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And of his old experience the only darling,
We thank you, maiden; But may
not be so credulous of cure,When our most learned doctors leave us; and The congregated college have concluded That labouring art can never ransome nature From her inaidable estate, -I say we must not So stain our judgment, or corrupt our hope, To prostitute our past-cure malady To empiricks; or to dissever so Our great self and our credit, to esteem A senseless help, when help past sense we deem.
Hel. My duty then shall pay me for my pains : I will no more enforce mine office on you; Humbly entreating from your royal thoughts A modest one, to bear me back again.
King. I cannot give thee less, to be call’d grateful : Thou thought'st to help me; and such thanks I give, As one near death to those that wish him live; But, what at full I know, thou know'st no part; I knowing all my peril, thou no art.
Hel. What I can do, can do no hurt to try, Since you set up your rest 22 ’gainst remedy:
21 A third eye.
22 i. e. 'Since you have determined or made up your mind that there is no remedy.' Set up your rest is a metaphorical expression derived from the game of Primero, at which it seems to have meant to stand upon the cards one held in his hand. This word furnished many other proverbial expressions among the
He that of greatest works is finisher,
maid; Thy pains, not us’d, must by thyself be paid : Proffers, not took, reap thanks for their reward,
Hel. Inspired merit so by breath is barr'd: It is not so with him that all things knows, As 'tis with us that square our guess by shows: But most it is presumption in us, when The help of heaven we count the act of men. Dear sir, to my endeavours give consent; Of heaven, not me, make an experiment. I am not an impostor, that proclaim Italians, one of which is to be found in the Ciriffo Calvaneo of Luca Pulci. •Fa del suo resto,' to adventure all. “Haver fatto del resto,' to have lost all, or to have nothing to rest upon. 'Riserbar il resto,' to reserve one's rest, to be wary
and circumspect, &c. &c. All authorities are decisive upon the derivation of this term from Primero, as Mr. Nares has amply shown. So says Minshew, Torriano, and Florio, who is worth quoting : “Restare, to rest, &c. Also to set up one's rest, to make a rest, or play upon one's rest at Primero. In Spanish too · Echar el resto,' to set or lay up one's rest, has the same origin and figurative meaning; to adventure all, to be determined. We shall now, it is to be hoped, hear no more of musket rests, &c. in explanation of this phrase.
23 An allusion to Daniel judging the two Elders. 24 i. e. when Moses smote the rock in Horeb.
25 This must refer to the children of Israel passing the Red Sea, when miracles had been denied by Pharaoh.
Myself against the level of mine aim 26;
King. Art thou so confident? Within what space
The greatest grace lending grace 7, Ere twice the horses of the sun shall bring Their fiery torcher his diurnal ring; Ere twice in murk and occidental damp Moist Hesperus hath quench'd his sleepy lamp; Or four and twenty times the pilot's glass Hath told the thievish minutes how they pass; What is infirm from
sound parts shall fly, Health shall live free, and sickness freely die.
King. Upon thy certainty and confidence,
Tax of impudence,-
way. Thy life is dear; for all, that life can rate Worth name of life, in thee hath estimate 29 :
26 I am not an impostor that proclaim one thing and design another, that proclaim a cure and aim at a fraud. I think what I speak.
27 i. e. the divine grace, lending me grace or power to accomplish it. So in Macbeth: at the conclusion we have the grace of grace.
28 Let me be stigmatized as a strumpet, and, in addition (although that would not be worse, or a more extended evil than what I have mentioned, the loss of my honour, wbich is the worst that could happen), let me die with torture. Ne is nor.
29 i. e. may be counted among the gifts enjoyed by thee.
Youth, beauty, wisdom, courage, virtue, all
Hel. If eak time, or flinch in property 1
King. Make thy demand.
But will you make it even?
30 Prime here signifies that sprightly vigour which usually accompanies us in the prime of life; which old Montaigne calls, cet estat plein de verdeur et de feste, and which Florio translates, that state, full of lust, of prime, and mirth.' So in Hamlet:
A violet in the youth of primy nature.' 31 Property seems to be used here for performance or achievement, singular as it may seem. So in Hamlet, Horatio says of the Grave-digger :
• Custom hath made it in him a property of easiness.' 32 The old copy reads · hopes of help. The emendation is Thirlby's. 33 The old copy reads “image of thy state.'
Warburton proposed impage, which Steevens rejects, saying unadvisedly there is no such word.' It is evident that Shakspeare formed it from
an impe, a scion, or young slip of a tree.' To impe and imping were also in use, as was the whole verb among our ancestors. The context evidently requires a word of this import. The word propagate, in its old sense of increasing by grafting cuttings from an old stock, would never have been so incongruously followed
But such a one, thy vassal, whom I know
King. Here is my hand; the premises obsery'd,
SCENE II. Rousillon.
A Room in the Countess's Palace.
Enter Countess and Clown. Count. Come on, sir; I shall now put you to the height of your breeding.
Clo. I will show myself highly fed, and lowly taught: I know my business is but to the court.
Count. To the court! why, what place make you special, when you put off that with such contempt? But to the court!
Clo. Truly, madam, if God have lent a man any manners, he may easily put it off at court: he that cannot make a leg, put off's cap, kiss his hand, and say nothing, has neither leg, hands, lip, nor cap;
as by image. Shakspeare beautifully alludes to this art in the following passage of the Winter's Tale:
You see, sweet maid, we marry