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“ Sacramental Experience.” Such a volume, ciples connected with the Christian dispenwas greatly wanted, and will be hailed by sation or developed in the Christian life. thousands. It is equal to the best of the We are perhaps too prone to forget this, and “ Experimental Guides ;' and savours far to regard the Saviour's life merely as a mar. more of the Puritan than the modern theo. vellous history, without bearing in mind logy; it is truly a work for the heart and that its prominent points teach truths and the closet; and, we might add, for the con principles which are exhibited in his religion science likewise.
generally as a system, as well as in its rise and progress in the human soul. To the
elucidation of this, Mr. Leask, in the volume The Footsteps of MESSIAH: a Review of before us, has devoted his powers; and to
Passages in the History of Jesus Christ. our mind he has succeeded well. The book By Rev. W. LEA$K.
is divided into twenty-four chapters, each of
which is headed with the principle which the London: John Snow.
circumstance or incident teaches, as, for in. Most sincerely do we thank Mr. Leask stance,-"The Manger : Greatness indefor this new effort of his pen. It is equally pendent of earthly splendour." — "The creditable to his head and heart ; and we Sages : Philosophy kneeling to Christianpredict for it a favourable reception by the ity,' &c., &c. The volume is well written, friends of Jesus throughout our land. The | contains many passages of considerable chief desigu of the book is to show that the force and beauty, is remarkably felicitous record of our Saviour's life is didactic, and in appropriate scriptural quotation, and that every " footstep of the Messiab" is cannot be read without interest and advan. illustrative of some great principle or prin- | tage.
DEATH OP DR. CHALMERS!
beyond the possibility of failure; and as a This great and good man is no more. As
preacher, no man of his day has attracted in chariot of fire, in the midst of his activi.
larger audiences, or produced a more thrillties, he has been translated from earth to
ing impression upon the minds of those who heaven. The event is truly solemn and
have listened to his eloquent and spiritadmonitory. He had hastened home from
stirring appeals. the metropolis,-where he had been called
There was nothing narrow or sectarian to give evidence before a Committee of the
in the bearing and tendency of Dr. CbalHouse of Commons, on the question of
mers' mind. His controversies, even, were Sites-to attend the Assembly of the Free
generous, and free from all personal aspeChurch; and, on Monday morning, the
rity. No antagonist loved him less, after 31st ult., he was found dead, in a sitting
the battle of opinion was over. He was a posture, on the side of his bed. The pro
fine sample of manly and vigorous Cbrisbability is, that, by the fatigues of his jour.
tianity-carried fully out into all the relaney, the circulation was disturbed, and that
tions both of private and public life. he was carried off in a fit of apoplexy. To
We sincerely sympathise with the Free the beloved members of his family the shock
Church of Scotland, in the great loss they must have been peculiarly afflictive—though
have sustained, by the sudden and unex. they full well knew that the change to him,
pected removal of this distinguished man ; whom God has taken to himself, was glori.
a loss which is, in some measure, shared by ous beyond expression.
the whole Christian church. May his manNo man, in our times, has exerted a
tle fall on many of the rising ministry of greater or more beneficial influence than
our day! Dr. Chalmers. His powers were original and strong ; and there was a guileless simplicity of character pertaining to him, which
THE CHALMERIAN ERA IN THEOLOGY. gave him a place in the heart of every one
To the Editor. who knew him. From the moment that As you and I saw together the Star of his mind was opened to the perception of | the North both rise and culminate, and felt evangelical truth, he “conferred not with alike under its brightness then, permit me flesh and blood," but threw all the energy to remind you, and those who felt with us, of his masculine mind and heart into the of its sweet influence upon “the schools of cause of vital Christianity.
