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Smith, Egerton, letter of Dr. White to, on hydrophobia, 72. Trumps, whimsical saying respecting, 425.
Railroad carriages improved, 133.
Smith's (Egerton) new cork swimming collar, 421.

Turkeys, introduction of, into Greece, 23.
Railroads of iron or granite; locomotive machines and Smoke, consumption of, 211.

Turkish gentlemen, 382.
horses, editorial remarks on, 393.
Smoking grammatically, 111.

Twist, Dr. Timothy, song by, 172.
Recreations-see Vive la Bugitelle.
Snuff.taking, defence of, 320.

Refuge, houses of, for juvenile delinquents, editorial com Soldier's widow (verses) 156.

Ua More, a remarkable cavern, 177.
ments on, 81.
Songs, by G. 52, 76, 140.

Unchanging love, verses by G. 132.
“ Remember me," (verses) 268.
Sonnets, by G. 108.

Respiration, theory of, 236.

Southcotte, Johanna, tribe of the disciples of, in Lanca- Vandenhoff, Mr. notices of, 297–And dramatic critique
Reviews of new works—see Criticism, fic.

shire, 22.
Reynolds's memoirs, entertaining extracts from, 406. Spaniards in Denmark, new and clever French play, by Vegetables, how to preserve, for winter, 375.
Rhine, valley of the, 202.

Clara Gazul, 17, 26, 38, 45, 54.

Veil, the antiquity of, 227.
Rice bread, 311.
Spanish literature, 1, 34.

Venice, city of, described, 278.
Riddle, in verse, 156-Ascribed to Lord Byron, 166. Spider, respiration of, 109-Curious facts respecting, 199. Ventriloquism and ventriloquists, 143, 144, 144, 155, 1€
Riddles, 228.
Spontaneous combustion, 176.

-Se Alexandre, M.
Roberts, Owen, an old sailor of Liverpool, voyages and Spring, a dream of (verses) 360-Lines on, 424.

Village sketch, by Miss Mitford, 153.
travels of, 3, 11.
Stains, how to remove, 83.

Vinegar from sugar, 83.
Roguery, ingenious, 403.
Stanzas, by G. 164.

Vive la Bagatelle! 177, 205, 212, 220, 228, 237, 244.
Rome, tour to, 250, 342, 359, 390, 394, 402, 42—ste Steam lite-boat, editorial remarks on see Hillary, Sir W. Velcanic appearance in the moon, 351.
Sting of a wasp, instant cure for, 88.

Volcano in Owhyee, 319.
Romulus. Query: Was he a brass or iron founder ? 111. Stomach, syringe for emptying, with engravings, 241, 253. Voltaire, saying of, 144—Compliment to, 144.
Rufus, William, and Sir W. Tyrrell, 198.
Straw, men of, or sham men, 167.

Voyages and travels, extracts from, 3, 11, 14, 141, 15
Rye bread recommended, 375.

Style, alteration in the, whimsical remark on the, 23. 197, 379, 423— Return of the Blonde, from the San
Ryley, Mr. epilogue spoken by, at his benefit, 236. Subaltern, half pay (verses) 204.

wich Islands, 310, 345-sec Franklin.
Sugar and slavery, 201.

Sackville, Lord George, author of Junius's letters, 1.
Suli, the women of, 196.

Wag outwitted, tale in verse, 212.
Sun, ode to the, 328.
Safety lamp, Roberts's improvement on the, 394.

Wages and labour, 175, 178---In former days, 189—Prio
Sailor's hyinn, 388.
Supernatural appearances-see Preternatural.

of, in the 15th century, 395.
Salt, spilling, superstition respecting, 32.

Superstition, honesty resulting from, 59.
Sandwich Islands—sce Voyages.
Supper-eating, and sleep, 71.

Wainwright, the late Richard, of Liverpool, poetical tri

bute to the memory of, 68.
Sapio, Mr. 61.
Supply and demand, considerations on, 157.

Wakefield, Mr. E. G, and his first marriage, 405.
Saturday's Liverpool paper, lines to the editor of the, 28. Surgical operation, critical, 351.

Wakes in Ireland, 123.
Savage, or wild man, 51.
Suwarrow, Marshal, anecdote of, 144.

Walrus, the, 19.
Saw of the Chinese, 15.
Swallows, facts relative to, 30.

Warm bathing, 107.
Scalds and burns, alleged cure for, 117.
Swimming-collar, new-see Smith, Egerton.

Warm-air ventillation, 232.
Schiller, story by, 429—Genius of, 436.
Swithin, St. and 40 days' rain, 35.

Warts, alleged cure of, 135.
Switzerland, travels in, 234-Lines on, by Bernard Bar. Washerwoman, the, a sketch, 305.
School, lines on revisiting the neighbourhood of, 20.

ton, 260,
School of Arts, Liverpool-see Wilson.

Watches, marching, in London, 345.
Schulz, Mr. and his sons' concert, excellent performance, Syringe for the stomach, 241, 253.

Water-courses, improved-see Sewers.
and new instrument, 96, 104, 112.


Water-cress, bints respecting, 311.
SCIENTIFIC RECORDS, 13, 67, 76, 78, 84, 95, 112, 119, Tadpoles, voracity of, 15.

Waterton, Mr. his wanderings in South America, 193, 207
125, 129, 133, 136, 140, 141, 144, 145, 151, 155, 102, Tales or stories, 6, 10, 10.

Waverley, author of, careless style of, 184.
189, 241, 260, 304, 351, 373, 388, 393, 428.
Talına, anecdotes of, 89, 127.

Webbe, Mr. Samuel, new arrangement by, of “God save
Scotch novels, query as to the author of, editorial remarks Tasso and his sister, verses on, 244.

the King," 269.
on, 32–Careless style of the author of, 184.
Tears, essay on, 283.

Weber, the composer, sketch of the life of, 313, 416-
Scotch proclamation, old and whimsical, 207.
Temper, amiable, the advantages of an, 66.

Original lines to the memory of, 416-Anecdotes of, 436.
Scotland and Scotchmen, original sketches of, 90, 114, 146. Temperature-see Heat.

Weeping at a play, whimsical paper on, 95.
Scott, Sir Walter, reception of, in Dublin, 40--Sir Walter Tenures, singular, 383.

