Westmoreland, humorous description | White rose, usually planted in South
of a country wedding in, ii,

Wales on a virgin's tomb,
ii, 310.

thorn used against witches, i,

charm and prayer used in, iii,


Wharton, monument of Thomas, first
Lord, ii, 183-4.

Whaup, or larger curlew, announces
the approach of spring in Scotland,
iii, 215.

Wheat, sprinkled on the head of a
bride, ii, 101.
parboiled, used at funerals by
the modern Greeks, i, 115.
seeding, custom of the monks
of St. Edmundsbury at, i,

Wheel, used to denote the festival of
Christmas, in the Runic
fasti, i, 298.

common both to Christmas
and Midsummer festivities,
i, 298.

how used in the rites of the
feast of St. John Baptist, i,

iii, 389.
Whichenovre, co. Stafford, custom of
married people claiming bacon at,
ii, 180-1.

Whigmeleerie, ii, 334.


Whip-dog Day," at York, i, 374.
Whipping the cock at fairs, ii, 469.
GIGGE, ii, 447-8.

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Whit Tuesday, ceremony of the Eton
montem now kept on, i, 437.
Whittle gait, privilege of, i, 369.

Whinny Moor, song of the soul pass-Whoohe, exclamation of, to stop a
ing over, ii, 274.

team of horses, whence derived, ii,

church-ale at, i, 279.
lady at, i, 281, 283.
kyng play at, i, 278.
fair in Lancashire, custom at,
i, 184.

Wife, popular superstition that a man
may sell his, ii, 107.
Whyte pot, queen's, i, 258.
Wickham, co. Kent, custom at, in
Rogation week, i, 207.

Wigton, Martinmas custom at, i, 399.

William Rufus, his reply upon being
told of the Abbot of Gloucester's
dream, iii, 129.

Whirlin Sunday, i, 114.
Whist, ii, 450.
Whitbeck, in Cumberland, dead-wake
kept at, ii, 228.

White, custom for the female attend-
ants at the funeral of an
unmarried woman to be
dressed in, ii, 255.

used as a mourning colour for William, King of Scotland, a portion
garments, ii, 283.
of Saturday ordered by, to be kept
plough, i, 505.
holy, ii, 39.

Willow, the buds of the, vulgarly | Winter, queen of, in the Isle of Man,
called palm, i, 120.
song, earliest, i, 123.

i, 257-8.

wearing the, implies being for-
saken, i, 121-2.

garland, the, i, 121-2.

tree, lines to the, from Herrick,
i, 122.

sent to disappointed lovers, i,

Willows, abundance of, in Hunting-
donshire, i, 123.

Windsor, Hentzner's description of
a harvest-home at, temp. Elizabeth,
ii, 20.

Wine began on the Continent to be
tasted on St. Martin's Day,
i, 401.

Wilsdon, co. Middlesex, ancient mazers
at, used at weddings, ii, 136.
Wiltshire, custom in, before Shrove-
tide, i, 62.

Wilpeonðunga, ii, 378.

Winchester school, song of "Dulce
Domum" at, i, 452.

St. Giles's fair, near, ii, 456.
wedding, ballad of the, ii, 162.
Wind-gun, popular error concerning
a, iii, 379.
Winding-sheet, linen shroud so called,
ii, 232-3.

at the candle, iii, 181.

Winds, selling of, among the Lap- WITCHCRAFT, iii, 1-43.
landers, iii, 5.

definition of, iii, 1.

extracts from King James the
First's Dæmonology con-
cerning, iii, 2.

given on St. John the Evange-
list's Day, i, 534.

drinking of, in the church at
weddings, ii, 136.
soothsaying, by pouring of, on
the ground, ii, 159.
great quantity of, formerly
drank at funerals, ii, 240.
Winifred's well, St., ii, 215, 367.
pretended miracle performed
at, ii, 367.

weddings, ii, 153.

Winter and Summer, mock battle
between, i, 246.

appearance of the first days of,
observed in verses, at Kirk-
michael, in Banffshire, i,


description of the first days of,
from the Gaelic, i, 394.
"Winter's thunder, summer's
wonder," iii, 246.

gull, falling star referred to
the, iii, 404.

Wise-men, fortune-tellers so called in
the north, iii, 63.
description of one formerly
living at Stokesley, in York-
shire, iii, 63-4.

