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to any decently protective amount, tent, which so offends the statistician, endure an irregular standing army is to be found : it is that which has of 100,000, and probably more, daily been inculcated universally in "geneand nightly to make inroads upon rations past.” It is so admirable, it our liberties-nay, our properties and cannot be repeated too often. In the our lives.
duty to one's neighbour is implied " The total number of offenders one's duty to one's-self. “My duty sentenced to imprisonment (at assizes towards my neighbour is to love him and by summary conviction) is about as myself, and to do to all men as I 100,000 annually, and the average would they should do unto me: to term of their imprisonment is about love, honour, and succour my father six weeks. Hence the number libe- and mother ; to honour and obey the rated from prison, usually to recom. King (Queen), and all that are put in mence a criminal career, may be easily authority under him (her); to submit estimated. In the year 1848, of myself to all my governors, teachers, 104,485 offenders imprisoned, 86,318 spiritual pastors, and masters ; to were imprisoned under three months, order myself lowly and reverently to and 18,167 above three months. Of all my betters; to hurt nobody by these only 2585 were sentenced for a word nor deed ; to be true and just year and upwards."
in all my dealings; to bear no malice This awful number of criminals, nor hatred in my heart ; to keep my doubtless far short of the truth—for hands from picking and stealing, and there is no calculation of the many my tongue from evil-speaking, lying, who escape, and no note taken of the and slandering; to keep my body in equally criminal fraudulent adulte temperance, soberness, and chastity; rators of goods of all kinds, who not to covet nor desire other men's bring disgrace upon the name of trade goods, but to learn and labour truly -shows that there is something very to get mine own living, and to do my wrong in the moral training of the duty in that state of life unto which it people. May it not be a question, if shall please God to call me.” There we have not given more importance is no universal " vaulting ambition " to the acquirement of knowledge in inculcated here, no envy of stations arts, sciences, and book-learning, above, no antic upward leapings of than to a sound moral and religious discontent. The aids afforded to education to that education which what, in spite of the statistician's lateaches contentment? The writer of mentation, I would still call this sourthe Census Report complains of the ing vice, are so many in the industriworking classes - having for some ously circulated "literature of the generations past been tutored not to poor," of which there is in one of the look beyond their station.” There is Quarterlies a frightful account, that no fear of any lack of proper ambi- it almost makes one doubt even the tion where adaptive abilities show elementary learning, unless the humthemselves; but it is strange to bler classes can be protected from an bear that sound teaching impugned. atrociously licentious or irreligious But where, it may be asked, is this literature. Moral and religious traintutoring, so objected to, to be found ? ing is of the first importance; other Where-but in the very best educa- knowledge will take care of itself, and tional page that ever was published be more duly sought after for its own the very best, not for knowledge, but sake when the other and better discifor moral training? It is the too fre- pline has taken root. I am happy to quent rejection of this admirable, beau- say that training-schools of the best tiful, simple, easy page of education, character are settling themselves in that should be the subject of lamen- the land. The Church of England tation. It is the rejection of the most is doing her duty. It is the merely precious portion of the Church of secular education which is to be England's authorised training – the feared-tbe false importance which is Church Catechism. It is there, in- ascribed to mere secular knowledge; deed, this wholesome maxim of con- as if the lock of truth had never been
* Edinburgh Review, October 1854.
