world, its heartlessness and its vani, told in a few words. The Executive ty." The sequestered nook has been Council demanded that no office should secured : it lies in the beautiful county be filled, no appointment made, withof Devonshire. Surely he will rest out their sanction. We are, they arhere. Nol Rumours reach him that gued, in the same relation to the he is to be appointed Governor-gene- House of Assembly, as Ministers in ral of Canada. Was it the restless England to the Parliament in Engheart of the statesman, or the voice land. We are responsible to it for of duty, which drives him forth? the acts of Government; these acts Both; but, at all events, we are sure must be ours, or the result of our adthat the sense of duty was not ab- vice, otherwise we cannot be responsent. The appointment comes, and sible for them. Unless our demand is it is accepted; and the old Indian is, complied with, there can be no such in a few months, struggling amidst thing as Responsible Government. the snows of Canada. For he has to On the other hand, Sir Charles conperform the last part of his journey in tended, that, by relinquishing his a sleigh through the snow; the rail. patronage, he should be surrendering roads are blocked up, and our tropical the prerogatives of the Crown; and governor is being dragged for four should also incapacitate himself and all days through the deep snows of the future Governors from acting as monorth.

derator between opposite factions. No appointment could have been It was not long before an appointfound for him, at that moment, in the ment, made by Sir Charles, brought whole political world, whose duties were the contest to an issue. Messrs Bald. more laborious, more anxious,more des- win and Lafontaine, the two leading perately difficult in their very nature, members of the Executive Council, than this of Governor-general of Ca- urged upon the Governor to retract nada. Mr Kaye puts before us very suc- this appointment, or to promise that cinctly the extremely perplexing posi- no other should be made without their tion in which the Governor was placed. advice. The Governor was firm. The Besides the opposition of parties, Executive Council resigned. embittered as it was in Canada by the They resigned on the full conviction diversity of race-besides that some that the Governor would be unable to thing like a civil war had scarcely sub- find successors to replace them. sided-there was a constitution which, Unless these colonial ministers have as matters stood, could not work. It the support of the House of Assembly, contained in it two rival Executives it is impossible for them to carry on the Governor and an Executive Coun- tbe affairs of Government, and there cil, appointed nominally by the Crown, was no other party except that which bat virtually by the Lower House of had seceded, to wbich the house would Assembly, to which the Council de- accord its confidence. But as Sir clared itself responsible. This Exe- Charles had succeeded in Jamaica by cutive Council professed to govern the his conciliatory temper, so here he country as representatives of the ma- triamphed by that firmness and conjority of the House of Assembly. stancy of purpose which so admirably Such a plan was sufficiently intelli united with the gentler traits of his gible, if the Canadas were to be in- character. To form a new ministry dependent States, or the Governor was, under these circumstances, a from England consented to be a mere most difficult task. Office went begtool in the hands of the Council. Sir ging ; a Solicitor-generalship is offered Charles Bagot, Metcalfe's predecessor, to six individuals, and perseveringly had been for some time incapacitated refused by all. But Sir Charles is as by illness from making head against persevering in his offers, and at last a the encroachments of the Council, seventh is found, who accepts. The and the struggle between the two simplicity and courtesy of his demeapowers was reserved for Metcalfe's ad- nour led his opponents into a great ministration.

error. From the first they despised Into minute particulars we cannot, their antagonist. They thought their of course, enter; but the nature and victory was sure. They even treated results of the contest admit of being him, in their official intercourse, with

contempt. Sir Charles made no alter- ' tions of Canadian politics—“I never ation in his own demeanour. He was witnessed such patience under provothe same earnest, straightforward, cation. I am speaking now of what simple-minded man, intent on what he I saw myself, and could not have beunderstood to be his duty. Men present lieved without seeing. It was not addresses and petitions to him of no merely quiet endurance, but a concomplimentary or friendly character. stant good-humoured cheerfulness and Never is there any offence manifested; lightness of heart, in the midst of never does he retreat even into official trouble enough to provoke a saint, or coldness and reserve. He takes every make a strong man ill. To those who, such opportunity to argue manfully like me, have seen three Governors of his own case; he is strong in his own Canada literally worried to death, this convictions; he is perpetually making was a glorious spectacle." converts of others; and whether he But the story of his fortitude is not converts them or not, men begin to half told. These trials of his patiencesee that the Governor is neither a this responsibility of the public man, weak man nor a tyrannical man, but who, in the discharge of his plain duty, one who understands the duty of his ran the risk of finding himself proown position, and means to fulfil it. claimed as the author of a civil warHe is ten weary perilous months in all this was endured at a time when forming a Council or a Ministry, but the most frightful of human diseases he succeeds at length.

was eating into his very life. His The new Council, however, could face was being gradually consumed by not hope for the support of the Lower cancer; the sight of one eye was House of Assembly as then consti- already destroyed by it; in his darktuted. It was necessary to exert his ened room, in incessant pain, either prerogative, and to dissolve the As- from the malady itself, or the sharp sembly. And now all depends on remedies applied to it, he had now to the issue of a general election. The dictate the despatches to England, whole country was in a state of great giving an account of all these civil excitement. There were serious ap- broils. prehensions of riot and bloodshed. Years ago, and when residing at One party, there can be no doubt, would Calcutta, a friend had one day noticed not have been unwilling to push the a red spot upon his cheek, and undercontest to a disruption with the neath it a single drop of blood. The mother country.

