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Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789. stated, however, that Christian, on of the Bounty's crew, and that after putthe night of his departure, was heard ting Captain Bligh in the boat, with half to declare that he should seek for the sbip's company, they returned 10 Otasome uninhabited island, and having heite, where part of their crew chose to established his party, break up the tarry; but Mr. Christian, with eight others,
including himself, preferred going to a ship; but all endeavours of Captain Edwards to gain intelligence either short stay at Otaheite, where they took
more remote place; and, after making a of the ship or her crew at any of the wives, and six men servants, they pronumerous islands visited by the Pando ceeded to Pitcairn's Island, where they ra, failed.
destroyed the ships after taking every From this period, no information thing out of her which they thought would respecting Christian or his compan- be useful to them. About six years after ions reached England for twenty they landed at this place, their servants years; when, about the be inning of attacked and killed all the English, exthe year 1809, Sir Sidney Smith, cepting the informant, and he was severely then commander in chief on the Bra- widows arose and murdered all their cond
wounded. The same night the Otaheitan zil station, transmitted to the Admi, trymen, leaving Smith with their widows ralty a paper which he had received and children, where he had resided ever from Lieutenant Fitzmaurice, pur- sjuce without being resisted. I remained porting to be an “extract from the but a short time on the island, and on log-book of Captain Folger of the leaving it, Smith presented me a timeAmerican ship Topaz," and dated piece, and an azimuth compass, which he « Valparaiso,
10th October, 1808." told me belonged to the Bounty. The This we partly verified in our Review time-keeper was taken from me by the
Governor of the Island Juan Fernandez, of Dentrecasteaux's Voyage, by ascertaining that the Bounty had on board after I had had it in my possession about a chronometer, made by Kendal, and six weeks. The compass I put in repair
on board my ship, and made use of it on that there was on board her a man of my homeward passage, since which a new the name of Alexander Smith, a native card has been put to it by an instrument of London.
maker in Boston. I now forward it to your About the commencement of the lordships, thinking there will be a kind of present year, Rear Admiral Hotham, satisfaction in receiving it, merely from when cruising off New London, re
the extraordinary circumstances attending ceived a letter addressed to the lords it. of the Admiralty, of which the fol
(Signed) MAYHEW FOLGER." lowing is a copy, together with the
Nearly about the same time a furazimuth compass to which it refers : ther account of these interesting peo
ple was received from Vice-Admiral “ Nantucket, 1st March, 1813. Dixon, in a letter addressed to him " My LORDS,
by Sir Thomas Staines, of his Majes“ The remarkable circumstance which ty's ship Briton, of which the followtook place on my last voyage to the Paci- ing is a copy : tic Ocean, will, I trust, plead my apology for addressing your lordships at this time. “ Briton, Valparaiso, 18th Oct, 1814, In February, 1808, I touched at Pitcairn's Island, in latitude 25° 02 S. longitude “ I have the honour to inform you that 1300 W. from Greenwich. My principal on my passage from the Marquesas Isobject was to procure seal-skins for the lands to this port, on the morning of the China market; and from the account 17th of September, I fell in with an island given of the island, in Captain Carteret's where none is laid down in the Admiralty, voyage, I supposed it was uninbabited; or other charts, according to the several but, on approaching the shore in my boat, chronometers of the Briton and Tagus. I I was met by three young men in a double therefore hove to, until day-light, and then canoe, with a present, consisting of some closed to ascertain whether it was inhabited, fruit and a hog : they spoke to me in the wbich I soon discoverrd it to be ; and, to English language, and informed me that my great astonishinent, found that every they were born on the island, and their individual on the island (forty in number) father was an Englishman, who had sailed spoke very good English. They prove to with Captain
be the descendants of the deluded crew of “ After discoursing with them a short the Bounty, which from Otaheite, pro. time, I landed with there and found an ceeded to the above mentioned island, Englisbman of the name of Alexander where the ship was burnt. Smill, who informed me that he was one “Christian appeared to have been the
Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789. leader and sole cause of the mutiny in that society, which, we doubt not, will ship. A venerable old man, named John interest our readers as much as they Adams,* is the only surviving English- have ourselves. As the real position man of those who last quitted 0 taheite in of the island was ascertained to be her, and whose exemplary conduct and
so far distant from that in which it is fatherly care of the whole of the little colony, could not but command admiration. usually laid down in the charts, and The pious manner in which all those born
as the captains of the Briton and Taon the island have been reared; the cor- gus, seem to have still considered it rect sense of religion which has been in- as uninhabited they were not a little stilled into their young minds by this old surprised, on approaching its shores, man, bas given him the pre-eminence over to behold plantations regularly laid out, the whole of them, to whom they look and huts or houses more neatly conup as the father of the whole of one fa- tructed than those on the Marquesas mily. A son of Christian's was the first the shore, some natives were observed
Islands. When about two miles from born on the island, now about twenty-five years of age, (named Thursday October bringing down their canoes on their Christian ;) the elder Christian fell a sacri- shoulders, dashing through a heavy fice to the jealousy of an Otaheitan man, surf, and paddling off to the ships ; within three or four years after their arri- but their astonishment was unbound val on the island. They were accompa- ed on hearing one of them, on apnied thither by six Otabeitan men and proaching the ship, call out in the twelve women; the former were all swept English language, “Won't you heave away by desperate contentions between
us a rope, now ?" them and the Englishmen, and five of the The first man who got on board latter have died at different periods, leave the Britou soon proved who they were. ing at present only one man and seven women of the original settlers.