hampered with the false key of know- crammed, his eyes starting out of his ledge. Have all the knowing men in head, and in perpetual danger of inthe world been good men, or wise tellectual apoplexy! men? The arrogance and pride of It may be all very well for the very learning have ever been notorious. extraordinarily gifted, who can walk The varieties of discordances, falsi- across the common of Ignorance into ties, subtleties, ingenuities, discrepan knowledge Paradise with the march-ofcies—the very madnesses, the puerili intellect pace; allable, like the Prussian ties of the learned, prove that studies students admired by Mr Kay, to turn take leaps beyond reason's fence, and their hands to any odd “jobs;" but there, as by a fatal recompense, they the dull-the destined to act quite anfind themselves in controversy's land other part in life they will become of labyrinths, from which there is no fatuous under this high brain-pressure. escape, no getting back again into They will be left behind, and piteouscommon-sense ground. If learning ly resemble the geese on the common, with its millions of volumes could with their heads in the rank grass, make men of one mind, it would be only raised to hiss at a stranger-slow something. But the great business goers and quick gabblers. Besides, Euof learning seems to be to set men by sebius, I fear in modern, overstrained the ears, and make them contradict education, the dead-weight of “ facts" each other. If any science could be will overwhelm incipient imaginasecure, you would say it is mathe- tions. Facts cannot civilise; but matics, which Plato styles the road imagination, which sets all the geneto instruction, kata taidelav odov. Yet rous feelings of the young into moHobbes wrote against the pride of tion, and which commences its work geometricians, affirming that Euclid is at the mother's knee, is the first hufull of errors. Take a whole univer- maniser. Heroism of the best kind sity of scholars dismissed upon the has grown out of children's old tales, world's stage to speak and to act. such as, in the earliest stage, Jack They who had learned at the same the Giant- Killer and the Seven Chamdesk, had gathered of the same tree pions of Christendom. I can believe of knowledge, what are they but op- that those fabulous heroes have been ponents to each other — disputants fighting our glorious battles;-I enterupon the very principles of all things tain a temporary Pythagorean creed. concerning religion and politics, moral Cinderella and the Damsels rescued sentiments, and even the very sciences by the Champions have tamed many called exact? The most knowing be- a young savage. The boy who, in his come makers of crotchets, wherewith, dreams, has never fought a giant, nor when they have forced themselves into saved a lovely maiden from a dragon, " commissions," they pelt the whole never will make a true man. The people.
well-developed man has borrowed There is not a commission set up from the tenderness of a motherlythat does not justly cause a jealousy instructed childhood. The chivalric -a suspicion of the setting up a whim spirit is the worker-out of civilisation. to overrule common sense. Even in Let facts sink into the earth, or die the consultations about this very thing upon its surface like rotten leaves, if (education), what disagreements are they are to be accumulated and forced there, not only as to religion or no into young minds, to the exclusion of religion, but as to the materials of generous fictions, that, promoting love which the forced-meat balls where and valour, become by them noble with the people shall be crammed truths. No, Eusebius.“ Once upon shall be made ? This one is for thrust- a time," at a motber's knee, and ing the classical languages into our afterwards under the flickering light vernacular, for feeding the infantine and shade of a secret place in a population on Greek roots till they greenwood, is the real talisman, the can stammer out the compounds and "Open Sesame" by which excelderivations; another strenuously op- lent virtues enter young minds; poses this, and is for cutting out the rock of the heart opens to the (eliminating) the tongue of Pericles. words. Let not facts smother the age
Poor young England, stuffed and of heroism. That great civiliser is
not yet gone, but it is threatened. although not all as yet enumerated Have I the garrulity of age ? You among Census's Churches, which it will call me to facts, for you will send will be required of you to inquire into; me back to Census. It is no great and that you may not despair of the matter if I have deserted him a little accomplishment of all this, your work, wbile-or a long while ; you will re- know what time is before you. Maceive it as one or the other, as you licious Census bas calculated your life are pleased or not, and agree with me to a nicety, and is now, I daresay, or differ. But I am not afraid that penning his fiat for you to be posted you will differ. I have turned over in the “ Dead-letter Office." Know the pages of this great Gulliver again, then by these presents, as life and and find so many points of this sub- death's statisticians would say, that ject of education left untouched, that ninety-one thousand eight hundred were I now to enter upon them, I and twenty-four people die every day should weary you with too long a let- --three thousand seven hundred and ter. There are questions of scientific thirty every hour-sixty every minute institutions and religious difficulties, -one every second. which I have purposely omitted, as Are these the slanders of a “ satiri. requiring separate consideration. Edu- cal rogue?” Alas, no! True it is, cation will necessarily be a portion " old men have grey beards” and of the subject of religion. You will worse maladies, yet you may be of therefore probably hear from me short- Hamlet's opinion—“ All which, sir, ly again.