the prophets" and the young ministry of As an author he has left behind him that period; for it moved them all, although works which will sustain his reputation it moulded but few in its own image. It is not without reason, that I venture to call of the universe, as the empire of Emmanuel, the period of Dr. Chalmers's ministry in over which the glories of the Cross pour Glasgow, an era in the theological tone of both moral and immortal splendours, both Britain and America. Although, there. | which heighten and hallow the natural fore, no one that knew him at all, could glories of the Eternal Throne, in all worlds ; well know less of him personally than my. for be loves as well as believes this august self, I do not feel altogether disqualified for theory; and has given up his whole spirit characterizing either the kind or the degree to its inspiration, without either parade or of his ministerial influence, when his Astro. presumption. I love his character also ; nomical Discourses first surprised the church for although I never had any opportunity and dazzled the world. For I knew well, of studying it closely for myself, I did not some of tbe students at Glasgow, who had learn it from vague report; but from the heard them, and caught their inspiration ; lips of some of my favourite school-fellows and I saw, with you, the turn and tone they who came under his influence, and shared gave to the rising ministry in England. I both his confidence and affection. I thus shared also in the impulse they thus gave | know that unconsciously, as well as unjnto the youthful mind of the country, and tentionally, he pictured himself in the fol. willingly yielded myself to the splendid | lowing portrait of a Christian, “ according spell of the Chalmerian enchantment, until to his own heart:" I discovered that I was not made for bis “I can conceive a man, the aspiring of new “line of things," but for the simpler whose heart for the good of man, knows no and thus safer line of the old Puritans. limitations, -whose longings, and whose Since then, I have dwelt amongst these as conceptions on this subject, overleap all the " mine own people," and kept as near to barriers of geography ;-who, looking on their style and standard as I could get, himself as a brother of the species, links without servily imitating either. Still, i every spare energy which belongs to him, have never forgotten the visions of glory with the cause of its melioration ;-who can which Chalmers threw around the pulpit, embrace within the grasp of his ample denor the vistas he opened into the depths of sires, the whole family of mankind;-and the moral universe, nor the gorgeous mag. | who, in obedience to a heaven-born movenificence of the language in which he clotbed | ment of principle within him, separates his mighty conceptions and mightier emo. | himself to some big and busy enterprise, tions. It is now many a day since I read wbich is to tell on the moral destinies of the over the Astronomical Discourses; but al- world. Oh! could such a man mix up the though I have read much during the long softenings of private virtue, with the habit interval, and become even unspeakably of so sublime a comprebension ;-if, amid fonder of Bunyan and Charnock, Brooks those magnificent darings of thought and of and Gurnall, nothing has either displaced or performance, the mildness of his benignant disturbed my early recollections of Chal. | eye could still continue to cheer the retreat mers. They often haupt my pillow, and of his family, and to spread the charm and always hover around my spirit, whenever the sacredness of piety among all its memAlpine scenery or scientific discoveries en bers ;- could he even mingle himself in all trance my thoughts. I have instinctively the gentleness of a soothed and a smiling traced in the wonders revealed by Lord beart, with the playfulness of his children, Rosse's telescope, and by one in my own | and also find strength to shed the blessings family, fulfilments of prophetic conjectures | of his presence and his counsel over the tbrown out by Chalmers, wbilst his own vicinity around him ;-oh! would not the penetrating glance, regulated by pure sci- combination of so much grace with so much ence, ranged beyond the landmarks of loftiness, only serve the more to aggrandize Newton and La Place ; nor am I yet con him ? Would not the one ingredient of a vinced that his awful estimate of what | character so rare, go to illustrate and to comets might do in convulsing the solar magnify the other? And would not you system, is but “the baseless fabric of a pronounce him to be the fairest specimen of vision ;'' fanciful as the dream certainly is, our nature, who could so call out all your I do remember well, simpler specimens of tenderners, while he challenged and com. sublimity in Dugald Stewart, and loftier in pelled all your veneration ?" - ASTRON. Humboldt, and chaster in Sir John Her DISCOURSES. P. 173. 4th ed. schell; but whenever I track a planet, Chalmers did not sit to bimself for this por. or try to count the stars, I find myself | trait; but, when he had painted it, he set leaning upon the arm of Chalmers, and re- | bimself to realize it in his own character and peating his phrases just as I did when I spirit. And he succeeded ! I, indeed, never first looked up to the heavens by his burn. | saw bim in the midst of his own fire-side cir. ing and shining light, or sailed in bis bril. cle; but I feel as if I had often seen him there; liant wake through the depths of space. I so vividly and graphically have I seen him have also a strong sympathy with his views | depicted by some of the friends of my youth, VOL. XXV.
