the same object in view if you be going “On Saturday," was the reply. "If it to learn a business. It is very difficult for cannot be ready to send before six in the dressmakers to avoid working very late evening," quietly observed the lady, during particular seasons of the year; "please not to send it till Monday, as but a woman who values her own soul, my brother does not like anything to be and who feels that she is responsible for sent in on Saturday night; it interferes the spiritual welfare of those she em- with our preparation for the sabbath," ploys, will never send home work on a added she, turning towards me; "and it sabbath morning. If the work must be keeps work-people employed too late for sent off on Saturday night, it stands to either their temporal or spiritual welfare." reason that there can be nothing gained Should you, my young friends, ever be by keeping the young people employed placed at the head of a family, remember after eleven o'clock; so that, though this incident, and "go and do likewise." they may retire to rest over-fatigued with By learning your business with a peran unreasonably long day's work, the son who obeys the fourth commandment, sabbath at least is a day of rest.

you may hope to escape one of the great It is, therefore, your duty, as you have evils connected with sempstresses—the been taught in a sabbath school, to make | introduction of improper books to be read particular inquiries, when seeking a situ- aloud by one, in order to keep the rest ation, as to whether work is ever sent more closely at work. That this is cushome on the sabbath morning: if it be, tomary in some places, I was told by a you ought to decline making an engage- young person, who said that, during her ment. You may be assured that you will apprenticeship she heard nearly all the not be required to take it home; you may novels of the circulating library read even be promised that you shall not be aloud. You may also hope, in a wellrequired to work after twelve on Satur. regulated establishment, that a proper day night: still you will be treading on restraint will be put upon the conversaforbidden ground by uniting yourself so tion of the young people; so that, if closely with voluntary sabbath-breakers. frivolity cannot be excluded, scandal and You may find it difficult to meet with a indelicacy of speech may not be tolerated. conscientious employer in the particular I once asked a worthy and pious man business you may wish to learn; you what had become of his daughter, as I may have to pay a larger premium, or had not seen her lately. With a smile give your work for a longer time, or even of self-complacency, he replied, that she to engage with a less fashionable house ; had gone to learn dressmaking with Miss but the path of duty is the path of safety, M- , of N--. I looked grave, I and they who walk in it will be preserved suppose, for he added, “You need not from the destroyer.

be uneasy about her ma'am ; she is in It stands to reason, that if all young good hands, I assure you ; Miss Mpeople refused to work on the sabbath, is so particular with her apprentices, and employers would be obliged to refuse to takes such pains to improve their minds send home their work on that day, and and teach them good behaviour, that it thus a stop would soon be put to this is thought as good as sending a girl to a flagrant violation of the Lord's day. It boarding-school to send her there. And," would be a happy thing for work-people added the pious father, “she takes such generally, if all families, ay, even all re | care of them on the sabbath; she takes ligious professors, would refuse to take in them with her to chapel, and sometimes work after six o'clock on Saturday even- | to the sabbath-school; and when they ing.

are at home, she supplies them with suitI was once present when the sister of able books and magazines." That lady a pious clergyman asked her dressmaker | afterwards married a minister of the goswhen her dress would be sent home. | pel, and adorned her new sphere with as

much grace as she had done the one the goodwill of your companions, and which she had left. Again, my readers, will induce them to listen, with civility at apply the moral to yourselves. If you least, when you introduce usesul subjects should ever be at the head of such an of conversation. You need not expect establishment, endeavour faithsully to to escape some degree of ridicule, if you perform your duty as a Christian, to those oppose the worldly views of those with who are placed under your care.

