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pain, and even walked about the house tion, but also by numbers of heathen, within an hour of his death, exhorting all many of superior caste, among whom real around him to attend to the salvation of sorrow for his removal was manifested. their souls: then lying down, he quietly Who, on perusal of this unvarnished breathed his soul into the hands of that statement of a faithful servant of Christ, Redeemer he loved and followed to the would not exclaim, “Let me die the death last period of his existence on earth. of the righteous, and let my latter end be
His funeral was not only attended by like his." those belonging to the Christian congrega
THE LATE HURRICANE IN RAROTONGA. The intelligence from Messrs. Buzacott and Gill, presented to our readers in October last, relative to this calamitous dispensation of Divine Providence, included a brief notice of the destructive effects of the hurricane at Gnatangiia, the station occupied by our esteemed brother, Rev. C. Pitman. Communications, dated in May last, have recently been received from Mr. P. himself, containing a detailed account of its terrific ravages in this part of the island ; the sufferings which he and bis family, in common with the native inhabitants, underwent during its desolating progress ; the state of complete destitution in which they found themselves when the storm abated; together with the truly remarkable and merciful deliverance which they experienced-not a life having been lost, or any serious personal injury sustained, under the fury of a storm which, but for the special protection of the divine arm, would have ensured their common destruction. After speaking of the circumstances connected with the commencement of the visitation, our brother thus proceeds :
With the assistance of our man-servant, but from my excessive weakness, fell twice and our kind friend Mr. H-, who had been ere I could escape the falling walls of our spending the evening with us, we used every house. possible effort to block up the front door, Reaching the house where Mrs. P. was, bat in vain : the wind blew with such fury I found the water almost up to the table on that we could not stand against it; and, as which they were sitting. Having told them it extinguished our lights, we were left in the sad tale of the total destruction of our total darkness. Our next endeavour was dwelling-house, I sent the servant-woman to secure the safety of Mrs. Pitman and her to see if she could find whether Mr. H. was sister, Miss Corrie, and with this view we dead or living. In a few minutes, to our requested them to go into the school-house, joy, he came in unhurt; but scarcely had till we could come to them. On descending he entered ere our female servant returned, from the steps, they found themselves in exclaiming with all her might, “ Teachers, water, knee-deep, but not for a moment Teachers, run, run with all speed! the sea imagining that it was the sea. On entering is rushing in upon us.
Alas! alas! you the school-house they found the water will be drowned," The children screamed, equally deep, and the affrighted children and jumping from the table, said, “Oh ! sitting in darkness on a long table used for the house is full of water." It had risen to writing: there with the children they also the top of the table.
As soon as they were out of the Where could we flee? We were comhouse, myself and Mr. H., with our servant- pletely hemmed in with a stone-wall; but man, returned, if possible, to fill up the door. the rush of the sea soon decided our course, way.
We entered the house, and had ad- for it involuntarily carried us out by the vanced but a short way, when a crash in side-door. By the help of the servantmy study intimated that the house was fall- woman and Mr. II., Mrs. P. and her sister ing. In total darkness, amidst falling rafters, climbed a wall, where they sat without bonbeams, and posts, we ran from door to door, net or shawl, amidst the most pelting rain but could find no outlet. At length, burst- and furious storm that can be imagined : ing open our parlour-door, I escaped through the tremendous hurricane was sweeping all the verandah, and instantly found myself around us, tearing up the largest trees by nearly to the middle in water, but what had the roots, and snapping asunder and level. become of my kind companion I could not ling to the ground the highest cocoa-nut tell. To call was useless, for the wind was trees. All the children, except the two like thunder. I waded through the water, youngest, fled; but we knew not whither,
till we heard in the morning, through the infinite goodness of God, they had arrived safe to the mountain,
On the wall we sat, not knowing what to do, the sea rising till it reached our feet; and we found it almost impossible to make each other hear. From increasing weakness, I now began to feel very faint. Mrs. P. was persuaded to descend from the wall into the sea, hoping to make her way inland towards the mountain: the woman attempted to carry her, but this she could not do, owing to the dreadful wind. Just as Mrs. P. left, by a flash of lightning, we perceived a fresh rush of the sea, which, as she told us next day, almost overwhelmed her. Wading through the water, and climbing over the uprooted trees, which completely covered the ground in every direction, she at length, through exhaustion, sat down on the remaining part of a broken wall, and told the woman she could proceed no farther, but must remain where she was and risk the consequences. The woman, perceiving the peril of her situation, by main strength forced her through the flood, till they arrived in shallow water and found themselves beyond the reach of danger.
