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1.4 months, as if they had broken from

Deir pickets; and it was surmised

at they had been startled by some rockets which the French had fired at troops passing along the valley.

On the 27th, a new parallel was de opened as a place of arms in front of

itude our left siege-battery, and a day or in the two later the French trenches were Speaus pushed to within two hundred and

camp tifty yards of the place. si Jis tire Great anxiety prevailed as to the s'inaus, in officers and men missing since the acbow Jied of tion at Balaklava. It was said that Nint and there the Cossacks had been seen riding

hver's body over the field, transfixing the wound. Win a blanket, ed with their lances. On the 28th, Capas w but not hid

tain Fellowes was sent with a flag of

tain Fellow wow powiated arms truce to ascertain their fate. He was

civilly received-told that the dead Motha body of were already buried and the wounded

velike the valley cared for—and that, if he would return to M uss, up the next day, the names of the survivors

would through the should be ascertained and given him, Het wach wide, and with any messages or letters they

inairy on some might wish to send. On returning the k väll need prevent day after, he learnt that only two offi

vend that the cers were alive in the enemy's hands, Biwe buut a hun- and that but few prisoners had been in ter were com- made. The Russian general is said to

www for hussars, have expressed his surprise at the des

W Olack bread perate charge of the light brigade; say& Nin All were ing, the English cavalry were always te maken we out of their reputed brave, but this was mere folly.

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“IF," says Shakespeare, “is a great generally, were affected by the mania peacemaker.” It is so; and there is of reduction; the passion was univeranother word which is a great war- sal. The few individuals who, like maker, and that word is, “REDUCE." ourselves, * nerer ceased to lift up their If a man were to proclaim to the voices against the general delusion, world, “I bave £100,000 worth of were overlooked or derided ; and plate and jewels in my house; I never every new Parliament was marktravel without £20,000 worth of dia. ed by successive reductions of the monds on my person ; but I have such noble force which had brought the war entire confidence in the justice, ho- to a glorious termination, and wbich, nesty, and pacific disposition of the if kept together, would have rendered whole people by whom I am sur- the country invincible. The urban rounded, that I have sold all my fire- constituencies clamoured for a dimiarms, taken all the bars off the doors nution of taxation and a reduction of and windows, and procured the dis- the standing army; their representamissal of the whole police in the coun- tives in Parliament tamely submitted try," we all know what he might ex- to be the organs of their insanity; the pect the first dark November night. press almost unanimously hallooed on Yet wherein would such preposterous the same frantic course; Ministers, in conduct differ from that of Great Bri- their successive budgets, took credit to tain, which, during forty years of themselves for following out their inpeace, has been continually boasting junctions, and shaping their estimates with reason of its vast and growing according to the universal wish. Amidst riches, its immense realised capital, its a chorus of unanimity and loud cheers boundless wealth, and at the same from both sides of the House, the protime taking every opportunity to dis- cess of folly went on, with scarce any arm its inhabitants, and expose its intermission, for thirty-five years, treasures, without protection or guard until at length the national defences of any kind, to the depredation of its were reduced to such a degree, that warlike and rapacious neighbours ? Sir Charles Adam, a Lord of the Ad

So equally has the blame of the in- miralty, said in 1837, in Parliament, sane conduct which has brought us that it was “a mistake to say the into our present straits been diffused empire was unprotected, for we had through all classes of the community, three sail of the line and three frigates that no one has any title to lay it to defend the shores of England;" upon another. All classes, speaking and when Lord Hardinge was made

* See “Our External Dangers,Blackwood's Magazine, February and March, 1851.

VOL. LXXVII.-20. CCCCLXXII.

at not less real dangers, of

ul period, were still more day. When its annals come to wait, it will be seen that twice dnes bat period we were on the

& war with France, and once ve "rance and Russia united, and ab time when we had scarce

urce to oppose to the armaments Esther of these powers, far less of vih put together. The rupture with

pe in 1840, which was ended by De bombardment of Acre; the dispute wout Queen Pomarre, in Otaheite, siew years after-both brought us to the very edge of war with France ; and in 1850 we were so near a war with France and Russia united, that

the ambassadors of both of these the powers had actually left London! We antis bullied ourselves into a quarrel with