whom you associate; and, in some inBut you must not only strive to avoid stances, perhaps, you may have to suffer evil and to get good in your new situa- persecution; but you have learned, in tion; but you must endeavour to benefit the words of Him who spake as never others, and to show how much you have man spake, that “ blessed are they which gained of what is most valuable by being are persecuted for righteousness' sake; educated in a Sunday-school. If you be for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. in domestic service, show the superiority Blessed are ye when men shall revile of your early training by your prompt you, and persecute you, and shall say and cheersul performance of the duties all manner of evil against you falsely, for which devolve upon you. Be respectful my name's sake. Rejoice, and be exin your deportment and mode of speaking ceeding glad, for great is your reward in to those whom Providence has placed heaven; for so persecuted they the proover you; if they be members of the phets which were before you." same church as yourself, don't forget that Observe, the Saviour says you will be the distinctions of rank are not neces- "blessed" when persons speak evil of sarily destroyed between you and your you "falsely;" not if you, by the indulemployers.

gence of a captious temper, or a morose On the contrary, be doubly watchsul spirit, make religion disagreeable in their over your conduct, so that religion may eyes. It is your duty to show to all you not be evil spoken of on your account. come into company with, that your reliShow that you really value family wor- gion is not mere profession--that it does ship by so planning your work as to be not consist in grave looks, Scripture at liberty at the appointed time; and quotations, and a stern condemnation of show your estimate of sabbath privileges all who differ from you. Leë them see, by being so diligent during the week, as on the contrary, that it makes you humto enable you to go to worship with ble, meek, forgiving, and courteous; not as little inconvenience as possible to the willing to displease others, or needlessly family.

or hastily to take offence. Often repeat If you be learning a business, you can- to yourself those admirable lines of not choose your companions at work; but Watts : you may avoid intimately associating with them during your hours of leisure,

“ I would not willingly offond,

Nor be casily offended; or on the sabbath, should you find that

What is wrong I'll strive to mend, their habits and principles are the op

And endure what can't be mended." posite of those inculcated by a Christian teacher. While with them in the work- In short, conduct yourself in such a room, you may show your regard for manner that if your employer should Christian consistency by firmly and kindly want another apprentice, she may kindly discountenancing all imprope: conversa- inquire of you, whether you know of tion, and by evincing a willingness to another girl who has been taught at the render them all the assistance in your same Sunday school as yourself, who power. An amiable and obliging dispo- wants a situation; as she should be glad sition, and a cheerful temper, will, in to engage one who has, like you, been time, secure you not only the respect but blessed with a pious and judicious teacher. VOL. XXV.

2 N




(An Extract from Dr. Chalmers's Works.) We ask our readers to think, in such a / tion; and at still greater length, in a mass and multitude of materials, what an way too we think exceedingly striking, interminable record it would have been by Joseph Cottle, in the second volume bad each of the various historians been of a miscellaneous work, entitled, “Malabandoned to the impulses of his own vern Hills, with Minor Poems and Estaste and his own fancy. Where would says." The following are copious ex have been that condensed and expressive tracts from one of those essays, being an brevity which is nowhere else to be met “Argument in favour of Christianity dewith in the whole compass of literature? duced from the size of the Bible.” The How else could the record of such a whole argument, which is admirably put, number of centuries have been given at is well worthy of perusal :-" When an once so briefly, and yet so comprehen- uninspired man undertakes to write an sively? What would have been our se- important history, entering often into curity, that, in such an infinite diversity detail, of incident, description, and deliof topics, the most pertinent would have neation, the work necessarily becomes been selected; and those which are best extended; but, when mighty events are adapted to the purposes of a revelation ? recorded, the rise and fall of states, the That there should be such a keeping be- | lives of warriors and kings, the principles tween the parts of this vast and varied that regulated their conduct, the aggresuniscellany--that, altogether, it should be sions of neighbouring potentates, wiib confined within dimensions so moderate, all the results and changes which arose that, instead of swelling out into an from conquest or subjugation, the boldest unmanageable size, this record of thou- reader is appalled at the probable accusands of years should, though not a mulation of pages. If this writer has to meagre chronicle of events, but a vivid describe also his own country and ancesand interesting narrative, abounding tors, under all the impressions of personal throughout in touches of graphic deline and national feeling, the temptation to ation, nevertheless, have all been com- | amplify becomes still more imperative; prised within the limits of a pocket vo and to what a magnitude might a work lume;-there must have been a manage be supposed to extend, which was to ment here beyond the wisdom of man, comprise the labours not only of two or and far more beyond it in the historical, three such writers, but a long succession than in the didactic parts of the compo- of them, through many generations ? sition ;-there must have been One pre- Now the Bible is this extraordinary book, siding intellect that foresaw all, and and it is not only totally dissimilar to all over-ruled all; for the random concur others in its nature and execution, but is rence of such a number of authors could | equally contradistinguished by the rarelynever have terminated in such a unique combined qualities of comprehension and and wondrous combination, insomuch succinctness. The transactions referred that it holds more emphatically true of to are grand beyond comparison. The the historical, than of the doctrinal, in writers related occurrences which excited the Old Testament, that, “whatever a supreme interest in their minds. They things were written aforetime, were writ- were personally, as well as relatively, ten for our admonition, on whom the connected with the circumstances relatter ends of the world have come." corded. Many of them narrated their