Weights and measures, new, 203.
and blarney, 117-Letter of, to the author of Irish Thalia, lines by, 164.

Welshman and wild boar, 222.
Fairy Legends, 381.

“That,” the word, may be used 8 times in uninterrupted “ What if the tempest fiend,” &c. 252.
Sea monsters, huge, 387, 422.

succession, 192, 200, 208, 212, 240.

White lady, the, 127.
Seduction, fatal effects of, 89.
" The lyre which now I tune,” 28.

Wife, lines to, by a husband, 148.
Serpent, great American Sea, editorial article, and letter Theatre of Liverpool and Manchester, &c. notices of, 8, Wild boar, the, 222.
on, 387.

16, 188, 204, 329, 339, 360, 375, 383, 396, 404. Will of Sir W. Dixie, in rhyme, 276_Singular, 382.
Sewers, water, Cuft's improved, with engravings, 76m Theatre, prices in Queen Elizabeth's time, 197. Wilson, the Rev. A. speech at the Liverpool School of
Editorial remarks on, 76.
“ There is a spirit,” &c. (verses) 360.

Arts, 134.
Sex, condition of the-sce Women.
Thucydides (from the French) 316.

Wilton, Langland, Baron of, 88.
Shaving, gratis, 23.
Thundering sublimities, 328.

Wind, sonnet to the moaning, 244.
Sheathing.copper, Sir Humphry Davy's, 94.
Tintern Abbey, lines on viewing, 376.

Winter, lines to, 432.
Sheridan, lite of, by Moore, editorial comments on, and Tongue, in the Chinese language is She, 143—Of woman Wolves, devastation by, 15,
selections from, 121, 122, 130.

analysed, 149.

Woman, verses on the truth of, 12, 20_On the condition
Shipwreck, lines by Lord Byron, 140.

Trade and commerce, remarks on, 150_see Huskisson. of, in society, editorial remarks on, and letters respect-
Shipwreck and remarkable subsequent events, 304. Tragedy, weeping at, whimsical paper on, 95.

ing, 24, 217, 233, 233, 249, 332.
Shops closing at early hours recommended, 57, 68, 69, 85, Translations, and translator's comments on, 264, 265. Women slighted in Cromwell's time, 123.
117, 124, 125.

Translations (original)-see Edward, Spanish, French, Women, old, verses by Gerard, 180.
Silent academy, or the emblems, 263.


Woodstock, remarks on, and extracts from, 348, 369, 379,
Silk manufacture of Italy, 266.

Translations, or rather mistranslations, whimsical speci- 389—King's house at, singular noises heard, and sights
Similies, popular, in verse, 212.
mens of, 15.

seen at, 365.
Singers in a chapel, whimsical petition of, 269.
Travels in the East, 70–In Africa-sce Africa.

World, the (verses) 424.
Singer, misery of being a good, 381.

Travels on the Continent, in a series of lecters, 158, 182, Worms and slugs, recipe for destroying, 364.
Skeleton, living, 42, 119.

202, 209, 234, 246, 250, 262, 266, 278, 298, 342, 359, Writers, modern, satire on, 32.
Skylark, original ode to the, 28.

370, 378, 390, 394, 402, 418, 426.

Writing, minute, 277.
Slave, African (verses) 284.
Tread-mill, mice employed in, 15.

Y. Z.
Slavery, West India, and sugar, 201.
Tree, Miss M. 69.

Yamma and Captain S. 42.
Slavery, ironical song in praise of, 326_Verses on, 344. Trifling, literary, 235.

Year-see Naturalist's Diary.
Sleep walker, 131.
Troubadour, the, 60.

Year 1826, G.'s lines on, 204_New, lines to, 212, 236.
Slip or landing-place, improved, 91.
Truth of man (verses) 84.



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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


his familiar Miscellany, from whichreligiousand politicalmatters are excluded, contains a varietyof originalandselected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism Men and Manners,
Anusernent, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual
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- T. Claye ;1 York-W.Alexander&Son.

»: 262. – Vol. VI.

TUESDAY, JULY 5, 1825.



Literature, Criticisin, &c. ought to feel grateful to any writer who adduces such evi- “ A few days after Junius's violent letter to the Duke dence as must for ever terminate these useless controver- of Grafton, Mr. Woodfall received a most extraordinary

letter from his correspondent, wherein he says, I really THE LETTERS OF JUNIUS.

doubt whether I shall write any more under this signature. In like manner, if Mr. Coventry has, as we firmly be. I am weary of attacking a set of brutes whose writings are (Continued from our last-/

lieve, settled the long-agitated question respecting Junius, too dull tó furnish me even with the materials of con[In order to render our examination of Mr. Coventry's

we owe him our acknowledgments for having terminated tention, and whose measures are too gross and direct to be interesting work as complete and satisfactory as possible, the time of the public, and such an accumulation of He had the impudence to go to Lord George Sackville, a dispute which has occasioned so useless a waste of the subject of argument, or to require illustration.'

". That Swinney is a wretched, but a dangerous fool. be shall lay before our readers the following desultory literary lumber. So numerous are the books and pamphlets whom he had never spoken to, and to ask him whether or Stracts from the Liverpool Mercury.]

which have been put forth, with the sole object of identi. no he was the author of Juuius take care of him.' When we last week introduced this subject to the notice fying the author of Junius, that the mere enumeration of " • Whenever you hare any thing to communicate to of our readers, we promised to enter more fully into a their titles occupies about thirty lines in the Bibliotheca me, let the hint be thus, C at the usual place, and so

direct to Mr. John Fretley, where it is absolutely imposBritannica. mitical examination of Mr. Coventry's book through the

sible I should be known.' iterary department of the next Kaleidoscope. In conseIt is impossible to ascertain how many similar works

“ From a perusal of this letter, eight distinct questions quence of this pledge, we have perused the work with the might have pestered the public had not our author in- arise: Dost scrupulous and unbiassed attention; and the result terposed, by removing the veil behind which the author of “1. Why should Junius think of altering his signature ? æf our examination appeared in our minor work of last Junius' Letters has remained concealed for half a century. “ 2. How could Junius know that Swinney had called Puesday. One point, however, which bears strongly Thanks, however, to the penetration and perseverance of upon Lord George Sackville ?