Wishing-stone at St. Winifred's well,
ii, 367.

Wishing-wells at Walsingham Chapel,
Norfolk, ii, 370.

Wisp, meaning of, iii, 396.
Witch, mode of becoming a, iii, 2.
etymology of, iii, 2.

drawing blood from a, iii, 15-6.
riding, iii, 280.

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Witches, fascination of, toward a Woman, false to her husband, said to

plant horns on his
head, ii, 181.

bride, ii, 169-70.
white and black, iii, 4.
blessing, iii, 4.
Lapland, iii, 5.

the idea met with in Ar-
temidorus, ii, 185.

in the Isle of Man, iii, 5.
winds obedient to, iii, 5.
marks or tokens of, iii, 8, 15.
vulgar opinion of witches flying,
iii, 8.

why more given to witchcraft
than men, iii, 2.
Woodpecker's cry, iii, 213.
Woolwich, annual ceremony observed
by the blacksmiths' apprentices of
the dockyard at, on St. Clement's
Day, i, 408.
Worcestershire, custom observed in,
on St. Richard's Day, i, 201.
customs in, on St. Catherine's
Day, i, 412.

sabbath of the, iii, 8.
modes of trying and detecting,
iii, 8, 13, 21.

ointment used by, iii, 9.
statutes against, and when re-
pealed, iii, 10-1, 28-9.
Bargarran, iii, 30.
spots memorable as places
where witches have been
executed, iii, 30-2.

of Thurso, iii, 33.
FASCINATION OF, iii, 44-50.
special charms against, iii,

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Worshipping towards the east, ii,

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Yawning for a Christmas cheese, i, Yorkshire, sword-dance of, at Christ-

mas, i, 513.

goose-pies made in the North
Riding of, at Christmas,
i, 530.
harvest customs of, ii, 23, 30.
garlands in churches in, ii, 302.
riding the stang in, ii, 188.
superstition in, concerning the

seventh son of a seventh
son, iii, 266.

Youling, custom of, i, 207.
Young, Dr., imitation of the style
of, ii, 365.

Yren de Quarell, iii, 271.
YULE, formerly the word used to
signify CHRISTMAS, i, 474-8.
etymology of, i, 474-6.
account of the, anciently kept
at York, i, 477.
Icelanders date the beginning
of their year from, i, 475.
Yule cakes, i, 526.

gifts, i, 478.


CLOG or BLOCK, burnt on
Christmas Eve, i, 467-74.
lines on, from Herrick's Hes-
perides, i, 470-1.
lighted with the remains of a
former clog, i, 471.

Whip-dog Day at, i, 374.
Dish fair at, ii, 469.

the counterpart of the Mid-
summer fires, i, 471.
marked by bandages, i, 468.

Yorkshire, celebration of Twelfth Eve YULE DOUGHS, MINCE PIES, CHRIST-
MAS PIES, and PLUM PORridge,
i, 526-32.

in, i, 31.

Yules, person's age reckoned by, i,

Yeldham, Great, co. Essex, parish
house at, for dressing wedding en-
tertainments for the poor, ii, 144.
Yellow mourning worn by Anne
Boleyn for Catherine of Arragon,
ii, 283.

Yew, borne instead of palm branches
on Palm Sunday, i, 120.
Shakespeare's magic use of, ii,


branches of, among the Greeks
and Romans, used to denote
a house in mourning, ii,

why planted in churchyards,
ii, 255-66.

a funeral tree among the Celtic
tribes, ii, 261.

bows, ii, 260.

trees of enormous growth, ii,

and cypress at funerals, ii, 263.
York, ringing of the pancake bell at,
i, 85.

Lammas custom at, i, 348.
boy-bishop at the cathedral of,

i, 423.

ancient keeping of Yule at,
i, 348.

procession on St. Blaze's Day,
in, i, 52.
custom of carlings observed

in, i, 114.

retained in, i, 192.

watching on St. Mark's Eve, Ziz, fabulous bird so called, i, 171.
Zopata, ceremony so called in Italy,
hogmena song, i, 461.
on St. Nicholas's Day, i, 420.
Christmas carols in the North Zug, in Switzerland, fête of the bishop
Riding of, i, 491.
and his scholars at, i, 427.



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