collectable names, were the means of short jerking motion, as if he wa causing considerable sums to change kvitting with bis jaws. He was hands. Last, but not least, les belles buttoned up to the chin in a straight were very well represented; but it re- military - looking-coat, bat he had quired some little time to become ac- short baggy trousers, dirty stockings quainted with them, as they occupied and his large splay feet were thrust the upper table at every meal, upon into a pair of very old pumps. Tbe the sanctity of which we unprivileged band played nigger melodies, and ac. bachelors were not allowed to intrude. companied themselves vocally. The

There is probably no country where dance was a sort of cotillon; but we matrimony is invested with higher were entirely dependent for our figures privileges than in America, and I upon the caprice of the band-leader, would recommend any one contem- who periodically shouted his orders plating a long tour in the States, by no My partner and the little old man op means to undertake it unprovided with posite commenced operations. With a better half; or, in default of that, at clenched teeth and contracted brow least accompanied by his mother. did he give himself up to the pleasures

But the most propitious time for of the dance. Now he plunged rioingratiating oneself with our fair pas- lently forward, then retreated with sengers was at the evening dance, a sort of jig step, then seized my the band being composed of niggers, partner by the waist, and wbirling who officiated during the day as her rapidly into the middle, danced barbers. There was one lovely girl, round her demoniacally, then pirouetwith a noble, thoughtful brow, black ted first on one leg, then on the other, hair and eyes, perfect features, and a then jumped into the air with both, most irresistible smile, with that clear, then retired breathless to scowl at transparent complexion, which is me and work his jaws defiantly. As never to be met with out of America, my turn came I now made a dash at to whom I had from the first ardently his partner, and attempted a series of desired an opportunity of being intro- similar gymnastic exercises, in & duced ; and I shall never forget the solemn and violent way, conscious all thrill of pleasure which I felt when, the while of the glance of profound upon the two guitars and a fiddle contempt with which my fair comranging themselves along the bottom panion eyed my performances, as I of the saloon, and striking up a lively energetically hopped round her tal tune, this fair creature, near whom I vis-à-vis, whom I might bave imagined happened to be standing, artlessly re- a Maypole. But not until the dance marked, " that she had a mind to take became more complicated, and the the knots out of her legs;"- a piece of orders followed each other with rapi. information on her part, which I in- dity, and distracted my attention, terpreted to mean that I was at did I feel the full effect of my rashness. liberty to offer my services to assist The band sang, “Heigh Nelly, Ho her in this proceeding, and I accord- Nelly, listen lub to me;" and then the ingly solicited the honour of being leader shouted, "Gents to the right!" her partner. Alas! I little knew and away we all shot in the required what I had undertaken, or how com- direction. Then came, “I sing for you pletely I had over-estimated my own - I play for you a dulcem melody." saltatory powers. Our vis-à-vis were “Balance in line !" There was a a very tall, thin, flat lady, with a puzzle. I got into everybody's line figure like a plank, and a short but my own; and my partner, with wizened old man, who reached to her her sweet smile, said that "I had elbow, with grey bushy eyebrows, come near riling her;" so that I was which almost concealed his small much relieved when the last order piercing eyes, and a huge grizzly came of "promenayde all to your beard, so thick and matted, that when seats;" and in a state of extreme exbe compressed his lips, in the energy haustion we threw ourselves on a of the dance, it was impossible to tell couch, satisfied that the great end had within a quarter of an inch where his been gained, and that no knot could mouth was. During the moments of have been obstinate enough to resist rest, however, he twitched it with a such violent treatment.