*** 8. How could Junius know that Swinney had never apon the question, had eluded our notice; and as we Mr. Coventry, no critie, in future, need fatiguo himself before spoken to Lord George Sackville? leem the final settlement of this long-pending inquiry an and the public with guesses and hypotheses to disprove

"4. Why should Junius alter the direction of Mr. important desideratum, for reasons which we shall pre-what, in our opinions, is now as satisfactorily demon- John Middleton to Mr. John Fretley, in consequence of vently state, we resume the subject here, availing our strated as any moral proposition can possibly be. Swinney's call ? We entirely agree with Mr. Coventry, where he says, not possibly be known ?

*** 5. How could this alteration operate so that he could selves of the grtater portion of the remarks which have Jready appeared in the Kaleidoscope, to which we shall speaking of Lord George,—" His interview, also, with

“6. What difference could it make to Junius, Swinney append such observations as have occurred to us since Lord Mansfield, a few days previous to his death, is an- having called upon a wrong person ? ar first perusal of the work under review.

other extraordinary circumstance, which cannot be ac- *7. Would not Junius, who was so anxious to preserve The editor of a periodical journal entitled “The News counted for on any other supposition than the sense he strict secrecy, have rejoiced at Swinney's mistake, instead # Literature and Fashion,” in his publication of June the entertained of the injury his pen had inflicted on that of being angry with him ?

“8. Is not the language used by Junius, in speaking of ach, after admitting that the claims of Lord George Sack- nobleman, and his unwillingness to leave the world with Swinney, directly in unison with Lord George Sackville's rille to the authorship of the letters of Junius appear 10 out making him some acknowledgment.”

language to Mr. Luttrell in the House of Commons, sim better founded than that of any other individual, Lord George had had no personal acquaintance with where the word . wretched' occurs in both instances ? Escludes in these words, but we confess the question Lord Mansfield since the Minden affair; yet, when he “ The internal evidence of the comununication to Mr. appears us one of infinitely small importance." Now, was dying, we find him sending for Lord Mansfield, Woodfall, which gives rise to the above queries, in my with all due deference to the superior pretensions of a and soliciting his forgiveness for any injustice of which, way than that Junius and Lord George Sackville were metropolitan critic, we take leave to observe, that to obtain

" in the fluctuation of politics, or the heat of party," one and the same person." I final and irrevocable judgment on this question, which he might have been guilty towards him. These cir. has been pending in our literary court of chancery of Lord George Sackville, are related in a very interestcumstances, and many other particulars in tbe life

ON SPANISH LITERATURE. for half a century, would be a “consummation devoutly ing manner in the Memoirs of his own Life, by Cum. to be wished;" and we will venture to add, that the so- berland, the dramatic writer, who was secretary to Lord lotion of the problem respecting the identity of Junius George, and lived with his patron and friend in the closest

Translated expressly for the Kuleidoscope. possesses, at least, a strong negative interest, by the con- intimacy, Lord Viscount' Sackville was at his seat at

Stoneland, near Tunbridge Wells, during the period of Bequences which must result from the discovery. his last illness. Lord Mansfield happened to be at the

A considerable portion of merit is due to the Royal poet There are events destitute of any intrinsic interest what. Wells at that time, and it was Cumberland himself who D. Alfonso, the patron of literature and the sciences. her, which acquire importance simply because the feelings conveyed to him Lord Viscount Sackville's request that He was the tenth King of Castile. He held his court at bor prejudices of mankind have attached importance to he would favour him with an interview.

Tolerlo, and on account of his learning was surnamed El them. The precise period when Homer was born, and

Mr. Coventry very properly adduces specimens of the the exact place of his nativity, are matters of very little ville, as corroborating testimonies in favour of their identity. tronomical Tables which are still carefully preserved in the

handwriting of Junius, and of that of Lord George Sack Sabio, (the Wise.) It was he who formed the famous Asbonsequence ; the only circumstance of much value con- There is, certainly, a very considerable resemblance in Cathedral of Seville. He perfected the Spanish code, bected with the memory of that great poet, is his having character; but we are inclined to think that no very de called Las Siete Partidas, because it is divided into seven produced his Illiad and Odyssey. Literati and antiqua- cided inference can be deduced, from a comparison between parts, corresponding to the seven letters which compose hans, however, attach mighty importance to the precise the bandwriting of a young man, in a careless and unstu. the name of Alfonso. He introduced the national lanplace, or era, of his birth; or the exact site of that Trog of fifty years of age, carefully transcribing the manuscripts guage into all the acts of judicature and public writwhich be has immortalized.

to be transmitted to his printer, and influenced by the ings. This example was soon imitated in England by ! "A hundred cities Homer claim, when dead, most cogent motives for concealinent.

Edward the Third. A great number of works were, by Through which, when living, Homer begg'd his bread.” Our space is too limited to allow us to follow the author his order, translated into the Castilian language. Not

through all his researches and comparisons; but we canCommentaries without number have been written to solve not refrain from citing one of his concluding arguments content with lavishing immense sums for the improvethese questions, in themselves of little importance, and in favour of Lord George Sackville being the author of ment of the sciences, he himself set a successful example the multiplication of such works is a positive evil, we'Junius.

of study. Unhappily, he could not in his writings rise


muperior to the taste and spirit of his age. Among the pez de Ayala flourished. He left to history, as well as to Battersby; and we falling into discourse of a new book works of this great man there is a very singular one, poetry, several precious monuments. He translated Livy drollery in use, called Hudibras, I would needs go to fis which is in the Royal library of Madrid, and which was about the time that the learned Benedictine, Peter Ber. But when I come to read it, it is so silly an abuse of th

it out, and met with it at the Temple: cost me 28. 67 composed in 1272. It is a poem, or rather a treatise on chorius, rendered the same service to France. Ayala also Presbyter Knight going to the wars, that I am ashamed the philosopher's stone, written in magic character: It translated, from the Latin, the treaty of Boetius, De Con it; and, by and by, meeting at Mr. Townshend's at din is thought that this book belonged to the Marquis of Vil. solalione Philosophiae, and that of Isidore, De Summo ner, I sold it to him for 18d. lena, and that it was among the number of those saved by Bono; from the Italian, the Fall of Princes, by Bocacio,

