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Sir,

Christian Patriotism. bable because it is rational, consist. quotations are foreign to the subject, ent with the nature of man, and there- and some of them demand evidence fore credible, contents himself by clo- of his having justly applied them, parsing a long metaphysical argument, ticularly the spirituality and invisi. with asking why the same God who bility of Jesus prior to his ascension. first created and has now intervened 4. Lastly, C. asserts that the hyto suspend existence, canriot alter pothesis of Dr. Watts, “ That each and re-organize? But the question human being may have some stamina put by C. remains unanswered. It vitæ or primæval seeds of life," is but was not what Almighty power could an hypothesis to get rid of a difficulty: do, but as a reason for bis after ques- whether it be so or not, I will endeation be asserts the resurrection of the vour to examine in my next, should this same man to be improbable, and letter meet with your approbation. I wants it to be so explained that it shall then endeavour to shew that the may be understood and believed. difficulties Cantabrigiensis has brought

9. The next difficulty of C. is, that forward are not insurmountable, and if the Deity creates him anew from that though the resurrection of the any part of himself, and that part same body does involve in it many partakes of the conscious identity of absurdities as well as contradictions, bis present state of existence, he might yet the resurrection of the man and also equally well create from the large the preservation of his individual conremainder of himself, many other in- sciousness accords with nature as well dividual beings, all of whom would as scripture, and though it cannot be have the same consciousness of identi- demonstrated it may be so explained ty; and that, after all, such new crea- as to be undertood and believed. tion tonld not be a resurrection. I

CREDO. have too good an opinion of the understanding of C., though known to

Tenterden, Dec. 7, 1815. me only by his letter, to suppose that he can be satisfied with the PENING the last pumber of your Fague and laboured answer of T. P. valuable Repository, accidentally He had sufficient evidence in nature at the 902d page, the name of Mr. to have shewn that the future life Soame Jenyns met my eye. With must be a resurrection of the one man your respectable correspondent, Mr. that died, and if that one man was Rutt, I also am old enough to have divided it was no longer a resurection; in perfect recollection the interest exinstead of which, as in the former dif- cited by the above-mentioned gentleficulty, he cuts the knot by a refer- man's view of the internal evidence of ence to the creative power of God; the Christian religion. The different that creative power which increased opinions entertained of the writer are the widow's oil and multiplied the also in my recollection ; not a few bread and fish in the hands of Jesus. considering it as a covert attack on His argument and illustration go to Christianity itself. I confess myself shew that because God has the pow. to have been strongly tempted, at er to multiply individuality with con- the time, to entertain this latter opin scious identity to each part, therefore ion. But that patriotism is not a he will not exercise it.

Christian virtue, is one of those posi3. C. next asserts, that the resur- tive assertions which appears to ine rection of Jesus, his body never hay- to be totally destitute of proof. ing been by corruption broken up It is with pleasure admitted, that and separated, is not a case in point, there is an almost irresistible charm ours being a re-creation, bnt his a re- in a spirit of universal benevolence. surrection. To this T. P. replies by Actuated by it we resemble our. CreaEndeavouring to prove that they are tor iu his most glorious attribute; in in all points alike; but as bis argu- his disinterested, inexhaustible and ment contradicts the scriptures which everlasting goodness : nor do I conbring only the resurrection of Jesus ceive there to be any thing inconsis. as an evidence of the divine capability tent with this, in a pure and geneand a manifestation of the divine in- rous love to our country. tention to raise and judge mankind. If ever there was a true patriot, T. P. appears to me in this also to Jesus Christ was that person. His have failed, and that his scriptural public ministry was principally. con

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Description of the Island of Elba. fined to Jerusalem and Judea. To your correspondents. Leaving thereJews were his instructions delivered; fore the discussion of this subject to and for the benefit of his country- abler pens, and expressing the most men were his miracles wrought. When cordial good wishes for the increasing they returned all with ingratitude and success of your highly useful Repohatred, he wept over them; por do sitory, we meet with two more pathetic pas

I am, &c. sages in the course of his history, than

L. H. those which applied to the devoted city he had at the time in view : pas

Sir,

Nov. 16, 1815. sages, which the reader cannot but

A S you occasionally devote your have in recollection. Even after his

A pages to general literature, I crucifixion, upon his again meeting

am induced to offer you, from an old his disciples, when he directed them

book, a short extract concerning an to go into all the world and preach

island, of which we bad scarcely the gospel to every creature, he added

heard, till it became connected with those memorable words, beginning at the fortunes of that extraordinary Jerusalem. Yet in perfect consistency

many, who, whether an Emperor or with this true patriotism, was also his

a captive, will be regarded as great love to the whole world.