000 these great powers, by espousing a N

dispute of Mr Finlay and Don Paci

tieo with the Greek Government about We $2000 or £3000, and only escaped and out of it by abandoning the attempt,

which had actually commenced, to dation, extort damages from the Cabinet of alleled Athens at the cannon's mouth, and en Lord submitting to the Russian proposal of o cordial arbitration. At the time when we

reduced incurred the enormous hazard of a som 280,000 war with these powers united, we SEO sequence could not have brought 12,000 men in the last into the field to defend London and is a Woolwich, after providing, in the

most restricted way, for the defence of the maritime fortresses. We now know what it is to maintain a con

test with Russia, even with the aid or of France, in the Crimea, for the Lont conquest of Sebastopol; but what

would it have been had we been is driven singly to withstand the arma.

ments of both these powers, in the Isle of Wight, for the defence of Ports

mouth? Yet such a contest was not a only probable, but imminent; far more

so then than the one in the Crimea was a year ago. And at that time our popular orators, with “unadorned eloquence," were urging upon applaudDe multitudes, in London and Mandester, the propriety of selling our Dios of the line, disbanding our troops, and trusting to the Peace Conference to settle the disputes of sations, and successive Chancellors

the Exchequer, amidst loud cheers Dom both sides of the House, and the

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warm encomiums of the public press, from its pacificspirit, and will always be were bringing forward estimates, cut- popular with the simple and unreflectting down to the very lowest point our ing, from its seeming economical tenmilitary and naval establishments. dency. It is liable only to two objec

It cannot, at least, be said that this tions; that it is utterly impracticable course was pursued without due warn- under the existing constitution and ing. Sir Francis Head, and many circumstances of human nature; and military writers of distinction, pointed if it were practicable, that it would out the peril in the most emphatic lead to the rain and subjugation of manner; and if our readers will turn the State. If, indeed, all men were to Blackwood's Magazine for February of the same disposition, placed in 1851, they will find the following the same physical, moral, and political passage in an article on the “External circumstances, and actuated by the Dangers of the Country :"

same interests, it might reasonably “ How rapidly will the scales one day

be expected that this would one day fall from the eyes which have so long been

be the case. If all men were equally vir. blinded : how bitter will be the regret at

tuous and peaceful, and all alike inclined the inexplicable insensibility now to so

to pursue their own path without molemn warnings : how intense the indigna- lesting or disquieting their neighbours, tion at the delusions, which, for the sake the Utopian vision might possibly be of present advantage to the deluders, realised. When Moscow is as free have so long been practised upon men! and as dependent on commercial inThe burst of indignation with which the terests as Manchester, and Paris as appointment of the Lord Cardinal was

London ; when the Cossack ceases to received throughout England can afford

long for plunder, and the Frenchman but a faint image of the feelings of agony which will then wring the British heart;

to sigh for glory; when women shall the frightful cry of distress which will

cease to be attracted chiefly by the arise up from famishing and anxious

halo of military glory; and the milimillions—the universal horror at past ne

tary spirit, when once thoroughly glect, which will then send the iron into the roused, shall cease to thrill through soul of our whole people. Their efforts to the inmost chords of the British heart, redeem the past will probably be great; -we may hope for the cessation of war, their struggles will be those of a giant ; but not till then. but it may be too late. They will be in In truth war, as men's minds are the condition of the Athenian people after at present constituted, is an essential the expedition to Syracuse, or when Lysander cast anchor before the Piræus ;

element in the moral government and of the Carthagenians, when the legions of

improvement of the world. With Scipio, in the last Punic war, drew round

our eyes fixed, indeed, on the charneltheir walls ; or of the Parisians, when

house of Balaklava, the gory fields “ Europe in arms before their gates" de- of the Crimea, the anguish brought manded the surrender of all their con into so many families by the loss of quests. They will be profoundly morti their bravest and their best, none can fied, they will be cut to the heart, they dispute the present evils and partial would give half they possess for a deli- agonies of war. But observe, eveni verance; but they may be forced to sub at the moment when their sufferings mit; and to the annalist of those mourn

are endured, the moral elevation and ful times will only remain the task of

enlarged sensibility which war prodrawing the appropriate moral from the

duces. Behold the heart of a whole melancholy tale, and recording the peril and ruin of England, for the instruction

nation throbbing as that of one man of, and as a beacon to be avoided by,

at the call of patriotic duty! Behold future times." *

our nobles standing forth, as their

fathers did in the olden time, as the The theory that wars are to cease; traditional leaders of the people, and that pacific interests are to govern casting aside all the follies and frivo. the world ; that the angry passions lities of peace to exhibit the patience are to be stilled, and every man is to and fortitude of war! Behold the enjoy the fruits of his toil under the people following them with alacrity shadow of his own fig tree—is amiable to the combat, crowding with joy to

* Blackwood's Magazine, February 1851, lxix. 201, 202.

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