Feb. 1662-3.–To Lincoln's Inn Fields; and it bein the Bishop of Segovia. Giles Gonzalez de Avila, in his and the history of Troy by Guido Colonna. He lived too soon to go to dinner, I walked up and down, and looke

upon the outside of the new theatre building in Covent history of the church of Seville, has given, in Spanish under four kings, Peter, Henry II. John I. and Henry III. garden, which will be very fine. And so to å bookseller" verse, the introduction to this work, entitled Thesoro. of whose reigns he wrote chronicles. Those of the three in the strand, and there bought Hudibras again, it being The Royal poet declares in it, that he had invited over a first have been printed; but that of Henry the Third re certainly some ill humour to be so against that which all famous chymist of Alexandria, in Egypt, to teach him mains in manuscript, in the convent of St. Martin, at the world cries up to be the example of wit; for which I the art of making gold ; that they both practised it toye- Madrid. There is in the manuscript an original letter of am resolved once more to read him, and see whether I can

. ther; and that he acquired, by this means, a perfect know. Bajazet to Henry the Third. It is worthy of preservation “ Nov. 28, 1663.-To Paul's Church-yard, and there ledge of the philosopher's stone. Might not this stone, for having occasioned the famous embassy which the lat. looked upon the second part of Hudibras, which I buy that he pretended to have found, have been an alle ter sent to Tamerlane, and of which Ruy Gonzalez de not, but borrow to read, to see if it be as good as the first, gory, under which he wished to persuade his subjects Clavijo was the bearer. Argote de Molina has published which the world cried so mightily up, though it hath not and the neighbouring nations that he had a supernatural a very curious account of it. Ayala is reproached for three times reading to bring myself to think it wity. power ?

having shown a guilty partiality for Henry of Transta. “Dec. 10.–To St. Paul's Church-yard, to my bookAlfonso was author of a great number of works. In mare, in his rebellion against his brother Peter, surnamed seller's, and could not tell whether to lay out my money the Royal library of Toledo there is a manuscript of paper the Cruel, whom the latter assassinated with his own for books of pleasure, as plays, which my nature was most in Spanish, one volume folio, containing only his miscel. hand, and afterwards succeeded. The true chronicle of earnest in; but at last, after seeking Chaucer, Dugdale's laneous works. There is in the same volume a trea. Peter was written by John of Castro, Bishop of Jeän, but Trent, besides

Shakspeare, Jonson, and Beaumont's plays,

History of Paul's, Stow's London, Gesner, History of tise upon the purgatory of St. Patrick, in Ireland. This it was suppressed by the partisans of Henry, when he was I last chose Dr. Fuller's Worthys, the Cabballa, or Col. is perhaps the origin of the famous vision of Odacnius, established on the throne,

lections of Letters of State, and a little book, Delices de which is related by some Irish historians. They also Among the authors who distinguished themselves about Hollande, with another little book or two, all of good use attribute to Alfonso the introduction of paper into Chris. the end of the fourteenth century, there are few who or serious pleasure; and Hudibras, both parts, ihe book

now in greatest fashion for drollery, though I cannot, I tian Spain. But it appears that the Mabometans previ- joined, like Ayala, a taste for history to that of poetry. confess, see enough where the wit' lies. My mind being ously knew the use of it; for Sarmiento assures us that Father Sarmiento calls this epoch the age of Spanish thus settled, I went by link home, and so to my office, and he saw a paper manuscript dated 1261. The political ca. chronicles, from the great number of those which remain. to read in Rushworth; and so home to supper and to bed. reer of this prince was less fortunate than his literary one. It is very common to see these studies allied. The first Calling at Wotton's, my shoe-maker's, to day, he tells Competitor with Richard, Duke of Cornwall, for the im- poems in almost all countries are recitals, in verse, of the to the Duke's house again ; and of a rare play to be

me that Sir H. Wright is dying; and that Harris is come perial crown, he had the misfortune to see his rival pre events of the times. The infancy of Spanish poetry, of acted this week of Sir William Davenant's. The story of ferred to him, His pretended discovery of the philoso. which this chapter is but a brief view, resembles, in this Henry the Eighth with all his wives." pher's stone could not furnish him with sufficient gold respect, that of other nations.

Another celebrated literary person is, among several for the necessary gifts. He was, therefore, obliged to im

When the poems mentioned in the present chapter other memoranda, thus spoken of: pose heavy taxes on his subjects. The latter became tired appeared, little was known of the great models of antiquity; made a visit to Mr. Evelyn, who, among other things,

“ Nov. 5th, 1665.-By water to Deptford, and there with seeing their monarch more occupied with the course and the Castilian writers may be said to have invented showed me most excellent painting in little; in distemper, of the stars than with the prosperity of his kingdom :- the art to which they applied themselves with so much Indian incke, water colours ; graving; and, above all, the they revolted. His second son, D. Sancho, placed him- emulation. This consideration may serve as an excusc whole secret of mezzotinto, and the manner of it, which is self at their head, and deprived the astrologer of his for a style generally monotonous, and never rising higher very pretty, and good things done with it. He read to me crown. It is this same D. Sancho who lessened, in some than what we call prose in rhyme. Yet through the ob and now is about, Gardenage ; which will be a most noble degree, the shame of this triumph, by more glorious vic. scurity and often puerility of their compositions, sparks of and pleasant piece. He read me a part of a play or two tories over the Moors, and who, in history, has acquiryd genius are frequently visible, and many sound maxims of of his making, very good, but not as he conceits them, I the surname of El Bravo.

morality and policy make some amends for poverty of think, to be. He showed me his Hortus Hyemalis : leaves The Prince D. Manual, cousin to the unfortunate imagination, and especially of feeling. The defects of laid up in a book of several plants kept dry, which preAlfonso, cultivated poetry with equal success. His their writings must be attributed not so much to the wri. herball.

serve colour, however, and look very finely, better than an

In fine, a most excellent person he is, and must picce, called El Conde Lucanor, published by Argote of ters as to the age,-an age covered with darkness, and des- be allowed a little for a little conceitedness; but he may Molina, is composed of forty-nine tales, each of which titute of good standards of imitation. At such an age, the well be so, being a man so much above others. He read terminates by a short moral. The poems of this prince Spaniards were certainly as much advanced in the progress own that were not transcendent, yet one or two very pretty are in general more correct than those of D. Alfonso. of civilization as the inhabitants of any other country, epigrams; among others, of a lady looking in at a grate,