though I most powerfully and potently In the meanwhile, Eusebius, let the believe, yet I hold it not honesty to agrecable intelligence which statisti- have it thus set down; for yourself, cians have prepared for you, pass sir, shall be as old as I am, if, like a through that funnel to your under- crab, you could go backward.” It standing, your ear, without resistance. has been said—“Every man believes Show no impatience when they tell every man mortal but himself.” That you how very ignorant you are-how belief is every man's instinct; and as much you have to learn-and how he sometimes means to sojourn in very short a time to learn it in. There pleasant places, and thinks mirth no are multitudes of things, facts, which sin, he does not see the necessity of you must yet know-and religions taking as his companion a disagreeable very gravely put before you, and in- monitor. Acting upon this principle, dulgently left to your choice, no undue Eusebius, and not liking to be the preference being given. For the be- slave of a thing I carry in my pocket, nefit of your studies, know that, to say and tremble at the holding up of its nothing of books, there are three fingers, with an intimation to be off thousand and sixty-four languages, as the fated one, I have taken the including the Chinese and Hungarian, precaution to remove the seconds and that other odd one with which band from my watch. In spite of your education is to commence; that Census, Eusebius, live cheerfully. there are a thousand different religions,
ZAIDEE: A ROMANCE.
We have left him pacing up and mobile, changing thoughtfulness, where down in the fore-court of the Grange no pain is, but only life and energy, -much inclined to be rebellious and vivacious and young. All the lines of impatient, tbough scarcely quite cer- Percy's face are quick, variable, wavertain what he is chafed about. It is ing lines, trembling full of incipient sunmoderately calm this morning out of shine and laughter, yet never entirely doors ;-a dim, cloudy day, what the free of shadow, as of a suspended villagers call “ fresh" at Briarford, cloud. No one can quite prophesy which means that the atmosphere has what sudden revolution is to come a great deal of rain in it, and at the next upon those bright young feasmallest provocation would throw a tures, where the flying emotion comes heavy bandful right in the face of the and goes, as the light and shadow passer-by. At present, only a fresh passes upon the face of this broad chill drop comes now and then in the country round. At present, the exsweep of the wind; and the bare trees pression is only extremely impatient, are visible below, with many a bend somewhat fretful and annoyed ; and deprecating courtesy, propitiating though, to tell the truth, Percy's reathe favour of this well-known and sons for annoyance are something of a familiar gale. Against the cold sky- doubtful character. He wonld be though there is in reality no sky to be puzzled himself to explain them. This seen, but only a pale black tumult of only Percy knows-that Elizabeth, confused clouds relieved against a bis beautiful sister, is extremely likehorizon, only a little paler and more ly to be married by-and-by, and quite luminous than themselves--the little sure to yield to the arrangements tower of Briarford church rises from made for her, and to submit to the among its mound of graves. And time imposed, whatever her own inyonder are the clustered roofs of the clinations may be. Percy does not village, the tops of stacks and gables, pause to consider, that the active part of barns, and low-lying cottages send- in such negotiations does, after all, ing up faint curls of blue smoke, and belong to the bridegroom; that Elifaint sounds of life awaking into the zabeth Vivian would remain Elizamisty heavens. Beyond these, a long beth Vivian to the end of time, before extent of pasture-fields, where some she would step forward and say what few patient cows graze meekly and day she would be married. In fact, with discomfort, and the far-away Percy does not take the trouble to snarl of the sea, curling white over consider anything, but only resents the sandbanks, and receding with its for his sister, very hotly and warmly; heavy leaden tint behind into the and says again, he would not let them cloudy sky ;-this is all the prospect, make a child of him, if he were sheand it is not the most comforting or for it does not occur to Percy what an cheerful prospect in the world, even extreme impossibility that is ; nor when one knows that the bright how unlike to his irritable impetuous breakfast-table and warmer atmos. self-the genius and wildest spirit of phere of the Grange lie so close the family—is his sister Elizabeth, in behind.
