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French Protestants. Taillon still screened from justice : he conjured every Member to pcruse the Re. port of the gentleman who had just returned from Nismes, which he saw the uoble Lord (Castlereagh) had in his hand; and concluded with reminding the House and the Governmet, that while the nation interfered as it had done, and continned to do in the 'affairs of France, it would fall under a very great degree of blame if it should not ask protection for these unfortunate people. . The motion was opposed by Lord Castlercagh, who objected principally to Britisb interference;- but bis Lordship also asserted, that the disorders were local and political, and had long ceased ; and that every thing was now tran. quil and satisfactory. The Comunittee have had to brave considerable reproach, because their letters and statements could not be published with the names of the writers: but after all, the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, not professing to state that auy correspondence had taken place with the French Government on the subject, produced in evidence only an anonymous letter, written by a person, as he stated, a traveller to the south. Even this statement was, however, more than corrobative of the facts detailed by Sir Samuel Romilly; for it acknow. ledged that sanguinary songs had been sung during the first restoration ; that Protestants had been deprived of offices and consideration ; and that 300 had beep murdered in Nismes, and 1000 in the Department,

Mr. Brougham followed in a most animated and eloquent strain of remark on the speech of his Lordship, and retorted on him the result of that interference which had been charged on those who disapproved of the treaty, allowing the slave trade to continue for five years.

Lord Binning defended the line of argument adopted by his noble friend, the Foreign Secretary.--Mr. W. Smith thought it very remarkable, that, after the long duration of these persecutions, and the deep interest which a large portion of the British nation had taken in the situation of the Protestants, that nothing was said of any existing correspondence between the respective governments; and that all that had been brought forward was a letter, without any name, being given to the House,

Sir Samuel Romilly closed the debate with a most able and energetic reply. He disclaimed the motives which had been charged on him, and reminded Lord Castle. reagh, that he himself first brought the subject into Parliament, and on a discussion quite foreign, had unhandsomely reflected on those benevolent persons who had taken up the cause of suffering fellow-Christians. He denied that the outrages were confined to the Gard,-though that department alone contained between 3 and 400,000 inbabitants. They had extended to several, particularly l’Herault and l'Aveyron. In the latter, the temple of St. Afrique, 80 miles from Nismes, had been burnt. He compared the conduct of this Government, on the occasion of the riots of a few days in 1780 (to which the eight months' persecution in the sonth bad been compared to that of the French Government; and could not hold the latter free from censure. He thought the Duke of Wellington's letter unjustifiable, The Duke professed to speak from his own knowledge, - but his assertions were not borne out by facts.

“ Whatever imputatious might be cast upop him (lic said) for the discharge of his duty, it was some consolation to the cause of humanity, that so obscure an in. dividual as himself, could bring into public discussion a topic of such an important nature, and that there was one place at least in Europe, where the oppressed could appeal, and where so long as public justice lingered in the world, acts of atrocity could be stamped with infamy, and men, who were suffered to go unpunished, lie visited with public detestation."

One of the prefects had observed, that the charges against the fanatics of Use south, had been made in the face of Europe. He felt therefore, that when the whole question was brought before Europe, the best results might with copfidence be anticipated.”

• The Committee had presented copies of the Report to the principal members of administration, previous to the debate,

French Protestants. While the friends of the Protestants in and out of Parliament, were thus endeavouring to obtain for them redress and protection, and while those who opposed their measures, were assuring the public that all was tranquil, and that interference was unnecessary,- the Committee have the melancholy duty to state, that the dreadful ontrages were renewed, and the lives and property of peaceable and unoffending members of society sacrificed to the most barbarous fanaticism. The Committee, who have neither allowed themselves to be indifferent or inactive, nor lulled the minds of others into apathy and neglect, feel that they are bound to employ in this cause fresh energy, and to invite every friend to humanity and religion, as well as every Protestant Dissenter, to cast his mite of influence and property, into tbe common freasury of benevolence and exertion. The following are extracts from the information which the Committee have lately received

** Before the renewal of the opeu outrages, which have replunged the Protestant " population of the city of Nismes into the deepest consternation and distress ; and " though their persons were not assaulted, or their worship interrupted, yet the * negligence and the revolting partiality of the local authorities and the tribunals " contributed, together with the more secret menaces of the populace, to keep all " classes of the Protestants in a state of depression; and, from the most respectable 4 to the poorest individuals, every one was rendered miserable by indefinite appre" hepsion and alarm.”

