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wicke in the House of Peers, and carry on this war from our own rein the House of Commons by Sir sources-a confession so humiliating Lytton Bulwer, Lord Stanley, Mr for a Ministry which declared war in Disraeli, Mr Whiteside, and a host March last, that we can hardly find of others, some of whom were so far words sufficiently strong to characterfrom entertaining Conservative opi- ise it. We stop not here to comment pions that they represent the large upon the effect which such a confesurban constituencies. Mr Milnersion must have upon the Czar, who, Gibson, who sits for Manchester, if he has begun to despair of success, and Mr Muntz, who represents Bir- must, of course, derive from it a mingham, will not be suspected of fresh impulse and new confidence, and factious opposition to the Govern congratulate himself that he rules ment in regard to a measure which with absolute authority over some was denounced by the Conservative 68,000,000 of serfs, instead of being the pbalans. The arguments for the head of 28,000,000 shopkeepers, with bill have been few and feeble; and more extensive colonial possessions it was only in consequence of an than any other state in Europe. We expressed threat on the part of need not consider what effect this Ministers that they would resign if astounding admission may have on beaten upon that question, that they Austria, left free, as Lord John Ruswere enabled to obtain in either House sell states her to be, to ally herself a comparatively insignificant majo- with Britain or the reverse. We rity. Notwithstanding the length of need not anticipate the inferences the parliamentary discussions, we which Prussia and other German have still a word or two to say on states will naturally draw, when they this subject, and we shall approach hear that, before the first campaign is it, so far as we can, in a spirit over, we are obliged to tempt foreignunbiassed by any party considera- ers into our service. The Ministry tions. If we really believed that has undertaken to show that this step such a measure as this was neces- is absolutely necessary; and they sary for the relief or support of have proved the sincerity of their conour troops, and that it would tend viction by the strongest of all stepsaltimately to insure the success of to wit, a declaration that they would our arms, we should give it our sup. resign if the measure was not carried. port, even had the necessity arisen That does look very like necessity; purely from the mismanagement or at least, it shows that, according to negligence of the Ministry : for we their programme for conducting the are not such purists as to maintain war, and the arrangements they are that, on occasions of emergency, determined to persevere in, they have things otherwise doubtful may not in reality no other resource. be resorted to. The public safety we Still it remains to be seen if their acknowledge to be paramount, and programme and their arrangements we are not inclined to be scrupulous are suited to the emergency, before when that is absolutely at stake. we can admit that such a case of neBut it is the evident duty of men who cessity, as justifies a departure from propose extraordinary measures to de- the ordinary rules, has arisen. We monstrate their necessity, and to show entirely demur to that view. They that they are likely to be efficacious. tell us that recruits are coming in If they fail in doing so, their case faster than they can be drilled and is a very bad one ; for they are formed into regiments; and if, as we asking the nation to consent to that have suggested, they would raise the which would not, under ordinary cir- position and pay, not the bounty cumstances, be listened to for one money, of the soldier, the labours of moment. Before adverting to the the recruiting sergeants would be arguments which suggest themselves light. Then why not appeal to the against the ministerial measure, let us colonies, wherein a considerable force consider if its promoters have really of trained soldiers is now stationed ? established a case of necessity. If If it is answered that such operathey have done so, then it is made tions as these would require some patent to all Europe that we cannot time, we — waiving the obvious

VOL. LXXVII.-NO. CCCCLXXI.