His name, he said, was Thursday Oc“ The island must undoubtedly be that tober Christian, the first born on the called Pitcairn's, although erroneously island. He was then about five and laid down in the charts. We had the inė twenty years of age, and is described ridian sun, close to it, which gave us as a fine young man, about six feet 25° 4'S. latitude, and 130° 23' W. longi- high; his hair deep black; his countude, by chronometers of the Briton and tenance open and interesting ; of a Tagus.
brownish cast, but free from that * It is abundantin yams, plantains, mixture of a reddish tipt which prehogs, goats and fowls, but affords no shel- vails on the Pacific Islands ; his only ter for a ship, or vessel of any description; dress was a piece of cloth round his neither could a ship water there without loins, and a straw hat ornamented great difficulty.
“ I cannot, however, refrain from of- with the black feathers of the domesfering my opinion that it is well worthy
tic fowl. “ With a great share of the attention of our laudable religious so- good humour," says Captain Pipon, cieties, particularly that for propagating we were glad to trace in his benevothe Christian religion, the whole of the lent countenance all the features of inhabitants speaking the Otaheitan tongue an honest English face."_“I must as well as English.
confess," he continues, “I could not “ During ibe whole of the time they survey this interesting person without have been on the island, only one ship has feelings oftenderness and compassion." ever communicated with them, which took His companion was named George place about six years since by an Ameri. can ship called the Topaz, of Boston, Young, a fine youth of seventeen or Mayhew Folger, Master.
eighteen years of age. If the asto“ The island is completely iron bound, nishment of the captains was great with rocky shores, and landing in boats, on heariug their first salutation in at all times difficult, although safe to ap- English, their surprise and interest proach within a short distance in a ship. were not a little increased on Sir Tho. (Signed)
mas Staine's taking the youths below We have been favoured with some
and setting before them something to further particulars on this singular
eat, when one of them rose up, and placing his hands together in a pos
ture of devotion, distinctly repeated, There was no such name in the Boun- and in a pleasing tone and manner, ty's crew; he must have assumed it in lieu “ For what we are going to receive, of his real name, Alexander Smith. the Lord make us truly thankful." Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789. They expressed great surprise on see- the upper part of the body was eniog a cow on board the Briton, and tirely exposed ; and it is not possible were in doubt whether she was a to conceive more beautiful forms than great goat or a horned sow.
they exhibited. They sometimes The two captains of bis Majesty's wreath caps or bonnets for the head ships accompanied these young men in the most tasty manner, to protect on shore : with some difficulty and the face from the rays of the sun ; a good wetting, and with the assis- and though as Captain Pipon observes, tance of their conductors, they ac- they have only had the instruction of complished a landing through the their Otaheitan mothers, “ our dresssurf, and were soon after mct by Johr. makers in London would be delighted Adams, a man between fifty and sixty with the simplicity, and yet elegant years of age, who conducted them to taste, of these untaught females." his house. His wife accompanied Their native modesty, assisted by a him, a very old lady, blind with age. proper sense of religion and morality, He was at first alarmed lest the visit instilled into their youthful minds was to apprehend hinr; but on being by John Adams, has bitherto pretold that they were perfectly ignorant served these interesting people per. of his existence, he was relieved from fectly chaste and free from all kinds his anxiety. Being once assured that of debauchery. Adams assured the visithis visit was of a peaceable uature, tors, that since Christiau's death there it is impossible to describe the joy had not been a single instance of any these poor people manifested on see young woman proving unchaste; ing those whom they were pleased to nor any attempt at seduction on the consider as their countrymen. Yams, part of the men. They all labour cocoa-nuts, and other fruits, with fine while young in the cultivation of the fresh eggs, were laid before them; ground; and when possessed of a and the old man would have killed sufficient quantity of cleared land and and dressed a hog for his visitors, but of stock to maintain a family, they time would not allow them to par- are allowed to marry, but always take of his intended feast.
