims on a Paslage into a better State. the earth.
14 For they that say such things, declare plainly that they seek a country
15 And truly if 15 & 16. For it is very clear, it they had been mind- could not be Temporal Hopes, these ful of that country, great Souls were acted by ; because from whence they Abraham, for Instance, had a much came out, they might more fal and natural Prospect of have had
That Kind, in his own Native Coun16 But now they try, than he could be supposed to desire a better coun- have in a Foreign Land, among, a try, that is an hea- barbarous and uncultivated People. venly: : wherefore God Nor could it amount to much, for is not ashamed to be God to stile Himself Their God *, called their God; for i. e, in an Eminent Sense, their Great he hath prepared for Protector and Rewarder ; if he had
them a city.
* Ver. 1.2. Even of one, úsc, from that fingle Person, and forom Him in a manner dead.
So the Word šis is used Galat. iii. 20, and in many other Passages.
+ Ver. 14. That thry seek a Country- A very flat Translation! It is Dateida, À Country of their Father's, their native and proper Home : So Heaven is the proper Country or Habitation of Good Men, the Place where (God) their Father dwells.
nothing to bestow on them but a few Temporal Blessings ; A.D.63.
17 & 13. To proceed therefore:
own Hands, to Sacrifice the very
19 Accounting that 19. Most dutifully and rationally
wonderful as that of raising the Dead
to Life again, could either restore him to him again, or else fulfil the Promise in some other Way, that would be as good and happy for Him. And accordingly, as the Birth of Ifaac from the dead Womb of Sarah was a Gift of new and miraculous Life ; fo the Rescue of Isaac, by the Voice of an Angel, was the same Thing to Abraham as if he had been actually flain, and then restored to Life.
20 By faith Isaac 20 & 21. With this firm Affu-
knew not precisely When) did Ifaac,
as Jacob did afterwards upon Ephraim
ll Gen. xlvii. 22 By