that of an hog, in three minutes; with several other instances, some on the human body. ... Art. 62. Obfervations on the Typhus, or low contagious Fever,

and the Mean's of preventing the Production and Communication of this Disease. By D. Campbell, M. D. 8vo. 25. Lancaster,

printed ; London, sold by Johnson. 1785. . - This treatise contains some admirable directions concerning various methods of preventing the spreading of the contagion of putrid diféales. As to the Author's method of cure, we think him too liberal in the adminiftration of opium, of which medicine (the moit excellent wheo given in proper doses and at proper times) he acknowledges he has experienced the bad effects in many cafe. . Art. 63. An Ellay on the Retroversion of the Uterus ; illustrated with Cases and Obferva:ions. By William Cockell, of Pontefract, M: D. 400. 15. 6d. Law. 1785.

In the disease here delcribed fhappily a very rare one), we can by no means approve of our Author's method of cure, The operation he describes as the only thing to be done in this case, we think fo very violent, that it may in several instances (especially in weak patients, and those who are far advanced in pregnancy) produce consequences worse than the disease itself.. Art. 64. Rules for preserving Health; particularly with regard

to ftudious Persons. In three Treatises. Translated from the Spanish of the Rev. Father Feyjoo, Master-general of the Order

of St. Benedict. 8vo. 2s. Faulder. • As the vivacity of this writer always pleases, fo do his learn. ing and philosophy afford much real entertainment. A medical treatise from Spain, written by a friar, is a literary phenomenon that doth not often make its appearance; but the rarity of such appear. ances will not make them che leís acceptable. As to the present publication, it is but jufice to declare, that the doctrines it contains are the effects of nuch experience, and founded on rational principles. In the first tieacise, we have fome excellent strictures upon the modern (we suppose Spanish) practice of physic, which may be true; and we sincerely wil, that, for the honour of the art, there were less room for them. Our Author, in the observations he makes on physicians in different ages, gives a concise and accurate history of the Art, from its earliest age; pointing out, with grear judgment, the perfections and imperfections of the many theories that have been adopted and rejected, one after another. • The second lays down several useful dietetic rules for preserving health : a subject which the writer thinks physicians have not properly and duiy considered; becaufe it is not so much their businefs to preserve the good health of their patients, as to cure their diseases, if the imperfections of the art will suffer them.

The third treatise is a confutation of the commonly-received opi. nion, that application to study is prejudicial to health. The chief argument which the good Father uses is, That study, when it suits with our genius, and is not pursued with extreme rigour, rather pleafes than fatigues us : it cannot therefore be contrary to nature or prejudicial to our health, because those occupations only are hurtful which exceed our strength or contradict our inclinacionsWe shall

conclude conclude with an extract, which will in some measure give our readers an idea of the Reverend Father's manner:

• The progeny of the mind is contrary to that of nature. Its conception is toilsome, but its birth pleasing. In every stroke of their pen, Authors admire a happy offspring of their understanding, which makes them disregard the pains they took in the creation of it. I must confess, however, that there is great difference between voluntary study and that which is forced upon us. One is always agree. able, but the other has something in it which fatigues; as when we are obliged to oppose a thesis in the schools, or write a sermon in a hurry,' &c. &c.

This article has been long mislaid; for which fome apology is due to the TRANSLATOR.

RELIGIOUS. Art. 65. Discourses on several important Subjects of Chriflianity.

By the Rev. Dan. Turner, A. M. Woolwich, Kent. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Robinson, 1785.