This consideration is insisted on with own exploits, as well as the exploits regreat strength and judgment by Mr. ferable to anterior ages. The multifariHaldane, in his pamphlet on Inspira- ous writers consisted of historians, legis

THE DUTY OF PROFESSING CHRISTIANS TOWARDS BACKSLIDERS. 475 lators, biographers, moralists, poets, and tions occurred which could pertain to su prophets. The periods described present limited a region, including the destruca matchless assemblage of important tion of Zion and its magnificent temple, events—the creation, the fall, the antedi- the captivity of a whole people for seluvian corruption of man, the deluge, the venty years, their ultimate redemption, confusion of tongues, the origin of all the with the rebuilding of their city and the great monarchies of the earth, the lives | temple of their great King. At length, of the patriarchs, (entering often into the in the fulness of time, the Saviour of the minutest statements, their wonderful es- world appeared, in whom a thousand cape from famine, the call of a particular predictions all centred. His birth and people, (springing from the patriarchs, ancestry are narrated, with many inciin whom was preserved, amid universal dental occurrences. His sermons are Polytheism, the knowledge of the one given, his precepts, his important acLiving and True God ;) their ultimate tions, his miracles, and his prophecies. bondage and miraculous preservation ; To this are subjoined bis arraignment at their wandering, for forty years, through the bar of Pilate, an account of the inthe Desert; the giving of the moral and dignities he endured, his patient sufferceremonial law, the establishment of the ings, his death, and his resurrection. To same people in Canaan, where they were all this are added, the lives and travels of sustained for fifteen hundred years, till his apostles, the establishment of the first the coming of Christ, while all the great Christian churches, with a narrative of dynasties by which they were surrounded individual and general persecutions; successively crumbled away,--the Baby- | twenty-one apostolical epistles, a volume lonish, the Assyrian, the Persian, the abounding with striking incidents; and Egyptian, and the Grecian. To these the whole concluding with a series of events must be added the expulsion of the sublimest revelations. Yet this dinumerous idolatrous, long-established, versified mass of materials is concenand powerful nations of Palestine; the trated into a compass which a finger reigns of an extensive succession of mo- might suspend, and a wayfaring man can narchs, in two different lines, under whom read.” the grandest and most complex transac


To the Editor of the Evangelicul Magazine. Sir,--Will you allow me to refer to imprudencies, are often very sinful,) or what has deeply impressed me as a neg | by his gross sin, inflicts a wound on the lect of duty on the part of the Christian universal church, and, in proportion to church. The law of the Master in refe- his standing in the church is that wound rence to a fallen brother is clearly ex- felt. Satan rejoices over the fall of the plained : “ If thy brother trespass against youthful stripling, as he sees success atthee, go and tell him his fault between tend his diabolical efforts; but if a stanthee and him alone.“Reprove him dard-bearer fall, there is joy in the court sharply," in private, first, then in the of the prince of the power of the air. presence of one or two others; if still in- Surely the event which cheers our great attentive, tell it to the church; and if he adversary, must wound professing Chriswill not hear them, if the case is gross tians. Are we not all brethren, memindeed, expel him from your fellowship bers of one family; yea, parts of one and companionship, “let him be unto body? Are we not therefore all sharers thee as a heathen man and a publican.” in the dishonour; and is there, can there The backslider, by his imprudence, (and be, a time mure suitable for the expres