blood was wiped away; the red spot When the newly-elected Assembly remained. For a long while it occamet, the strength of parties was im- sioned neither pain nor anxiety. A mediately tried in the choice of a little time before his departure from Speaker. The Ministerial candidate India, disquieting symptoms appeared; was voted into the chair by a majo- and on his arrival in England he conrity of three. In the next division, sulted Sir Benjamin Brodie. But it was that on the Address, the majority was not till his return from Jamaica that increased to six. Sir Charles had it received the attention it really dewon.

manded. Then, consultations of the But the position of the Governor most eminent surgeons and physicians was far from being a secure one. The more held, and the application of a majority continued very small

vere caustic was determined on. any dissension am

Vhen told that it would probably would convert

destroy the cheek through and Gladly wont

hrough," he only answered, "What En

you determine shall be done at once;" and that same afternoon the painful remedy was applied.

The physicians and surgeons of 10 London had done what they could for blo him, and he retired into the country.

"They have given me," he writes to

a friend, my congee to return. So - I returned; but there the malady is.


They, however, triumph in a supposed decision. He invited the leading members enre, and I ought to have more faith of his council to attend him at Monklands; in their decision." The disorder had

and there he told thein that he left the not been eradicated; but we presume issue in their hands. It was a scene never it had been checked for a time, or he

to be forgotten by any who were present would hardly have accepted the ap

in the Governor-general's sheltered room

on this memorable occasion. Soine were pointment to Canada.

dissolved in tears. All were agitated by Here we have seen that it grew

a strong emotion of sorrow and sympathy, rapidly worse, manifesting all its inost mingled with a sort of wondering admiravirulent symptoms. His Canadian tion of the heroic constancy of their chief. doctors hesitated to apply the power He told them, that if they desired his confal caustic recommended by Sir Ben- tinuance at the head of the Governmentjamin Brodie; they counselled him to if they believed that the cause for which return to England. “I am tied to they had fought together so manfully Canada by my duty," was his con

would suffer by his departure, and that 7 stant reply. Mr George Pollock, they therefore counselled him to remain house surgeon of St George's Hospital,

at his post, he would willingly abide by

their decision." was despatched from England to examine the case, and apply the most What their decision was it need approved remedies. No aid which hardly be said. Lord Metcalfe emscience could give was wanting, but barked for England quietly and unosthe disease was beyond all medical tentatiously, as his suffering state control. Its ravages were now most compelled. lle carried with him the painful and distressing. Still he bore love of many and the respect of every up. “In his darkened room or his generous opponent; but he could not, sheltered carriage he was still the from the nature of the struggle in Governor - general ; and whatever which he had been engaged, expect might be the infirmities of his body, to quit the shores of Canada with the the strength of his mind was unim- Bame unanit.ous approbation that had paired. The confidential despatches erected to his memory the “ Metcalfe which he dictated in t.e spring and Hall” at Calcutta, or raised his stasummer of 1815 are unsurpassed in tue in Spanish Town, Jamaica. Man clearness and in vigoar, both of thought will inevitatsiy judge of the Canadian and diction, by any ibat le ever wrote administration of Lord Mevaife as in bis best days of bodily ease." zicir sympathics lean Uwards 2

So far as the body was concerned, free and independent ytrenment of it was bat the wreck of a nan tiat that custry, or to the protestation now remained. 02 tis wreck or o its union with t.e Crunn of Eng. ruin, however, was to dessed1, 23 if land. 16 Mecafe, homeht, it was in mockery, the crise: 125. He was to write mse Liu Jes to, cider the Sunetin etworn calfe." Itebe 1171 asinis 19a twy Orstries 602: Vote self to the case 1572. 723 6.2. OT 106? I: ás hoc duty, by still a testic 22 LS SEUS badesery Consti:ational 1.223372. t 5 beca apeizei 1:21:22 22% bias 06. AZ dians. .::3872: 23 29.1. B * * at busa 2:2.5M2 care, e. CAN strecbeste

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seat in the House of Lords had been vault in the little parish church of abandoned. Garter King-of-Arms Winkfield, near Fern Hill. He had sends him the prescribed formula of often expressed a wish that this the ceremony; - court robe-makers should be his last resting-place. On solicit his lordship's patronage ;—the marble tablet in this church is an doors of Parliament are thrown wide epitaph written by Mr Macaulay, who open to him-a little too late! knew him and had served with him in