indeed, at least, in the world's estiThe Apostle Paul's patriotism was mate, compared with any whom the such that he even wished himself

mere accidents of birth have made accursed from, or rather in Christ;

royal or imperial; for, according to i. e, that he might, like his Master,

a plebeian sentiment which once esdie the accursed death of the cross,

caped a courtly poet, for his brethren, his kinsmen according to the flesh, could he but effect Pigmies are pigmies still, though perch'd their conversion. Yet no one will for on Alps, a moment call in question his uncon And pyramids are pyramids in vales ; fined benevolence and charity. or, as was said of Grotius, a great

Mr. Soame Jenyns's definition of man is like a famous statue, to be adpatriotism possibly deluded him. mired, whether on or off the pedestal. T'hat patriotism is to oppress all The passage which I propose to ofother countries, to advance the imagina fer you is the following, from Mery prosperity of our own." But this moires of the affairs of France during is a false and wholly unfounded defi- the reiyn of the present king, Lewis nition. It might be a convenient ar. the XIVth. Done out of French. gument in favour of the slave-trade; 18mo. 1675. but a true patriot would be ashamed “ 1646. Portolongonu, a place si. to use it.

tuated in the isle of Elb, lying in the Assuredly, neither Jesus Christ, Tuscan Sea, between the Continent nor his apostles, ever interfered in the of Italy and Corsica, which was herepolitical regulations of their own, or tofore usurped from its own lawful any other countries. Their commis Lord by a Captain of the Emperor sions did not apply to them. The Charles the Vih, in the year 1548, kingdom of Christ was not of this after that delivered into the possesworld. Yet I cannot but consider sion of his son Philip the lid, and them as the noblest and most disinte- whose successors held it ever since, rested band of patriots the world erer was now besieged and taken by the knew ; and that they were equally, in French army. In the midst of this the most important sense of the term, island rises a spring, on this account true philanthropists.

the more admirable, that its waters If a person is an affectionate father are observed to hold proportion with of a family, may he not also be a good the length of the days of the year, in neighbour ? Does neighbourly kind- such manner, that when they are at ness prevent love to our country? or the longest, the stream is able to love to our country, benevolence to drive a mill, but when at the shortest all mankind ? The first circle may be 'tis almost dry."--Mem. p. 38. of very confined diameter : the last, After making due allowance for the embrace the universe. If in error, in propensities of a credulous age there the above statement, I shall be happy will remain, to have occasioned this in receiving the correction of any of statement, some very unusual appear,

Mrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Divine Revelation to the Human Mind.

29

ances respecting this spring, of which with the greatest interest the elabo. perhaps one of your readers, versed rate work of the excellent Dr. Cogan, in Natural History, can communicate and I am induced to send you a few a further account.

reflections suggested by that work, HYDROPHILUS. and by some other recent publications

which if not further illustrative of SIR,

some of the subjects on which they COMETIME ago I copied the fol. treat, may not perhaps be deemed

lowing paragraph from Ware's wholly irrelevant. What at this hour Cumberland Pacquet, dated 21st Feb. Mr. Editor, is the state of those coun1815, a choice thing for the 19th cen- tries in respect of religion who do not tury.

possess the scriptures? What is the - The Archbishop of Cashel has still more deplorable state of those refused to consecrate (at the instance where they are set at nought, or ri. of Lady Caher) the new Church diculed, or despised, or miserably oberected at Caher, in Ireland, on ac- scured and debased by the most bicount of its not being built due East goted, abject, superstition? Let a and West as the Canon requires ; it great neighbouring nation give the is a well finished piece of Grecian answer. But we will not exact it of architecture."

them. Alas! it may be read in that I have been puzzled to find out total demoralization which has jnfectwbat can be done with the church; ed all ranks of men among them. We but having lately observed that a may read it in the frivolous amusestrong disposition has manifested it. ments, the ferocious vindictive pasself among the natives to resist the sions, the never-ceasing round of tritithes, it has occurred to me that it fling, seductive dissipation which may serve as barracks, that the pri- makes shipwreck of all sober reflecvileges of the Clergy may be protected tion, of every virtuous sentiment and by the soldiery.

of every patriotic, benevolent or useW. D. ful pursuit.