who were dear to him and could well do it ; | centre of immortal spirits. For the old and who, knowing his leisure hours, often impulses given in Scotland by the Bostons found bim in the parlour or the garden, and Erskines; and in England, by Whit" on all fours," with a child or two on his field and Wesley, were well nigh exhausted. back, or romping with children in as high There was, indeed, energy in the ministry; glee as the youngest of the merry group; but not much glowing enthusiasm, except and this, too, immediately after absorbing or amongst men of Rowland Hill's order ; and sublime public efforts of zeal and benevo- their slap-dash style, even if it could have lence. This was no secret then ; and as it been imitated by the rising ministry, would surpassed that beau ideal of a philosopher not have been tolerated from youthful lips, we knew, who might be seen training a by eitber the rising generation or the manplant in his garden at sunrise, after having bood of the period. Hence Robert Hall spent the night in tracking the path of a and John Foster bad become models of planet or the sweep of a comet, it commend style; and, as we well remember, many an ed Chalmers to our hearts; whilst his sanc awkward and abortive effort was made in tified astronomy and spirit. stirring elo. the pulpit, to imitate the classical periods quence were making our heads swim with of Hall, and the recondite reasonings of rapturous amazement and delight.
Foster. There was thus, a dead stand still, It is no secret to you, how or why for a wide and warm impulse ; for both Chalmers laid hold upon the best sympa. | Jay and Thorp were inimitable, and so was thies and aspirations of young Christians our friend, Dr. Waugh; and no other men then, and especially of young ministers, who of the time, except Dr. Mason, of New had anything like a liberal education and a York, had any transforming or transporting literary taste. He came before us, as a influence apon “the schools of the probeing equally sublime and simple ; or, as phets." Not, however, that there were but equally akin to earth and heaven, and thus few eloquent and usefui preachers. There fit for both. His intellect awed us, but bis were many; but somehow they had neither
the art of multiplying their own image, nor in his presence, and yet we fondly dreamt the originality that makes ministerial fire of becoming great as well as good by looking catching, and thus assimilating. Now this up to him. Some of us imagined, that as was, you know, what Chalmers had, and it he could unbend from his lolty science and told at once upon thousands. His preaching severe logic, and become child-like in sim was suggestive, as well as rousing and perplicity, or seraph-like in devotion, so we suasive. Like the Mediterranean Storm in might bend our half-fledged, but fluttering the 107th Psalm, it made young preachers, wings, to career as he did amongst the whether reading or hearing him, "mount stars, and even to complete his circuit and up to the heavens, and go down again into survey of the universe ; for there were times the depths, melting their souls," alternately when we could not help feeling, from the by elevation and terror; or, now winding perfect ease of his flight, as if we too up their spirit to study and preach, as they could “take the wings of the morning,'' had never done or dreamt of trying; and and follow him easily. There was, indeed, i anon lodging in them something like a con. vanity as well as folly, in these ambitious | viction that they had mistaken both their aspirings and wild day-dreams; but there calling and talents. Not, however, that he was also in them something more and better either drove from the ministry, or deterred than vain emulation ; even a clear percep. from entering it, any one, however modest, tion of the glory of redemption, and a cor. whose soul was really set upon it; nor that dial wish to carry glorying in the cross into his success tempted the ambitious to care and throughout all the fields of science, more for fame than for usefulness. No; hisinliterature, and taste, with a higher zeal and Auence did not work in that way. The modest zest than poets or philosophers ever throw saw in his devotional spirit,-so adoring and into their favourite themes; and thus, to foil humble !--one of the chief secrets of his worldly wisdom by its own weapons.