The Author afligns two reasons for the publication of this Volume. 1. “To give his cordial afsent to as many of the leading doctrines of Christianity as have occurred in these pages; which are not more the product of his judgment than they are in unison to the feelings of his breaft.' Nor, it is added, does he blush to confess, that his secon. dary aim was, to try aevery means which had any prospect of afsifting him in rearing the young and numerous pledges of conjugal love, who have only the very circumscribed industry of their parents to depend on, and the goodness of that Providence who never forsakes those that uniformly pursue the paths of virtue, and firmly trust in God.' To this last motive much attention is due ; and we hope it will prevail to procure him somewhat really beneficial; though, otherwise, no great matters are generally to be expected from a volume of Sermons. What those leading truths are to which the writer hereby declares his affent, is not particularly specified; but we presume he would choose to be understood of such as are, in popular language, deemed ortho. dox. Into such topics, however, he does not deeply enter; for his discourses are chiefly directed to practical purposes. Their number is seventeen ; and their subjects are as follow : Contentment; Philip. iv, ul. Christian and Mosaic Dispensation contrasted; John, i. 17. Halting between two Opinions; 1 Kings xviii. 21. Friends of Chrift; John, xv. 14. Marks of such a Character; same text. Christian Fortitude ; Pf. Ixxi. 16. Religious Meditation; civ. 34. Objects of it; cxi. 2. The Divine Exemplar; Pf. xvi. 8. First Commandment; Exod. xx. 1, 2, 3. Second Commandment; Exod. xx, 4, 5, 6. Third Commandment; Exod. xx. 7. Vows; Judges, xi. 39. Delineation of the virtuous Character; Isa. iii. 10. Rewards of Virtue at Death and in a future State; two sermons from the same text. Nature and Consequences of impious Principles; Job, xxi. 14.

The Author professes, in several or most of these discourses, to ata tempi the form of an oration by a concealment of the method. He farther speaks of annexing a key or kind of supplement to another volume, which is soon to follow this, putting it in the power of any one to adopt the plan, and prosecute it with their own illustrations. This does not seem very requisite, as fermons in such a form are become


pretty common; and the generality of readers, whatever hearers might do, will not be greatly at a loss for the method, Art. 66. Virtue and Learning the great Supports of Religion :

Being two Discourses preached before the University of Oxford in

the Morning and Afternoon of Sunday the 25th of July, 1784. By · the Rev. Evan Rice, A. M. 4to. is. 6d. Rivington.' 1785.'

2 Pet. i. 5. Giving all diligence, &c. This text is illustrated in a grave and judicious manner under the following general remarks, viz. That our Christian profession ought to be attended with suitable practice that practice stands in need of knowledge to guide and di. rect it—and that diligence is necessary for the attainment of those excellent endowments.

The Preacher is careful to avoid extremes. In his definition of faith, he guards it against the perversions of fanaticism; and in his delineation of the great advantages of knowledge, he shows his zeal for orthodoxy; and recommends the cultivation of letters, 'from a perfuafion that the increase of sound learning will further the interests and support the credit of the Church of England.

SE 'RM. ON S. 1. The Divine Testimony to the Character and Mision of Jesus Cbriff

considered on the Death of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Ecking, Jate Mi. nister of the Gospel in Chester, who departed this Life Feb. 5, 1785, in the 27th Year of his Age. To which is added, the Oration delivered at his Interment in Wrexham. Published at Request. By Joseph Jenkins, A. M. 8vo. 6d. Buckland. 1785.

Matt. iii. 17. This is my beloved Son, &c. Mr. Jenkins made choice of this text because it was frequently in the mouth of the deceased, and more especially appeared to afford him the highest confolation in his last fickness.

Both the Sermon and Oration bear marks of a vigorous imagina, tion, and of abilities which we wilh to see employed in supporting a more rational system of divinity.

Mr.Jenkins seems to have borrowed his notions respecting justifica. tion, conviction of fin, and evidences of grace, from the Sermons of Dr. Crisp. These notions have a dangerous tendency; and few who adopt them have, like our Author, either the sense or the piety to guard them against the fatal conclusions of the Antinomian.

The Oration at the interment cioses in the following animated manner :- With this exhortation we shut up the grave, and for a short term quit those receptacles of death. Farewell, ye mouldering remains of a much-loved brother._'Tis the cold consolation of the hopeless to add "We shall shortly return and be laid beside you."Hail! that triumphant morn, when death shall be swallowed up in victory! when you, with ourselves, and the multitude of the blessed that surrounds us, shall rise again; when corruption shall put on incorruption, and this mortal put on immortality.' II. Obedience to Divine Rule the Means of preserving and promoting brotherly Love in a Christian Church. Delivered at Chelmsford, Sept. 7th, 1784, at a Meeting of the Protestant Disienting Ministers in Effex. Published by Request. By Samuel Andrews. 8vo. 6d. Dilly,

A plain,

A plain, but sensible and well-arranged discourse, on Matt. xvii. 18.- 18. The discipline recommended and enforced in it is of the ftria Independent lort. Every society of Christians conftitutes a church; and that church hach within itself the power of the keys. The rem. bers that compose it have a right, independent of all other societies, and of all human authority, to exercise that discipline which they judge to be consistent with the divine rule.

