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Sunnee form of the Moslem faith would duced to poverty and impotence by the be an unjust tyranny of one among many Turks. Such is the pious and respected minorities. To hope that all Christian Bek of the Tokân family at Nablus, sects would combine for common action such are the sheikhs of the Beni Jerrâr, against the Turk is as vain as it is, on of the Jeiyûsi, the Lehhâm, and other old the other hand, to suppose that the sul- families, the survivors in Galilee of the tan can rally the Arab, the Fellah, the proud' race of Dhahr el Amr, and many Druze, the Anseireh, and Metawileh in others. Their children are, it is true, common defence against the power of the sinking gradually to the condition of mere West, and against the intrigue and brib- fellâhin, but among these families, which ery which is so cynically patent through- once led the Syrians in their struggle out his Syrian provinces.
against Turkish power, a few at least may The fate of Syria is bound up with be found who are comparatively well ed. much larger questions of high politics in ucated, honest, and respected. They the East. The religious claims of the might, it is true, soon deteriorate in char. Sultan, the restless Russian advance on acter if they gained power under a corthe Mediterranean, the ambition of rupt system; but the only hope of improve France, are the great factors in the future ing the native race in Syria (and not less of the country. British interests will no also in Egypt) lies in giving to the Arab doubt render'it impossible for us to look the responsibility of power, and in banon calmly at any struggle for the posses. ishing the official class of the Turks. sion of a country bordering Egypt and They must long be nursed by superiors the Canal, which is now the nucleus of of character and influence, appointed by our anxieties. The history of Syria Western powers; their institutions must shows that the land must fall to either the be modelled not on Western custom but northern or the southern power, to the on the just law of the Koran; their sys. modern Seleucus or Ptolemy, according tem must resemble rather that of the as the one, the Turk, or the other, in Crusaders — a semi-feudal condition of Egypt, is the stronger; unless, as in Cru- subjection, tempered (as in the mediæval sading days, an invasion from the West native courts) by the admission of natives should for a time — and only for a time — to councils over which a European predestroy the balance of contending forces sides; but the Arab is neither so unintel. in Asia itself and in Africa. France ligent nor so devoid of ideas of right as might hold Syria for a century or more, to make it a hopeless task to undertake but the laws of climate would probably his education. again, as in the Middle Ages, finally en- It is, in fact, an extension of the sys. able the fierce native races, Kurdish or tem which has proved so successful in Turkish, to regain ascendency over the Lebanon which is required for the future peaceful peasantry of Arab race. prosperity of Syria, with such modifica.
But let us for a moment suppose that tions as are rendered necessary by two political circumstances rendered it expe- circumstances in which the rest of Syria dient that a strong protected State should differs from the Lebanon. The first of be built up in Syria. It is perhaps an these is, that the Moslem population entirely hypothetical case, and certainly largely predominates over the Christian there is no immediate indication of any in Palestine, but is in a minority in interest in the fate of Palestine being felt Lebanon; the second is, that the Moslem among English politicians.
peasantry are less educated and have In the first place, the native population been more degraded by oppression than is unfit for any such institutions as we the Druze or the Maronite ever became. now possess at home, and has indeed no They are therefore less able at first to desire to govern itself, asking only to be govern themselves than are the inhabisaved from a'lawless military tyranny. tants of the mountain. In the second place, no government can
If such a scheme could be realized; if meet the wishes of the Syrians which en. a Moslem governor could be appointed tirely consists of foreign elements. The with full powers by the sultan, subject to Turkish, or Kurdish, or Circassian pasha the approval of at least two out of three must be removed, and the unimprovable guaranteeing European powers; if the class of officials, bred in bribery and Turk were unable to compete with the indelibly stained with corrupt custom, Arab under unfair advantages for governmust be dismissed from the land. There ment employ; if the Porte were forbidden are not wanting men who are honored to raise a single penny of tax without and respected by the people, though re-consent of the guaranteeing powers; if,
above all, an honest man could be found | wrangle for the spoil. If Turkey be into execute the inandate of the powers as deed doomed (as we have heard for forty impartially as Rustem Pasha has done, years), Europe ought now to be ready to bui, unlike him, with the conviction that appoint her successor in Syria. his efforts would be appreciated, and that
C. R. CONDER. he would be supported rather than left a prey to his eneinies, - then indeed we might have some hope of prosperity in Syria, and some solid foundation which honest capitalists might build, in
· From All The Year Round.
