which could not be properly praised till it had appeared by its effects, few that time was taken for revision and improvement. "It is not known that they were published till they appeared long afterwards with

other poems.

Waller was not one of those idolaters of praise who cultivate their minds at the expence of their fortunes. Rich as he was by inheritance, he took care early to grow richer, by marrying Mrs. Banks, a great heiress in the city, whom the interest of the court was employed to obtain for Mr. Crofts. Having brought him a son, who died young, and a daughter, who was afterwards married to Mr. Dormer of Oxfordshire, she died in childbed, and left him a widower of about five and twenty, gay and wealthy, to please himself with another marriage.

Being too young to resist beauty, and probably too vain to think himself resistible, he fixed his heart, perhaps half fondly and half ambitiously, upon the Lady Dorothea Sidney, eldest daughter of the Earl of Leicester, whom he courted by all the poetry in which Sachariffa is celebrated; the name is derived from the Latin appellation of sugar, and implies, if it means any thing, a spiritless mildness, and dull good-nature, such as excites rather tenderness than esteem, and such as, though always treated with kindness, is never honoured or admired.

Yet he describes Sacharissa as a sublime predominating beauty, of lofty charms, and imperious influence, on whom he looks with amazement rather than fondness, whose chains he wishes, though in vain, to break, and whose presence is wine that inflames to madness.

His acquaintance with this high-born dame gave wit no opportunity of boasting its influence ; she was VOL. II.



not to be subdued by the powers of verse, but rejected his addresses, it is said, with disdain, and drove him away to folace his disappointinent with Amoret or Phillis*. She married in 1639 the Earl of Sunderland,


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* It is by no means clear, that Waller ever made his personal addresses to this lady, or that a sense of her worth and the dignity of that truly noble family from which she was descended, might not awe him into silence on the subject of marriage, for it is certain that, at the time when Waller was celebrating her in verse, her pa rents were folicitous about difpofing of her. Among the Sidney papers are sundry letters from her mother, the countess of Leicester, to the earl her husband, abroad, wherein the expresses a strong desire to have her daughter well matched. In one she says, “ It “ would joy me much to receive fome hope of that lord's addresses " to Doll which once you writ of to me.” In another she professes to doubt, that lord Holland is not real to lord Devonshire's marrying Doll; and in another is the following paflage to the fame purpose of her daughter's marriage :

Now concerning Doll, of whom I can neither say what I desire, “nor what I thought I Mould have done; for I find my lord Loveto lace fo uncertain and so idle, so much addicted to mean company, " and so easily drawn to debauchery, as it is now my study how to " break off with hiin in such a manner as it may be said that we re" fused him ; for fince Sunday last we have not feen him, though “ he be every day near us. Many particulars I could tell you of his " wildness; but the knowledge of them would be of no ule to you, “ fince he is likely to be a Itranger to us; for though his estate is “ good, his perfon pretty enough, and his wit much more than “ ordinary, yet dare I not venture to give Doll to him. And con“ cerning my lord of Devonshire, I can say, as little to please you ; " for thou; la his mother and titter made fair fhews of good inten“stions to us, yet, .in the end, we find them just as I expected, full 6 of deceit and jugling” Vide Collins's Collection of the Sidney Papers, vol. II. p. 452, 464, 472, 494.

It no where appears that any ofer:, on the part of Mr. Waller, itood in the way of that settlement of her daughter, which this lady was thus anxious in promoting; but her cares for this purpose were terminated in the dispofal of her to a gallant young nobleman, who, of all her suitors, feems alove to have been worthy of her.



who died at Newberry in the king's cause; and, in her old age, meeting somewhere with Waller, asked him, when he would again write such verses upon her ; " When you are as young, Madam,” said he, " and “ as handsome, as you were then.”

In this part of his life it was that he was known to Clarendon, among the rest of the men who were eininent in that age for genius and literature ; but known so little to his advantage, that they who read his character will not much condemn Sacharifla, that she did not descend from her rank to his embraces, nor think every excellence comprised in wit.