About this time flourished a poet remarkable for his Italy alone excepted ; and the only rational criterion by and being pecked at by an eagle that was there. singularity and satires. His works had, for a long time, which their literary merit can be estimated, is to compare “ 24th.–Visited Mr. Evelyn, where most excellent disescaped all the researches of biographers, and were at last it with that of other nations at the same period.

course with him; among other things he showed me a

lieger of the Treasurer of the Navy, his great grandfather, discovered by Louis Velasquez, chevalier of the order of

just 100 years old; which I seered mighty fond of, and St. James. We speak of John Ruys, Archdeacon of Hita, MEMOIRS OF SAMUEL PEPYS, ESQ. F.R.S. he did present me with it, which I take as a great ranty: who lived in 1330. His manuscripts are in the library

and he hopes to find me more, older tban it. He also of Toledo. His principal performance is a satirical one, a

[Continued from our last.]

showed ine several letters of the old Lord of Leicester's, in contest between Carnival and Lent. To give an analysis

Queen Elizabeth's time, under the very handwriting of of this strange production, would scarcely prove accept, we found them selected in The Literary Gazette. We others, very venerable names. But, Lord! how poorly,

[We gave, last week, some extracts from this book, as Queen Elizabeth, and Queen Mary, Queen of Scots; and able to the reader. Like many others of the same era, or had not then seen the work itself. We have since had an methinks, they wrote in those days, and in what plain ub. of an era immediately subsequent, it is a religious alle opportunity of perusing a considerable portion of it, and cut paper.” gory, in which Ash Wednesday, Breakfus, Love, and the have po hesitation in pronouncing it the most curious, in- Alter all, however, the literature mentioned by Pepps Fleshi, act subordinate parts to the heroes above-inentioned. teresting, and valuable publication which has appeared for does not bear a proportion to other subjects, but may be Such a work may anruse children, and those who are such graphic illustrations of the manners, customs, amuse

We know not, indeed, where we could find called scanty: we can add but few more instances :

“ 1667, Aug. 10th.-Sir John Denham's Poems are scarcely one degree above children, the people of a dark ments, and habits, of the age in which Mr. Pepys lived : going to be all printed together; and, among others, some and barbarous age; but to a modern it would assuredly and the whole is described with such unaffected simplicity, new things; and among them he showed me a copy of be disgusting, did it not present a curious, and probably such unstudied minuteness of detail, that the reader seems verses of his upon Sir John Minnes's going heretofore to a faithful, picture of the manners of the times. But the to be his companion, and to see and converse with all that Bullogne to eat a pig. Cowly, he tells me, is dead; who, Spanish, and even some French critics, have pretended to be describes and every person he mentions. Having borne it seems, was a mighty civil, serious man ; which I did no

this testimony to the peculiar merits of these most enter. know before. discover in it traces of a mighty genius; and yet after taining volumes, and, as they are not yet regularly before “ 12th. To my bookseller's, and did buy Scott's Dis. all they are obliged to confess that a considerable portion the public, we shall proceed to gratify our readers by a few course of Witches; and do hear Mr. Cowly mightily laof it is perfectly anintelligible. Judging from the speci. more extracts, selected from those which we find in the mented (his death) by Dr. Ward, the Bishop of Winches

ter, and Dr. Bates, who were standing there, as the best men in Sarmiento, we have no wish to see any more of the Literary Guzelte of this day.)-London Courier.

poet of our nation, and as good a man. Archdeacon.


“Sept. 1688.–To my booksellers for “Hobbs' Levia. About the end of the fourteenth century D. Pedro Lo.

“Dec. 26, 1602..To the Wardrobe. Hither come Mr. I than,' 'which is now mightily called for; and what was desetofore sold for 8s. I now give 24s. at the second hand, here also I did look long upon my Lady Castlemaine, who, sequence of a dispute betwixt the traders and the captain' Ed is sold for 30s; it being a book the Bishops will not notwithstanding her sickness, continues a great beauty. that we were almost starved to death for want of provisions, E be "

“ March 1.-To the Opera, and there saw • Romeo and and a great many of our crew died. On the middle pagwe turn from letters to theatricals, respecting which Juliet,' the first time it was ever acted. I am resolved to sage we fell in with a Spanish galleon, laden with money he entries are very numerous and very entertaining Mr. go no more to see the first time of acting, for they were all from South America, which we engaged; but in the action Pepys was a great play-goer, and his remarks on the first of them out more or less."

one of our guns burst, and disabled so many of our men, tights of plays, which now constitute our ancient drama, The following may also be received as strongly display- amongst whom was the chief mate, that she, seeing the will be read with much interest; they also incidentally ing the manners of the times:

confusion we were in by the accident, got her tacks aboard arve happily to illustrate the manners of the times :- “ I to Sir George Carteret's, to dinner; where Mr. Cof- and made her escape. We sold our slaves at Point-a-Petre,

“ 1660. August 18th.--Captain Ferrers took me and ferer Ashburnham; who told a good story of a prisoner's in the Grand Tier. The river Sall parts the above place Cred to the Cockpilt play, the first that I have had time being condemned at Salisbury for a small matter. While and Guadeloupe. to see since my coming from sea, • The Loyal Subject'* | he was on the bench with his father-in-law, Judge Richard. I went next' in a sugar drogger, called the Mary Ann, here one Kinaston,t boy, acted as the Duke's sister, son, and while they were considering to transport him to Captain Rimmer, and was at several islands. After that but made the loveliest lady I ever saw in my life. save his life, the fellow flung a great stone at the Judge, I sailed with that brave commander, Captain Bartley, a

“Oct lich.- In the Park we met with Mr. Salisbury, that missed him, but broke through the wainscoat. Upon privateering, on board the Charming Jenny, out of Bridge who took Mr. Creed and me to the Cockpitt to seeThe this he had his hand cut off, and was hanged presently." Town,

