5. De Igne, &c. i. e. Philosophical Theses concerning the Nature of Fire. Dedicated to Pius VI. By Count CHARLES Resta, Patrician of Milan. 4to. Rome. 1786. Those who are acquainted with the recent and multiplied experiments of the Doctors Priestley, Black, Crawford, Bergman, Scheele, Abbé Fontana, and other learned men, relative to the subject here announced, will meet with nothing very new in this per. formance. They will, however, find in it the heads of an elementary treatise upon Fire, judiciously proposed, and elegantly arranged ; and in this point of view the work before us has a considerable degree of merit. In the noble Author's plan for the composition of such a treatise, the theses, or propositions, announced in the title of his work, are distributed into three classes ; the ift, containing all that relates to the nature of the igneous fluid in general ;-the 2d, all the intimate combinations of this fuid, confidered as principle ;--the 3d, the freer union of fire with other bodies in a state of mixture only, and aggregation. Under the three heads of this division, the Author, without professing to give a complete treatise on the subject, furnishes, nevertheless, by reasonings upon the facts which experiments have discovered, very good materials for such a treatise. • Under the first he proves that fire is not a modification of other bodies, but a substance fui generis, simple, peculiar, elementary, and not composed, as some learned men have imagined, of phlogiston intimately combined with pure air. He considers it, moreover, as the universal diffolvent, the cause of all fluidity, and the principle, by whose influence, air, water, and all other menstrua exercile activity. He looks upon it as the principle of several crystallizations, as the cause or the aeriform appearances, of which many substances are susceptible, and the great agent from whose presence and quantity, the preservation or destruction, · both of vegetative and sensitive life, are equally derived.

After having unfolded the nature and general properties of the - igneous Auid, M. RESTA, in the second Part of his work, con

fiders this Auid in its combinations; and here he goes over the · fame-ground that has been trod, before him, by the Priestleys,

the Fontanas, the Sennebiers, and other eminent men. In the third Part, already announced, he foilows and illustrates the

theory of Dr. Crawford. . : : 6. Memorie Iltoriche, &c. i.e. Historical Memoirs concerning .. Cerignola. By M.THEODORE KIRIATTI, M.D.-The Author

thews that Cerignola is the ancient Gerionum (which is no ; new discovery), and that it was founded by the Ausonians; which may have been the case. His account of the fourishing state of Apulia, when Hannibal made himself master of that country, and of its present state with respect to population, agriculture, cumnierce, induftry, towns, and public edifices, is more interdite

over, ignola i

ing. His work is terminated by an essay on the natural history of this fertile region, and an enumeration of the experiments be made to ascertain the non-exiftence of the venom attributed to

the Tarantula. ' • 7. L'Iliade, &c. i. e. Italian translations of the Iliad of Homer. Vol.I. By the Abbé CESAROTTI, Padua. 1785.-- We announce this translation, on account of the treasure of historical and critical erudition with which it is accompanied. We have, here, indeed two translations; the one literal, in prose, which is to supply the place of the original text;---the other poetical, and made with a certain freedom, into which our Author has endea'voured to transfuse the spirit of the Grecian bard. The prose

translation is accompanied with a multitude of mythological, historical, crisical, philosophical, and grammatical observations, ?,which conftitule the most instructive part of the work. Many

volumes, ancient and modern, have been laid under contribution

to furnith these observations, to which the Abbé has added a cere - tain number of his own. These are followed by whole disserta

tions, borrowed from eminent critics and philologifts, and de* figned to illustrate a variety of subjects relative to the Iliad.

But this is not all: for, to render this work useful to the lovers of Grecian literature, M. CESAROTTI has placed at the end of

the volume, the moft considerable various readings of the Greek * fcholiasts, which are in the library of St. Mark at Venice, and are to be published in the edition of Homer, promised by the

learned M. Villoison. There is also prefixed to the translation * before us a Preliminary Discourse, containing an ample account of Homer's life and writings.

*** Since writing the above, we have, by accident, met with the 3d edition of Abbé Cefarotti's Italian translation of the works of Ofiian; and we purpose to give an account of it in our Appendix-which will be pụblidhed next month, as usual.


