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ever, is not abandoned. The matter the Queen gave her sanction to the will be brought up again, and will church property bill, she did not apeven find advocates on the benches of pear at dinner, and the King remarked the Chamber; but it will surprise me aloud that she was unwell in consemuch if a satisfactory result be ar- quence of having been compelled to rived at.
do something that was disagreeable to I will conclude this letter with a her. Taking their cue from their page from the chronicles of the Court master, his two gentlemen improved of Spain, in the year 1855, which has upon the topic, and were heard to de the merit of being both curious and clare that violence had been done to strictly true. You are probably aware the Queen, and to make other unbethat the bill brought in by Señor coming and untrue statements. This Madoz for the sale of the remainder of got known to the ministers, and it is the church lands, and other national also more than probable that Tuero property, encountered strong opposi- and Neulan had been mixed up in the tion, caused great excitement out of conspiracy, although nothing could be doors, and for a time gave the govern- proved against them, any more than ment almost as much trouble and un- against the King. When the Queen easiness as the religious clause itself. was informed that it was the intention The priests beset the palace, and of ber government to send the aboveworked upon the Queen; the King Damed officers away-one to Vallabusily intrigued on the same side; dolid and the other to Majorca-sbe some persons doubted whether Isa expressed concern, and said that Frarbella would sanction the law when it cisquito, as she calls ber husband, had passed the Chamber, and indeed, would be greatly annoyed. Since when it came to the point, she made favourites of a particular class bare many difficulties, and it was only the been prohibited at court, their majesurgent representations of her ministers, ties, without professing very fervent and the fear of their resigning-in affection for each other, live on better which case her throne would have terms than was once the case. The been seriously imperilled--that at last Queen was right in her anticipations. induced her to give her signature. She When her husband learned the medwept much, and said that it was sure that had been decided upon, he against her conscience, but finally she flew into a livid passion. Hastening yielded to the respectful, but firm re- to the room where were then assemmonstrances of her advisers. The bled the Queen, the Minister of Foreign King was furious at this. A charm. Affairs, and General Echagüe, military ing little palace plot had been arrang- governor of Madrid, but who coned, having extensive ramifications; mands at Aranjuez during Isabella's a number of half-pay military men stay there, he laid hold of the latter of high rank were implicated in it, and by the arm: “ Come with me!” he various civilians; the Queen was to said. Echagüe, although rather surbe spirited away to a seaport town, prised at his abrupt manner and faand a reactionary banner hoisted in miliar action, accompanied bim from her name. Unfortunately for tbe con- the room. The King led him to his spirators, Isabella, who has not yet apartments, and, throwing open the forgotten the fright she had in July door, disclosed six or eight balberlast year, gave in and sanctioned the diers — the corps that guards the law; the plot was discovered; a pum, palace, and the same which, under ber of arrests were made; Pezurla, the General Dulce, defended the Queen in late crackbrained governor of Cuba, 1841, against the attempt of the pare and some other generals, were direct. tisans of Generals Leon and O'Doned to take up their quarters in remote nell. Strange are the changes in this provinces; and, amongst the military country! In 1854, Dulce takes his men ordered to a distance from the corps of cavalry over to O'Donnell, in capital, there were two gentlemen of arms against the government, and the King's bedchamber, Messrs Nen- now a member of the Cabinet headed lan and Tuero. The King was already by Espartero, against whom, in 1841, sufficiently exasperated at wbat had he fought. But to return to the King's occurred, On the Sunday on which apartment. Behind the row of halber