4.76 THE DUTY OF PROFESSING CHRISTIANS TOWARDS BACKSLIDERS. sion of deep and heartfelt sorrow than means so necessary to his restoration and when one who has long been regarded as recovery. a pillar, stumbles and falls ? Towards | My dear Sir, I feel that, as a Chrissuch an one our duty is very clearly ex- tian church we are verily guilty in this pressed by the Great Head of the church; matter. There are no special efforts but I fear his command is very imper- | made for the backslider; if he is ever fectly understood and obeyed. Expul- alluded to it is only “by the way,"—and sion from communion is justly inflicted; , yet Christ came to save the lost, to rebut, where are the efforts to “restore store the wanderer, and to call back the such an one in the spirit of meekness” | backslider. prompted by a love to Christ and a love How touching is the language of the to souls, and a sense of our own infirmity, prophet—"How shall I give thee up, “considering thyself, lest thou also be Ephraim ? (though bent on backslidings,) tempted ?" Are not backsliders too often mine heart is turned within me, my retreated with neglect ? Do we not, as pentings are kindled together," Hosea Christians, too seldom feel for and sym- xi. 8. “Is Ephraim my dear son? is he pathize with their grief?

a pleasant child ? for since I spake against · An individual who once stood high in him, I do earnestly remember him still : the charch, perhaps as a minister or dea- therefore my bowels are troubled for con, through want of watchfulness, falls ; him; I will surely have mercy upon him, by his fall not only is a deep injury in- saith the Lord," Jer. xxxi. 20. “Reflicted on the church of Christ, but the turn ye backsliding children, and I will name once held in reputation becomes heal your backslidings," Jer, iii. 22. “I a by word and reproach : the branch of will heal their backslidings, I will love the church with which he was associated them freely : for mine anger is turned meet; full of indignation, and in obedi- away from him," Hos. xiv. 4. ence to apostolic commands, they expel With what tender compassion did the the transgressor, and erase his name Lord turn and look upon Peter, and how from the communicant's roll. They are kindly was the poor backslider included very careful, and justly so, (for I plead in the message given to Mary Magdafor no extenuation of the backslider's lene, Mark xvi. 7. There is something punishment,) to free themselves from equally touching in the language of the " that wicked person," and to avoid any inspired epistles; and surely we ought esparticipation in his sin ; but, what is done pecially to feel for those who have wanto restore him? Is he not too oftendered out of the way. Is it not the allowed to weep in secret, without any shepherd's office to seek the lost, and to attempt being made by his former bre- | rejoice when he has found them, more thren to direct him to the Fountain opened than over those who by the help of God for the cleansing of the backslider ? His / have maintained their consistency ? We house is deserted, his name unmentioned, are all in some sense our “brother's his presence avoided ; and should he hap- keeper;" and whilst we ought to be very pen to meet his former brethren, they diligent in striving to arouse the unconpass by on the other side. And, what is verted, surely we ought to use every the effect of this conduct on him? He effort to stir up the lapsed, and only cease feels that he is deserted by all his former those efforts, when they obstinately refriends, and if he does not run greedily fuse to hear the word, and turn their into the paths of sin, and seek companions back on Him who waits to "heal their and friends amongst the vilest, the sanc | backslidings;"-surely, here is employ, tuary he used to frequent, the place where ment for pastors and deacons in a direconce he was noticed and welcomed, but | tion hitherto greatly neglected. I plead where now he is shunned, is forsaken; for the souls of backsliders, and ask my. and thus he is shut out from those very young ministerial brethren especially,

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