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three other places, where they regularly spreading more widely over the land, the hold divine worship on the Sabbath. The Chiefs expressed their pleasure, and pronumbers attending each of the services are mised still
to protect any new Teachers who reckoned sometimes to amount to about 100 might be placed among them. Those who people.
had the prospect of having Teachers for They have not extended their visits to the first time placed with them, appeared many other places, but have had intercourse gratified, and promised to attend to instruéwith people and Chiefs from various dis- tion. tricts, both along the coast and from inland Considering the probable claims of other villages. These hare generally appeared stations, we could not spare more than five very friendly ; some of them profess to bave new Teachers for this Island. Had we renounced heathenism, and others express possessed the agency, it appeared that we a desire to have Teachers. The Teachers might have distributed them over an exten have also attempted to establish schools, but sive field, both along the coast and at large it is only on Sabbaths that there is a large inland villages. We have taken up three attendance. Many in their immediate new stations, and have given instructions neighbourhood attend pretty strictly to the to those Teachers, who are located in pairs, observance of the Sabbath, by cessation from to embrace, when they have become acdaily employment; others appear to hold quainted with the language, erery favoursacred only the hours of service. The peo- able opportunity of spreadiog themselves ple seem disposed to leave off some of their over the land, by separating to other vilold customs and practices. Some, who pro- lages, whose Chiefs and people may invite fess to have joined the Teachers, have them to their settlements. The number of thrown away, or burnt, stones and trees Teachers now placed among them is nine. which they formerly reverenced as deities, This appears an inviting field. The pola and say they have discontinued the horrid pulation seems great, the number of chilpractice of burying alive young children dren remarkable, and the people are coland old people.
lected into much larger settlements than we On one or two occasions the Teachers find in many of these islands. There apdissuaded them from eating human flesh ; pears also to be a much greater uniforinity and, in these instances, the bodies were of language among the people of the dilburied : and on another occasion they suc- ferent districts, than exists in Tanna and ceeded in separating two contending parties some others of the New Hebrides. Nor who had met for the purpose of fighting; does there appear to exist that inveterate the parties still continue hostile, but they enmity among the different settlements, have not had another meeting since that which has been such a hindrance to the time. Thus we hope that their influence is work in Tanna. being felt for good, and trust it will con- We received a pressing inyitation to call tinue extending till the good word of the at one of the villages where our Teachers kingdom has taken deep root among them. are placed, to receive a present of yams At present we do not know of any avowed which the Chief and people had been pred opposition to the Teachers and their work. paring. Willing to show them that we Sandal-wood vessels continue to visit the appreciated their kindly feeling, we called neighbourhood of the district where our off that place on the following morning, and Teachers are placed; but it appears that one of us, accompanied by Capt. Morgan, there is none of that wood in the imme- went on shore, and we were, much pleased diate locality. We can only hope and pray by the friendly disposition, manifested by that no untoward circumstance may arise the people. to the Teachers or their work from that Thankful for the favour 'shown us here, quarter.
and commending the Teachers and people On the morning after we cast anchor, we to the blessing of Almighty God, we sailed had a meeting with several Chiefs from for Tanna. In leaving this Island we cannot different villages around. We took the op- but state our conviction, that the prospects portunity of reminding them of the only are very cheering; that it ought to be visited object we had in view in visiting them, and again in at least twelve months; and, should leaving Teachers among them. We urged things be as favourable then as they appear them to give all diligence in attending to now, the land might be occupied by Misthe instructions they had begun to receive. sionaries on the return of the vessel from Having stated our desire to occupy some England, new stations, with the view of the Teachers
INDEPENDENCE OF THE LEEWARD ISLANDS. The following article is the copy of a Convention between the Governments of France and England in relation to the Independence of the Leeward Islands. The reciprocal recognition and formal guarantee, by the respective Governments, of this ancient right, was long felt to be necessary to its certain preservation ; and the friends of justice and benerolence will rejoice to learn, by the solemn and explicit declaration to which their attention is now directed, that the object has been permanently secured. The peace and prosperity of the Leeward Group, and the christian labours of our Missionaries, will consequently be no longer exposed to the lawless violence of French aggression ; while the islands will afford to the Natives of Tahiti, whenever it may be needed or desired, a safe asylum from the miseries of French despotism, or the corruptions of French manners. The declaration is as follows: **** Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of the French, being desirous of removing a cause of discussion between their respective Governments, relative to the Islands in the Pacific Ocean which are hereinafter designated, have thought proper reci. procally to engage :
1. "Formally to acknowledge the Independence of the Islands of Huahine, Raiatea, and Borabora (to the Leeward of Tahiti,) and of the small Islands adja. cent to and dependent upon those Islands.