with the consent of Adams, who This interesting new colony, it unites them by a sort of marriage ce. seemed, now consisted of about forty. remony of his own. six persons, mostly grown up young The greatest harmony prevailed in people, besides a number of infants. this little society ; their only quarThe young men all born on the island rels, and these rarely happened, being, were very athletic and of the finest according to their own expression, forms, their countenances open and quarrels of the month: they are bopleasing, indicating much benevo- nest in their dealings, which consist lence and goodness of heart: but the of bartering different articles for pu. young women were objects of parti- tual accommodation. cular admiration, tall, robust, and Their habitations are extremely beautifully formed, their faces beam- neat: the little village of Pitcairn ing with smiles and unruftled good forms a pretty square, the houses at humour, but wearing a degree of mo. the upper end of which are occupied desty and bashfulness that would do by the patriarch John Adams, and honour to the most virtuous nation his family, consisting of his old blind on earth ; their teeth like ivory, were wife and three daughters, from fifteen regular and beautiful, without a sin- to eighteen years of age, and a boy gle exception ; and all of them, both of eleven; a daughter of his wife by male and female, had the most mark- a former husband, and a son-in-law. ed English features. The clothing of On the opposite side is the dwelling the young females consisted of a piece of Thursday October Christian ; and of linen reaching from the waist to in the centre is a smooth verdant the kness, and generally a sort of lawn on which the poultry are let mantle thrown Joosely over the shoul- loose, fenced in so as to prevent the ders, and hanging as low as the an- intrusion of the domestic quadrupeds. cles; but this covering appeared to All that was done was obviously unbe intended chiefly as a protection dertaken on a settled plan, unlike against the sun and the weather, as to any thing to be met with on the it was frequently laid aside, and then other islands. In their houses too,
Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789. they had a good deal of decent furni- attributes of God, and to place their ture, consisting of beds laid upon bed- reliance on divine goodness." The steads, with neat coverings; they day on which thetwo captains landed had also tables, and large chests to was Saturday, the 17th September ; coutain their valuables and clothing, but by John Adams's account it was which is made from the bark of a certain Sunday, the 18th, and they were tree, prepared chiefly by the elder keeping the sabbath by making it a Otaheitan females. Adams's house day of rest and of prayer. This was consisted of two rooms, and the win- occasioned by the Bounty having prodows had shutters to pull to at night. ceeded thither by the Eastern route, The younger part of the sex are, as and our frigates having gone to the before mentioned, employed with Westward; and the Topaz found them their brothers, under the direction of right according to his own reckoning, their common father Adams, in the she having also approached the island culture of the ground, which pro- from the Eastward. Every ship from duced cocoa-nuts, bananas, the bread Europe proceeding to Pitcairu's Isfruit-tree, yams, sweet potatoes and land round the Cape of Good Hope turnips. They have also plenty of will find them a day later--as those hogs and goats; the woods abound who approach them round Cape with a species of wild hog, and the Horn, a day in advance, as was the coasts of the island with several kinds case with Captain Folger and the of good fish. Their agricultural im- Captains Sir T. Staines and Pipon. plements are made by themselves T'he visit of the Topaz is of course, from the iron supplied by the Bounty, as a notable circumstance, marked which with great labour they beat down in John Adams's Journal. The out into spades, hatchets, crows, &c. first ship that appeared off the island This was not all : the good old man was on the 27th December, 1795 ; kept a regular journal, in which was but as she did not approach the land, entered the nature and quantity of they could not make out to what nawork performed by each family, what tion she belonged. A second apeach had received, and what was due peared some time after, but did not on account. There was, it seems, attempt to communicate with them. besides private property, a sort of A third came sufficiently near to see general stock out of which articles the natives and their habitations, but were issued on account to the several did not attempt to send a boat on members of the community; and for shore; which is the less surprising, mutual accommodation exchanges of considering the uniform raggedness of one kind of provision for another were the coast, the total want of shelter, very frequent; as salt, for fresh pro- and the almost constant and violent visions, vegetables and fruit, for poul- breaking of the sea against the cliffs. try, fish, &c. Also when the stores The good old man was anxious to of one family were low, or wholly know what was going on in the old expended, a fresh supply was raised world, and they had the means of from another, or out of the general gratifying his curiosity by supplying stock, to be repaid when circumstan- bim with some magazines and modern ces were more favourable ;-all of publications. His library consisted of which was carefully noted down in the books that belonged to Admiral John Adams's Journal,
