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Chairman-The Right Hon. the LORD CHANCELLOR, F.R.S., Member of the National Institute of France.
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THOMAS COATES, Esq., Secretary, No. 59, Lincoln's lon Fields.

Duke Sweet, Street, Lumbeth,

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ANDO'CIDES, the son of Leogoras, of a noble 'Athc- | Abbé Auger, 1792. The oration on the Mysteries was pronian family, was born about B.C. 468. We find him, during nounced when Andocides was about seventy years of age, in the war of the Corcyrwans and Corinthians, commanding, reply to an accusation brought against hins by Caluas.of jointly with Glaucon, an Athenian squadron which was violating a law respecting the temple of Ceres as Eleusis. sent to aid the Corcyrwans (Thucyd. i. 51). After this he The oration contains, besides the immodiaje sabject of the appears to have been employed as ambassador on numerous defence, much information on other parts of the orator's foreign missions. During the Peloponnesian war (about life. It is an admirable specimen of simple and perspicuous B.C. 415) Andocides was involved in the charge of muti- language, and equally remarkable for the skill with which lating the Hermæ, (see Alcibiades,) and, according to the defence is conducted. Plutarch, he saved himself by accusing his real or imaginary ANDORRA, a valley on the southern side of the central accomplices, and among them his own father, whom how- Pyrenees, situated between two of the highest mountains, ever he succeeded in rescuing from capital punishment. the Maladeta and the Moncal, the former 3808 and the But the history of all this transaction is obscure. After this latter 3570 yards above the sea. The extent of this valley event Andocides went abroad and visited Sicily, Italy, the is forty miles in length, and twenty-four in breadth; it is Peloponnesus, and Thessaly: he also visited 'Asia Minor bounded on the east and south by the territory of Puigcerdá, and the island of Cyprus, where he became on good terms by Talarn on the west, and on the north by the Pyrenees and with the king of Citium, to whom he is accused of delitering the county of Foix, in France. The rivers Balira, Odino, and up his own cousin, a female, whom he had carried off from Os irrigate its grounds, and flow into the main stream, the Athens. The story rests on doubtful authority ; but the Segre, which is a branch of the Ebro. The territory is king and the Athenian adventurer appear to have quarrelled, mountainous, but abundant in pasturage. At Caldes, as and Andocides made his way back to Athens. The Four its name imports, are abundant thermal springs. Its forests Hundred at this timo (R.c.411) directed the administration produce a great quantity of timber, which is carried down of affairs, and Andocides, who was always in trouble, was the rivers Balira and Segre into the Ebro, and thence to accused apparently on frivolous grounds, and thrown into Tortosa. The mountains abound in bears, wolves, wild prison. On being released he set out again to Cyprus, and boars, goats, and other species of ganie.

Besides Andorra attached himself to Evagoras, king of Salamis. But he it contains five other villages; Encampo, Masano, Ordino, quarrelled with this new acquaintance also, and again re- San Julian, and Camillo, the latter remarkable for its iron turning to Athens after the restoration of the popular mines. The capital, Andorra, is situated on the river Bagovernment, he was once more compelled to quit the place lira, and contains 2000 inhabitants. and to retire to Elis. On the overthrow of the Thirty Ty. Andorra is an independent republic, and though double in rants by Thrasybulus, (B.C. 403,) Andocides returned to extent, is less known than that of San Marino, in Italy. It Athens, and recovered all the influence which talents and is governed by a syndic, who presides in the council of the eloquence naturally gave an unprincipled man in the Athe- valley, and by two Viguiers, one appointed by the king of nian democracy. The remainder of his life is obscure. France and the other by the bishop of Urgel

. Lewis le The life of Andocides, attributed to Plutarch, speaks of his Debonnaire gave the sovereignty of this valley to Sisebeing sent to Lacedæmon on the subject of the peace (rūs bertus, the first bishop of Urgel, in 819, and from that ciphuns), in which affair he conducted himself in such a way time it has maintained its independence between France and as not to venture back to Athens. This peace has been Spain. Andorra, the chief town, on the Balira, has about conjectured to be that of Antalcidas, B.c. 387, but at this 2000 inhabitants. The people of the territory speak a time Andocides was eighty-one years of age, if the date of Catalan dialect. his birth is correctly given, and not likely to have been em- See Miñano; Malte Brun, Universal Geography, vol. viii. ployed on such a mission,

p. 124. Balbi, Abrégé de Géographie, p. 370. It is unfortunate that the events of this orator's rambling A'NDOVER, a borough and parish in the N.W. part of life are not better known. The times during which he lived the county of Hants, and on the border of the downs which were full of important occurrences, and a minute account of stretch into Wiltshire. It is on the left bank of the river his life and adventures would have thrown great light on Anton, (a branch of the Tese, or Test, which falls into the internal history of Athens and that of other states also. Southampton water,) and from its situation, gets the name There is little doubt that he was a man of ability, but with of Andover, (Saxon, Andeafaran,) i. e., ferry, or passage out any principle.

over the river Ande. It is 63 or 64 miles W.S.W. from Four extant orations are attributed to Andocides : On the London; 51° 12' 30" N. lat., 1° 28' W. long. from GreenMysteries : On his (second) Return to Athens: On the Peace wich. with the Lacedæmonians; and that Against Alcibiades. The three principal streets are well paved, but not lighted; The authenticity of the third and fourth are disputed, that the houses are well built, and the town is well supplied with of the third at least, perhaps, with good reason.

water. The church is near the north end of it, and is a The orations of Andocides are found in the collections of spacious structure, of very great antiquity, having existed the Athenian orators, by H. Stephens (1575), in that by as far back as the time of the Conqueror. At the west end Reiske, and in the iater edition of Bekker. They are also is a fine semicircular, arched doorway, with zigzag mouldin Dobson's collection (1828), with the Lectiones Andocideæ ings. The living, a vicarage, with the chapelry of Foxcote of Sluiter, &c. They were translated into French by the annexed, is in the patronage of Winchester College. There No. 67. (THE PENNY CYCLOPÆDIA.]


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