C. C. Mrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Di- On the striking adaptation of the rine Revelation to the Human Mind, leading objects of divine revelation to

York, Dec. 6th, 1815. the known phenomena of the human Sie,

mind, as contradistinguished to that I REJOICE to see the subject of of the inferior animals, demonstrating I the British and Foreign School the strong presumptive evidence arisSociety warmly advocated by a much ing from ihence, that both have the respected writer in your liberal Ma- same great and good Being for their gazine (x. 614.] for I cannot but con- Author. sider that excellent ipstitution, and its It appears that the following are no less illustrious sister, the British the great primary outlines of distincand Foreign Bible Society, as the tion between the human race and the brightest luminaries of the European various tribes of inferior animals placed firmament, at this time in many other below them. respects sufficiently dark and gloomy. 1. The power of discriminating be. This darkness, however, is not to between virtue and vice, and of making ascribed to the want of many excel- their election accordingly; from lent writers, who have given the most whence arises human responsibility. clear, comprehensive and consolatory 2 nd. In that comprehension of views of the government and provi- mind which is capable of looking fordence of God, and especially of his ward beyond the present to the fugoodness and parental care as from ture, and of regulating their actions time to time developed in the writings according to certain, or even highly of the Old and New Testament, and probable remote consequences. more particularly in their striking 3rd. In the power of deliberating adaptation to the mental progress and the peculiar situation and circum

* See an excellent Sermon on the Reli. stances of the long series of genera- gious and Moral Improvement of Mankind, tions to whom they were successively preached at Leeds, in June last, by the youehsafed.

Rer. Charles Wellbeloved. Longinau and In this view I have lately perused Co. London.

30 Mrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Divine Revelation to the Human Mind.

upon and choosing in respect of two health, peace and tranquillity ; the modes of action, which is the wisest other, disease, inquietude, discontent the safest or the best, whether in its and remorse ; together with the long present or its future conseyuences ; train of malignant tormenting pasor, in other words, of the freedom of sions, which render the wicked "like the will.

the troubled sea that cannot rest." 4th. In the power of speech, and But as these most important conseof inventing or adopting various me- quences, however demonstrable, canthods of giving stability and perma- not produce conviction in the mind nence to numerous classes of ideas unless calmly weighed and duly conand discoveries, which would other sidered, it would appear highly prowise have been merely fugitive, or bable, antecedent to all inquiry into which at least must have perished the fact, that some additional aid with the inventors or their immediate would be vouchsafed by the great Fasuccessors, such as the discovery of ther of mercies during the early ages letters, and of various ingenious ma of the world, and when such a menchinery, which enable the people of tal process would be impracticable, one age to possess as it were by inhem for the guide and direction of his fee. ritance the inoral and mental acquire. ble, erring children, and as we find ments of past generations, and thus that in the Jewish and Christian disto begin their career at nearly the pensations, this most desirable aid same point where that of their prede- has actually been afforded, the strongcessors closed.

est presumption hence arises that they 5thly, and preeminently. The pow. are what they assume to be, divine er of discovering and of looking up revelations. to the great Source of all these en. But it is not from the mere proba. dowments, “in whom we live and bility that our great and merciful move and have our being," whether Creator, considering the goodness maas discoverable through the medium nifested in all the works of his creaof bis works, or by express revela tion, would in some other way supply tion from himself; of earnestly de. the unavoidable defects of want of precating his displeasure ; of humbly knowledge and experience, the wisand devoutly adoring his goodness; dom and fitness of the manner in of thanking him for all his mercies, which this is done, by prohibition and of putting our whole trust and and command, is a still stronger preconfidence in his parental care. sumptive evidence in favour of the