At this time the rain was pouring in torrents, the wind blowing with a violence absolutely beyond description, and not the least shelter any where to be found. The woman went to see if she could find a house or shed into wbich they might enter ; but, alas ! not a single dwelling was standing, and the inhabitants had fled, with their families, to the foot of the mountain. Finding two or three individuals, she placed Mrs. P. under their care, and returned with a man to take me, if possible, to that place of safety. By this time I was so completely exhausted, that I could not support myself on the wall. Our Chief's liule granddaughter sat behind me, and clung around me-her pressure was a relief to my back; and, leaning my head on Mr. H.'s shoulder, whilst he held me by one of my hands, and Miss Corrie by the other, I was prevented from falling into the sea, and thus merci. fully preserved from drowning.
Our situation was now very alarming, for so furiously was the wind blowing upon our school-house, only two feet from us, that we knew it could not stand. To the Lord I lifted up my soul, and sought him in this hour of distress; and He was graciously pleased to hear our broken cries for help. Just then our servant-woman returned, and brought us the good news that Mrs. P. had arrived safe inland. The man took me first from the wall, thinking he could carry me; and the woman and Mr. H. assisted Miss Corrie; but for the man, with me in his arms, to stand against such a storm was impossible, and down we
fell into the sea. He raised me up, and helped me to get upon a large cocoa-Dut tree lying in our path, and from thence on the roof of a house blown down, the rafters and rubbish being under. Almost breathless, I lay for about a quarter of an hour, unable to move, the wind and rain continuing as before. When the man again attempted to move me, I put my mouth to his ear and told him it was useless, for my breath was spent, and my strength gone. He came and laid down by my side, and said, “ Teacher, are you dying? Alas, what shall we do?” The poor man actually crept into the ruins of the house under water to see if he could find anything to protect me from the dreadful rain. After several attempts he found a broken door, and as he was contriving how he might screen me a little from the awful storm, another man whom Mrs. P. found, with the wife of one of our servants, came to my assistance: together they took me off the thatch, and with great difficulty, amidst the trees falling in all directions, conveyed me to the place where my dear partner was: there, also, through the kind interposition of our heavenly Father, our sister and Mr. H. had arrived in safety.
A few natives had also collected on the spot, and hearing of our approach, called out to the men to know of my state; when they said, perhaps I was alive, but they could not tell. Mrs. P. inquired if we were near, and they replied, “Yes."-“Where is the Teacher?” Kua mate takiri, (He is quite dead,) was the reply. When they put me down, and rubbed me for a considerable time, I was able to breathe more freely, but for two hours afterwards was scarcely able to articulate. It was now about midnight. On the cold, wet ground, without hats, bonnets, or shoes, we sat till dawn of day, when Maretu, the Chief, and others, sent messengers to search for us.
When they found that we were living, they ran back to carry the information, and soon were we surrounded by our old and tried friends. Our escape can only be ascribed to the watchful care of that blessed and glorious Being, to whom we had committed ourselves both body and soul. We now sought for a place of shelter, but where could we look ? Not so much as a shed was to be seen, with the exception of a portion of our storehouse, five or six feet of the thatch remaining; but when we entered, we found every thing had been turned upside down, and our flour, sugar, oil, &c., all mixed together. Soon as the natives had cleared out a little of the rubbish, we screened off the part remaining, whilst our kind friend, Mr. H., whose attentions were unremitting, and to whom we are greatly indebted, went to seek a change of apparel for us, and to procure
fire to boil a little water. In an hour we were able to sit down with dry clothes, and after taking a little tea we felt refreshed, and grateful to the Father of mercies for his distinguishing favours.
