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laid on property, in a multitude of instances utterly destructive of it; which tax, by reasoning on the principle on which the duties on tea should be lowered, we must think cannot be permanently productive, but which, if now withdrawn, may leave a great defi. ciency in the old revenue from windows. To atone for the sufferings by this tax, the greatest national objects have been facrificed ; a vast revenge on a luxury has been thrown away, which might have been even improved to near, or perhaps quite a million sterling per ann. and the smuggler equally defeated. In consequence of giving up this revenue, lo enormous a consumption of this foreign luxury, and of the sorts in the original cost most expensive, has been induced in this country, that Great Britain will have a much larger sum to pay for is than has ever yet been paid by the Company in China, and through the medium of smugglers in Europe. "It is likewise well worthy of serious consideration, what effect the prodigious increase in the use of tea (which chiefly lies among the lower and middling classes of the people) may have on the produce of our own soil, malt. The one certainly must, in a great degree, be a substitute for the other.'
Whether there may be a latitude of probable consumption remaining, beyond what the smuggler supplied, sufficient to justify the Author's apprehensions, we may perhaps doubt, but will not under: take to deny. Art. 25. The Commutation Aet candidly considered in its Principles
and Operations. Being an Answer to, and Confutation of, a Pamphlet intitled, The Principles of the Commutation Act eitablished by Facts, by Francis Baring, Esq. By a Northumberland Gentleman. 8vo. Is. 6d. Newcastle printed ; and fold by Robinsons, London, 1786.
This candid confideration is expressed in the dogmatical strain of common-place politics, that often passes current in public companies ; and, probably, the Author is the oracle of his club, As one specimen of the ease with which he takes up his facts, it may be oba served, that Mr. Baring having declared, with respect to the return of houses charged to the window tax, that he had “ very little doubt that the houses and cottages exempted on account of poverty, amount to 600,000 ;' an exemption which some persons might account for from the number of windows in them not rifing to taxation ; this Author, however, with more penetration, traces the cause to the American war! He shall speak for himself :.' May it please your Majesty, you, ye Lords and Commons, attentively to look upon the work of a few short years, and seriously to consider the effects of the late moft unnatural war, which [effe&ts] have not yet spent their full force; but which have already obliged you to exempt fix hundred thousand (nearly half) of the householders of England and Wales from paying the commutation-tax on account of poverty. We infer from this pathetic representation, that the houses exempted from payment of this commutation tax, were nevertheless rated to the former duty on windows ; but owe their present exemption to the American war! Be it fo; we shall leave the Author in full poffeffion of his argument. The pamphlet is dedicated in a sarcastic style to the late Duke of Northumberland, under the signature of L 2
Jona. Thompson, and dated from Higham house, Northumberland.
L A w.. Art. 26. An Abstract of such Afts of Parliament as are now in
force, for preventing the Exportation of Wool and other Commodities, Tools, and Implements used in the Manufakture thereof i and also for preventing the seducing of Artists in to foreign Parts. With a copious Index, extracted from the Statutes, and printed by Order of the Chamber of Manufactụrers of Great Britain. By William Nicholson, Secretary. 12mo. No Bookseller's Name nor Price.
What more can be said of abstracts of this kind, than that they will be useful to all who are concerned in the subjects to which they relate; in proportion to their clearnefs and accuracy? This excerpt, in particular, appears to be carefully and judiciously executed. The object is of great national moment; and the laudable views of the Chamber of Manufacturers, in laying this little compilement before the Public, are too obvious to require any explanation. Suffice it, therefore, to observe, that its contents ought to be well known to every one who wilhes well to the trading interest of this country.
AGRICULTURE. ; Art. 27. Cursory Remarks on Inclosures, Thewing the pernicious
and destructive Consequences of inclosing Common Fields, &c. .. By a Country Farmer. 8vo. 15. Debrett. 1786.'
These appear to be the genuine remarks of a farmer, who has urged all the objections that occurred to him againtt the inclosure of common land. He argues, as many have done before, that inclosing such land tends to the aggregation of fmall farms, and of course to depopulation ; many thousands of inhabitants being fenced out of their livelihood, and out of their country, which is thus deprived of their labour: that small landholders, after being cajoled or intimi. dated into a concurrence in such undertakings, are swallowed up by their more opulent neighbours; and that the prices of provision's have risen progressively with the extension of inclosures.
