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there is a frightful deficiency of in- different regiments now recruiting in structors. If, indeed, we had the Scotland should be quartered. This usual number of the regiments of the plan, we believe, would be found line at home, there might have been infinitely less expensive than the no great difficulty in obtaining drill fitting up of separate barracks all instructors for the militia; but it must over the kingdom. It would conbe remembered that our whole effec- centrate the men, and would bring tive army is abroad, or in the field, them all under the view of competent and that it is impossible to expect military authority-it would econoany adequate assistance from the de- mise the very limited means of inpots. In each of these, recruits are struction which are at present availbeing drilled and trained to supply able—and, above all, it would teach the deficiencies in the ranks of the the men, and not less perhaps the several regiments, and that is a duty officers, what duties are required from which naturally and properly must the soldier upon actual service. We take the precedence of the instruc- gather from the proceedings in Partion of the militia. Some militia liament, that something of the kind is regiments may possibly be better preparing both in England and Ireprovided as regards instructors than land, and that there are to be camps Others; but we know this to be a fact, at Aldershott and the Curragh of Kilthat, a month ago, the services of dare. We hope that a similar arrangeonly one drill-sergeant from Woolwich ment will be made for Scotland, and were secured for the instruction of an that immediately; for already by far artillery militia regiment, with a com- too much time has been lost; and, in plement of upwards of four hundred! proportion to the amount of expense The utter incapacity of the means incurred, nothing has been done in towards the end proposed will become reality to meet the exigency of the evident when we state, that in the line crisis. In so far as this country is twenty recruits at most are intrusted concerned, we attribute that, as we to each sergeant for instruction in in- have already said, to the wretched fantry drill; but that, in the artillery, system upon which the affairs of Scotit is considered that the sergeant has land are at present administered; but, enough on his hands if he can under- be that as it may, we are entitled to take the instruction of ten.

expect, from the language held by the Another great evil is the isolated present Government, that they will position of many of the regiments, and spare no efforts towards raising an the extent of territory from which adequate force, and we call upon them they are drawn. By a reference to to redeem their pledge. the preceding table of the militia re- In fact, unless a camp is to be estagiments, it will be observed, that no blished here, we should like very much less than four of them are raised from to know how it is possible that the four counties for each, one from three, militia regiments can be trained so as and three from two counties. The to make them useful during the predistances to headquarters are, in many sent war. Three out of the seventeen cases, very great; and much confusion regiments are artillery — where and and annoyance has already arisen how are they to be exercised ? How from the system of billeting the mili- is it proposed to find guns for the tia-men upon (the inhabitants, which, training of the Edinburgh, Fife, and besides derogating from the popularity Haddington regiments — and where of the force, interferes most seriously are they to practise ? If they have no with the proper discipline of the men. practice, they are literally useless; There is only one way that we can and yet, if these regiments are to reconceive by which the militia of Scot- main stationed in their county towns, land, however levied, can be rendered they can find no proper field for their really and rapidly effective, and that evolutions. Shot and shell are danis, by immediate formation of one cen- gerous playthings in a highly cultitral permanent camp for instruction vated country; and we doubt much and exercise, to which all the embo- whether the farmers would like to see died militia should be removed, and their steadings exposed to the same in which camp also the depots of the danger as the suburbs of Sebastopol. There can be no difficulty at all about can be raised by voluntary enlistthe selection of a proper spot for the ment, both because the altered nature formation of a camp. There are seve- of the service must deter many from ral places, close adjoining to the Edin- coming forward who would have burgh and Glasgow, or Scottish Cen- been quite ready to serve in a merely tral Railways, which are admirably local corps, and because there is a adapted for such a purpose — which superior inducement held out to men afford ample scope and room for all to enlist for the regular army, rather kinds of military training and exer- than for the militia as now consticise, and which could be reached in tuted. We still think that recourse little more than an hour, either from must be had to the ballot, even Edinburgh, Glasgow, or Perth. In though that mode of enlistment the vicinity of such a camp, earthen should prove to a certain degree unbutts might be thrown up to admit of popular; and perhaps we may venthe usual artillery practice; and in ture to say that, at a time like the the construction of these works, and present, when Ministers have a most the making of batteries and intrench- serious and responsible duty to fulfil, ments, all the troops might be em- mere considerations of popularity ployed with evident advantage, since, ought to give way to regard for the in modern warfare, the spade is as public interest. We can assure Lord valuable an implement as the musket Palmerston and his colleagues that in the hands of the soldier. While they will commit a gross error, even the artillerymen were practised in as regards their own interest and mounting and dismounting heavy their tenure of power, if they fail, guns, slinging mortars, and laying from fear of impairing their immedown platforms, with the other nume- diate popularity, to use every constirous duties of the gunner, the infan tutional means within their reach, try, after they had passed the preli- towards completing the number of minary stages of drill, would be train- the militia and rendering it an effeced to calculate distances, according tive force. They must, for a time, to the new system of musketry drill, get rid of all notions of popularityand generally would acquire an ex hunting. The country is sick of perience of camp life which is really political intrigues and devices - it reinvaluable to a soldier, and infinitely quires nothing more than an honest, superior to anything that can be learn- intelligent, and energetic Governed in the barrack. We anticipate ment- and there never was a time also, from the adoption of such a plan, when a Government, which can estaba most rapid progress in the know- lish a just claim to that character, ledge of their duties on the part of would be more powerfully supported the officers who have never yet seen than now. Lord Palmerston has, at military service; and we doubt not present, towards the close of a long that, in a very short time-far shorter political career, a great opportunity than could be effected by any other of achieving distinction of the highest means-our militia might be made a and most permanent kind, if he will really effective and creditable force. decide to be directed solely by the pole