ALONG THE SILVER STREAK. developing the agricultural and commer. cial resources of a land which is richer CONTANGO did his duty well that day. than it appears to be. It is not coloniza. The milestones spun away behind him. tion, whether Jewish, German, or En. To be sure, they only marked kilomètres, glish, nor annexation by France, nor in. nine little ones in between to mark each vasion by Russia, which can make the hundred mètres, and the tenth on a larger land fertile and the people happy. It is a scale, where the distances to different just government on the simplest principles places had been carefully marked on, and of Moslem rule, under the watchful eye of | as carefully knocked off by some travel. civilizing powers. The Jews threaten to ling enthusiast, some Old Mortality pauperize Syria; the Turk has already whose ideas had become rever
versed, and ruined it; the French nation spread a who had devoted himself, with cold chisel web of intrigue over the whole land; the and mallet, to the disfigurement of these Germans are intolerant and unpopular; local records. Disfigured they were, any, the Russian would bring in his train all how, with remarkable completeness, and the horrors of war, which are inost appre- the want of any authentic record of our ciated by those who have seen what war progress caused a little discord among us. really is to the poor of a country, and Originally we were the most charmingly after that he would establish a system of united party you can imagine. The di. rule which cannot be considered_more rector's wise, the shock of separation from civilized or honest than that of the Turks. Alphonse once over, threw herself into It is England, if any nation, which should the enjoyment of the hour like a schoolfulfil the really wise policy of building up girl just released from class. The day a strong native State between the Canal was fine, the road smooth and shaded and the northern danger; and it is diffi. with trees. We caught glimpses here cult to see on what good grounds other and there of the blue sparkling sea — powers could object to co-operation in the glimpses now through the branches of same good work.
apple-trees studded with young fruit, or That such a scheme will ever be real. crowning the vista of some shady lane ized it is perhaps vain to hope; mean- almost equal to a Devonshire lane in time we see all that is good about to be beauty; and every now and then, as a endangered or sacrificed in the Lebanon; wider prospect opened out from the sumwe see the forerunners of Russian armies mit of some trifling eminence, we gained mapping Armenia, penetrating even into a view of the whole bay, dotted with white Anatolia and Syria; we see the Turk des. sails, and could make out the graceful perately tightening his hold on a spiritual“ Sea.Mew” steaming along in a leisurely no less than a temporal possession. The fashion. Once or twice Stéphanie thought name of Syria has been kept out of the she could make out her director anxiously Eastern question of which Syrian politics gazing landwards, and waved her hand. form a part, but if a Syrian question is kerchief zealously, on the chance of his precipitated into the arena of practical being on the look-out our way, at that politics" by French action, it will be particular moment, with binoculars of exfound to be one of the most knotty and traordinary power. Altogether, we were dangerous yet dealt with by Europe. as happy and contented as people could Meantime a helpless Moslem peasantry, well be, Contango slashing along at a pace and a rich Maronite community who know that should have troubled the repose of not what is for their good, are eager to people who intended to bet against him, plunge their country into the horrors of Tom making all kinds of fun with Justine war; and the Turk, however roughly and on the back seat, while the pair in front to their detriment, acts as the policeman were more soberly employed in comparamong the rival creeds and sects, which ing impressions on what was passing. so soon as his hand is withdrawn will | Now, Tom had set out very carefully to
time Contango's performance, and for the discussion among them, too, as to where first two or three kilomètres this went on they should go ; the count urging them to with complete regularity. Then he missed cross the isthmus and visit Coutances a milestone – to call it by the familiar and Granville, where he had his yacht; name - and to conceal his want of care and promising to show them the coast of he stuck in two which had really no ex. Britiany. But mademoiselle bad decided istence, thus bringing up. Contango's at last - it was she who seemed to de record to something astonishing. Now, cide things, the old gentleman, her father, if the distance on the milestones – still took no part in the discussion - madeto use the familiar term — had been prop- moiselle had decided that she would go erly marked, we could have decided the on instead to Bayeux. And then they real distance travelled without any discus. had started, the count in a bad humor it sion; but thanks to Mortality Redivivus, seemed, and no doubt we should overtake we were in a complete fog about the mat. the party before they reached Carentan. ter. Presently, however, we arrived at a So we drove on, reassured by what we village - St. Marcouf - where we were had heard, and not putting Contango to able to correct our dead reckoning. his tip-top speed, for Bayeux would be