her queenly submission and womanliPercy has not grown to his fullness, whom no one could humiliate, height yet, and will not be gigantic humble as she always is. even when he has done so; his hair T here is no covering on Percy's rises with a sort of crested fulness head, where the wild locks begin to from that brow of his, where so many toss about in the wind as he quickens lines and puckers are visible already the pace of his musings. This boy, - lines of vivid expression, and quick, who begins to be a man, is nineteen
only, and has the world before him ; fact that the heir will have quite a -the world before him!-and he small enough income to maintain his spurns it with his young triumphant rank as head of the family; a rank of foot, this subject-globe, made to be con- wbich the youngest member of it, quered. As he hurries to and fro upon Sophy herself, is fully more tenacious this platform of his, the old warm family than Philip. So Percy must make his home bebind, and the level country own fortune, and Percy is extremely spreading broad before, something well disposed to do this, and would mighty and great, called in the vocabu- be indignant at the very idea of relary of fancy, Fate, Fortune, and the maining ignobly at home; has been World, lies under the dreamer's eyes. even heard, indeed, felicitating himHis pace quickens, and this mass of mat self on bis second sonship, and exultted hair shakes out its love-locks on ing over his elder brother, who has no the breeze. Ah, a very different thing better chance all his life than that of from the everydays which will make being a country squire, whereas it is life to Percy Vivian, as to all other impossible to predict what extraormortal creatures, is the wild bright dinary chances lie before Percy. This prospect on which Percy Vivian looks is so far well; but it is much easier to deabroad. Neither map nor description cide that Percy shall make his fortune, could convey to any other mind the than to decide the means by which it faintest idea of this which appears to shall be made—and many a family counbim. There are no panoramas made cil, many an “advice" from Colonel of that celestial country ;-the view is Morton and from Uncle Blundell, have too aerial and too dazzling for any gone to the decision. Percy himself, landscape - painter. Every one for if rather hard to please when a sughimself, and not another, has a chance gestion is made, still remains someto look once into the charmed and glim- what indifferent; he says he does not mering vista; and Percy gazes, with care what his profession is, but it bis brilliant eyes, into the heart of this turns out that he does care enough enchantment now.
to pronounce à most unhesitating Oh and alas for all those grand negative on various proposals made futures which may be ;-—what halting, to him. One, however, which has worn-out decrepid things they come the advantage of being opposed at forth at the other end of this magni- once by Uncle Blundell and Colonel ficent arch of fancy !-poor, plethoric Morton, fixes Percy's wandering fancy. fortunes of money, instead of the glo. Disposed to it from the first, he is rious, generous, canonized Fortune of bound to it for ever, as soon as he disHope; daily burdens, bard, and petty, covers that both the advisers in quesand odious, instead of the noble mar- tion unite in disliking the idea. So tyrdoms and heroisms which were in Percy will be a lawyer-a barristerour dreams; but, as for Percy Vivian, a student of the Temple-and never to-day is only the present to-day of wavers again in his choice. boyhood and youth to him - youth, Perhaps the charm of the desultory, and boyhood, and education, all tend- ungoverned young man's life of which ing onward--and no succession of he reads—that life in chambers, enmornings and evenings, but a great lightened by all that is witty, gay, Ocean of the Future; the World, a and free, where household trammels giant Goliah, and not a thronging are not, nor ordinary restraints, but army of little ills and little men, only the bigh honour and truth, that spreads full before the dazzled vision gospel of manliness which is preached of the boy about to set out upon his by sundry leaders of the youthful life.
mind of these days—has fully more The family estates—an imposing influence upon Percy, than that quite title-represent no such very impos- different aspect of his chosen life, ing income, and though authorities which discloses future Lord Chancelsay that the modern agriculture which lors and Justices burning the midSquire Percy despised may make night oil in the dim recesses of the Squire Philip a very much richer man Temple. However that may be, than his father, this increase has all to Percy Vivian scorns an over-distinctbe realised. In any case, it is a certain ness in his dreams-he neither deter