The Lady was, indeed, inexorable; but his uncommon qualifications, though they had no power upon her, recommended him to the scholars and statesmen; and undoubtedly many beauties of that tiirie, however they might receive his love, were proud of his praises. Who they were, whom he dignifies with poetical

By the way, he was, at the time of his marriage, only lord Spencer, not being created earl of Sunderland till near four years after.

And here let me take notice of a paslage in one of the letters above referred to, and for the honour of the female sex infert it, as containing the noblest sentiments of esteem and conjuga! affection that language can express. Writing to her lord at Paris, lady Leicester thus concludes her letter: “ All the children I will leave here ( ? Pensa "hurft), according to your advice; and, if you can spare waniel, I " desire that you will send him to me for the time of my being at " London. Mr. Seladine comes in with your letter, whom I am en“ gaged to entertain a little; besides, it is fupper time, or else " Mould bestow one side of paper in making love to you and since “ I may with modeliy exprefsit, I will tay that if it be love to think “ on you fieeping and waking, to discourse of hothing with pleasure 66 but what concerns you, to with myself every hour with you, and

you, with as much devotion as for my own soul, then 66 certainly it may be said that I am in love ; and this is all that you 4 fall at this time hear from

Your; D, LEYCESTER.” R_2


to pray for

names, cannot now be known. Amoret, according to Mr. Fenton, was the Lady Sophia Murray. Perhaps by traditions preserved in families more may be discovered.

From the verses written at Penshurst, it has been collected that he diverted his disappointment by a voyage; and his biographers, from his poem on the Whales, think it not improbable that he visited the Berinudas; but it seems much more likely that he should amuse himself with forming an imaginary scene, than that fo iinportant an incident, as a visit to América, should have been left floating in conjectural probability.

From his twenty-eighth to his thirty-fifth year, he wrote his pieces on the Reduction of Sallee ; on the Reparation of St. Paul's; to the King on his Navy; the panegyrick on the Queen Mother; the two poems to the Earl of Northumberland ; and perhaps others, of which the time cannot be discovered.

When he had lost all hopes of Sachariffa, he looked round him for an ealier conquest, and gained a Lady of the family of Brefle, or Breaux. The time of his marriage is not exactly known. It has not been difcovered that this wife was won by his poetry; nor is any thing told of her, but that flie brought him many children. He doubtless praised fo:ne whom he would have been afraid to marry; and perhaps married one whom he would have been afhamed to praise. Many qualities contribute to domestick happiness, upon which poetry has no colours to bestow; and many airs and sallies may delight imagination, which he who flatters them never can approve. There are charms made only for distant admiration. No spectacle is nobler than a blaze.


Of this wife, his biographers have recorded that she gave him five sons and eight daughters.

During the long interval of parliament, he is represented as living among those with whom it was most honourable to converse, and enjoying an exuberant fortune with that independence and liberty of speech and conduct which wealth ought always to produce. He was however considered as the kinsman of Hampden, and was therefore supposed by the courtiers not to favour them.

When the parliament was called in 1640, it appeared that Waller's political character had not been mistaken. The King's demand of a supply produced one of those noisy speeches which difaffection and difcontent regularly dictate ; a speech filled with hyperbolical complaints of imaginary grievances. “ They,” says he, “ who think themselves already undone can “ never apprehend themselves in danger; and they “ who have nothing left can never give freely.” Political truth is equally in danger from the praises of courtiers, and the exclamations of patriots.

He then proceeds to rail at the clergy, being sure at that time of a favourable audience. His topick is such as will always serve its purpose ; an accusation of acting and preaching only for preferment : and he exhorts the Commons carefully to provide for their protection aginst Pulpit Lau.

It always gratifies curiosity to trace a sentiment. Waller has in this speech quoted Hooker in one parfage; and in another has copied him, without quoting. “ Religion,” says Waller,“ ought to be the first “ thing in our purpose and desires; but that which is “ first in dignity is not always to precede in order of


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