ministerial success; and the ambitious, who And there was need for such an impulse were not very devotional, felt that they then, upon the mind of educated young could not baptize science or logic with his men, whether they were preparing for the heavenly fire; but must spout like actors, ministry, or for secular pursuits; for the whatever orations they might work up on popular literature of tbe time was neither his model. Hence, he could hardly be said profound nor suggestive; but, in general, to have formed “a school" of his own, as superficial as it was fascinating ; Walter amongst the rising ministry in England; Scott being its Corypheus. The pulpit and if he had one in Scotland, it did not last especially needed both a new and strong long, as such ; except that the tone he gave impulse, to rouse it to a sense of its own to susceptible minds kept up, as tone, after importance and sublimity, as the chair of each mind sobered down to its natural level; eternal truth, and thus as the magnetic for he himself soon quitted the high imaginings of his holy philosophy, to apply prac. | these recollections, or were not amenable at tically unto the vices of cities, and to the all for their random style. The fact is, visions of sentimentalists, and to the self. they made me feel young again, as they complacency of legalists, the spirit of that arose within me in all the vividness and " eternal Redemption," the glories of which vitality of their original forms. Hence they he had thrown, as theory, around all the smack of the atmosphere of the Tron Kirk, starry worlds of the universe, with an un. thirty years ago, more than of the temperasparing hand and a splendid enthusiasm. ture of my study now; and thus must lie
It was, I submit, this diversified applica- very open to critical animadversion. Be it tion of his mighty powers and purposes, to so; for I can neither speak nor write by all the moods of popular error, and to all rule, when my heart is full; and, in the case the forms of public ungodliness, with its of Chalmers, I had rather incur the charge consequent misery, that prevented the rise of extravagance, or of violating good taste, of a Chalmerian School of Theologians, in than do violence to my own feelings of love either England or Scotland; for it was soon towards him or you. seen, and felt too, that any attempt to rival
Ever your old Friend, Chalmers on the philosophy of Redemption,
ROBERT Pailip. “In distant worlds,"
Maberly-cottage, June, 3, 1847. involved the necessity of imitating him, in his doings and darings for the good of this world, as it “lieth in wickedness" around
MR. JOHN NEWELL, COVENTRY, our own doors. Old Fuller says, it is easier At the close of a sermon, preached the to tune the lyre of Apollo, than to bend bis second sabbath in January, at West Orchard bow or drive his chariot ; and thus, all who chapel, on “The Character and Blessed were either unwilling or afraid to be practi. ness of the watchful Christian," founded on cal Chalmerses, soon ceased to be astrono. Luke xii. 35, &c., the following reference mical theologians, and satisfied themselves was made to our departed friend : with throwing into their own “ line of The very first day of this year has been things," whatever inspiration they had distinguished by the death of a highlycaught from him. That inspiration was, valued deacon of this church, Mr. J. Newell, however, both a noble and a useful impulse, in his sixty-seventh year. It is unnecessary which greatly improved the general tone of to dwell at length upon his character and the pulpit. I witnessed its rise, and watched religious experience, as from his activity its progress, and can trace its influence upon among us he was so well known, and so the pulpit still. I could name “men of highly esteemed. Before his residence at renown," who, although not at all Chal- Coventry, in 1822, he was a member of the merian in either style or taste, are yet, church at Paddington, London, of which however unconscious of it, far more moulded the Rev. James Stratten is the pastor, who by him, than by men whom they have at the time addressed a letter to us, in studied more and quoted oftener; for it is wbich he bore testimony to Mr. Newell's quite a mistake on their part, to suppose Christian character and usefulness in the that either his literary faults or his ecclesi. most satisfactory terms: and in conversing astical foibles, which they could not but afterwards with the late Thomas Wilson, dislike, defeated his influence over them. I Esq. and Mrs. Wilson, I remember their His spell has been upon their spirit all along, referring to our friend with such respect and was never more so than when he cari. and affection, as showed the deep impres. catured their voluntaryism, whilst giving sion his spirit and deportment had left Presbyterian sanction to prelacy; for this behind him. His former faithful pastor, parador was so glaring, that it only brought when apprised of his death, addressed the into nearer, and thus clearer, view, what following note to one of his relatives : might have been achieved by his wonderful ! "My dear Mrs. Arber,-I regret that powers, had they been concentrated upon you did not come into the vestry last night, the unearthy policy of the New Testament, as I should have liked very much to have in order to claim for it the homage of the spoken to you. I find that Mr. Newell church and the world. Accordingly, how was admitted to the church on the 8th of all such minds returned to their original | May, 1816. I have no record of the time allegiance to his lofty and sanctified genius, of his removal from this neighbourhood. when his pure conscience threw all his in- | In all that I ever saw or heard of him, he fluence into the BARTHOLOMEW-DAY of the was one of the most excellent of men. His Free Kirk ?