DRAMATIC Art. 28. I'll tell you what A Comedy, in Five Aés, as it is
performed at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket. Dy Mrs. Inchbald, 8vo. 1S. 6d. Robinsons. 1786.
Though there are evidently two distinct stories in the fable of chis Comedy, yet they are artificially interwoven with each other, and, united, create a degree of humour and intereit, that must recominend the piece to the reader as powerfully as, we are told, it has recommended it to the spectator. The characters, though not original, are natural: the fatire on divorces, and modish marriages, is well conceived, and duly su?ained; and the distress of Mrs. Euston, arifa ing from the ill judged implacability of a parent, is truly affecting. The Prologue and Epilogue, the latt especially, are spirited and apposite. Art. 29. The Widow's Vow., A Farce *, in Two A&s, as it is acted at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket. 8vo. 13. Robinsons. 1786.
To this piece is prefixed an Advertisement, confefling the Author's : obligation for the plot of her piece, and the plot only, to a French * The advertisements afcribe this farce to Mrs. Inchbald.
comedy; but to the excellence of the English performers only for her success.'.
There is an ungraciousness in this coftive acknowledgment to M. Patrat, the Author of the French comedy, not very creditable to the English Itage; and we are sorry to say, that the Advertisement (considering the Authoress as an Actress ) carries with it too firong a tincture of the Green Room. The performers also are Italicijid. not by us, but by the Authoress ; and when we recollect that they are, as the herself styles them, ENGLISH Performers, though in the Haymarket, we believe they will hardly think themselves much honoured by the diftinétion.
Ambiguity of sex in the hero of the piece, the main hinge on which the whole fable turns, gives a natural air to that pruriency of style and sentiment, for which female writers for the Itage have been remarkable. The aquivoque is well suflained, and gives birth to many pleasant situations, conuing to excitę laughter, and to thew the absurdity, as well as the britile quality, of a widow's vow. “ Frailty, thy name is Woman!"
The Prologue to this Farce is a good Prologue, and so it would be to any other Farce as well as this. Art. 3o Songs, Duets, rios, &c, in the Siege of Curzola, a
Comic Opera, performed at the Theatre Royal in the Haymarket. 8vo. 6d. Çadeil. 1936.
It is difficult to speak fairly of the composition of songs, when the drama to which they belong is not before us. Many of these airs may have merit in the mouths of the personages by whom they are delivered, and in the situacions wherein they are introduced. We will, however, venture to pronounce the stanzas on the Spanish Armada to be a good English ballad.
Imitation of Gray's Eaton College. 4to. Is. Dilly. 1785. Whether it be, that imitators are considered in the light of rivals, or that their attera pts imply a degree of vanity which we are unwilling to gratify, or whatever other caule may be así.gned, the fact is certain, that readers are seldom diíposed to bestow praise on profested imitations. The present piece bears so faroe a resemblance to the beautiful original, of which it would be a copy, and falls so far short of its richness of imagery, poetical diction, and harmony of numbers ; that we apprehend the prop on which it Jeans will not be able to keep it from falling into oblivion. Let the Reader judge from the following verse:
Yon garden next demands my lay,
Where happy art conjoins
And ornament combines :
The gourd winds slowly up the wall !
And will not. Tag Boli see Rev
Art. 32. Alnwick's Condolence; a Paftoral Elegy, in Memory of
the late moft noble Hugh, Duke of Northumberland. By Henry Lucas, A. M. Author of the Tears of Alnwick, Poems to her Majesty, &c 4t0. 15. Dodsley, &c. 1786.
• O rueful fight! Behold! how loft to sense,
The millions stand, fuspended by SUSPENSE!!
" When TIME shall yield to Death; Dukes must obey !
Part First and Second. 8vo. Is. 6d. Ridgway. 1786. There is a degree of wit in some of these songs; but too many of them are written in Rochester's worst style of obscenity. Art. 34. Probationary Ode for the Laureatthip of the Royal
Academy. By a Tag-Rag of the Sacred Nine. 400. is. Faulder. 1986.
"When Lyric Peter drops the quill,
And will not write, there are who will.' So says, or fings, this • Tag-Rag of the Sacred Nine;' and if Peter Pindar, Esquire, should resign (See Rev. for June, p. 465.), he bids fair to be his successor. Art. 35. Julia to St. Preux. A Poem. By the Author of
Werter to Charlotte. 410. 15. Murray. The moral is bad, and the poetry is worse.