diers appeared Senior Tuero. “There," that O'Donnell's intention was to put said the King, “ take bim if you dare, the King under arrest, but the amende but you shall pass over our bodies that Don Francisco had made prefirst." In the midst of this childish viously to the general's arrival, altered display, General Echagüie, a sensitive that intention. In the presence of the and high-spirited man, discerned a two ministers the King now repeated gross insult to himself. The grasp of his apologies, adding that it was in the arm, which he had at first taken order he might again hear them that in rather a friendly sense, became, he had desired General Echagüe might under the circumstances, an outrage. be present. And this time his MaHe at once telegraphed what had oc- jesty was less stubborn about his two curred to Madrid, to General O'Don- gentlemen of the Chamber, whom nell, and presenting himself before the O'Donnell took back to Madrid with Queen and Señor Luzuriaga, he in- bim, but who will be permitted, I formed them of it, and of his decided understand, to select their own resiintention, since not only bimself, but dence, provided it be out of New Cashis uniform, bad been insulted by one tile. Thus ended this palace comedy. from whom he could not demand sa- Spain, as you will perceive from tisfaction, to send in his resignation. this slight sketch of a few recent inHe had done speaking when the King cidents, makes but slow progress in again entered. The three persons the paths of enlightenment and prospresent received him in silence, and perity, and has great difficulty in conthere was doubtless something signi- quering a respectable place amongst ficant in their looks, for he asked what European nations. Mismanagement was the matter. Señor Luzuriaga, an and misrule, the incapacity of some old and much-respected man, of high governments, the dishonesty of others, reputation for virtue and probity, told have brought her down to a state of him that General Echagüe held him- penury and debility from which it self greatly aggrieved by his Majesty's were idle to suppose she could have conduct towards him, and had re- been raised within less than twelve solved to resign his post and commis months, after a revolution such as sion. Thereupon the King apologised, that of last summer. Her financial declaring that he had not intended to embarrassments have probably never insult the general, and adding, after been greater than now,-80 great, and expressing his regret, that if Echagüe some of them 80 pressing, that the was not satisfied, be was ready to utmost order and economy cannot fight him ; but as regarded the two suffice to extricate her from them. gentilhombres, he said he was deter- What is reckoned upon to do so is mined not to give them up, or suffer the sale of the remainder of the them to be removed from about his church property, of a great portion person. At seven in the morning, of the common lands, now for the most however, came General O'Donnell, a part the object of gross jobbery on the fiery energetic soldier, against whose part of the corporations and their strong will it were quite in vain for so friends, of the mines of Rio Tinto, and poor a creature as Don Francisco de various others (excepting, bowever, Assis to contend. On arriving, he the celebrated quicksilver mines of told the Count of Puñonrostro, one of Almaden), and of some other lands the officers of the palace, that, not- and tenements belonging to the pawithstanding the earliness of the hour, tion; not forgetting the confiscated it was indispensable he should see their property of the late Don Carlos. The majesties. The Count returned to say exports from Spain bave been unthat the King was up, and would re- usually large since the revolution ; ceive the general, and requested he France has been an excellent customer would take with him Señor Luzuriaga for wine ; and corn and other articles and General Echagüe. As the meet- of produce bave been sold, in consiing was of the pature of a cabinet derable quantities, at advantageous conference, the minister-of-war did prices. There is, consequently, a good not think proper to take Echagüe, he deal of money in the country; and, as not being a member of the govern- tbe payment for the property is to be ment. It is stated very positively made on easy termg-ten per cent in cash, and the remainder spread over the harassment consequent on an fourteen years—it is hoped that a fair empty exchequer— the pressure of devalue will be realised. Several months, mocrats, who would have it go faster, however, must elapse before this very the opposition of others, wbo think it extensive operation can be completed, goes too fast-the unremitting hostiand, in the interim, the government lity of a considerable portion of the is at its wits' end to pay its way. press and the clergy--the pretensions Dividends, civil and military servants, of an army of place-hunters, who claims of every kind, even to prizes vaunt their services and sufferings in in the lottery, are irregularly and tar- the cause, insist on being rewarded dily paid; and the post of finance for them, and become opponents if not minister must indeed be a bed of gratified-palace plots, to which royalthorns. The best qualities of the pre- ty itself is not always a stranger,-all sent government are its prudence, its these, taken together, compose a load economy, and its earnest desire to do of anxieties and difficulties, for which what is possible for the good of the some allowance should be made when country. But it is beset with difficul- we criticise the conduct of the Esparties; and the constant machinations of tero-O'Donnell government. its enemies, both at home and abroad
THE PALMERSTON ADMINISTRATION.