POLITICAL Art. 11. The Treaty of Navigation and Commerce between his Bri.

tannic Majesty and the most Christian King. Signed aç Versailles

Sept. 26, 1786. Ia French and English. 4to. 2s. 6d. Harrison. YT ZITH respect to this article, the Public are all critics, to a man;

V it would be, therefore, impertinence in us, were we to pretend to give a review of it. Art. 12. The two Treaties between Great Britain and France. The . former in the Reign of Queen Anne, the latter in the Year 1786, compared, Article by Article, in opposite Columns. Together with the Substance of 46 Petitions presented against the former Treaty, by the Manufacturing Interests of Great Britain, faithe fully transcribed from the Journals of the House of Commons. Likewise a Narrative of the Reception of the fame Treaty by the Public, and the final Decision upon it in Parliament.-- 4to. Is." Debrett. 1786..

The design of this publication is to fhew the great fimilarity of Mr. Eden's commercial Treaty, with that of Utrecht, in the year 1713, which was strongly objected against by manufacturers and tradesmen of various descriptions, under the apprehension of the bad effects it would have on the commerce and manufactures of the king. dom; and which was rejected by the House of Commons. The

Mr. Eden's Treaty is, in substance; and generally in words, an exact copy of the former; the compiler of the present comparative performance, seems to think that there is the same cause for apprehenfion now that there was in 1713 ; and he wishes to have this plain question determined, vix, ! Why the very Treaty, which, in 1713, was, with one voice, scouted through the kingdom, Thould, in 1986, be quietly acquiesced in, as a matter of national honour and advan, tage?' Art. 13. A Collection of Letters on interesting Subjects; in which

the Benefits of Whiggism are pointed out, and the Origin of the Revolution is investigated ; that the Public may know to whom

they are indebted for this wonderful Change in our political He. :. misphere. 12mo. Is. Bramwell. 1786. i.

King William, a Papift! the Pope, chief instrument in;bringing about the Revolution !' The Whigs, a pack of knaves ! &c. &c. is the language of this anonymous politician. . i ..

• What generous mind can refuse to rejoice when truth emergeth from obscurity, when facts which have been so long the theme for eulogiums are stripped of their varnish, and appear in the odious and detestable light which they deserve ?' Preface, p. iv. ,

What pity that we are left ignorant of the sagacious discoverer, who thus brings forth the truth, and proclaims these great tidings! especially as we are not favoured with references to any other authority for the paradoxical facts here advanced, beside the mere ipfe dixit of Mr. Anybody, or Mr. Nobody.

· GEOGRAPHY, &C. Art. 14. Cary's Actual Survey of the Country Fifteen Miles round

London. On a Scale of one Inch to a Mile. Wherein the' Roads, Rivers, Woods, and Commons, as well as every Market Town,

Village, &c. are distinguished ; and every Seat thewn, with the - Name of the Poffeffor. Preceded by a General Map of the Whole. · To which is added, an Index of all the Names contained in the - Plates. 8vo. 8s. fewed. Art. 15. Cary's Actual Survey of the Country Ten Miles round

Hampton Court and Richmond. On a Scale of One Inch'to a Mile.

Wherein, &c. 8vo. 35. sewed. Cary, No. 188, Strand... . In our Review for April laft, we made mention of Mr. Cary's A&tual Survey of Middlesex, and recommended it to the notice of the Public, as being « peculiarly convenient for occasional consultation both as a county-map, and as a road directory." And the fame · Rev. Dec. 1786.



degree of commendation may be honestly due to the prefent publica. tions, only that they do not come under the denomination of Countymaps. · Mr. Cary's Surveys are, without question, the most accurate and elegant of any that have appeared since the days of Roque. His maps too, are possessed of this very peculiar excellence, that when cut, and pasted on canvas for the pocket; the names of the several places are no way mangled or injured by it, but remain whole and entire :-' this gives clearness and distinctness to the various parts of the diffected map, and adds considerably to the beauty of the whole.

2 ini? si HISTORICAL Art. 16. The History of the War with America, France, Spain, 1 and Holland, commenting in 1795, and ending in 1783. By - John' Andrews, LL.D. 8vo. 4 Vols. il. 103. Boards. Field. ing. 1786. :*

This History is chiefy compiled from the public prints, and the proceedings of the House of Commons, and is frequently interfpersed with pertinent political remarks.' The facts in general are well recorded ; in fome circumstances we think the Author has not been fully informed, but there are few. Impartiality, the greatest recommendation of an historian, especially the historian of his own times, feems to have been much attended to by the Author; and though, on the whole, he has placed things in a proper light, and apparently attributed them to their true causes, yet we are doubtful that Time has not yet fufficiently detected the hidden motives that aduated the contending powers in their various operations.