We procured a little shed, the ridge-pole not six feet high, into which we crept, and made it our abode for four or five days, till our people could make our school-house tenantable: this we have since strengthened
as well as we could: we are now residing in it, and expect it will be our habitation for some time to come.
We have now our work to commence again, i. e., to make a new settlement, to build dwelling-houses, chapels, schoolhouses, &c., which will be the labour of years. Whether we shall build on the present spot, or remove to another part of our district, is yet uncertain.
MADAGASCAR. It is with unfeigned thankfulness and joy we communicate the details of the cheering intelligence recently received from Madagascar. The brief notice published last month, of a large accession to the number of the Christian converts in that island, will have prepared our readers for the following enlarged account, which happily confirms our hopes, and constrains us with devout gratitude to say, Surely this is the hand of the Lord. Our friends will join with us in ascribing praise and honour to the God of all grace, for this new and wonderful manifestation of his mercy,—the power of his Word,--and the influence of his Spirit. We affectionately commend, for their special and earnest intercession, the new converts, with the highly interesting youth, the young Prince, who has so nobly befriended them in the hour of trial, and who, as far as the evidence reaches us, appears to be himself under the influence of the truth as it is in Jesus. There is still hope for Madagascar. God is hearing the prayers of his people, and the things we now communicate are answers to prayer.
We have often been called to weep for that land : we may now rejoice, but not without trembling, for the spirit of persecution yet survives, and the dangers to which the little flock is still exposed are many and serious. Our consolation is, that "greater is He who is with them than all that can be against them.”
(From Mr. E. Baker, Port Louis, Mauritius, Oct. 25, 1846, to the Rev. J. J. Freeman.) MY DEAR FRIEND,-Joyful news from tween light and darkness. I congratulate Madagascar! I enclose you the chief par- the Directors and the churches on this ticulars, and will send by the first vessel all wonderful work of God. If I see my way the original letters. Madagascar is not lost. in Providence open, I shall be ready to The Prince Rakotondradama converted, make any sacrifice to further it. At preand one hundred new converts added al- sent all we can attempt is, to send books by most at once to the church, show a vitality way of Foulepointe, if possible, and wait that leaves no room for unbelieving fears the result of events. as to the ultimate result of the struggle be
The above letter contained the following statement, drawn up by Mr. Baker, from the various native letters which had come to hand :
I have just received from Madagascar, an all-powerful support for the present, at seren letters of the deepest interest, from least a bright hope for the future, should an the Native Christians. Their chief topic overruling Providence place him on the is the conversion to the Christian Faith of throne of his ancestors. Rakotondradama, the Queen's only son, My first letter, dated “ Tamatave, June and Heir-apparent to the throne. This 24th, 1845,” makes no mention of the great event appears to have occurred to- Prince. The second letter, dated “Tamawards the middle of last year. Abandoned tave, Dec. 8th, 1845," conveys an urgent to the power of their persecntors, and all petition for religious books to be sent to human help apparently afar off, the Chris- Foulepointe. The Prince's conversion had tians, after seeing at least twenty of their then taken place; but the writers do not mennumber suffer martyrdom, were becoming tion the circumstance, probably not having discouraged, when they found in the young the Prince's authority to do so. They had Prince, now seventeen years of age, if not been sent up to the Capital since May,
1845, and were just returned. There they had found twenty-one Christians in bonds, on account of having held religious meetings; and they write:
“ Nevertheless, the Queen's orders respecting these twenty-one were by no means severe ; for when they had been ordered to give up the names of their companions, and had refused, the Queen ceased to make inquiry.”—“All the rest of us are well, by the blessing of God; and the kingdom of God is progressing and extending exceedingly– the people of God multiplying greatly in number, although dark is the working of Satan."