These primary qualities distinctly reality of such a revelation. When mark the species, and are equally an infant, allured by the brilliancy of found to discriminate between the a lighted taper, stretches out his hand brute creation and man, who is per. to grasp the flame, a prudent parent mitted to rule over them, whether in would not merely prevent his doing his most highly cultivated and civi- it at the moment, but would guard lized state, or in that of the wild hun- against similar attempts in future, not ter of the forest; for it is abundantly indeed by endeavouring to convince evident that the magnificent structure him of the fatal consequences of the of virtue and knowledge raised by experiment deduced from the nature divine revelation, and by the success of the destructive element, but by an ful cultivation of the arts and sciences, express prohibition on pain of his and which places the one at such an highest displeasure ; and it is a strikimmeasurable distance from the other, ing fact, that on this very principle, rests equally for its basis on these ori- the positive commands of the decaginal superior endowments,

logue are founded. In respect of the first of these, Again, it is remarkable that the namely, the power of discriminating Jewish and Christian dispensations between virtue and vice, and thus of pay particular attention to the imdetermining our choice, provision is provement and expansion of that famade for its cultivation and improve culty of the human mind which forms ment in the very frame of nature, by the second line of demarcation, and the opposite effects visibly consequent upon which so much of the respectaon the two modes of conduct where. bility, virtue and happiness of the ever other previous circumstances are character depends; namely, to the at all similar; the one, producing power of looking forward beyond preMrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Divine Revelation to the Human Mind. 31 sent enjoyments or privations to fu. God which was the leading object of ture consequences and of acting ac- their selection; it merely formed an cordingly.

exception for a very important purThe young man it is true, sees, or pose, and does not invalidate the gemay see, that if he is not sober, pro- neral argument. On the same mer. vident and industrious whilst he is ciful and benevolent principle, that able to labour, that poverty and of teaching and inuring a rude, igwretchedness will be ' his portion norant people to look beyond the prevben he is helpless and old: the hus- sent to the future, were the solemn bandman knows assuredly that if he denunciations all along delivered by does not cultivate his land and sow holy men and prophets; and for the his seed, he can have no harvest. further cultivation of this important These things are so plain and obvious intellectual process, 'were the prothat they need not the additional mises, at first very obscure, and afterlight of revelation to demonstrate wards more explicitly given through them more clearly.

a long series of ages, of the future ad. But there are a great variety of other vent of that illustrious personage, who obligations and duties dependent upon was destined in the counsels of divine the higher advancement and perfec. wisdom, when the world should be tion of this faculty in all its various sufficiently prepared for his receprelations and bearings, which although tion, “ to put away sin, and to bring equally important in their final results in everlasting righteousness." And are not equally obvious ; and it might when at length this new dispensation therefore be expected from a divine did actually take place, a similar revelation, that especial atteution gracious and wise plan of distant rewould be paid to its progressive ex. muneration or punishment was not tension and improvement, and we only strictly adhered to, but is carfind accordingly that this has actually ried much farther, the sanction being been done throughout the whole se- principally placed in a future unseen ries of the Jewish and Christian dis world, the great interests of which pensations. The promise of a son to may require, and not unfrequently Abraham, the medium of his future do actually require, a partial, or even eminent distinction, was not fulfilled a complete sacrifice of the interests of until great old age : the inheritance the present. of the promised land was not obtained But as in this dispensation, unlike by his descendants until many succes. the former, complete conviction of sive generations , had passed away, the fulfilment of the promises could Now it is evident that the slow ful not be obtained by experience, the filment of these interesting promises everlasting barriers that separate this would have a powerful tendency to world from the future were mercifully widen the distinction between man thrown open. A brother of the huand the inferior animals, who act man race, of the most consummate merely from the present impulse : to wisdom, of perfect virtue, wholly degain him the constant habit of looke voted to the will of his heavenly father, ing up to God as the spring of all his is called to enter upon his public cahopes, the great source of all his reer of unceasing beneficence under blessings, whether past, present, or circumstances wbich would not mereto come; and to enable him to form ly subject him to all the various evils more just and exalted sentiments of of extreme poverty, but to the conthat great Being, with whom “ one tumely, the contempt and reproach dav is as a thousand years, and a thou. of his deluded, infatuated countrysand years as but one day."

men. He was to be despised and reIt is true that after the Israelites jected of men, a man of sorrows and were put in possession of the promised acquainted with grief ;" and after land, national and sometimes indi- having endured every species of ig. vidual rewards and punishments, ge- nominy, suffering and contempt, that nerally followed immediately as the malice could invent, or cruelty infliet, fruits of obedience or rebellion ; but the whole was to terminate in a linthis was absolutely necessary as an gering, and excruciatingly painful example to the neighbouring nations, death. Of this fatal termination he as well as a repeated proof to them- was himself fully apprized from the selves, of the moral government of very first of his public ministry, which

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