AGRICULTURE, &C. Art. 17. National Improvements upon Agriculture, in Twenty

seven Effays, by David Young, Perth. 8vo. 55. Boards. Edin

burgh, Bell. 1785. . We have feldom read a performance that affumes à more uninvit. ing appearance than that now before us. The language is vulgar, and abounding in Scorticisms, so as to be scarcely intelligible; the style prolix, and embarrasied, full of digreffions that have no connec? tion with the subject, and repetitions without end. The Author is ovidently unacquainted with the firlt principles of philosophy ; yet the greatest part of his performance confifts of attempts to account for the various phenomena of nature; and he talks in a decisive manner on the most intricate subjects. The formation of the universe, the internal ftructure of the earth, the changes that have beers produced on the earth's surface, &c. &c. are favourite subjects with our Author, to which he returs in almolt every page of his book. He is likewise particularly fond of treating of the fingular fab. ftance called peat, or, as he styles it, moss; though it is very evident to an intelligent reader that he knows little of its nature and qualities, ånd that he recommends it, for many uses for which it is altogether unfit. In short, there is fuch a jumble of nonsense to be met with in almost every page of the book, as will probably disgust mot readers, and prompt them to throw it afide before they have perused one

half of it.

· Notwithstanding this fevere cenfure, which juftice obliges us to pafs upon this work, the same juftice obliges as to own, that an intelli

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

gent reader, who can pass over its imperfections, will discover that some fundamental principles of agriculture are laid down in this work, and frequently inculcated with great and laudable zeal; such as, that ground should be, at any rate, made perfectly clean, and before any other improvement should be attempted--that it is of importance to lay ground into grass when perfectly, clean, and fully enriched by manures – that it is a great improvement to keep a large proportion of ground, thus cleaned and enriched, in grass : with leveral other general axioms of the same kind, that are not sufficiently adverted to: but, while we approve of these fundamental principles, as advanced by our Author, we must condemn, as absurd and impracticable, the greatest part of the measures he recommends, for bringing the ground into that good order which he wishes. The object that he is desirous to attain is good, but the means he prescribes for that purpose are altogether inadequate, and many of them are so exceedingly whimsical, as to excite compassion for the man who could seriously recommend them.

EDUCATION. Art. 18. A Chart, sewing the Gender of every Noun in the · French Language, included in two Tables of Masculine and Fe. . minine Terminations. A Sheet in large Folio. Is. Law.

French grammarians have found great difficulty in making rules for the genders of nouns. This chart, shewing the rules in one view, may have some advantages over a grammar, where the rules are not placed together.

ECCLESIASTICAL Law. Art. 19. The Arguments of Counsel in the Ecclefiaftical Court;

in the Cause of Inglefield. With the Speech of Dr. Calvert,

July 22, 1786, at giving Judgment. 8vo. 29. Murray. ; 1. These speeches were printed from Mr. Gurney's Mort-hand notes ; and are curious specimens of the abilities of the learned Civilians. As to the nature of this extraordinary cause, delicacy commands our

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

P o E TRY.

Art. 20. Poems, and other Pieces, by. Henry Headley. 8vo.

is.'6d. Robson. 1786. · Mr. Headley, we understand, was a Member of Trinity College, Oxford, and now resides at Norwich. The greater part of these poems, or, as he himself quaintly says, “the majority,' have been before made public. They are dedicated to Doctor Parr, as a mark of the gratitude and respect, which an ingenuous scholar'thought due to his able and faithful master. The application of the passage from Laurent, Valla, does credit to the judgment of Mr. Headley, and expresses, very juftly and fully, the merits of Dr. Parr. In the Poems chemselves there is much taste, and some poetry ; many nervous expreffions, some harmonious verses, a few sentiments that have traces of originality, and a general felicity in the choice of subjects. The character of Lothario is well drawn ; and we were much pleased with the Invocation to Melancholy, which seems to mark, not merely the powers of the writer, but the peculiarities of his character. A young. man, educated under Dr. Parr, cannot but reflect, with pity and re

Hh2 '


« VorigeDoorgaan »