- SCHOOL-BOOKS. Art. 36. The Little Spelling-Book for Young Children, enlarged
and improved. Small 4to. 6d. Johnson. 1786. In our Review, Vol. LXIX. p. 172, we recommended the first edi. tion of this little work, for which, as we then hinted, the Public are indebted to the ingenious and good Mrs. Trimmer. This edition has received several very requisite and proper improvements. Art. 37. Easy Lessons for Young Children. Small 4to. 6d.
Johnson. 1786. For this little volume, we are also obliged to Mrs. Trimmer, who, in the Advertisement, has given us this account of it: “The following book of lessons is designed as a supplement to the Little Spelling Book, as it was impossible to introduce in so small a volume (a principal part of which is occupied with other matter) lessons consisting of so great a variety of words, as young children may be taught to read. The chief object of the present performance is to furnish such a variety.'
The above extract is sufficient to sew the plan of the Authoress. The lessons are divided into two parts; the first containing words of one syllable only; the second, words of one, two, and three syllables, On the whole, we recommend this elementary production to all our Readers, who have children of the age to which it is peculiarly adapted.
MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 38. The Beauties of the British Senate : taken from the De. bates of the Lords and Commons, from the Beginning of the Ad
· ministration of șir Robert Walpole, to the End of the second Sera
fion of the Administration of the Right Hon. William Pitt; being an impartial Selection. To which is prefixed the Life of Sir Ro. bert Walpole. 8vo. 2 Volumes. 1os. 6d. Boards. Stockdale.
In this age of compilation, every thing of a literary nature is provided in hathes and minced-meat for those who do not know how, or have not time, to purvey for themselves. Thus we ha e the Beauties of Richardfon, of Sterne, of Johnson, of Chesterfield, and, at length, of the British Senate: and in due time the good citizens of London may be furnished with the Beauties of their Common-council.
These volumes may serve, as Foote said, for “light summer-read. ing,” when the mind is vacant, when a person is at a loss for a sub. ject of amusement, and dips into a book for any thing. On such an occafion if American Affairs, East India Affairs, or Civil Lift, do not Arike his fancy, the table of contents will direct him to Attack, Defence, Eloquence, Anecdote, Remarkable Sayings, Similies, Humour, Sa. tire, Wit, &c. .
in due time, perhaps, a new Joe Miller may grow out of our Se. natorial Debates ! Art. 39. English Classics abridged: being select Works of Addi. dison, Pope, and Milton, adapted to the Perusal of Youth of both Sexes at School. To which are prefixed, Observations on the several Authors. By J. Walker, Author of Elements of Elocution, Rhetorical Grammar, &c. 12mo. 38. 64. bound. Ro. binson. 1786.
Nearly une half of this miscellany confifts of papers selected from the Spectator : the remaining part contains Pope's Essays on Criti. cism and on Man, and select passages of Milton's Paradise Loft. The Editor has prefixed a few remarks on his Authors, chiefly explana. tory of his design in the selection, which appears to have been, to execute a hint of Mr. Knox, who wishes to confine young people, at school, to the perusal of three or four English authors: a limitapion, which, in the present state of letters, would be as ridiculous, as the old college (tatute, which obliged the students to dine every day upon mutton. Art. 40. Comments on the last Edition * of Shakespeare's Plays.
By John Monck Mason. 5s. Boards. Dilly." 1785. It would perhaps require a volume, of equal size with that . here presented to the Public, to point out the particular passages in which Mr. Mason has corrected the text in the last edition of Shakespeare, as well as those in which he has often successfully, and Sometimes unsuccessfully, suggested new readings. Annotations on the text of Sbakespeare are innumerable, and verbal criticism is inexhaustible; yer, on the whole, it may safely be pronounced of the comments of Mr. Macon, that they are evident proofs of the acuteness and ingenuity of the critic, who has in many places, incontestibly amended the text, and given a natural and easy explanation of the obvious meaning of the poet, overlooked or mistaken by former commentators. He has, in consequence, refuted the too hasty and
* Not the latt edition, by Reed, but that which immediately pren uded the date of Mr, Mason's book, in 1779.