In the course of the recent debate may hold the rudder, provided we are in the House of Lords upon the reso- only assured that the hand is compelutions moved by Lord Ellenborough, tent to the management. Lord Granville spoke as follows: "I But if there is no reasonable secudo ask this House whether we are to rity given to that effect-if we are go on in this sort of eternal abuse of convinced that the men now at the ourselves, even when the facts which head of affairs are not adequate to at all warranted it have been com- the task which they have undertaken, pletely changed ? The impression and the duty which they have aswhich this resolution leaves upon my sumed-if we are compelled to arrive mind is, that it announces to the at the conclusion that the measures whole world that, from the beginning which they have adopted are infiniteof the war up to the present moment, ly short of the requirements and exiEngland has shown nothing of the gencies of our situation-if we are qualifications for success in war, but forced to believe that they are demere personal valour." We are as ficient in forethought, divided in much opposed as Lord Granville pos- council, and without any clear and sibly can be to undue depreciation of comprehensive scheme of policy-if the Government at a juncture which we find their official administration we agree with the Times in consider- confused, careless, and unsatisfactory ing as “the very turning point in our --and if we suspect them of a design destiny, the very crisis in our fate, the to imperil the honour of the country very instant which for good or for evil by concluding an ignominious peaceis to decide the future of England," then we say that it is the duty of We, in common with a large majority every man who loves his country, to of the loyal people of Britain, are protest against the continuance of ready to support, and even applaud, such a Ministry. We do not agree any Government which will do its with those who seem inclined to hold duty to the country. We care not of that it is proper to wait until some what men, or from what political signal instance of incapacity, or some section, that Government may be fresh disaster, shall occur, before proformed, provided that the measures nouncing on the policy or the conduct adopted be wise and energetic, suited of the Government. There may be to the difficulties of the time, and con- no absolute reason for condemning sonant with the dignity of Great them on account of any overt act, or Britain. We care not what hand commission of a monstrous blunder.
In politics, inertness may be quite as ated by the country, and those which injurious to the State as inconsiderate arise in consequence of direct Ministeaction. There are seasons when de- rial error. As to the constitution of cent mediocrity, tolerated at other the Ministry itself, that clearly falls times, becomes positively dangerous. within the scope of animadversion, In this stage of the war, we recognise and forms a most important element as of first necessity the organisation in estimating the amount of their of a Ministry which shall be thorough- claim to the confidence of the public. Jy in earnest, and determined to pro- Further, let us say that, although secute that war to an honourable con- the whole conduct of the war is open clusion, and which moreover shall be to discussion, and although it may able to command the respect and con- have occasioned general dissatisfacfidence of the people.
tion, and given rise to just complaints, We are by no means insensible to yet that it was, down to a comparathe evils which result from frequent tively recent period, intrusted to changes of administration ; and we other hands. We do not think that can perfectly understand and appre. the present Ministry, as a body, can ciate the feeling which has deterred be fairly or constitutionally held some who repose no confidence in Lord liable for the deeds or omissions Palmerston and his colleagues, from of the previous Cabinet. Individual taking part in any movement calcu- responsibility must remain; but we lated to effect their overthrow. We cannot, and will not, go the length of shall frankly acknowledge that we holding that the Palmerston Ministry share in those feelings to a very con- is answerable for blunders committed siderable degree; and were our cou- under the superintendence of Lord victions less strong than they are, we Aberdeen. Whatever may be the probably should have maintained shortcomings of our present rulers, silence. Certainly we shall not adopt let us not confound their doings with all the charges which have been pre- those of their predecessors. Let it ferred against the present Ministry, be granted that we have had a because we think that some of them modification rather than a change of are the natural results of a system the Cabinet, and that there has not over which the present Cabinet had been a sufficient infusion of new blood no control. The system under which still this is to be remembered, that permanent officials in the different the present Cabinet differs from the Government departments are appoint- former one, in so far that it is no longer ed, undoubtedly requires revision; and Coalitionist. All the members of tho we are glad to see that practical men Peelite party, whose views were are applying themselves in earnest to known to be peculiarly Muscovite, the task ; but it is impossible to ex- have been ejected, or have resigned. pect that their labours can be crown. Lord Aberdeen, the personal friend ed with immediate success. No doubt of