The village of La Pointe was the at. They certainly formed a singular first place we touched at in the State addition to a scene which in itself of Wisconsin. It is prettily situated was extremely novel. upon one of the Apostles' Islands, a It was blowing half a gale of wind, wooded group, which are an attractive when I was aroused early on the fol. feature in the scenery. It is one of lowing morning by an unusual scufthe oldest trading stations on Lake Aling on deck, and found that we had Superior, and the first missions were arrived at Fond du Lac, and were established here by the Jesuits more crossing the bar of the river St Louis, than two hundred years ago. But which enters Lake Superior at its we found more to interest us in La most western extremity. The scene Pointe than the mere associations was wild and exciting; the violence connected with it. Upon landing, we and direction of the wind, and the were surrounded by a crowd of In- intricacy of the navigation, rendered dians in all the pomp of savage the work one of considerable danger finery-a very different race from our and difficulty, and the captain had at companions upon the Severn. They first determined to remain outside were Chippeways, who had assembled until the gale moderated. However, here to receive the payments which time is valuable to the Yankee, and as are annually made to them by the the “Sam" was bound upon a voyage United States Goverument, and were round the Lake, and expected back about to set off upon a warlike expe- at the Sault on an early day, our dition against the Sioux. It was skipper determined to risk it; and I therefore a most favourable opportu- was not sorry to arrive at the end of nity for seeing them, and it was evi- our voyage under more exciting cirdent, from the interest we excited, cumstances than had attended it that some of their number were not bitherto. The scenery, too, was bolder. in the habit of coming in contact with On the right was a deep bay, backed whites. They were a motley pictur- by a high wooded range. A narrow esque tbrong; the blue blankets and sandy promontory, some miles long, red leggings of the squaws contrasted separated the St Louis from Lake well, while their small delicate feet Superior, Near its point were pitched were encased in embroidered mocas- a number of Indian wigwams, with sins. The men bad red paint on upturned canoes arranged before them. their faces and feathers in their bair, Upon the left the land was low, and while their tomabawks and scalping. covered with a dense forest. Oppoknives transported us in imagination site to us, and upon the further shore to more stirring scenes, and half of a broad lagune formed by the St tempted us to give up our plan of pro. Louis, stood the city of Superior, ceeding, and follow these warriors on perfectly invisible, however, from their war-path. There were some the point at which we crossed the splendid men among them-tall, well- bar. We just touched the ground made fellows, with a quiet cat-like once, then swung round in the deepwalk, and imperturbable countenan- er waters of the St Louis, and ances. We asked some of them to show chored in front of the Indian village, us their weapons, which they did with as it was too shallow to admit of great nonchalance, puffing kinnick- a nearer approach to the opposite kinnick in our faces out of thick shore. pipes made of red clay, or sometimes Our arrival caused the greatest exformed in the head of a tomahawk, of citement everywhere. Blanketed wbich the handle served as a pipe- figures emerged out of the smoky stem. They could not speak Eng- wigwams and stood motionless on the lish, but showed some interest in us; shore, with their arms folded like and some of the chiefs came on board Roman senators, betraying as much to look at the dancing, and manifested animation as Indians ordinarily do. their contempt for it in grunts, or Ionumerable curs testified their astowhat Cooper would have called "ex- pishment by shrill yelps. Two or pressive Ughs," which, considering three crazy-looking boats put off (as the nature of the performance, was we were informed) from the city; but perhaps not altogether to be wondered we had not yet been able to discover


any "signs of a city beyond a single rel with fate when they most needed wooden shed. Meanwhile, at least to conciliate it. However this may half the passengers, ourselves among have been, my friend and I voted it the number, had determined to land an unprofitable way of spending our here, and there was an immense time, and placing our luggage under deal of preparation in consequence; the care of a good-natured German, though, from the absence of anything who was too profoundly absorbed in like a town, doubts seemed to have his meerschaum to care whether Soarisen as to where we were to go perior existed or no, we strolled off when we landed. However, nobody with our sketch-books to a wigwam, had courage to give these doubts any where we soon established ourselves distinct expression, but contented upon terms of the most friendly intithemselves with piling their luggage macy with the inmates-exchanged upon the sandy shore, and sitting a pipe of Turkish tobacco with the upon it, waiting for the solution of father of the family for one of kinnickthe problem with a resigned air, which kinnick - won the affections of the may have been because they had often mamma by caressing her baby, which undergone similar experiences before, was strapped to a board, and very and were in the habit of being left dirty-delighted the young ladies by with their little all on desolate and presenting them with portraits of remote shores, -or because, having themselves-got with some difficulty arrived at said desolate and remote upon speaking terms with the dog, shores with their little all in search and ultimately stretched ourselves by of fortune, they had only got them the fire, and chronicled in our noteselves to thank for their present pre books our first day's experiences in dicament, and were too wise to quar

Minnesota territory.