2. “Never to take possession of the said Islands, nor of any one or more of them, either absolutely, or under the title of a Protectorate, or in any other form
“ 3. “ Never to acknowledge that a Chief or a Prince, reigning in Tahiti, can at the same time 'reign in any one or more of the other Islands above mentioned ; nor, on the other hand, that a Chief or Prince, reigning in any one or more of those other Islands, can reign at the same time in Tahiti ; the reciprocal independence of the Islands above-mentioned, and of the island of Tahiti and its Dependencies, being established as a principle.
" The Undersigned, Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and the Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the King of the French at the Court of London, being furnished with the necessary powers, hereby declare, in consequence, that their said Majesties take reciprocally that engagement. .." In witness whereof the Undersigned have signed the present declaration, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
"" Done in duplicate at London, the nineteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven,
“ PALMERSTON. (L.S.)
TAHITI.—BETRAYAL OF THE PATRIOTIC NATIVES. The following statement from the correspondence of one of our brethren in Tahiti, under date of January last, informing us of the betrayal of the Tahitian Patriots into the hands of the French, by a mercenary Native, happily not of their own country, will be read with mingled feelings of pity and indignation. The involuntary surrender of these noble and high-principled men is naturally calculated to awaken strong regret ; but this feeling admits of considerable alleviation, when we reflect on the deeply-trying circumstances in which they had long
been placed, suffering the calamities of famine, disease, and mortality, in forms of growing intensity : it can scarcely be supposed that the consequences of submis. sion to the invaders of their country will be more painful than those they had borne, and were still willing to bear, for the sake of liberty and independence, By returning to their lands, they will also be more accessible to Missionary labour and influence ; and thus, it may be hoped, the treachery of their betrayer will be graciously over-ruled to the advancement of their spiritual interests :
I have now (writes our Missionary) to an- their submission to the Protectorate Governnounce the restoration of peace to this long ment; and one of the captive Chiefs was distracted country. The Tahitian Camps sent to the camp at Bunaania, the nearest have capitulated, laid down arms, and re- to Hautaua and the weakest, to advise their turned to their respective districts.
submission, and to intimate that if they About the beginning of December, a na- continued to resist they would be attacked. tive of Rapa, in the Hautaua Camp, (which They at once agreed, and a day or two is immediately behind Papeete, and opens a afterwards marched out, and laid down 250 passage through the interior to the other stand of arms--I believe one-half of all. two Camps,) discovered a path up the face Messengers were also sent to Papenoo of the cliff, by which a position' might be Camp: they hesitated for some time, but gained that would command the Camp. He at last submitted, and on New-Year's-Day deserted from the natives, came to Papeete, marched into town, and laid down their and volunteered to lead the troops for a arms; surrendering one-half as at Bunaania. stipulated reward—I believe 200 dollars. They came in procession — the Chiefs Shortly afterwards all the troops marched first, the armed men next, and women up the valley. The great body placed and children last : when within 100 yards themselves in front of the regular advance of the French Lines, they halted; knelt to the Native Camp, as if about to storm it down and united in prayer; then rose and All in the Camp were on the alert to de- marched in. At the outskirts of the town, fend this road; but a large number were the Native Governor and Magistrates reabsent on a foraging expedition. In the ceived them with friendly greetings, welmeantime the Native of Rapa, with about comed them as brethren, and conducted thirty French Natives, and forty soldiers, them to the Government-house, where they were scaling the cliff at a little distance: the formally laid down their arms, and recogRapa man, ascending by the path which he nised the Protectorate Government. A had discovered, and lowering a rope, palled general amnesty (without exception) was up and fixed a rope-ladder, by which the declared; all offences were declared fortroops gained the summit, about 1,000 feet given; and the people directed to return high! and prepared to fire upon the Camp, quietly to their respective districts. a little below them. The natives, seeing The position of your Missionaries at the that resistance was now vain, laid down close of this protracted struggle, is, I contheir arms, and were marched in as pri- ceive, very satisfactory: it is creditable to soners of war.