Nicholas ; Mr Sidney Herbert, great detriment has arisen from the the nephew of Prince Woronzow; incapacity and neglect of officials, and the Duke of Newcastle, whose calafrom the singularly bad method which mitous attempts at administration seems to exist in every department may stimulate the compassion, though which is connected with the conduct they cannot divert the censure of of the war. We have every reason to many a future historian; Mr Gladbelieve tbat the other departments are stone, with his unquestionable high not one wbit better managed ; and abilities, which might raise him to, that there is both ample room and and maintain him in, any position, did great necessity for an amendment he exbibit more candour and less in the public bureaux. But, bad sophistical ingenuity ; Sir James as the system may be, and ill as Graham, the dashing and unscrupuit may have worked in some in- lous adventurer, who has ever fought stances, Lord Palmerston did not for his own hand, and who is ready, make it; and in common fairness we in any one year, to combat to the must draw a distinction between death the opinion which he had proevils which are the inevitable result pounded in the last;-all these have of bad arrangements, too long toler- been ejected, or have retired from
the Ministerial councils. Peelism is adequate to the task which he bed Dot Dow represented by a single mem- undertaken. The substitation of Lord ber of the Cabinet. It is Wbig
from Paomure, who bad some experience, the foundation upwards, and there. for the Duke of Newcastle, seemed fore cannot be supposed to be liable to promise well—and really has been to the same restraints, or compelled an improvement; and although we to submit to the same compromises bad ample material for commenting which Coalition inevitably occasions. upon the coustruction of the Ministry, The observation that “ England does we deemed it our daty to abstain not love Coalitions," conveyed the from anything like hostile or derogareal feeling, not of this country only, tory remark, so long as we saw any bat of every other; and it is simply reasonable prospect of their proving the atterance of a great political truth, themselves to be adequate to the based upon world-wide experience. crisis. Coalitions cannot stand ; and for this Even now, when we feel ourselves reason, that they represent a combina- compelled to state our conviction, that tion of interests, pot a union of prin- the men presently in office onght not ciples. They necessitate on the one to be trusted longer with the condact side or the other a sacrifice of prin- of the war, or of the negotiations ciple; and even the compromises which hitherto have proved failures, which cannot be avoided, engender a we are desirous to judge them strictly rancorous feeling among the mem- on their own merits or demerits, and bers. It was the want of a common as constituting a Cabinet quite sepa. principle which first created dissen- rate and distinct from that of Lord sion among the members of the Coali- Aberdeen. We shall not take adtion Government, and finally led to vantage of the evidence given before its overthrow. In that event we saw the Sebastopol Committee to vamp up nothing to deplore; on the contrary, any charges against them, or to shift we regarded it as fortunate for the responsibility. Nor shall we be over country, for certainly it was not right eager in finding fault, the more espeor fitting that there should be con- cially as the Ministry seems at present flicting opinions in the Cabinet of to receive hardly any support from Great Britain at a time when energy the leading organs of public opinion and decision were peculiarly required. in London. We felt too, what we believe to have Now, why is it that Lord Palmerbeen the general impression of the ston, whose accession to power some country, that it was not safe to leave three months ago was greeted with the conduct of a war with Russia in acclaim by a considerable section of the hands of Lord Aberdeen and bis the public, who believed that at last immediate supporters; more especial- they had got " the right man in the ly as their accession to power was un- right place," should now be distrusted deniably regarded by the late Czar and decried ? It is in vain to attribute as affording a good opportunity for his this merely to popular fickleness ; for unprincipled aggression upon Turkey. although the public mind, collectively, Therefore, when the new Ministerial is fickle, and sometimes unreasonable arrangements were completed, we in its expectations, yet most men form were glad to find this much-that there their conclusions from what they hear was an apparent prospect of unity of and observe, and there is commonly a idea in the Cabinet. That at least, considerable lapse of time between the according to our anticipations, was flow and ebb of aggregate opinion. In eometbing gained. The Administra this instance it has been unusually tion certainly did not appear to be a rapid. Palmerston, the favourite of strong one, and it was singularly de- February, is Palmerston the mistrust. ficient in talent-for we shall not ed of May. prostitute the word genius by apply. For this singular change many reaing it to any of them,--still it was sons may be assigned. In the first constructed out of a party which had place, Lord Palmerston showed very distinctive traditions of its own, and little discretion in the construction of there was a prevalent impression that his Cabinet. The tendency of the the new Premier would show himself Whigs, from the commencement, has