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But unless some steps are imme- star of duty; to set parliamentary cadiately taken in this direction, and bals, and the low influences of coteries that without delay, it seems impos- and cliques, at defiance; and to show sible to expect that our militia will himself in all respects a Premier adebe worthy of the country in which it quate to the emergency. He has not is raised. We have already explained done so yet. The late exhibition of the various changes which have been the new Lord of the Admiralty, Sir made in the constitution of the force Robert Peel, at his election in Tamover the United Kingdom; and we worth, was so mischievous and franhope that we have demonstrated clear- tic, and so calculated to disturb, at ly enough the effect of those changes a period of peculiar delicacy, our rein checking voluntary enlistment. We lations with Austria, that not a morepeat our opinion, that under the ment should have been lost in cannew system it is impossible to expect celling that most unwise appointthat the required quota for Scotland ment. Why it ever was made, ex

cept for the sake of alluring the votes that they could be ready for duty in of some insignificant fraction of the the ensuing spring. Let the econoold Peel party, it is quite impossible mists look to this. In their present to understand; for the antecedents of temper the members of the House of Sir Robert Peel have not been such Commons seem willing to vote any as to justify the slightest reliance sum that may be asked in the shape either in his discretion, his judgment of supplies; and the bill which the or his business ability. The country nation is thereby incurring will be a is, at the present moment, very jeal. serious one when the hour of settleous indeed as to the selection of men ment arrives. No one, we hope, for political offices; and most natur- beyond some paltry peddlers of the ally so, since the recent calamities Manchester school, whose miserable of our army in the East were mainly platform exhibitions and fustian rhooccasioned by the entire unfitness domontades have materially contributof various members of the late Go- ed to provoke the war, will object to vernment for the duties which were any amount of expenditure which the intrusted to their charge. Lord circumstances of the nation render Palmerston should remember that necessary. But here is a force to be the position which he now occu- raised at home, which, wben empies is one of remarkable responsi- bodied, will cost more than the whole bility, and requires the utmost cir- infantry of the line. Is it not, then, cumspection. For matters have come the obvious duty of the Legislature to to such a pass, that he is watched by see that the Government omits no the jealous eyes, not of a hostile proper step for making that force party, but of the nation, strongly and really effective? righteously indignant at the late I t is right that the country should exhibition of official blundering and know the actual condition of the neglect, and not again to be cajoled militia, and the probabilities of its into torpor by any displays of Minis- aggregate efficiency. We have con. terial dexterity and finesse. He fined our remarks almost entirely to should remember, also, that his new the state of the Scottish contingent, position by no means absolves him as being immediately under our obof the responsibility arising from his servation; but from certain passages own deeds and delays when he filled which we find in the report of the the office of Home Secretary; and recent conversation in the House of that, although the public censure has Peers, already referred to, we are led been directed more vehemently against to suppose that there is still a consome of his late colleagues than siderable deficiency in the numbers of against himself, because the effects the militia of England. Be that as it of their neglect and mismanagement may, our ten thousand Scotsmen are became more immediately and dis- at least as valuable and likely to prove astrously apparent, the slackness of effective as the ten thousand aliens the recent Government in other de- who were to be brought into this partments may yet occasion equal country for the purposes of training anxiety and embarrassment.