Madrid, 13th May 1855. vernment, a part of wbich should be DEAR EBONY.-In this my May laid at the door of the Spanish nation. letter from Madrid, I propose to en The government has been weak rather lighten you on certain political topics than unwilling; and its weakness proof present interest to some in England. ceeded from a combination of circumStart not, oh Ebony, nor suffer your stances which, it must in justice be placid brow to wrinkle into a frown. admitted, there was scarcely a possiI shall not be long-winded, but laconic bility of its surmounting. exceedingly. Faris it from my thoughts It is, perhaps, unnecessary to reto introduce you into the Spanish po- mind you that the second clause of the litical labyrinth, whose tortuosities project of Constitution presented to are endless, and its paths neither the Constituent Cortes by its commitclean nor pleasant. I perfectly under tee on the 13th January last, declared stand that at this time it would take that “the nation undertook to mainnothing less than a revolution to make tain and protect the worship and minyou shift your gaze, even for a mo isters of the Catholic religion, which ment, from eastern to western Europe. Spaniards profess, but that no SpanThere nevertheless are two subjects on iard or foreigner could be prosecuted which I have a few words to say, be- civilly for his creed and opinions, so cause they concern Englishmen and long as he did not manifest them by English interests, and also because the public acts contrary to religion.” This London press, absorbed in Crimean clause, although more liberal than the contemplations, has been very concise corresponding one in any previous in its exposition of them-charier still Spanish constitution, did no more than of comment. I refer to the questions place the constitution of 1855 in harhere designated as the religious ques- mony with the penal code. It nevertion and the coupon question. With theless was taken as a pretext and respect to both, much blame and odium signal for a storm of intolerant fury. have been cast upon the Spanish go. Whilst a strong minority of the Cham

ber, whose desire for religious liberty tolerance, which, in the greater part of -in whose absence they justly con Europe, is one of the happiest characsider that no liberty can be real or teristics of our century, had made long endure-does them honour, pro- much progress on this side of the Pyposed amendments which, if passed, renees, were compelled to admit that would have secured every immunity to the time had not yet arrived when redissenters from Rome, the opposition ligious liberty could be planted in took the clause as a motive for fierce Spain without imminent danger of a attacks upon the government, and for struggle too terrible to risk. The Carinflammatory speeches calculated to lists, seeing their opportunity, were rouse the passions of the more ignor- actively at work both within and withant and bigoted classes of their out the country, and found powerful countrymen. Out of doors, agitation and zealous auxiliaries amongst the was active. The priests were up in clergy. Owing to the abridgment of arms, and working in every quarter; time of service, granted as a boon and bishops sent furious addresses to the reward to the soldiers after the revoChamber; laymen, whose station and lution, the army was weaker than it education ought to have preserved had been for many years; the palace them from such fanaticism, wrote and itself intrigued against the religious declaimed therankestintolerance. The clause; and thegovernment, seeing the clergy got up petitions against the danger, was compelled to oppose the clause, to obtain signatures to which, amendments of many of its own friends every device was employed, and, insti. and supporters, but had, at the same gated by them, the women of Spain time, sufficient resolution and power were especially and mischievously to maintain the clause as proposed by busy. In Madrid a number of ladies the committee, and even to sanction of high rank prepared a petition, to the omission of the word “civilly," which they had no difficulty in obtain- which was considered to leave the door ing the signatures of their numerous open to ecclesiastical persecution. dependents and tradeswomen. Their Thus the article was voted, and then activity, it is said, was somewhat the Chamber was compelled to pass a checked in a manner at once curious law, forbidding addresses and petitions and highly characteristic of les mours on the subject of any basis of the conEspagnoles. Notwithstanding their stitution which had been approved by pious zeal—which the uncharitable the Cortes. This was absolutely nemay be disposed to term bigotry and cessary, in order to check the exciteintolerance—the lives of some of them ment the priests actively stimulated had not always been distinguished for throughout the whole of Spain. that virtue most highly prized in wo A few days after the project of man. It is saying no more than is constitution had been laid before the known to all Madrid to add, that with Cortes, and consequently before any some of them the chronique scandaleuse part of it was law-which indeed no had dealt frequently, severely, and part of it will be until the whole is justly. Certain malicious scribes, op- promulgated—the British minister at posed to intolerance, threw out men Madrid applied in writing to the acing hints of an intention to bring out Spanish minister of foreign affairs, to a series of biographies. This damped define the exact position in which their ardour. The petition subse- English Protestants in Spain would quently appeared in a newspaper, but stand under the 2d clause or basis. without signatures, and it was then too This note baving remained for some late to present it to the Cortes. The time unanswered, a second was sent priests continued their efforts and ma- in, and subsequently a third, repeatchinations. The blessings of religious ing the request. The reply at last unity were vaunted, and absurd tales elicited was to the effect, that the were told and believed of the horrors duty of the Government was to springing from its want in less fortu- enforce the laws, but not to internate conntries than Spain. In short, pret them-that being the province the whole land was in a ferment, and of the tribunals. This reply Lord even those persons who previously bad Howden did not consider satisfactory. cherished the belief that the spirit of He maintained that the 2d clause