I find from subsequent letters, that this moderation of the Queen was owing to the influence of the youthful Prince, who seems to have acted with equal prudence and courage.
The next letter, in the order of dates, is dated, Antananarivo, January 8th, 1846," addressed to the Malagasy Refugees in this island, and states :
“ The increase of people believing the word of God is very great, and the Prince, Rakotondradama, has received the word of God; so that the twenty-one captive Christians were not put to death by the Queen, for Rakoto prevented it, by the blessing of God, and the Queen has not slain them. The land is full of robbers, and the Queen is continually putting them to death; yet they will not be stopped, but continue to increase.”
My next letter, of the same date, gives some particulars of the Prince's conversion :
“ This is our state here: the Christian assemblies became lukewarm and discouraged, after the martyrdom of the nine Chris. tians in 1810 ; but a certain youth received the word of God, and became exceedingly bold and powerful in proclaiming it; and we bad assemblies every Wednesday, and Saturday, and Sunday, in a large house, and we became very numerous (more than 100 new converts were made.) The name of this young man is Ramaka; called by us, for secrecy, Rasalasala (the bold one.) It was he, through his courage, that obtained the Prince to receive the word of God. If it had not been for the help of God, through the intercession of Rakoto, the twenty-one Christians would have been destroyed. Tell all our friends that Rakotondradama does indeed receive the word of God in much love; but his mother remains [a heathen.”]
The next letter, dated “Antananarivo, 10th January, 1846,” addressed to me, contains similar details :
We received your letters, and were exceedingly delighted to obtain the Gospels and · Pilgrim's Progress,' for they are easy
to be concealed during the darkness of our country, but are quite insufficient, for me are exceedingly numerous, and have obtained Rakotondradama to embrace the word of God, by the Divine blessing, and he does receive it with true affection and joy, and without wavering.”
The Prince's fidelity was soon put to the test by the apprehension of the twenty-one Christians, five months after his conversion, when he seems to have acted with all the devotedness and prudence of Queen Esther, for the deliverance of her people from the machinations of Haman:
“And we, five months after we had gained over the Prince, were the subjects of a persecution, twenty-one being made prisoners, and nearly put to death by the Queen ; but by the help of God, afforded to Rakotondradama, it was prevented: the Queen's heart relented. These twenty-one were out of one hundred who had recently received the word of God, and had been accused to the Government; but, by the blessing of God, the accusation was not pursued; for Raininiharo (the Queen's Prime Minister) burnt the list of names, having found amongst them his own aide-de-camp. The believers augment very much.".
Another letter contains a list of the names of the twenty-one Christians, and further particulars, by which it would appear that the Prince begged for their lives, and succeeded; but the punishments next in severity to death were inflicted-nine taking the tangena ordeal, three others being reduced to slavery, and five left in bonds, not having petitioned for a decision. One died of the tangena--the rest were all living the three reduced to slavery had been redeemed-and four had escaped. In three or four of these cases, the wives were involved in the same persecution, and their names went to make up the number twenty-one; proving the influence of Christianity over the domestic relationship.
