Asmoneans, see Maccabees
Athenians, how at first divided, 22
Astrology, several eminent ladies addicted to, 151, 152, note
Ayeen Akberi quoted, 229
Ayeletk Shahar, what, 235


Babylon, the fertility of its plains, 33
Bakers, when first at Rome, 52
Balsam-tree only found in Palestine anciently, 39
Baptism administered to proselytes, 263-how performed, ib. -

how administered to women, 266
Bathing, why frequent in the east, 62
Beards, long, worn by the Israelites, 62
Bedsteads, in the east often of ivory, and placed against the

wall, 65
Bells in churches of modern invention, 134
Bissextile how computed, 290, 291
Books now lost referred to in the Old Testament, 97, 98
Bramins neither kill nor eat animals, 72
Bread, how much per day a man eats, 42—very little bread

kept among the Israelites, 51--the word used in Scripture

means all sorts of victuals, 60, 70
Breast-plate, 326
Britons, ancient, their dress, 4, 5
Burial, the manner of it among the Israelites, 121, 122—no

religious ceremony used at it, 123
Byssus, what it was, 60


Cakes of libation, 301, 302--called nakudcem, or perforated,

70, note
Calends, what, 285
Canaan, the Israelites prohibited from marrying with his de-

scendants, 22, 23—Canaanites the same with Phæniciaos,

49—their tribes, 269, 270
Canopies, the use of them in the east, 64, 65
Caoinian, or ancient funeral cry among the Irish, 122, 123
Cuptivity of the ten tribes above a hundred years before that of

the other two, 186—the consequences of captivity antiently,
and of Israel and Judah in particular, 187, 188—the re-
storation of Judah from it, 189—much reformed by it,
191-how long after it before they could rebuild their city
and temple, 192

Castration of cattle prohibited to the Israelites, 46
Cato the Censor writes on country affairs, 31-his opinion of

the pastoral life, 14-a maxim in his book the same with

one in Prov. xxiv. 27. 36
Cavalry of little use in mountainoas countries, 176--forbidden

to the Israelites, though much used in Egypt, 175, 176,

note-qumerous however in Solomon's time, 176
Ceremonies, some borrowed from the Jewish cburch, 263
Chazan, who, 327, 328
Children of this world-of darkness-light, &c. whence the

expressions, 21-increase of them desired by the Israelites,

88, 89—how numerous in some families, ib.
Chimneys among the antients little known, 66
Chlamys of the Greeks, what, 56, oote, 59
Christians eat too often, 73
Church, whence the word, 164
Cicero, what he means by Jewish gold, 209
Circumcision practised by many nations besides Jews, 79, 80–

performed in private houses without the ministry of priests,

87-benediction used at, ib. note
Circumcision the seal of the covenant, 262
Cities in Judea, the habitation of labourers, and very pumerous,

166—their gates the seats of justice, ib.—at first built by

wicked men, 13
Cleanliness, its importance, 75, 76
Cloaks, a sort of military dress, 59
Clothes of the antients injudiciously represented by most

painters, 56, 57-fashions of them little changed in the
east, 58—ill consequences of their change, 58, 59-of
white colour most in use among the Israelites, Greeks, and
Romans, 60—made geuerally among them all very plaio,

ib.-of the women more sumptuous, 62, 63
Cælosyria described, 277
Concubines, though generally slaves, yet, to keep them not

reckoned disreputable, 91-ill consequences from the use

of them, 92
Confession of faith, 332–334
Corban, what, 309
Council of seventy-two and the highpriest at Jerusalem, and of

twenty-three in the smaller cities, their power, 165, 166
-kept their court at the gate of the city, 166-continued
while the Jews were subject to the Persians, 193—and to

the Romans, 209
Country-people, the cause of their misery, 28
Courts of judicature among the Romans at the forum, of the

Israelites at the city gates, in feudal times at the courts of
Jords' castles, 166, 167

Craftsmen, Valley of, 54
Crusades laid waste the Holy Land, 38
Cubit, two sorts mentioned in Scripture, 127
Cynara, what, 103


Day, how divided by the Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans, 279,

280, 281
David, his riches, 180
Dancing in use among the Israelites, 104
Daughters of the patriarchs bred to hard labour, 14
Death of the patriarchs, how described in Scripture, 17
Decapolis described, 275
Deism of a Jewish Rabbi, 355, 356
Dice invented by the Lydians, 117
Diet of the antient Israelites, 69–74
Diodorus, meaning of the name, 24
Diogenes, what it signifies, ib.
Divorce, ill consequences of it, 92—when first heard of at

Rome, ib.
Dress of the Hebrews, 56, of the English, 4, 5.