Barbadocs. Moore of Venice,' which was well done. Burt acted the The following noble anecdote shows the spirit of our My next voyage was in the Benga, Captain Glover, from Moore; by the same token, a very pretty lady that sat by brave tars, even when they were generally so ill paid, ill Barbadoes to Philadelphia. I left her at the latter place, me, called out, to see Desdemona smothered. commanded, and ill disciplined:

and engaged myself as captain of a shallop, that sailed up *Nov. 2016.-Mr. Shepley and I to the play-house “Invited to Sir Christopher Mings' funeral, but find and down the Delaware; her name was George the Third. Dear Lincoln's Inn-fields (which was formerly Gibbon's them gone to church. However I into the church (which The next ship I went on board was the Hannah, Henry tennis court) where the play of Beggars' Bush'I was is a faire large church and a great chapel) and there heard Stiles, commander, bound to Madeira. After leaving the nealy begun ; and so we went in and saw it well acted: the service, and staid till they buried him, and then out. Hannah, I sailed in the Sally, Captain William Taylor; and here I saw the first time one Moone, & who is said to And there met with Sir W. Coventry (who was there out a chartered vessel, bound to the Senegal, from thence to be the best actor in the world, lately come over with the of great generosity, and no person of quality there but he) Portsmouth, from Portsmouth to Senegal again, and sold King, and indeed it is the finest play-house, I believe, that and went with him into his coach, and being in it with the ship there. ever was in England.

him there happened this extraordinary case,-one of the I then went on board the General Ward, Benjamin “Dec. 31st.-In Paul's Church-yard I bought the play most romantique that ever I heard of in my life, and Doley, commander, laden with slaves. We sold our slaves of Henry the Fourth, and so went to the new theatre and could not have believed, but that I did see it ; which was at Dominica, and sailed from thence to London, and from saw it acted; but my expectation being too great, it did this :-About a dozen able, lusty, proper men come to the London I came to Liverpool. I then went in the ship pot please me, as otherwise I believe it would ; and my coach-side with tears in their eyes, and one of them that John, Jacob Nelson, commander, bound to Kingston, having a book, I believe, did spoil it a little.

spoke for the rest begun and said to Sir W. Coventry, Jamaica ; from thence back to Liverpool. I sailed next Jan. 3d, 1669–1.-To the Theatre, where was acted • We are here a dozen of us, that have long known and in the Susannah, Captain Alexander Witherspoon, to Beggars' Bush,' it being very well done; and here the loved, and served our dead commander, Sir Christopher Potomac River, Virginia, and came again to Liverpool. first time that I ever saw women come upon the stage. Mings, and have now done the last office of laying him in I sailed next in the Africa, Captain John Tittle, bound

“ 7th.– Tom and I, and my wife, to the Theatre, and the ground. We would be glad we had any other to offer to the coast of Africa for slaves. While on the coast, we there saw · The Silent Woman.' Among other things after him, and in revenge of hin. All we have is our slaved several vessels by contract, besides our own. We bere, Kinaston the boy had the good turn to appear in lives; if you will please to get his Royal Highness to give sold our slaves at Grenada. On our homeward-bound pas. three shapes: first, as a poor woman in ordinary clothes, us a fire-ship among us all, here are a dozen of us, out of sage, in about five days before we made Cape Clear, we te please Morose; then in fine clothes, as a gallant; and all which choose you one to be commander, and the rest had the misfortune to carry our main and mizen mast in them was clearly the prettiest woman in the whole house; of us, whoever be is, will serve him; and, if possible, do prerboard, when I and five more men, who where close and lastly, as a man; and then likewise did appear the that which shall show our memory of our dead com- reefing the main-topsail, were thrown overboard, and three handsomest man in the house.

mander, and our revenge. Sir W. Coventry was here poor souls lost their lives ; at last, with great difficulty, we " 23d.-To the Red Bull (where I had not been since with much moved (as well as I, who could hardly abstain got the ship safe to Liverpool. plays

come up again) up to the tireing-room, where strange from-weeping) and took their names, and so parted ; tell. The next ship was the Hilary, Captain Thomas Bragg, the confusion and disorder that there is among them in ing me that he would move his Royal Highness as in a bound to Kingston, Jamaica ; at which place I left her, fitting themselves, especially here, where the clothes are thing very extraordinary. The truth is, Sir Christopher and entered on board his Majesty's ship Achilles, of 64 very poore, and the actors but common fellowes. At last Mings was a very stout 'man, and a man of great parts, guns, commanded by Captain Collins. We cruised in the into the pitt, where I think there was not above ten more and most excellent tongue among ordinary men; and, as West Indies for thirteen months, and then returned to than myself, and not one hundred in the whole house. Sir W. Coventry says, could have been the most useful Portsmouth. I was then discharged from her, and went And the play, which is called All's lost by Lust,'|| poorly man at such a pinch of time as this. He was come into up to London, where I shipped myself on board the Susandone; and with so much disorder; among others, in the great renowne here at home, and more abroad in the West nah, for the Mediterranean, with a pass for two years. musique-toom the boy that was to sing a song, not singing Indys. He had brought his family into a way of being The first places we touched at were Ancona and Trieste, it right, bis master fell about his ears and beat him so, that great; but dying at this time, his memory and name (his in the Gulph of Venice, from thence we sailed past the it put the whole house in an uproar.

father being always and at this day a shoemaker, and his burning mountain, having on board a cargo for Constan. * July 2d-Went to Sir William Davenant's Opera; mother a hoyman's daughter, of which he was used fre- tinople. We passed the upper castle on the right hand, this being the fourth day that it hath begun, and the first quently to boast) will be quite forgot in a few

months, as where old Troy stood, which stood a memorable siege of that I have seen it. To-day was acted the second part of it he had never been, nor any of his name be the better by twenty-four years. The entrance of the Dardanelles is * The Siege of Rhodes. "** We staid a very great while for it; he having not had time to will any estate, but is dead guarded by great fortifications on both right and left, and the King and the Queen of Bohemia. And by the break- poor rather than rich."

the current always runs about two and a half knots an ing of a board over our heads, we had a great deal of dust

hour, downwards, from the Black Sea. The grand Seig. fell into the ladies' necks and the men's haire, which made

nior's palace is on the left hand going into Constantinople good sport. The King being come, the scene opened; Biographical Notices. harbour, and the Gulph of the Black Sea on the right. which indeed is very fine and magnificent, and well acted,