All along this district, the villages are the general rendezvous; the “Sea-Mew" nearly all either something-ville or Saint was to put in at Port au Bessin, where somebody; and, indeed, throughout Nor. there was a good harbor, which would take mandy the same rule holds good, the ville her in handsomely at full tide. in most cases, no doubt, being an adapta. Thus we drove on towards Carentan, tion to French of sundry Saxon and old- the country gradually becoming flatter Norse terminals. Vic, wich, feld, bye, and flatter, and finally resolving itself into have apparently been all melted down into rich, low-lying pastures, protected from the French ville. So, at least, our direc- the network of streams that intersected tor instructed us in a little disquisition them by high grassy banks, lined with upon the subject. But the weather was willows, and elms, and tall poplars, with too hot for such considerations. The legions of cattle quietly grazing- - a pic. merits of the church, which is ancient and ture after Cuyp, of the Dutch rather than singular, were in our eyes chiefly the the French school. These wide-spreadpleasant coolness and calm it afforded. ing pastures are the wealth of this rich The spire of St. Marcouf is, they say, a district of the Cotentin, the country sea-mark for the fishermen and sailors in whose proud barons disdained to call the bay, and a curious opening or oculus themselves the men of the young bastard in the chancel over the high altar was William; but who were speedily brought said to have been contrived so that the to submission by the embryo conqueror. altar-light burning always in presence of This and the subsidiary Avranchin, with the blessed sacrament might throw a its chief town of Avranches - the two cheerful gleam out to sea, giving the sail. districts together under the old régime or struggling with the waves a hopeful forming the baillage of Coutances sense of the eye that is watching over his these iwo districts have been the great safety. We might also have drunk from nursery of the ancient English baronage. the ancient fountain of St. Marcouf, but Just now we might call it a hotbed rather the spring was pronounced to be too than a nursery, the beat is so intense, with near the village cemetery, and so we voted hardly a breath of air stirring over the for the village cider, although, perhaps, in plain, where the tangled rivers and that we had still more concentrated es. streams are lying at rest, with scarcely a sence of the forefathers of the hamlet. movement in their waters at the bottom For do not apple-trees grow in the of their deep, muddy channels. A boun. churchyard itself? and what is not apple tiful country too, with evidences of plenty juice in the cider is made up from the holy and profusion on every side. well.
We find Carentan in the full fever of its At St. Marcouf we were encouraged by weekly market - and such a market as finding ourselves hard upon the trail of you will rarely see in these degenerate Hilda and the count. They had passed days. The place — with some nice old through the village not an hour before — houses on one side forming a covered the tall mademoiselle, her father, and the piazza - is filled with blue blouses and young De St. Pol. Mademoiselle stopped white caps. Ducks, and turkeys, and to see the church. She was there half an chickens, all quack, and gobble, and cluck hour at least, and the count seemed very unheard in the great gabble that rises from impatient at the delay. There was a long so many strident human voices - all the
world talking their loudest, and the bellsing his oats with great relish in the sta. clanging out from the tower of the fine bles below them. We had determined old church: a bewildering, maddening that if we found that Hilda and her father turmoil. The din is not to be escaped had driven on to Bayeux, as there was from either in the inns, which are crammed now no pressing need to follow them, with market.people eating, drinking, and Contango should be spared any further bargaining over their cups: stout men work, and that Tom should remain at with mealy voices discussing fat beeves, Carentan for the night, and drive quietly and oily dames with funny, stunted-looking over to Bayeux next day, while the rest lace caps — degenerate successors these of us went on by train this same afterlast of the ancient towering head-gear. noon.