Eastern fashions change little, 58—their compliments more like

our's than those of the Greeks and Romans are, 112-

play at no games of hazard, 117
Edom, what it signifies, 272
Egypt, physic supposed to have been invented there, 18--what

food the Egyptians abstained from, 71, 72–Solon, Pytha.
goras, and Plato, studied there, 194, 195-becoming au
addition to the Roman power, hastened the ruin of the

Jewish, 206
Elders of Israel, the Jewish sanhedrim, 163, 164the seat of

the elders, what meant by it, 164-number of, 164, note
Elijah, meaning of the name, 23
Embalming practised by the Israelites as well as Egyptians, 192
Eponymi, what, 22
Ephod described, 325
Equinox, what, 288, 289
Essenes, their manner of life, 214
Ethnurchs, what meant by them, 209
Eumeus described by Homer making his own shoes, 52

Eunuchs, servants about the king's person, without denoting

personal imperfection, 172
Evenings, two, what, 281, 282


Fashions, see Clothes
Fathers among the Israelites had power of life and death over

their children, 160—but under the direction of the magis-

trate, 160, 161—the same law practised at Athens, 161
Fasts proclaimed by sound of trumpet, as well as feasts, 137

-how many stated ones, 137, 138-of the Hindoos, 216

of the Mohammedans, 248
Feasts, religious, the number of them among the Israelites, 134

-were times of general joy, 135, 136-accompanied with

music, how esteemed among the Greeks, 115, 116
Feet, custom of washing them at visits, 62—to water aud to

cover the feet, what meant by it, 113
Fire-places, 67, 68
First-fruits, 309
Fish scarcely eaten in the most antient times either by Israelites

or Grecians, 71
Fleury, Abbé, his life, X.-xvi..his concluding account of

his owo work, 222
Forces, see Militia
Fruits brought into Europe from Asia and Africa, have dege-

nerated, 39
Fruitfulness of the Promised Land, 39, 40
Funerals among the Hebrews, 121, 122


Gadara described, 276
Galilees, two of them, 273
Galileans were the fi$st who received the Gospel, 273
Galileo imprisoned for asserting the true system of the world,

152, note
Games of hazard unknown to the Israelites, and forbidden to

this day by the Arabians, 117
Gate of the city, courts of judicature held there, 169, 170
Genealogies of Matthew and Luke, how reconciled, 89, 90
Gennesareth, Lake of, 276
Germans introduced on this side of the Rhine the love of hunt.

ing, 31--and will always retain it, 211-m-political changes

among, 156

Gittith, what, 234
Globe explained, 289, &c.
Government of the Israelites, what the form of it, 156, &c.

of the patriarchs, lasted nine hundred years, 20
Gout, king Asa blamed for trusting in physicians to cure

it, 78
Greek proper names explained, 24, 25
Greeks, antient, employed in breeding cattle, 14-seem to have

been great eaters, 16-retained a great opinion of hus-
bandry in the height of their politeness, 30-joined manu-
factures and trade to it, 49—their wisdom and religion,
145, 146-their worship, 147, &c._improved in the sci-

ences not till the time of Alexander, 150, 151
Greek tongue learnt by the Jews, especially of Alexandria, 219
Greek and Gentile, whence the same, 197, 198
Gregorian Style, 291- whence named, ib.


Habits of the priests, 322—ditto of the bighpriest, 323, 324
Hacamim, or chocamin, who, 327
Handmaids, who they were, 19
Hazanim, who, 210
Hebrew, the genius of the language, 95, 96—lost by the Jews

in their captivity, 188, 189
Hebrews by birth, 257, &c.
Hecatæus, a fragment of his concerning the extent of Palestine

explained, 42
Hedayah quoted, 230, 2 19
Ileiresses, obliged to marry within their own tribe and family,

82, note
Hellenists, who meant by them in Scripture, 197, 198
Hephæstion, what it signifies, 24
Hermodorus, what it signifies, 24.
Herod's reign, the last period in which the Jews were con-

siderable, 207-his tetrarchy, 278.
Herodotus quoted, 33, 83
Hesiod wrote a poem vpon husbandry, 30--his manner of

writiog, 110
Higgaion, what, 235
Highpriest, see Priest.
Hindoos, their purifications, 226, &c.
Historians, the priests only such antiently, 107, 108_excel- .

lence of the Jewish, 108, 109
Histories preserved among antient nations in verse, 101
Holocaust, what, 304

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