In this country I traded near two years. all bat the Eunuche, who was so much out that he was

I have seen where the brazen man stood, which was so

THE VOYAGES AND TRAVELS hissed off the stage.

large that ships passed between his legs; this celebrated “Dec. 16th.- After dinner to the Opera, where there was


wonder of the world was blown down in a great storm. I 8 new play (Cutter of Coleman-street), made in the year 4 native of Anglesey, North Wales, now residing at No. 24, was also at Alexandria, in Egypt, about seventy miles - 1658, with reflections much upon the late times; and it Chapel-street, Liverpool, who has been upwards of forty voyages from Grand Cairo, at which place I saw an Egyptian who being the first time the pay was doubled, and so to save

to sea, sixteen of which have been to the Coast of Africa. had a serpent which followed him like a dog, and played money, my wife and I went into the gallery, and there sat

and fondled with him, without attempting either to sting and saw very well; and a very good play it is. It seems

or bite him. of Cowley's making.

While we were at Alexandria, three of us, in a drunken “ Feb. 5th, 1662.To the Play-house, and there saw We have frequently been solicited to lay before the frolic, hired an ass to carry us to Pompey's Pillar. We * Rule a Wife and have a Wife,' very well done. And public the following narrative,

in the hope that it may be had not proceeded far before we lost

ourselves on the sands, "* A Tragi-comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher."

the means of "smoothing the pillow" of an old weather but at last we met some of the natives, and I understand " + Edward Kynaston, engaged by Sir W. Davenant în 1660 beaten sailor, in his declining years. We shall give the difficulty we found

it. The pillar is built upon the sea to perform the principal female characters: he afterwards as- story verbatim et literate, in the words of the author, as shure, at the place where Pompey, the great Roman conon the stage till the end of King Wiliam's reign. The period Roberts is now in the 87th year of his age, is totally blind, 1 murdered the moment he landed, in sight of his wife, who sumed the male ones in the first parts of tragedy, and continued the work of revision would be no very light task. Owen queror, landed, after he had been defeated by Cæsar ; of his death is not known." ** The Beggars Bush,

' . comedy by Beaumont and and led about by his wife, nearly as aged as himself. She escaped. The pillar is one piece of marble, ofte sur. Vietcher."

pays the most praiseworthy attention to her husband; and prising height, and very beauxiful. I measured the base " Mohua, or Moone, the celebrated actor, who had borne they are a very interesting couple.

of it, which is four yard's round, and I cut some marks on a Major's commission in the King's army. The period of his

it with my penknife, in remembrance of my having been death is uncertain."

In the year 1758 I made my first voyage, which was to there. "I A Tragedy, by W. Rowley."

the coast of Africa, in the ship Prince Henry, commanded After I had served my term of two years, I left the Su. " Sir William Davenant, the celebrated dramatic writer by Captain Chaffers, when we sold our slaves at Barbadoes, sannah, and returned to England in the ship Levant, md patentee of the Duke's Theatre, la Lincoln's Inn-felds. and took in a cargo for London, where we arrived the day Captain Barfort. Olu 1668, aged 64."

that George II. died. My second voyage was in the above *** Or whalak Sir W. Dayegaat was the machor." vessel; at which time we lay so long on the coast, in con

[To be continued.)


....B-8 ....B-7


" I restore, says my master, the garment I've worn.

White Swallow.-We have this moment before us a And I claim of the Princess to don it in turn;

beautiful snow-white swallow, which was shot at Woolton, For its stains and its rents she should prize it the more, a few days ago. It is to be immediately stuffed ; and we Since by shame 'tis unsullied, though crimson'd with gore.'' hope it will be ultimately deposited in the Museum of the Then deep blush'd the Princess—yet kiss'd she and press'd Liverpool Royal Institution. The blood-spotted robe to her lips and her breast. "Go tell my true knight, church and chamber shall show

The deception of the water represented in the Panorama If I value the blood on this garment or no."

of the City and Bay of Naples (now exhibiting in the Rom Poetry). And when it was time for the nobles to pass

tunda, near the New Market) is so excellent, that freIn solemn procession to minster and mass,

quently whimsical mistakes occur. A gentleman assures The first walk'd the Princess in purple and pall,

us that the other day a numerous party were gazing at
But the blood-besmear'd night-robe she wore over all; that part of the painting where some of the lazzaroni are
And eke, in the hall, where they all sat at dine,

represented diving for sea-weed, &c. ; one of them is From Tales of the Crusaders."

When she knelt to her father and proffer'd the wine, coming up, pulling some into a floating-basket, and an.
Over all her rich robes and state jewels, she wore

other is supposed to have just dived, the water is agitated, 'Twas near the fair city of Benerent, That wimple unseemly bedabbled with gore.

and his basket left floating. Some of the ladies were When the sun was setting on bough and bent, Then lords whisper'd ladies, as well you may think,

leaving, when one of the party, deceived by the apparent And knights were preparing in bower and tent, And ladies replied with nod, titter, and wink;

reality of the scene, exclaimed, “Stop for a minute, till On the eve of the Baptist's tournament; And the Prince, who in anger and shame had look'd down,

this man comes up again.” Others have frequently as. When in Lincoln green a stripling gent, Turn'ů at length to his daughter, and spoke with a frown;

serted that the vessels have altered their position, &c. Well seeming a page by a princess sent,

“ Now since thou hast publish'd thy folly and guilt, Wander'd the camp, and, still, as he went, E'en atone with thy hand for the blood thou hast spilt;

The Beauties of Chess. Inquired for the Englishınan, Thomas a Kent.

Yet sore for your boldness you both will repent,
Far hath he fared, and farther must fare,
When you wander as exiles from fair Benevent."

Ludimus effigiem belli............

.VIDA. Till he finds his pavilion nor stately nor rare,

Then out spoke stout Thomas, in hall where he stood, Little, save iron and steel, was there;

Exhausted and feeble, but dauntless of mood :
And, as lacking the coin to pay aripourer's care,
“ The blood that I lost for this daughter of thine,

With his sinewy arms to his shoulders bare,
I pour'd forth as freely as flask gives its wine;


Black. The good knight with hammer and file did repair And if for my sake she brucks penance and blame,

1 Queen ....A-6+ *1 King The mail that to-morrow must see him wear, Do not doubt I will save her from suffering and shame;

-2 Koight ....A-7+ 2 Queen For the honour of St. John and his lady fair. And light will she reck of thy princedom and rent,

(by discovery)
" Thus speaks my lady,” the page said he,
When I hail her, in England, the Countess of Kent."