under the Foreign Enlistment Act; The state of the militia at the pre- and we want to have them raised and gent moment shows clearly enough disciplined. We say, and submit that the Government did not take the that we have proved our assertion, proper steps in proper season for that they neither can be raised nor rendering it such a force as the Legis- disciplined, and made fit for actual lature intends it to be. It is deficient service, unless the Government purin numbers, and, to a large extent, sues a far more energetic course than deficient in discipline, and without the has hitherto been adopted; we say, means of acquiring it. It was not also, that there has been already far deemed worth while to pass the bills too much delay and neglect in this for raising the Scottish and Irish con- matter; and that, in order to prevent tingents, amounting together to 40,000 the bad consequences of that delay and men, until the close of last Session, neglect, immediate action is necessary. thereby rendering it impossible, under We write in no spirit of hostility to the most favourable circumstances, the present Government - we charge

them with no neglect. We simply service, for which he may volunteer, show them how the case stands, and is an easy transition from this; becall upon them to act accordingly. cause if a man agrees, or is compelled, But, if they are to do anything effec- to leave his home and abandon his tive, at least as regards the Scottish usual mode of existence, it signifies militia, they must employ some ade- little whether the distance of his quate achinery for that purpose. removal is one hundred or three thouThe Government ramifications are sand miles. But since these duties now so intricate and inexplicable that must be undertaken, whether by volunno one knows with whom the real tary enlistment or not-for the credit responsibility rests, or in which office of our country — for the sake of the the business of any department is men themselves — let due precaution conducted. By all we can gather, the be taken that they are not despatched militia seems to have been rested unprepared. If they are to be soldiers, between two stools, the Home and make them soldiers; and we defy any the War Office-if, indeed, the Horse other nation in the world to furnish Guards has not something to do with such material, if the proper pains and it. This is utterly shameful and in- proper superintendence are supplied. defensible, and is a scandal to the At a time when the public attention country. It is easy to see that, under is so much bent upon the disclosures such a system, the militia never can of the absolute incompetency of many be brought up to the proper mark; of our public departments for fulfilling and, when we consider the magnitude the objects for which they were orof the force authorised by the Legisla- ganised, and of the lamentable effects ture to be raised, and the duties for which have been the consequence, we which it is now destined, it appears trust that these remarks will not be almost incredible that no arrangement considered as out of place. Our should have been made for placing it, resources, in point of men, compared in the three divisions of the United with those of our antagonist in this Kingdom, under the control and su war, may be small; but that is the perintendence of high military autho- very reason why they should be most rities, competent to its direction, and carefully husbanded. Since the Legisable to report upon its wants and lature has resolved that we are to deficiencies. Let it not be forgotten have a militia, movable in the time that the militia is now a force liable, of war, and therefore severed from by statute, to severe and permanent ordinary industrial pursnits, let it, we service-no longer a local, but a mov say, be made complete and effective able body-and removed entirely from up to the highest possible point, so the class of ordinary volunteers. The that the militia-man, if he inclines to man who enters it now, does not do enlist in the line, shall join the army so for the mere object of being trained as a soldier, and not as a half-trained to meet a possible emergency ; but he recruit. Most earnestly, and under becomes, so long as the war lasts, to the deepest conviction of their imporall intents and purposes a soldier, and tance, do we urge these views upon amenable to military law, within the the attention both of the Legislature confines of Great Britain. Foreign and the Ministry,