My last letter, addressed to the Mission. aries and myself, is signed with the Prince's name, as under his sanction, dated “Foulepointe, February 7th, 1846:"
• We went up to Antananarivo, and there met (in a religious assembly) with the Queen's son and the persecuted Christians, nothing disheartened by the temptations of Satan, though they may suffer in bonds: and those Christians not persecuted we found increasing exceedingly : yea, becoming indeed many. And Rakotondradama, the Queen's son, makes very great progress in the love of the Lord, by God's blessing, and is able to assemble some Christians with himself every night, to thank and praise God. Oh, blessed be God, who has caused his mercy to descend upon Rakotondradama and all the people! Neverthe
less, the laws of the Queen (against Chris- instance of the grace of God. Once contianity) are very severe; but the kingdom vinced, he took no counsel with political of our Lord, and yours, makes progress; expediency and unmanly fears, but joined and the Christians augment greatly in num- himself to the poor persecuted Christians,
and I have little doubt he would prove, like “RAKOTONDRADAMA,
the earlier martyrs of his nation, “ faithful “ And the Christians at Antananarivo. unto death,” if called upon so to attest the * And we at Foulepointe 'want books, sincerity of his convictions. But I cannot say
think the aged Queen would give up her “JESOA, HAREM," &c. only son to death ; and the more he is perThey add, that many Christians, being in secuted the more he will inquire; and the the army, must perish in the ranks, in case more he inquires, the more his convictions of war with England, unless we can provide will be deepened of the divine origin and for their safety.
authority of the Christian Religion. Yet From the above signature of the Prince, the Christians, in their letters, beg that I infer he is looked upon as the head of the prayers may be offered up for him by Christians at Antananarivo.
Christians. They probably fear for the office! There is, indeed, something heroic purity of his life, amidst general corruption in his position. It reminds one of the olden and the temptations to which he will be times. It is a striking instance of that de- peculiarly exposed; and all their hope is cision of character pobly characteristic of placed in the help of God. the Hovas; and I may add, it is a signal
The following is an extract translated from a letter received from Rafaravavy, which, though almost similar to that from Mr. Baker, will be read with deep interest by many Christian friends in this country, who retain an affi ctionate remembrance of her as one of the Malagasy refugees. Her letter, addressed to Mr. Freeman, is dated Moka, (Mauritius,) Oct. 26, 1846 :
I am exceedingly delighted with the news and we have been delighted in receiving just received from Madagascar. It is, in- the Gospels and · Pilgrim's Progress,' and deed, at present, as God said by the lips of we earnestly wished for Bibles; for they Joshua, to the children of Israel,
can be easily concealed, on account of the with thy sword, nor with thy bow.” Wou- darkness of our land. Those sent are not derful, indeed, is the providence of God; sufficient for us, for through the blessing of the Lord is gracious. He says, by Jere- God we are very many. The young Prince miah, xxix. 11, “I know the thoughts which has received the word with affection and I think towards you, thoughts of peace and joy indeed, and without wavering. Five not of evil, to do you good, and to give you months after this a persecution broke out, the expected end." The Christians in Ma- and twenty-one were apprehended and dagascar thus write: “ This was the condi- were nearly put to death by the Queen ; tion of things among us. Our assemblies, but through God's blessing it was prevented from the time when the nine were put to by the young Radama, and the Queen's death (1840), were much enfrebled. But heart relented. Most of the number were there was a youth whom we had been the of the new converts: There were one means of leading to receive the word of hundred names put down; but when the God, who was exceedingly bold through the principal officer found among them the help of God: he preached with energy, and name of one of his aides-de-camp, he burnt our pumber increased. We then heli con- the document. Our members so much ingregations on the Wednesday, Saturday, crease that we require more Spelling-books, and Sunday. Through the blessing of God Bibles, Testaments, Pilgrim's Progress, the a large house was completed, (in which we Tract on the Resurrection, &c. If you met,) and our number multiplied greatly. can, send us a large number.” The youth mentioned has been the means The words of the Sovereign strengthen of bringing many to join with us, and the kingdom of Satan, but the kingdom of through his decision he has succeeded in Christ is increasing in strength too. Though bringing the young Prince to receive the the darkness of the land is such, the light word of God." Others also write to Mr. of Christ is increasing in the inidst of the Baker, and say, “We have received your darkness; for believers are greatly multiletters and the parcels you sent in 1845, plying
Rafaravavy adds, that she has still a female congregation on the Friday, which assembles at Moka, and that she is doing all she can to be useful, knowing, however, that the Holy Spirit alone can change the heart.