We really think M.. Andrews ħach as much right to the keys as the Pope': but when both he and his Holiness talk of opening and shut. cing the gates of heaven, we smile at their preiumption, and rejoice that those gates are committed to the care of better hands ; for, let the Pope and Mr. Andrews say what they will, heaven doth not o lacquey' their decisions, nor wait their orders, either to " bind' or o loose the fouls which Almighry Goodness hash created. III. Preached on the 21tt of Mav, 1786, in the Parish church of

Hardingiione, in the County of Northampton, on the Establishmenc of a Sunday School at that Place, for the Benefit of the Children of iite Poor. By the Rev. Robert Lucas. 40: is. Robson. 1786.

A plain and sensible discourse, well recommendi g and supporting the institucion above mentioned. The Author, who appears to ens gage with piery and wisdom in the execution of this benevolent defign, had the satisfaction to see ninety-four children brought by their parents to be entered as scholars, and on the succeeding Sunday'at. tending divine service, in an orderly and becoming manner. The expences attending the school in this parish are to be paid from the parish-levy: TV. The Fall of Man a Sermon, by J. Watson, Esq. 8vo. 6d.

"Stockdale. -1786. 'Squire Watson appears to be good-natured and well-meaning; and fo far we approve both him and his publication : but we cannor help smiling, when, after telling us. that Adam's sin was a “viola. tion of every command of both the first and second Table,' he pro. ceeds to enumerate the laws of the Decaloguè, and finds no one broken but the first and the eighth. On the latter he very much in : fifts; considering the offence particularly as a robbery. While he laments the effects of this tranfgreffion, he rejoices in the greater happiness which will in time ensue ; a happiness so universal, that he seems to think the brate crearion will participate in it, and .at last all evil be swallowed up of good.?. Amen!

**** In answer to y. A the review of Dr. Reid's Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, which hath been unavoidably delayed, will appear next month.

+++ The answer to H. B. was left at the Publisher's. ..
Ist The Observer next month. : . : ,
tit B. G.’s favour will be duly attended to. **

1 The letter relative to the Rabies Ganina will be noticed here after.


For SEPTEMBER, 1786.

ertion of diligence Phorren of entertainment: fible muscles


Art. I. Reed's Edition of SHAKSPEARE concluded: See our last,

p. 94. ITHAT must those who talk of the " dull duty of an Edi. VV tor,' think of the task of an Editor's Reviewer? And yet we can assure those towering geniuses, with whom every ex-, ertion of diligence passes for dulness, that even our present labours are not wholly barren of entertainment: witness the following notes, which if they do not relax the risible muscles of our Readers, we can only say that they have more gravity than is to be found in any member of our solemn corps. Mrs. Quickly, in her admirable description of the last moments of Sic John Falstaff, rays : After I saw him fumble with the sheets, and play with Aowers, and smile upon his fingers' ends, I knew there was but one way; for his nose was as sharp as a pen, and a table of green fields. Henry V. Act II, Sc. 3. Now hear our Critics : ..- for his nose was as marp as a pen, and a table of green fields. ] These words, and a table of green fields, are not to be found in the old editions of 1600 and 1608. This nonsense got into all the following editions by a pleasant mistake of the stage editors, who printed from the common piece-ineal written parts in the play-house. A table was here directed to be brought in (it being a scene in a tavern where they drink at parting), and this direction crept into the text from the margin. Greenfield was the name of the property-man in that time, who furnished implements, &c. for the actors. A table of Greenfield's. POPE..

. So reasonable an account of this blunder, Mr. Theobald would not acquiesce in. He thought a table of Greenfield's part of the text, only corrupted, and that it should be read, he babbled of green fields, because men do so in the ravings of a calenture. But he did not consider how ill this agrees with the nature of the knight's illness, who was now in no babbling humour; and so far from wanting cool. ing in green fields, that his feet were cold, and he just expiring.

. WARBURTON.'. Dr. Johnson then tells us, that. Pope in an Appendix to his own edition in 12mo seems to admit Theobald's emendation, which' (lays the Doctor) we would have allowed to be uncomVOL, LXXV.



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