was a mere mockery, since the the most searching investigation, the Government refused to interpret it, governor had convineed himself that and that the Progresista ministry no interference of the kind bad taken wished to enjoy, as the saying goes, place,-tbat Mr Frith was in very the pleasure of vice and the credit good odour in Seville, and sent bis of virtue - or, in other words, to Roman Catholic servant regalarly appear to do something very liberal, to mass,-and that no policeman or when in fact things were as before. civil authority bad in any way Here, however, allowance has to be meddled with his unobtrusive Sabmade for the great difficulties under bath practices. Soon after this answer, which Espartero and his colleagues there came a letter to the British laboured in this religious question. legation from the cause of quartel. It had been converted by their the innocent origin of discord, the enemies into a powerful offensive Rev. Mr Frith himself; with whom, engine, and common prudence for- or with the British vice-consol at bade their making a manifestation Seville, Lord Howden, as the sequel that would have afforded fresh op- proved, would bave done wisely to portunity of attack. A stronger put himself in communication in the Government might, had it thought first instance, instead of assailing the proper, boldly have spoken out, and Government on the strength of a given Lord Howden its opinion with letter from a less authorised corterespect to the privileges of Pro. spondent. testants under the 2d clause. But, Tbe true version of what bas been as they were not obliged to do so called the "outrage at Seville" is the the present ministers declined risking following :-Mr Frith occupied apartfresh occasion for strife, and met all ments in the Alcazar, the royal resiLord Howden's notes with refusals dence in the capital of Andalusia. to interpret the laws, or with refe- Part of this palace is now inhabited rences to the penal code.

by private persons-pensioners, if I In one of those notes, and conjointly am rightly informed - and it was with persisting demands for a defini. from one of them that Mr Frith tion of the position of Protestants, a rented his lodgings, whither, upon fresh matter was introduced. Upon Sundays, repaired a few English and the strength of a letter from Seville, American Protestants (never amountthe name of whose writer has not ing to twenty) to attend divine sertranspired, the British minister at vice. It appears that this practice Madrid complained of an outrage became known to certain priests and upon an English clergyman, then other bigoted Romanists, and gare resident in the former city. Whilst them great umbrage. A young girl, the Rev. Arthur Frith was reading proceeding to the clergyman's resiservice on Sunday, in a back room of dence, prayer - book in hand, was his lodgings, to nine of his Protestant questioned. Persons were beard to countrymen, a policeman, it was say, that the service at Mr Frith's alleged, had intruded into the apart. should not continue ; and at last an ment, interrupted the worship, and application was made to the civil compelled those persons present who authorities to put a stop to it. The did not live in the house to depart to civil authorities sent one of the police their respective homes. Such was ---pot to Mr Frith, who never receiv. the statement made in the letter, ed any such visit, nor was in any way and repeated in the diplomatic note, molested, but to his landlady, to into which Señor Luzuriaga replied, quire concerning him and his proceedthat the Government had no informa. ings. The information obtained was tion on the subject. On the strength completely satisfactory in all respects, of Lord Howden's representations, and the authorities positively refused however, an inquiry was immediate- to interfere with him. Foiled in this ly addressed to the governor of attempt, the zealots tried another plan. Seville, accompanied by a severe They set upon his lạndlady and terrireprimand for the interference im- fied ber, as the priests of Rome know puted to the civil authorities. In how to terrify weak women. They reply came an assurance that, after also sent a messenger to Mr Frith,

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