remark that our present incapables, ther bave the fancy troops, levied wben they had time, did not avail from the Jenkins Gruffanuffs of themselves of it - reply, that it Hesse-this or Saxe-the-other, than must also take much time before take the men whose hatred to Russia they can recruit, train, and despatch is undying. If so, they are doubly their foreign legion to the Crimea. wrong. The Poles would fight to the From what part of Europe is that death against their hereditary enemy; legion to come? No one knows; while the trained soldiers of the petty even the Ministry do not affect to principalities, having no actual call know. They may be Portuguese, or to the contest beyond their stipend of they may be undiscovered ores in a shilling English, or, as they would the wretched little principalities or reckon it, six-and-thirty kreutzers duchies of Germany, whose rulers per day, would take to their heels at are too insignificant to take part in the first discharge. We do not quesEuropean politics—but they cannot tion the courage of the German people, be subjects of the greater powers. or their aptitude to become good solNay, they cannot be subjects of the diers; but we say that you cannot second - rate powers. We are per- get trained men from the minor Gerfectly certain that neither Sweden norman States to fight your battles in the Denmark, nor Holland, nor Bavaria, East. We take it for granted that would sanction an enlistment like even the second-rate powers of Europe this, or allow recruiting within their will oppose enlistment within their territories; and, when you go lower, territories, for such permission would wbat sort of soldiers would you get? in fact be tantamount to a declaration We know Germany indifferently well; of war with Russia. So long as the and we do not hesitate to state that Germanic diet preserves neutrality, we would rather rely upon the cour- you cannot raise men in Germany age, pluck, and endurance of any with the consent of the sovereigos. given number of men taken at ran- You may indeed get men from Gerdom from the streets of London, many—that is to say, emigrants, outLiverpool, Edinburgh, Glasgow, or casts, refugees, deserters, and what Dublin, provided they had barely a not; but is it really proposed to send month's training, than upon that of regiments composed of such material the same number of what are called to the Crimea? We do hope, for the disciplined soldiers from the minor safety of our army, that Ministers do states of Germany. That a Polish not entertain any such intention. What legion might be embodied with great dependence can be placed upon a legion effect we do not doubt; but it must of men, fighting not for their own nabe remembered that the Polish war tionality, their own country, their own of liberation, and the subsequent emi. sovereign, or their own faith, but gration, or rather exile, took place simply for a miserable hire? If we more than twenty years ago; and with are told that in former times mercenevery reliance on the gallantry of the aries made good soldiers, and that the men who might join it, it is hardly Dalgetties, though they might change possible to trust to their physique, Be- their service so soon as their engage. sides, as Sir Lytton Bulwer very pro- ment expired, did nevertheless remain perly stated the case, the enrolment true to their covenant, we shall reply of a Polish legion, on an occasion like that the class of men who composed this, would be an implied pledge that, the mercenaries of the Thirty years' in the event of Russian defeat, Polish War no longer exists in Europe; and nationality should be restored. That that, if they did exist, war as now may possibly, in the course of events, conducted would no longer admit of become another " necessity" for Eu- their employment. Is there no danger rope; and if so, we shall rejoice at it; of hired troops flinching in the hour of for, no doubt, the partition of Po- danger-is there no risk of their deland has been a cancer in the Euro- sertion ? A few days ago we observed pean body. But are Ministers pre- in a London paper the following ex. pared to take this step? We do not tract from the Constitutionnel, which think so. It is a measure too bold we recommend to the attention of all for their adoption. They would ra- who can see no harm in this design of Ministers to amalgamate a base mate soldiers who fight shouting ‘England ! rial with our British soldiery :

England !' and dying murmur, 'We have “A Russian officer declared in dying, done our duty ? that we were betrayed by a deserter from

“When did German or Switzer, Prusthe foreign legion. This man, it is said, sian or Austrian, stand before the gallant informed the Russians that our batteries French in equal battle ? And those bril. on the right were guarded with a certain liant, fierce, impetuous French, could degree of negligence; and it was in con- even they sustain the might and terror of sequence of this that an attack on that British battle, though, glorious soldiers point was decided on. It is known that that they are and ever have been, they the foreign legion, which is so remark returned to the combat as unceasingly as able for its bravery, counts a great many waves beating against rocks? Such as deserters in its ranks. The man to whom they are indeed fit and worthy to stand I refer is said to be a German; and persons abreast with the unconquerable red ask if it would not have been prudent to line that never yields, and, together, have left in Africa all those who had de. they will trample in the dust any troops serted, especially those who have a certain

in the world that presume to oppose affinity of race with the Russians ?”

them. But let them not be shamed by There is another point of great im

finding a hired third-rate selection from

inferior sources between themselves and portance to be considered ; and that

their British comrades. Let them not be is the effect wbich this announcement told to depend on the dressed-up fomay have upon the army, and the reigners—poor frauds, like the camels of recruiting at home. Is it likely to Semiramis, accoutred as elephants, and cheer the one, and to hasten forward sure to leave dark silent gaps where the other? We greatly doubt it. We loudest shouts and fiercest fires should believe that it will prove as obnoxious stream forth in the hour of need. Shall to the soldiery as it is unpalatable to the stern infantry of Inkermann, striding the nation at large; and already more

in blood ; shall the proud cavalry of than one officer of rank and reputation

Balaklava--those noble horsemen who has raised his voice against it. We

accepted, not an order, but a doubtful

sign only, to go bounding on, as it were, think it is of the utmost importance

to the open jaws of death; shall they that Ministers, in a matter like this,

have as comrades the refuse hirelings of should consult the feeling of the ser- Germany and Switzerland? God forbid !” vice; and as an evidence of that feeling, we insert an extract from a Besides this, we entirely coincide letter which Sir William Napier has with the opinion expressed by Mr addressed to the Times :