We should be there as soon as the Everywhere about are bundles of live Chudleighs, no doubt, if they were going poultry, carried unceremoniously by their to drive the distance, and as the train did legs, protesting loudly, in their shrillest not leave for a couple of hours, we could voices; but the people who carry them spare an hour to Redmond with easy are as much unconcerned as though they minds. As for Redmond, he was too full were so many bunches of onions.
of his own affairs to take much interest in But already the crowd is ebbing away ours. It seems that he had been living from the market-place; the market-wom- at Caen, a second Beau Brummell, idle en are counting up their stockingsful of and out at elbows, pretty well supplied five-franc pieces; and the buyers with with money, however, by his sister, who their loads are scrambling into their carts, must bave devoted most of the income into the diligence, or filing away in long left her by the late Miss Chudleigh, of procession to the railway station. In the Weymouth, to his benefit. Of a more midst of all this hubbub, in which we have stirring nature than the unfortunate been wandering a little dazed and bewil. Brummell, however, he had struck out a dered, somebody touches Tom on the line for himself. It was buying poultry, and shoulder. This somebody wears a blue pigs, and horses, anything he came across, blouse, a rough three-sous straw hat, and selling them again for a profit. That bound with an end of scarlet braid; he is was his programme, at least; hitherto he bronzed and burly, with something of the had been rather unfortunate. He had bekeen, good-humored air of the Norman gun with horses, and had lost money over horse-dealer.
them; had come down to pigs, and still “ Well, Tom, old man!” he cries, “what lost money. Now he was reduced to are you doing along here?”
poultry, but was_always sanguine of Tom stares at him for a moment in eventual results. To-day, for instance, he amazement.
had bought a hundred turkeys at five “Why, it is Redmond," he cries at last; francs each; these he should take back to “Redmond disguised as a French peasant. Caen, and sell for about double the Have you come to meet your father and money. Hilda
Tom took in all this with wonder and Redmond changed color at this.
amazement. Was this the glass of fash. “No," he cried in an alarmed tone. ion and the mould of form, the Adonis of " Are they here?”
the Guards' Club, the arbiter of Pall “ We are expecting to_come across Mall? Had he come down to this? In them any minute," replied Tom.
the prime of his days, too, and of his “Oh, I say, hide me up somewhere,” manly beauty, for he was handsome cried Redmond ; "I could not face the handsomer than ever, perhaps, in the easy, old governor just now on any account.” unstudied garb of Gaul, in the blue tunic
“Don't be frightened,” said Tom dryly; that Vercingetorix might have worn with your old nurse wouldn't know you just such an air. He was too proud, evieven."
dently, to build any expectations upon his Raymond, however, insisted that we sister's marriage. Tom gently touched should follow him to his own house.of. upon this point, and to his surprise Red call, a little auberge " Au Bouche d'Or," mond seemed quite in the dark as to the where, through a labyrinth of market. whole matter. 'Hilda had certainly writ. carts, he led us to a little café and salle-d- ten to him once or twice lately, but he had manger, redolent of rum, and cognac, and given over reading letters; he no longer garlic.
