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tafily loft, unless all the syllables of every liné co-operate
together: this co-operation can be only obtained by
the preservation of every verse unmingled with another
as a distinct system of sounds; and this distinctness is
obtained and preserved by the artifice of rhyine. The
variety of pauses, so much boasted by the lovers of
blank veric, changes the measures of an English poet
to the periods of a declaimer; and there are only a
few skilful and happy readers of Milton, who enable
their audience to perceive where the lines end or be-
gin. Blank verse, said an ingenious critick, seems to be
verse only to the eye.

Poetry may subsist without rhyme, but English 2
poetry will not often please; nor can rhyme ever be
safely spared but where the subject is able to support it-
self. Blank verse makes some approach to that which
is called the lapidary style; has neither the easiness of
prose, nor the melody of numbers, and therefore
tires by long continuance. Of the Italian writers with-
out rhyme, whom Milton alleges as precedents, not
one is popular; what reason could urge in its defence,
has been confuted by the ear.

But, whatever be the advantage of rhyme, I cannot prevail on myself to with that Milton had been a rhymer; for I cannot with his work to be other than it

like other heroes, he is to be admired rather . than imitated. He that thinks himself capable of astonishing, may write blank verse; but those that hope only to please, must condescend to rhyme.

The highest praise of genius is original invention. Milton cannot be said to have contrived the ftructure of an epick poem, and therefore owes reverence to that vigour and amplitude of mind to which all generations


is; yet,

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must be indebted for the art of poetical narration, for the texture of the fable, the variation of incidents, the interposition of dialogue, and all the stratagems that furprise and enchain attention. But, of all the borrowers from Homer, Milton is perhaps the least indebted. He was naturally a thinker for himself, confident of his own abilities, and disdainful of help or hindrance: he did not refuse admission to the thoughts or images of his predeceffors, but he did not seek them. From his contemporaries he neither courted nor Aceived support; there is in his writings nothing by which the pride of other authors might be gratified, or favour gained; no exchange of praise, nor solicitation of fupport. His great works were performed under discountenance, and in blindness, but difficulties vanished at his touch; he was born for whatever is arduous; and his work is not the greatest of heroick poems, only because it is not the firå.


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F the great author of Hudibras there is a life

prefixed to the latter editions of his poem, by an unknown writer, and therefore of disputable authority; and some account is incidentally given by Wood, who confeffes the uncertainty of his own narrative; more however than they knew cannot now be learned, and nothing remains but to compare and


them. SAMUEL BUTLER was born in the parish of Strensham in Worcestershire, according to his biographer, in 1612. This account Dr. Nash finds confirmed by the register. He was christened Feb. 14.

His father's condition is variously represented. Wood mentions him as competently wealthy; but Mr. Longueville, the son of Butler's principal friend, says he was an honest farmer with some small estate, who made a shift to educate his son at the grammar school of Worcester, under Mr. Henry Bright *, from whose


* These are the words of the author of the short account of But. ler, prefixed to Hudibras, which Dr. Johnson, notwithstanding what he says above, seems to have fuppofed was written by Mr. Longueville, the father; but the contrary is to be inferred from a VOL. II. N



care he removed for a short time to Cambridge; but, for a want of money, was never made a member of any college. Wood leaves us rather doubtful whe*ther he went to Cambridge or Oxford; but at last makes him pafs fix or seven years at Cambridge, without knowing in what hall or college: yet it can hardly be imagined that he lived so long in either university, but as belonging to one house or another; and it is still less likely that he could have so long inhabited a place of learning with so little dictinction as to leave his refidence uncertain. Dr. Nash has discovered that his father was owner of a house and a little land, worth about eight pounds a year, still called Butler's tenement.

Wood has his information from his brother, whose narrative placed him at Cambridge, in opposition to that of his neighbours, which sent him to Oxford.



subsequent paffage, wherein the author laments that he had neither such an acquaintance nor interest with Mr. Longueville, as to procure from him the golden remains of Butler there mentioned. He was probably led into this mistake by a note in the Biogr. Brit. p. 1077, fignifying, that the son of this gentleman was living in 1736.

Of this friend and generous patron of Butler, Mr. William Longueville, I find an account, written by a person who was well acquainted with him, to this effect, viz. that he was a conveyancing lawyer, and a bencher of the Inner Temple, and had raised himself from a low beginning to very great eminence in that profession ; that he was

1 cloquent, and learned, of spotless integrity; that he supported an aged father who had ruined his fortunes by extravagance, and by his industry and application re-edified a ruined family, that he fupported Butler, who, but for him, must literally have starved, and received from him as a recompense the papers called his Remains. Life of the Lord-keeper Guilford, p. 289. These have since been given to the public by Mr. Thyer of Manchester; and the originals are now in the hands of the Rev. Dr. Farmer, master of Emanuel College, Cambridge


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The brother's seems the best authority, till, by confeffing his inability to tell his hall or college, he gives reason to fufpect that he was resolved to bestow on him an academical education; but durft not name a college, for fear of detection.

He was for some time, according to the author of 5 his Life, clerk to Mr. Jefferys of Earl's-Croomb in Worcestershire, an eminent justice of the peace. In his service he had not only leisure for study, but for recreation: his amusements weré musick and painting; and the reward of his pencil was the friendship of the celebrated Cooper. Some pictures, said to be his, were shewn to Dr. Nash, at Earl's Croomb; but when he enquired for them some years afterwards, he found them destroyed, to stop windows, and owns that they hardly deserved a better fate.

He was afterwards admitted into the family of the Countess of Kent, where he had the use of a library; and so much recommended himself to Selden, that he was often employed by him in literary business. Selden, as is well known, was steward to the Countess, and is supposed to have gained much of his wealth by managing her estate.

In what character Butler was admitted into chat Lady's service, how long he continued in it, and why he left it, is, like the other incidents of his life, utterly unknown.

The viciffitudes of his condition placed hinn after, wards in the family of Sir Samuel Luke, one of Cromwell's officers. Here he observed so much of the character of the fectaries, that he is said to have written or begun his poem at this time; and it is likely that such a design would be formed in a place where

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