Milner Gibson, that the principle of "I will not say that the German the bill is opposed to the law of naLegion in the last war were not good and tions, and that, under the circumtrusty soldiers, their cavalry were ex- stances in wbich this country is placed, cellent ; but, despite of the Duke of it may be very dangerous. It is an Richmond's generous eulogium, I will, advertisement that we are willing to with Lord Ellenborough, say, that neither hire foreigners without compromising they, nor any foreign troops, were able to

the neutrality of the States to which equal the fighting of the British soldier.

they belong. If such States do not That legion was well composed ; it was, indeed, a national force, with high moral

sanction the enlistment, then, depend motives, and with the gentlemen of their

upon it, this measure will be wholly own country as officers ; they were thus inoperative. If they do sanction the presented in the best possible form that enlistment, certaivly Russia will not foreigners could assume in another nation's regard them as neutral, and we may service ; and gallant things they could be involved in endless complications. and did do ; but emulate the terrible What if Russia were to retaliate by fighting of the British soldier they could hiring the privateers of the United not. And shall a mere mercenary band, States ? In the words of Mr Gibson, picked up for gold, without national feel

"should we not be told that a country ing - poor miserable hirelings, selling

might let out' its forces without fortheir limbs and lives—ay! their very souls for lucre-ready, without a cause, if paid,

feiting its neutrality, and that we had to murder, to slay, or be slain, and, of

ourselves laid down that principle by

ou course, ready to change sides for higher

ge sides for higher a deliberate act of the British Parliapoy if good occasion offer - shall such ment?” This point, well and ably varlets stand in line beside our - noble urged, and of vast importance, not only now, but hereafter, was not met what they have failed to do. Hitherto in the course of the debate, either by they have been leniently dealt with, Ministers or their supporters. In fact, but they must now expect to be they could not meet it; for the more watched, and watched closely, and to this scheme is analysed and examined, be judged according to the vast meathe more objectionable does it appear. sure of the responsibility which they There is no use disguising the fact. bave undertaken. If the guidance of The bill was carried against the con the affairs of Britain-if the occupancy victions of the great majority of the of the highest posts in the realn-are Honse, for this reason, that many legitimate objects of ambition, they members would not undertake the do also involve an awful load of reresponsibility of refusing any means sponsibility, and woe be to those who which Ministers thought fit to suggest neglect the public interest in the prefor reinforcing our army in the Crimea sent crisis and temper of the nation ! at the present emergency. For, be it Parliament will not meet again beobserved that the Ministry have dis- fore the 23d of January. We shall tinctly and emphatically declared that, see wbat effect the measures which in their judgment, this measure is have now been passed at the solicitanecessary for immediate support, and tion of the Ministry sball have prothat Parliament was summoned to duced by that time. Some things, enable them to pass it without delay. now mysterious, may before then be Well then, we shall see. They have explained; and God grant that ere carried their measure, but we do not then the supplies of which we have believe that in consequence of it any heard so much may have becoine effective reinforcements can be sent available for those brave men in the to the Crimea in time for the purpose Crimea, for whose sufferings the contemplated. We believe this to be a national heart is aching! We are at great political blunder, certainly not all events glad that this short meeting the least among those which the Aber- of Parliament has been held. Ministers deen Cabinet has committed ; and we have bad the opportunity of explainare apprehensive that it may prove a ing their conduct hitherto; and the waste to the resources of the country explanations, such as they are, are instead of an augmentation of its now before the country. Let them strength. The last accounts from the be weighed and considered. Let their Crimea are of the most painful and opportunities, their means, and the appalling kind. Through the incapa- support that they have received from city and neglect of these infatuated the nation, be contrasted with their men, our army is in such a position actions, their omissions, and their exthat reinforcements would rather add planations. They can ask no more ; to their distress than alleviate it. Of and let the general voice of the counall the boasted and paraded supplies, try pronounce the verdict. We doubt none, according to the last accounts, not what that verdict will be. are available. But were it otherwise, Most assuredly, among the means when would this legion be ready for which, in our opinion, would be most service ? For, mark this, there are conducive to the conduct of the war, certain preliminaries. We have to in a manner befitting the greatness of enlist the men-to bring them here this country, the ignominious dismisto drill and form them in Britain-and sal of a large section of her Majesty's then to despatch them to the Crimea. present Ministry would not be the Will they arrive in time for the storm- least effective. That it will come, and ing of Sebastopol ? or is this a mea- before any long period elapses, we sure, brought in by themselves, under do not doubt; but it may, like their false pretences, to mask some ulterior own measures, come “ too late;" and object? If so, let them beware, for we entreat our representatives serithey are playing a perilous game. ously to consider, whether the resignaThe nation is thoroughly in earnest tion of these incapable men would be -roused from its apathy—and they as calamitous as a snow-storm of may find that resignation of office eight-and-forty hours' duration in the will not be accepted as an entire im- Crimea, in the present unprotected munity for what they have done, or state of our soldiers.