the Society, and our standing, both with the † The carrying of this position opened a Native and French Governments, is such as passage to the other two camps. The pri- promises well for the future. soners were immediately released upon
AITUTAKI.-PROSPERITY OF THE NATive CHURCH. In no part of the Missionary field have the power and grace of God been more signally manifested than in the beautiful Island where Mr. Royle has pursued his solitary labours during the past eight years. Preserved by their simple habits and their isolated position from many evils—both moral and social-to which larger communities are exposed, the inhabitants of this favoured spot have received the Gospel with a readiness of mind, and are exemplifying its holy influences, to an extent that cannot fail to inspire feelings of admiration and devout thankfulness :
The church, (remarks Mr. Royle, under action to the fullest extent. The current date of July,) is, in this Island, the key- of popular feeling, also, is so strong against stone to the structure of society. Politically a mere profession of religion, and, when free, the people enjoy liberty of speech and detected, it meets with such severe censure,
that it is hazardous for any one to assume a character which he cannot consistently sastain. Such a state of society places the church in a prominent point of view—“like a city set upon a hill, it cannot be hid.” The conduct of its members is open to the closest observation, and their principles and motives undergo the strictest scrutiny. Their steady advancement in divine know ledge, together with their growth in the meek and passive virtues of the Gospel, as well as in the more active graces of christian character manifested in their daily conduct, entirely preclude everything like open hostility to the cause of our dear Redeemer. In proportion as their minds have become imbued with the spirit of Christ, they perceive more and more clearly that spiritual blessings are the gifts of Sovereign Lovethey view them in the light of talents, to be well employed for the common good of mankind. In their estimation, every privilege implies a duty; new mercies enhance their responsibilities; and every dispensation of Providence evolves a purpose of grace and mercy. With such feelings deeply
sanctified, it is impossible that they should not be an active church.
The piety of our church-members is not more exemplified in the domestic circle than it is by benevolent efforts abroad. The members of the Maternal Association, organised by Mrs. Royle two years ago, regularly visit all the motherless females in the Island, to interest them in the great salvation; some of whom, thus rescued from the paths of the destroyer, are gone to glory, whilst others, young in years, and in the bloom of health, have, to our unspeakable joy, united themselves to the people of God, and are now adorning their profession by a truly exemplary deportment.
The male members of the church, in the capacity of Scripture Readers, visit every dwelling in the Island once a fortnight. Frequently these devoted men are seen sitting beneath the shade of the palm-trees, reading aloud the Inspired Word to a listening throng; and should any be impressed with the truths they hear, and manifest a desire for better acquaintance with the word of God, they are directed to the house of the Missionary.
MANGAIA.-SPEECH OF A NATIVE DEACON. Among our recent communications from the Hervey Islands, is the following translation of a speech delivered at a public meeting by one of the Native Deacons of the church in the Island of Mangaia, under the pastoral care of the Rev. George Gill, to whom we are indebted for its transmission in the English language. In his own simple but forcible style, and under an evident sense of the divine benevolence, the speaker draws a striking contrast between the barbarous and miserable condition of the Island when the honoured WILLIAMS first landed on its shores, and the comparatively pure and elevated state which it has since attained under the renovating influences of christian truth. In reference to these favoured Islanders, it may truly be said, That the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth. The allusions of the speaker to the successive visits and apostolic labours of their father in the faith, and his expressions of affection and sorrow for that departed servant of God, are full of mournful and tender interest, and our readers will rejoice in the honourable testimony thus borne to the character and memory of our lamented Missionary :
When Williamu first came to Mangaia, to strangle him, but he could not accomplish he brought a Native Teacher, whose name it. We all hesitated as to what we should was Papehia. We were ignorant of the do with Papehia. Some said, “Let us murword of God, and knew not its name, nor der him?" Others said, "Do not let us kill had we any desire for it, when Williamu him at once! let us seek a sure means by and Papehia first came to our land. We which he may die." And then, while some saw the ship and greatly wondered - all the of us seized him and held him fast, others people shouted and said that it was a large stole his property, his axe, and his basket. canoe. When the vessel came near, a boat Not content that he should live, our spears was rowed towards us : we went upon the and clubs being near us, we resolved to spear reef and saw a man of our own colour jump him, when he escaped to the sea, swam to from the boat, and swim to the shore. This the boat, and returned to the vessel. was Papehia. One of our number, Ruaporo, After this one of our party, who was very seized him-he is dead now-he seized Pa- bold, went in his canoe toward the vessel, pehia, and put some cord around his neck and we thought he would be killed; but