3 Casile
+3 Castle

B-7 And the knight bent lowly both head and knee,

4 Pawn D—7+ 14 King A-8 “She is Benevent's princess so high in degree,


(by discovery) And thou art as lowly as knight may well be

5 Knight ....C_8+ 5 Castle ....A-7 He that would climb so lofty a tree,

To this, if you can, Sir,

(by discovery) Or spring such a gulf as divides her from thee, Must dare some high deed, by which all men may see

Pray send me the answer ;

6 Kuigbt B-6+MATE. His ambition is back'd by high chivalrie. For vo where, as yet, have I read it,mor


2 Castle B-7 Else I'd not teaze on,

3 Kuight ....C_6+

$3 Queen ....

C-6 “ Therefore thus speaks my lady," the fair page he said, And the knight lowly louted with hand and with head,

To come to the reason :

4. Pawn D—7+ 114 Queen “Fling aside the good arınour in which thou art clad,

The question is this, Mr. Editor,

(by discovery) And don thou this weed of her night-gear instead,

They call her a "flirt"

5 Queeu or Castle B—7+MATE. For a hauberk of steel, a kirtle of thread; Who's lively and pert,

OR, (2 Knight..., B-1 And charge, thus attired, in the tournament dread,

And not without justice, 'tis true ;

3 Qupen ....C_8+ 3 King

A-7 And fight as thy wont is where most blood is shed, And bring honour away, or remain with the dead."

But then, if instead,

4 B shop ....D—4+ MATE. Untroubled in his look, and untroubled in his breast,

They find she's deep red,"

* If the black castle covered the check at A 7, the white

queen would checkmate at A 7. The knight the weed hath taken, and reverently hath kiss'd; Pray why do they dub her a Blue?+

# If the black king moved to A 8, the white knight would " Now blessed be the moment, the messenger be blest !

S. W. move to C6, C8, or B 5, and, by opening upon the black Much honour do I hold me in my lady's high behest;

* Deep read.

king the check of the white queen, give checkmate.

If either of the black castles covered the check at C 7. And say unto my lady in this dear night-weed dressid,

† Blue stocking; a name given to pedantic female literati.

the white knight would checkmate at C 6. To the Armest armed champion I will not vail my crest,

$ If the black castle took the knight, the white queen But if Iive and bear me well 'tis her turn to take the test." The examination of Messrs. Sorley and Son's School, would checkmate at B 7.

If the black castle covered the check at C 7, the white Here, gentles, ends the foremost fytte of the Lay of the Bloody 46, Mount-pleasant, by the Rev. Andrew Wilson, Rev. pawn, becoming a queen, would checkmate at D 8. Vest.

Hugh Ralph, &c. took place last week, and to the state of If the black king moved to A 8, the third and fourth FYTTE SECOND. which they bore the following testimony:

moves of the white would be the same as those made after The Baptist's fair morrow beheld gallant feats

“It is with much pleasure we have to state the strong im.

the black knight has taken the castle. There was winning of honours, and losing of seats

pression which was made upon our minds by the admirable There was hewing with falchions, and splintering of staves, way in which the pupils of Mr. Sorley and Son acquitted

(no. LII.) The victors won glory, the vanquish'd won graves.

themselves at the annual examination on Wednesday last. The white to move, and to checkmate in seven moves. o, many a knight there fought bravely and well,

It has always appeared to us as a self-evident truth, that the Yet one was accounted his peers to excel,

system of education adopted in a school or academy is valuAnd 'twas he whose sole armour on body and breast, able only in so far as it is instrumental in educing and strength

Black. Seem'd the weed of a damsel when boune for her rest. ening the latent energies of the human mind; and that

nothing can be more detrimental to youth than the cultivaThere were some dealt him wounds that were bloody and sore, tion of the memory at the expense of the other faculties. We

V Я But others respected his plight and forbore.


5 H “ It is some oath of honour,” they said, “ and I trow

were extremely gratified to perceive that this truth had been
kept distinctly in view in the method of tuition adopted by Mr.

8 'Twere unknightly to slay him achieving his vow."

Sorley and Son; and that, in the examination of their pupils, Then the Prince, for his sake, bade the tournament cease,

we had the pleasure of witnessing, not a mere exhibition of the He flung down his warder, the trumpets sung peace; And the judges declare, and competitors yield,

strength of memory, but, what is infinitely more interesting,

the play of the mental faculties, the growth of intelligence, and That the Knight of the Night-gear was first in the field.

a distinguished proficiency in those branches of knowledge The feast it was nigh, and the mass it was nigher,

which qualify men to act the part of wise and good citizens. When before the fair Princess low louted a squire,


5 And delivered a garment unseemly to view,

"ANDREW Wilson, one of the Ministers of the Scotch With sword-cut and spear-thrust, all hack'd and pierc'd thro':

Church, Rodney-street. All rent and all tattered, all clotted with blood,

“ HUGH RALPH, Minister of the Scotch Church, OldhamWith foam of the horses, with dust, and with mud:

street. Not the point of that lady's small finger, I ween,

JAMES LISTER, Minister of Lime-street Chapel. Could have rested on spot was unsullied and clean.

."ALEX. HANNAY, M. D. " This token my master, Sir Thomas a Kent,

Liverpool, June 28, 1825." Restores to the Princess of fair Benevent;

The following young gentlemen obtained prizes for their He that climbs the tall tree has won right to the fruit, proficiency in the various branches taught at the academy: He that leaps the wide gulf should prevail in his suit; -Masters Sidney S. Sherlock, Chas. Stewart, Saml. BenThrough life's utmost peril the prize I have won,

nion, Henry C. Booth, Edward Humble, James Glad. And now must the faith of my mistress be shown; stone, Edward H. Roscoe, Harold H. Sherlock, Frederick

A B C D E F G H Fir she who prompts knights on such danger to run, Kenney, Edw. Danson, George Deane, Richard Watts.Must avouch bis true service in front of the sun. See adv.


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