CIVILISATION.—THE CENSUS.

EDUCATION,

HAVE you duly considered, my clothes, and reminded him it was the dear Eusebius, the impertinence of 1st of April. But you must be prebeing alive at your time of life ?-án pared for another examination besides impertinence to those who are to suc- that of your age. I see clearly, by ceed you, and are waiting for you to the encroachments already made, make room for them (I mean not what is further threatened. The your successors in blood and affection people's ignorance will be strictly in- they would wish you never to depart quired into ; and do not flatter your—but those who, crowding in upon self that you will escape the scrutiny. vitality, as the Census says, rather You will be surprised, as you are prewant your room than your company) sented by a Government inspector -an impertinence, too, flying in the with schedule A, B, or C, at the face of Gulliver Census, who has amount of your own ignorance. Old already noted you down as a probable as you are, you must expect to be defunct, and will have the vexation registered into an adult school ; for of altering his half-cooked next re- it is the impertinent maxim of Quinturn.

bus Flestrin that no man is too old to A great man once declared his love learn. You will be booked in his of life in these strange words, “I “Dunciad," wise as you thought yourdon't care if I am hanged, provided it self, and other folks believed you to be a hundred years hence." A friend be. Then you will have to reflect present, whose love of life was as what a bad man you must be ; for great, and his hatred of any limita- nowadays all crimes are in the education greater, asked him if he was quite tional alembic resolved into ignorance. serious, adding, “For my part, then, Even so, Eusebius, however you may I wish I may be present, and assist raise your venerable eyebrows at the in singing the penitential psalm." new philosophy, whatever ill is done Eusebius, consider what daily, hourly in the world, is all through ignoprovocations to die both these gentle- rance. It is a great discovery. It is men must have experienced, in the not the heart, but the bead, that is in taunts and insinuations of expectants fault. Hitherto it has had the cunand census-makers—all plainly say- ning to escape by vicarious punishing, you have no business to be alive ment far off from itself; but the old on the face of the earth. The very whipt parts are emancipated ; all the children in the villages will be taught known vices are driven to the head, census-reading and life-calculations, in in order that they may be thence at village schools, under Government once scientifically expelled by inviinspectors; and, as holiday sport, sible evaporation under a high educaboot after such superannuates as you, tional pressure. Thus the fox, when and try to pelt you into the church- troubled with fleas, goes tail foremost yard-alas! not before your time. into the water, forces his troublesome

Keep up, Eusebius, your pleasant backbiters upwards upon his head hamour to the last! Remember how and his tongue, then ducks down, near the 30th of March is to “ All drowns his enemies, and comes out on Fool's Day;" and serve the officers dry land, ready for any inspectors, and official annual inquisitor, when he with a clean bill of health. And so next comes, sure of booking you as will the people, however bad, be defunct, as Madam B. did her heir-a cured (and certificates given) by this sprightly old lass in her hundredth high-headpressure process. But the year. She rang ber bell violently at process will require skill, and thereone in the morning, and when the fore pone less than Government innepbew came down to receive her spectors, together with Quinbus Fleslast breath and his inheritance, she trin, will be allowed to operate ; for lifted her jocund face from the bed. some experiments have unfortunately

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