temper was naturally so sweet and amiable, But I forbear. I have let my heart run that I should think he never quarrelled on with its own glowing gossip about “auld with anybody, and that in no instance did lang syne," as if my head had no right to he intentionally give pain to any living take cognizance of anything but the truth of thing. He was highly valued in the Sun. day.school, and was for some time a very | was evinced, in a request that twelve of efficient teacher. His gift in prayer was to them should accompany his remains from myself and others extremely edifying, from his house to the grave. the simplicity and filial spirit in which he He had been subject to successive attacks was wont to address the Supreme Majesty, of a bilious kind, which were generally de. in and through Jesus Christ. He is one bilitating, and sometimes so severe as to of the many whom I shall rejoice to meet threaten immediate dissolution. While these in heaven; and I expect the remarkable | attacks awakened the fears of his friends, he smile and benevolence of his countenance felt reminded by them of the importance of will be just the same it was upon earth, keeping in immediate view his approaching only lighted up with glory! I hope to see end. His family and friends observed many you soon, and with kind regards to your indications of their having this effect upon family, remain, Dear Madam, most truly his mind. Though he obtained relief yours,
James STRATTEN." during the last few weeks from the renewed We have also received the most gratifying medical advice he received, yet he was apintimations from friends in Montgomeryshire, prehensive that his time would be sbort, tbat, during his occasional visits to his but refrained from speaking frequently and native place, his kind counsels to his particularly of his departure, knowing that youthful relatives, his heavenly conversa. it would give pain to his family; still, as tions with his aged friends, and his useful he was one of those who, through grace, suggestions to sabbath-school teachers and "have hope in their death," this anticipachurch officers, coming as they did from a tion impelled him more and more to spend heart so full of the most guiltless humility his remaining strength in his blessed Mas. and affection, will be long remembered. ter's work. On the 25th of December,
Having obtained help of God, he has just a week before his death, he was very been enabled to maintain this character active-too much so for his strength-in among us, even to the end. While there preparing for a meeting of the teachers in was a happy consistency in his general cha | his own school-room ;-for he felt the liveracter, and an habitual attention to his du. liest interest in everything tending to proties as a member of the church, he was mote harmony and beneficial co-operation especially distinguished for his unwearied | in sabbath-school teaching, and the spread and affectionate labours, as superintendent of evangelical truth. and secretary of our sabbath-schools. He On the evening of the 30th of December, also took a very lively interest in our local he suddenly became much worse, and it was tract societies, of which he was secretary, thought he would expire. Some favourable and spared no pains in promoting their effi. symptoms, however, during the few remainciency. It was a source of great satisfaction ing hours, inspired the hope that he might to him to see his only surviving child and revive from this attack as from others; but her husband taking an active part in seeking on New Year's-day, at noon, he finished his the instruction of the rising generation; course. The Master had come and called and this pleasure was heightened by their for him, and he was willing to go ;--for he becoming members of the church.
knew in whom he had believed. During his With deep solicitude he contemplated the last illness, the pastors of the church and moral darkness, and consequent disregard his fellow.deacons found him, even when of religion, which appeared among many of heart and flesh were about to fail, expli. the inhabitants of that part of the city where citly declaring his hope in the atonement of he resided, and he lately opened a commo the Lord Jesus to be his stay. Christ's dious school-room on his own premises, for finished work was the rock on which he the purpose of imparting religious instruc. rested. He was affectionately thankful for tion on the sabbath, to the neglected child the strong comfort he derived from the dren of the neighbourhood, and for afternoon portions of Scripture they read to him, and preaching. This attempt succeeded beyond the prayers offered on his behalf. He was expectation, and largely did he partake with willing to stay here a little longer, if he his fellow-labourers, in the pleasure which might be in any degree useful, but was arose from that success : and one of his perfectly resigned to the Divine will. This most earnest dying wishes was, that his was the state of his mind, while the result children would devote their best efforts to of his illness appeared doubtful ; but when, perpetuate and extend the work he had | early in the morning of the day he died, he commenced in this school, in connection was fully aware his end was come, he said with the friends at this chapel.
to his weeping daughter, -"I would not Our esteemed friend was eminently marked give up the comfort I now feel from the by a peaceful and forbearing spirit, as well gospel, for ten thousand worlds." He as by zeal and unwearied diligence. One | afterwards said to a dear and intimate proof of the sentiments he had inspired in friend, one of the deacons,—"I am going the breast of the sabbath-school teachers, home; I believe the Lord is going to take