" As soon as the enemies of the Protestants heard the news of the commotions 66 which had taken place at Grenoble and in Dauphiny, though the newspapers "made not the most distant allusion to difference in religious opinions, nor men. "tioned the terms Protestant and Catholic, the populace eagerly seized the pretext, "and proceeded to the renewal of their acts of violence and persecution agaiust “our unfortunate brethren. Two houses, one belonging to the Sieur Crouset, on “the Placette, and that of Paulet, were broken into and plundered. Many of the “ Protestants were attacked in the streets, and beaten in such a cruel manner, that “ four or five of them are now lying in their beds, at the point of death.

“On Sunday, May 12, the city was in a dreadfol situation. Many, alarmed at " the dangers which menaced them, had fled; and the poor, and those who were "not able to leave, barricaded themselves in their houses. Only a few of the “most courageous ventured to attend public worship, which , however, they were " allowed to celebrate without being assaulted.

" On the 13th, the populace ran about the fauxbourgs, knocking at the houses of * all the Protestants, whom fear kept close prisoners, crying, with imprecations, " that an ordonnance of the king had just arrived, hy which he commanded all the « Protestants to embrace the Catholic religion, and that there should be only one "faith and one law, throughout the kingdom.

“The mob broke into several houses where the persons whom they had so unmer

cifully beaten were confined to their beds. One of them, of the name of Tesso. “ nier, was near being mordered by the ruffians, who rushed into his room. About " a dozen of these monsters pressed npon this wounded map's body, with the inten^ tion of strangling and suffocating bim, when a woman, who lodged in his house, a « Catholie, came to his assistance, and after having broken two chairs in endeavourHing to beat them off, fetched her child, and thrust him on the bed, between them " and the body of her host, exclaiming, If you kill him, you shall kill my child !

“We had great rejoicings on acconnt of the arrival of two of the deputies of " the Gard, M. de Bernies, and M. Jules de Calviére. The women of the " Bourgades went ont to meet them, and to celebrate their arrival, having at their <head what they are pleased to call the Company of Whippers.* Their cries, their “ vociferations, their gestures and their conduct, gave them the appearance of "' furies, and filled us with horror. Some ladics, who had ventured to return «« to Nismes, were so terrified, that they immediately quitted it. Conversions cog" tique ; and the Catholics bave every day some one of which to boast. That

Alluding to their having whipped and abascd the Protestant females. ..

French Protestants. “ of Serasse, a paper mannfacturer, is particularly talked of; and that of Segnin, “ formerly a violent Terrorist. He has published an account of his conversion ; “ in which he celebrates what he calls Three Returns : his own return into the bosom * of the Catholic church,--the return of the Pope to Rome, -- and the return of

Louis XVIII. to the throne of his ancestors. Many copies of this account “ have been distributed and stuck up in various parts of the city !.

Tbc account which follows will further exbibit the distressing state of the

city of Nismes, at the very period when it was affirmed in Parliameot tbat all was tranquil and satisfactory.

“ Mr. , a most respectable gentleman, residing in Switzerland, who had « passed the winter months in Provence, for the health of his family, arrived at “ Nismes, May 21. It was bis intention to remain several days among his friends, * but he only remained 24 hours. The deplorable sitnation of the town, and the “ melancholy which the sufferings of the Protestants inspired, compelled him to “ depart. Not one of the Protestant merchants, or respectable reformed inhabit, * ants dured venture to lure their houses, uskociute with him, or aprçar in public.”

Collections, Donations, &c,
Sir Samuel Romilly,M. P. £ 19 0 Mr. J. R. Burchett, Doctors'
Independants, Baptists, and

. Commons . ..£1 1 0 Methodists' Prayer-Meet.

. Rey. Mr. Perry's Coo. Ipswich 4 8 6 Newbury, Rev. J. Hinter 1000 Trivetl's do. Langtan 6 100 Rev. Mr.Jack sop'sCow Wharton 1 12 0 Williams's do. Llanwrthyd .0 O R. Canlıffe Esq. Blackburn 550 Weybridge's do. Chembuat Professor Bentley, King's Col.

io addition, omitted, 1 100 lege, Aberdeen 100) Rev. Forrest Frew, Perth 1 0 Rev. Dr. Rippon's Con. Lond.

Baptist do. Howorth for the Widows and Orphans

Rev. Mr Jones's do. Deptford 2 4 of the murdered Protestants,

Rev. L. Redmayne's Coo. *. after a Sermon by the Rev.