THE DEATH OF NICHOLAS.

“ Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,
And set down naught in malice."-OTHELLO.

The Ides of March were fatal to of us like a Lapland summer. The Julius Cæsar; the sixth day before hours of night come, but we heed the Nones of March was fatal to them not; they wrap up other milNicholas the Czar-of all the sove lions and invest them with impenereigns of Russia, perhaps the most trable darkness; but all is light in like a Roman Cæsar. It was at the our own limited horizon, and the sun end of an article on Schamyl, in the which goes quite under to others February number of this Magazine, seems to us merely to “set into sunthat we observed, “ Posterity will see rise.” Nor are we altogether to blame him, and judge him; and One higher for the feeling that than Posterity.” It is somewhat awful to think that he bas already passed

“ All men think all men mortal but them

selves ; before the least fallible of these tribunals. It is trite to say that death for the feeling itself is one of Nature's is a great change for all men. But instincts, has its full sway, perhaps, in the greatness of the change depends the purest and most healthy minds. on their circumstances. In the case Nor should we seek to educate ourof the man who has, before it, been selves out of it; for the idea of death, living, as we familiarly say, with one kept constantly in view, becomes a foot in the grave—to the failing octo- terror; and terror is worth little as a genarian-to the younger, though bed- motive for living well, unless some ridden invalid, the change is least feeling be led on by it to supersede perceptible; it is merely the going out itself; and this does not often happen. of a low blue-burning light—the dis- If men take heed to live well, they persion of thistle-down by the wind- may generally leave their dying well the drifting with the tide of a be- in higher hands; for although we cancalmed vessel behind a headland that not help living to die, we die, after bides it from sight, it may be into a . all, in order that we may live. Still port. Nor is death a startling change it is well that our eyes should somein the case of the soldier cut short in times be forced to look upon the pichis glory, for he of all other men lives ture of that change through which we in the midst of death; or in the case must all pass. We said before that of the adventurous traveller who goes the greatness of that change depends to look death in the face every day at on the circumstances of men; or rather, the poles or between the tropics; or in we should say, its apparent greatness the case of the devoted sister of in the eyes of others. Death is very charity who even while alive, antici- striking in all cases; for instance, pates death, dresses herself in a pall where Strength and Beauty are sumand a winding-sheet, to show that her moned from this earth, either by some business is with the dying, and that malady which seems incidental to she has taken leave of life for ever. apother time of life, or some accident But make the circumstances entirely unlooked for and unsought for. It other than these-imagine a proud may be said that the word accident beauty at the zenith of her triumphs implies thus much. beckoned away by Death from the midst But some accidents are courted by of a festival-or some man of men, some the nature of the business or pastime great man, who has grown into a in which persons are engaged. The world-wide name in arts, science, lite- death of Lieutenant Bellot was an rature, or kingly rule, obliged to drop heroic death, and a melancholy death, all his schemes and honours at the but not an appalling death ; for he silent moving of the same fleshless did not accompany the polar expedifinger, and then death becomes in tion through love of life. But some truth the most awful condition of our

years ago we were most vividly struck existence. Our short life is to most by reading the account of a death in

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