At the Oriental Club in Hanover India. It is somewhat long for an Square are gathered together all the epitaph, but it is brief and compenmen of any note connected with the dious as a summary of his history and government of India. He is not for his character. It is far better than gotten by them amongst whom he any we could present to the reader. had first and longest laboured ; and Let us therefore close our Own an address penetrates into his sick abridged and necessarily imperfect chamber, signed by governors-gene- account of this excellent man by exral and governors of every depart. tracting it. ment. “The parchment on which their names are inscribed could scarcely « Near this stone is laid CHARLES be spread out in his room, when it THEOPHILUS, first and last LORD METwas presented by Lord Auckland." CALFE, a Statesman tried in many high The dying man burst into tears. “It posts and difficult conjunctures, and is easy," he said, “to bear up against found equal to all. The Three Greatest ill-usage, but such kindness as this Dependencies of the British Crown were quite overpowers me."

successively intrusted to his care. In Surely no man ever displayed a India his fortitude, his wisdom, his promore admirable union of fortitude, of bity, and his moderation are held in firmness, of decision, with tenderness

honourable remembrance by men of many of heart and constant gentleness of

races, languages, and religions. In Ja

maica, stilī convulsed by a social revoludisposition. It is with pleasure we tion, he calmed the evil passions which find that so amiable a man was not long suffering had engendered in one left, during this painful period of his class and long domination in another. life, without the care and affection of In Canada, not yet recovered from the a female friend. The last thing we calamities of civil war, he reconciled hear is the sound of a sister's harp contending factions to each other and to soothing his anguish, or rendering him the mother country. oblivious of it for a time. The last “ Public esteem was the just reward of thing we see is the kindly patient

his public virtue, but those only who entottering from his chair, to put the

joyed the privilege of his friendship could cover on his sister's harp when she

appreciate the whole worth of his gentle had ceased playing on it.

and noble nature. Costly monuments in

Asiatic and American cities attest the Lord Metcalfe, first and last of the

gratitude of nations which he ruled; this title, died 5th September 1846. He tablet records the sorrow and the pride was interred in a quite private and with which his memory is cherished by unostentatious manner in the family Private Affection."


EVERY age has its own recognised him. Here was a man whom God and authoritative mode of dispensing himself had gifted with one of the fame. When genius has stolen its way grandest gifts of heaven--the only noiselessly, or with the shouts and man in his century fit to make laws exaltation of a triumphal progress, as and govern men, says Mr Carlyle; but the case may happen, to that height of at all events, in sober truth a wonderundisputed eminence, on the way to ful man, reaching far above his fellows, which so many falter, and stumble, with higher pleasures and higher and die, it is time for the approbation achievements within his reach than of the great spectator Public to take any that they could aspire to; yet this a distinct and definite form. We do man must build his hopes upon a piece not, in these days, crown the poet's of patronage-must wait to see what bust with laurels, or make him a pub- will be done for him! What was done lic ovation. We no longer confer upon for him was a just answer to the fatal him court appointments, or offices of and foolish theory which makes the state. He is a singer, a maker, a hie. poet a mendicant. He was abler to rophant of the universal mysteries, be a poet than any one else in the but it is by no means certain that he three kingdoms; but he was not abler is the better qualified on that account to be a minister of state, or even an for the duties of a royal lackey, or the exciseman; and the man so greatly loftier necessities of a legislator. We gifted, who could not, or would not, cannot count it other than a specious conquer fortune for himself, received fallacy, that the man who is inspired justly that dole of public charity, the for song, or gifted for story, should be record of which remains to us a bitter accepted in right of this one power and a deserved satire upon the sowhich he has above his fellows, as the called claims of genius. Had Burns man most able to rule and govern a been made a privy-councillor, the world of men. It may be very well Burnses of future generations, and for Mr Carlyle to rave of Burns as the many a deluded pretender who was no *one Titan in his mean century. Burns, Burns, might have been bound for ever poor glorious waif, who had no domi- to this fatal mendicancy, this waiting nion in that lost empire, that world for something to be done for them. But of unrule and rebellion, himself-had, Burns was only made an exciseman ; happily, only songs, and not laws, to and worldly power, wiser in its genemake for mankind, as the great Provi- ration than poets and their patrons, dence of heaven appointed it; and recorded thus for ever its contempt though we cannot sufficiently resent of the unseemly petition, and taught that contempt under the guise of the world, by an example, what alms honour, that wilful mis-appreciation it thought meet to bestow upon one and lese majesty, which would make whose princely endowments reached genius the pensioner of wealth and to fortunes greater than it bad at its rank, and fills the world with clamour, disposal, and what luck the poet is when the splendid beggar receives only like to have, when it pleases the poet a commission for “ gauging auld beer- to go a-begging, instead of working barrels" at the hand of power, we out his own fate and fortune like a have an equally small esteem for the common man. overweening estimation, which ima We are not speaking of Burns, gines the writer to be necessarily however, nor of that lamentable apopossessed of the latent might of go- theosis of his ruin, nor of the claims vernment, an appanage and addition of genius in general and the most adeby the way to his more distinguished quate way of recognising them; but gift. If Burns were but a century or rather of the present form in which two further back, we could imagine public approval is (without entering a fine allegory in his excisemanship into the question of should-be) made a bitter, but most needful and telling known to the literary favourites of the lesson to all who should come after public. Her Majesty does not call

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