Horwick -
C. Perrot . - 183 5 0 Brent's do, Portsmouth
Lady Markham, by Rev. Mr.

Mr. A. Kenrick, Birmingham 2,0
Belsham

· 1000 Rev. Mr. Trotman's Con.. Rev. Mr. Fisher and Friends,

Tewksbury

9 ( Harleston

- 400 Lady at Canterbury, by Rev.' Cong. Church, Frederick Str

Mr. Gurteen . 2

600 Rev. Mr. Carpent's Con. Glas. Ren Mr. Bisseld's Con. Sut

gow :

27 terton

- 1 14 6 Rev. Mr. Harper's Con. New Mrs. Woolley, by Rev. Air."

Lanark' .
Belsham

· 10 0 0 A Cheshire Dissenting Mi.
Rav.Mr.Maberley, Chesterton 1 1 0 nister and Friends - 5 0
Mr. J.M. Hamilton, St.Austell 1 0 0 Rev. Mr. Davis's Con.
Collections at Plymoutlı, by J.

Southwark • • - - 3 11
Tingcombe, Esq. - 18 1 0 Arrow's Cou. Lynn 8 10
Rev. Mr. Ladson's Con. Lydd 1 4 0 Tozer's do. Tooting, by the
Friends of Religious Liberty,

Rev. C. Perrot . 17 00 Dundee

• 800 Chin's do, Walworth, by the Rev. Mr. Williams's Cong.

Rev. C. Perrot 285 6. · Gwenddwr

- 2 0 0

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Unhappily, the spirit and the practice of Persecution are not confined to France,

From the Skeich of the State of the Waldenses, published by the Committee, it is necessary to furnish the following short extracts : * Under these circumstances, the committee bave kid before his Majesty's Government a state ment of the situation in which these aflicted churcbes are left, by the late political events; and by a deputation, have requested the attention of the Earl of Liverpool to the practicability of renewing, iu favor of the Vaudois, the grant of William and Mary.

" Waiting the result of their application, which was graciously and favorably received, the Com. mittee have felt themselves compelled to estabAsk a fund for the immediate relier of their vecossitous brethren, and have alreally seut to them some pecuniary assistance.

* To reuder this fond esticient, they juvite the aid of the benevolent, and doubt not that, in the eveni of its being found in practicable to obtain from the resonrces of the nation adequate support, the Christian Public, and especially Protestant Disseuters, will enable the Comunittee to place the de scendants of the earliest and inost honourable of continental Christian cbarchés in a state of private and domestic contort, though even their political condition should continue to be unjustly oppressive and degraded." W anns, Printer, Clerkenwell.

This Day is published, in one Volume 8vo, price 63. in bds.

New View of Society :

IN FOUR ESSAYS
ON THE PRINCIPLE OF THE FORMATION OF
CHARACTER, AND THE APPLICATION
OF THE PRINCIPLE TO PRACTICE.

BY ROBERT OWEN OF NEW LANARK.

PRINTED FOR. J. HATCHARD, PICCADILLY. Of whom may be had, by the same Author, AN ADDRESS delia vered at New Lanark, January 1, 1816, on Opening the INSTITUTION: for the FORMATION of CHARACTER. Price 2s. 6d. And

OBSERVATIONS on the MANUFACTURING System. Price 1s.

THE principles developed in these writings are the result of more than twenty-five years experience, which the Author acquired amidst a great variety of character, formed under various circumstances, in different situations.

The result of that experience has been to make it evident beyond. the shadow of doubt, That “ any character from the best to the worst, from the most ignorant to the most enlightened, may be given to any community, however extended, by the application of proper means; which means are to a great extent at the command and under the control of those who have influence in society."

That by the adoption of those means in practice, crime, punish-. ment, idleness, poverty, and the innumerable evils which these generate, may be graduaily removed out of society to a much greater: extent than might be supposed..

That this happy result has been already in part reduced to matter of fact, by an experiment made during the last seventeen years at: New Lanark, in which, by the application of these principles to practice, a community exceeding two thousand individuals has been witha out any legal punishment, changed from a state of vice, immorality, and wretchedness, into one of comparative virtue, comfort, and: happiness.

In these Essays the peculiar mode is explained by which this. change has been effected. And the whole is now made public, to induce the Government and Society in general to investigate the principles and practice; that, if they should be found to bear the test. of the most severe scrutiny, they may be gradually and temperately, adopted into legislative practice.

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