gers. We were afraid whenes pee the stran
after some time he came back, and with and began to plan schemes to effect their him another boat, bringing two Native purpose; but the Great God, whom the Teachers, and their wives and property. Teachers served, protected them, as be does He had promised to preserve them, and all his servants in every time of danger and shield them from harm. The boat came death. near the reef, and we all hurriedly and The evil thoughts of the men who dewildly seized their property to steal it, and sired to kill' were not accomplished, and their wives to abuse them. Their cloth, after the Teachers had preached and ex. their oil, their axes, and saws, we stole. We plained the word of God for some time, broke the saws in three pieces, and put them there were two young men who said they around our necks, and hung them on our would receive this word. They were the ears, as ornaments, Their wives we car- first to abandon all heathen customs: they ried to the bushes and the woods. There still live, and are in our midst this day. was no order observed—we were wild in our After this many believed and received the heathenism, and cared not what we did. Gospel, and utterly abandoned all their evil But we were very much astonished at the ways, such as murdering men and children, books which we found among the property: theft, the worship of idols, and the making The letters made us wonder, and we said sacred of property and food for them. Forthat the books were the gods
us, but now
merly we not our wives to eat with we
how we gave them liberty to do so. noise of a cannon from the vessel, and we Now we know the true God, whose name is sent these people back to the boat, but kept Jehovah-He is the Mighty One! and He the property. One of our Chiefs put the is love! Let us walk in his light and in his cloth upon the pig, and offered him to the love one toward another. i stav gods in the Marae ; and some of us wor. · Williamu came again to this islasd this shipped the pigs which they had brought, was the third time that he came, but, as bethinking they were gods.
fore, he did not come on shore, because the The ship left our land, and we returned wind and sea were not good. The next from the sea-side to our dwellings, taking time he came, he landed, and preached to with us the property we had stolen, wonder- us from the First Epistle to Timothy, i. 15, ing at this and that; and rejoicing with our “This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all heathenish joy in these possessions, and acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the then we danced and sang with delight. world to save sinners. He spoke to us in
But our joy continued not long: sickness the Rarotongan Language, because that is and death came to our land, and men and very much like our own, and we underwomen died in great numbers day by day- stood him: the next day we gave him some twenty and thirty, and sometimes forty died native cloth, and a little of our poor proin one day. So fell the aged and the young. perty, as the sign of our love toward him. Vain was the knowledge, and vain the joy, Ai that time there was no church formed in of heathenism! At this season of sickness our midst; and, after waiting some months, and death we were seized with great fear, Mr. Barff visited us, and separated some of and the Chiefs and people asked one an- us into a church, and this was the first time other what it was? and what should be we sat down before the Table of the Lord to done? We all said, and felt, that the God of think of that great love that led him to die the strangers had sent this sickness upon us
for us. because we had so ill-treated those who Some time after this Williamu retarded, came to our land. The sickness continued, and then Mr. Buzacott was with him. Mr. and also our fear. We determined to collect Buzacott prayed, and read the word of God, all the property, we had stolen, and place it and Williamu preached from Haggai, il. 7, before our gods in the Marae : we then dug “And I will shake all nations, and the dea pit, and threw all the property into it, sire of all nations shall come, and I will fill and said in our prayers to the idols, That if this house with glory, saith the Lord of the ship should return we would not ill- Hosts." treat the strangers, but would receive both After visiting us once more, Williamu them and their God.
went down towards Samoa, to visit the beaThe sickness and death left us, and not then that are around that land, and far relong afterwards the ship returned, and all moved from the
e true light. He went to the people assembled together as before. bless the heathen, but they killed him. We sent off a canoe to the ship, and then a Alas ! for Williamu, our friend, that he fell boat approached the reef, and we saw two there! We loved him, and we grieved for men of our own colour, whom we received him. He was our friend, full of love and as our Teachers, and they came to live on zeal for us all. We greatly desired a Misshore. There were many among us then sionary from Britain, who should dwell who desired to kill these men--they ex- constantly amongst us-We prayed to God pressed their thoughts and desires secretly, that he would send us one ; and when Mr.