Bligh, but the visitors had not time But what was most gratifying of all to inspect them. to the visitors was, the simple and unaf- They inquired particularly after fected manner in which they returned Fletcher Christian : this ill-fated young thanks to the Almighty for the many man, it seems, was never happy afblessings they enjoyed. They never ter the rash and inconsiderate step failed to say grace before and after which he had taken; he became sulmeals ; to pray every morning at sun- len and morose, and practised the rise; and they frequently repeated very same kind of conduct towards the Lord's Prayer and the Creed. “ It his companions in guilt which he was truly pleasing,” says Captain Pi- and they so loudly complained against pon, " to see these poor people so well in their late commander. Disapdisposed, to listen so attentively to pointed in his expectations at Otamoral instruction, to believe in the heite, and the Friendly Islands, and
Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789. most probably dreading a discovery, deemed his former crimes. this deluded youth committed himself This island is about six miles long and his remaining confederates to the by three broad, covered with wood, mere chance of being cast upon some and the soil of course very rich : sidesert island, and chance threw them tuated under the parallel of 25°S. laon that of Pitcairn. Finding no an- titude, and in the midst of such a chorage near it he ran the ship upon wide expanse of ocean, the climate the rocks, cleared her of the live must be fine, and admirably adapted stock and other articles which they for the reception of all the vegetable had been supplied with at Otaheite, productions of every part of the bawhen he set her on fire, that no trace bitable globe. Small, therefore, as of inhabitants might be visible, and Pitcairn's Island may appear, there all hopes of escape cut off from him- can be little doubt that it is capable self and his wretched followers. He of supporting many inhabitants; and soon however disgusted both his own the present stock being of so good a countrymen and the Otaheitans, by description, we trust they will not be his oppressive and tyrannical conduct; neglected. In the course of time the they divided into parties, and dis- patriarch must go hence; and we putes and affrays and murders were think it would be exceedingly desirathe consequence. His Otaheitan wife ble that the British nation should died within a twelvemonth from their provide for such an event by sending landing; after which he carried off out, not an ignorant and idle evanone that belonged to an Otaheitan gelical missionary, but some zealous man, who watched for an opportu- and intelligent instructor, together nity of taking his revenge, and shot with a few persons capable of teachhim dead while digging in his own ing the useful trades or professions. field. Thus terminated the miserable On Pitcairn's Island there are better existence of this deluded young man, materials to work upon than missionwho was neither deficient in talent aries have yet been so fortunate as to nor energy, nor in connexions ; and meet with, and the best results may who might have risen in the service reasonably be expected. Something and become an ornament to his pro- we are bound to do for these blamefession.
less and interesting people. The arJohn Adams declared, as it was na- ticles recommended by Captain Pjtural enough he should do, his abhor- pon appear to be highly proper; rence of the crime in which he was im- cooking utensils, implements of agriplicated, and said that he was sick at culture, maize or the Indian corn, the time in his hammock; this, we the orange tree from Valparaiso, a understand, is not true, though he most grateful fruit in a warm climate, was not particularly active in the and not known in the Pacific Islands; mutiny : he expressed the utmost wild and that root of plenty, (not of pover. lingness to surrender himself and be ty, as a wretched scribbler has called taken to England; indeed he rather it) the potatoe; Bibles, Prayer Books, seemed to have an inclination to re-visit and a proper selection of other books, his native country, but the young men with paper, and other implements of and women flocked round him, and writing. The visitors supplied them with tears and intreaties begged that with some tools, kettles, and other arti. their father and protector might not cles, such as the high surf would permit be taken from them, for without him them to land, but to no great extent; they must all perish. It would have many things are still wanting for their been an act of the greatest inhumanity ease and comfort. The descendants to have removed him from the island; of these people, by keeping up the and it is hardly necessary to add, that Otaheitan language, which the preSir Thomas Staines lent a willing ear sent race speak fluently, might be the to their intreaties; thinking, no doubt, means of civilizing the multitudes of as we feel strongly disposed to think, fine people scattered over the innuthat if he were even among the most merable islands of the Great Pacific. guilty, his care and success in iustilling We bave only to add, that Pitcairn's religious and moral principles into the Island seems to be so fortified by naminds of this young and interesting ture as to oppose an invincible barrier society, have, in a great degree, re- to an invading enemy; there is no