took any interest in home matters. Hilda We had left madame la directrice and might marry whom she pleased. Tom Justine at the hotel to repose during the suggested that this indifference was rather noontide heat, and Contango was discuss- unkind, seeing that Hilda's marriage had
been arranged partly for his benefit. Had | old turkey-cock, thrown off his balance by he heard nothing about Mr. Chancellor's the shock, spread out his wings, and find. handsome offer to give him, Redmond, a ing nothing to restrain him, few out of good appointment? Redmond opened his the cart with a mighty whirr right in the eyes at this, and taking a bundle of let. face of the pursuing garçon, who clutched ters from the pocket of his blouse, picked him wildly and then rolled over and over out the most recent of them, from Hilda, in the dust. And then bird after bird and read it carefully over. Then he sat took to Hight, their wings darkening the for a few moments in deep thought. air, and bringing the whole town out in hot
“ Yes, that might do," he said at last, pursuit; dogs barked, women screamed, the expression of his face changing to a while the birds careered in all directions, careless listlessness. “Perhaps it will settling on the roofs of houses, perching suit me better than pig.dealing after all. on the telegraph-wires, Auttering into Only I can't meet the governor and Hilda shops, and even flying into the windows and' her young man in this kind of cos- of the mairie, and scattering the municipal tume," looking at his blue blouse. “Look records in wild confusion. Tom and here, Tom, lend me fifty pounds, and I'll Redmond meantime drove on callously, run up to Paris and get rigged out, and regardless of the cries and shouts that then I'll meet the family council, say at followed them, and taking not the slightTrouville.”
est notice of the tra of flying birds they Tom looked doubtfully into his purse, left behind. Strange to say, notwithand said he did not know if he could standing this wonderful windfall of tur. manage it, but I gave him a nudge to in. keys, not a soul thought of looting, or of timate that I would take the responsibility, seizing the goods that fortune had so and then Tom counted out the notes, bounteously provided. Such is the respect which Redmond thrust carelessly into his that the French citizens bear for the law, pocket.
that not a single turkey was, so to say, “ Thanks," he said calmly; "and now nobbled. Each man contented himself come alor , Tom, we'll have a bit of fun with defending his own possessions and with the turkeys.
calling loudly for the gendarmes. Tom was always ripe for anything in Soon the alarm-bell was ringing at the the way of fun, and perhaps he felt that gendarmerie, and the men turned out in a he was entitled to something in return for body. And it was pleasant to hear the the money he had parted with so readily; sabres clanking and to see the cocked and he followed Redmond to the court hats making head against the invaders. yard of the ion, where the latter disentan. Under the protection of the law, every. gled his cart from the tightly packed mass body now joined in the capture; but it of vehicles, and bringing out his pony was melancholy to see that as each bird from the stable, put it in and harnessed it was caught its legs were firmly tied up with Tom's ready assistance. At the bot- again, and it was carried off head downtom of the cart were lying the turkeys, wards to the gendarmerie. Not all, not, perhaps, a hundred in that matter, indeed, were thus accounted for. A few probably, Redmond used a little customary had made their way over the tops of the exaggeration, but anyhow a goodly num. houses, and were lost to sight. Meanber tied together in pairs by the legs; time the chief of the geodarmes got out and whatever their motives might have pen, ink, and paper, and began to "dress" been, it was certainly a work of humanity a procès-verbal of the affair. It was a when Tom and Redmond drew out their serious matter, he observed, to disturb knives and cut the ligatures that bound the tranquillity of a community in this unthem.
Justice must inform “Now we're off,” said Redmond, jump- itself. ing into the cart, Tom clambering up on Clearly it might be dangerous for Tom the other side, and away they went at full to show himself in Carentan after this speed.
madcap piece of business. For the first few moments not one of Anyhow, the pair had disappeared, and the turkeys stirred; they could not feel I made my way into the market-place, their legs, perhaps, just at first, or realize determined, now that the uproar had the unaccustomed liberty they enjoyed. abated and the fierce noontide heat, that But just as they cleared the porte cochère I would find out whether Hilda and her of the inn, the ostler running after them father were still in the town. The most to claim the gratuity that Redmond had likely place to find Hilda, I thought, would forgotten, the
trap gave a lurch, and a fine l be the church. She had the usual fondness