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ried out. In us he beheld the represen. of this beast is evidence of the scarcity tatives of the passengers of the “ Sea of that particular article of diet. Another Mew," and in our persons must his vows mouster, called Bigorne, eats up husbands to his friend Chancellor be accomplished. who are under the dominion of their And so, breakfast once over, a carriage wives, and his circumstances seem to be was ordered, and we were driven off along more comfortable. Our fair friend is dethe coast towards Cape La Hague. lighted to find that the same monsters
"I am going to show you,” began our were known in England, as witness Chau. director, “the earliest stronghold of your cer, who warns ladies to avoid the examrace in Normandy - the first settlement, ple of patient Griselda, “ Lest Chicheprobably, of the barbarous Scandinavians vache you swowle in her entraile," and on the shores of civilized Neustria." Lydgate, who, as Professor Morley shows
As we started, the weather was rather us, devotes a whole poem to the two threatening, great banks of clouds drift- mythic beasts. ing up from the sea, with occasional driv. By this time we have reached Beauing showers; but in spite of the weather, mont Hague on the western side of the when we reached the little bay called the peninsula, with a lonely château in a Anse St. Anne – where there is a little wood, close by which our director points fishing village under the protection of the out with triuinph a raised embankment big fort that crowns the point - in pite of of greensward, which he assures us is the the weather, I say, the whole of the male Hague Dyke, an entrenchment that cuts population of the village was on the move. off the whole neck of land ending in Cape Their fishing-boats were anchored a little La Hague; a work that some ascribe to way out at sea - -short bluff craft bobbing the first Norinan settlers in the land, who up and down on the swell like so many here may have formed a stronghold and fishing-floats; and each man as he left his place of retreat, whence they might sally hut to start with the tide for the fishing out to plunder and devastate at will. banks carried on his back a sort of cora. Eight villages are cut off from the rest cle, rudely constructed, and of the frailest of the department by this entrenchment, materials — an egg box in one case - a villages which contain a population more little wooden scoop, in fact, which the fish- purely Scandinavian perhaps than any erman dexterously set afloat and scram- other part of France a people tall and bled into, and then paddled out to his strong, with fair-haired women of full and boat. A primitive race these fishermen, bountiful forms, a people whose mouils among whom still linger many of the su- have hardly adapted themselves in all perstitions that once were universal in these centuries to the tripping language the district. There is le moine de Saire, of the French, so that in the neighborfor instance, the evil genius of these parts hood the district is sometimes known as and the terror of seamen. In the road. the Pays de Chenna, from the peculiar stead of Cherbourg he calls out, " Sauvez way in which the French cela is prola vie!” and draws the seainen who come nounced. It is a little England, indeed, to his help into the waves. Upon the beyond the silver streak, and Tom Courtrocks, he cries, “Par ici! par la!” in ney feels a wild desire to embrace some order to mislead them; and these are evil of these tall, good-looking girls, and ex. pranks in which he indulges to this day. claim: “ We are brethren and sisters !” But he no longer sits upon the bridge of But it is hardly likely that the claim to Saire to play at cards with the belated relationship will be welcomed and actraveller and to throw the player into the knowledged, for, sooth to say, the English water as the penalty for losing the game. are not over-popular in Normandy. People had long been too wide-awake for pecially unpopular, too, among the seafar. him, and when the railway was made he ing population, a little envious of our fag abandoned the bridge in disgust.
that, as far as commerce goes, has almost Madame la directrice is well versed in driven theirs from the seas. all this folk-lore, and she can tell us of And so we take leave of La Hague. the goblins that haunt the coasts herea- Hague, as our director points out, in the bouis, which the country people call bu- sense of an enclosed space — rapidly ards, or hurleurs; and of Chinchesace or, running over the words belonging to the more correctly, Chichevache, a fantastic saine root haie,” “hedge," ha-ba,” beast who devours good wives. Her la- and even “bay” – and we drive off, ac. mentable thinness — for Chichevache, is companied by a sharp rattling shower of evidently, being interpreted, “miserable rain and an equally heavy shower of philocow” — anyhow, the lamentable thinness | logic lore from our director, Tom remark
ing that all this learning acted upon him | certain questionable bill transactions, upin the same way as a sermon, and gave on which his creditors bad threatened him a wonderful appetite for dinner. criminal proceedings, and Chancellor had
When we reached the town we found undertaken to negotiate matters, hoping despatches waiting for us, which gave us to avert any exposure, and to ship off a fresh object in life. First of all was a Master Redmond to some obscure coiony letter from Hilda brought by a servant in - say as governor or commander-in-chief. a wonderful shiny hat, driving a dog-cart, | Now, undoubtedly, John Chancellor was with a fine fast-trotting mare. And this very much in love, and it would be a bit. proved to be from Hilda for Tom, with a ter disappointment to him to find that short account of her adventures. They Hilda was not on board to meet him. had found the château of the Count de St. And why should she have inflicted this Pol, only to learn that the old squire's disappointment on one who was doing his friend was dead, and that his son ruled in best to serve her? bis stead
- a young man, handsome, Tom and I talked the matter over as we brilliant, and very richi. He had wel- waited for the time of departure, winding comed thein with all the effusion of his round and round the subject without comrace; but as he kept up only a bachelor ing to any conclusion. But while we sat establishment, Hilda and her father bad in the shade in the courtyard of the hotel, taken up their quarters at the hotel at smoking and talking over our woes, the Valognes — “ a dear old place, which you director being busy with a note-book and must come and see, Tom.” Another de-his programme, and his wife having gone spatch too — by telegraph this one to array herself for a walk, a young and came from the “Sea-Mew,” dated Ryde. bright-looking girl approached, and in She had run across to pick up her owner, pretty broken English requested our ad. who was going to join her there, and back vice and aid. She was Justine, the femme to the coast of France — port of rendez de chambre of the English mademoiselle, vous, St. Vaast.
and her mistress had left her here with We sent for the railway Indicateur. her boxes, promising to send for her when Last train to Valognes at a quarter past the destination of the party was settled; six. Dinner must be postponed till we but she had heard nothing, and was so reach that place. Tom grumbled, and dull and desolate in this place that exis. muttered something about never travel-tence was no longer endurable. ling with people who were running after would help her to find her mistress, we girls.
should earn her prayers for our welfare The same question presented itself both and her everlasting gratitude. to Tom and myself on reading these de- "If I could travel with a femme de spatches. Had the recall of the “ Sea- chambre, how gladly would I !”exclaimed Mew” to pick up its owner anything to do Tom. “But as that would not be thought with Hilda's hasty departure froin the correct, I don't see what can be done. yacht with her father? Was it possible But don't cry, my child," seeing that the that she shrank from the assiduous atten- girl's eyes were fast filling with tears. tions of her betrothed, wished to put off. You may rely upon us to see you all their meeting as long as possible? Per right." And here it occurred to us that laps it was rather a bigh-landed proceed- Justine might attach herself to madame ing which a girl of spirit might resent, la directrice, who was travelling without this ordering back the whole party to meet a maid ; we were all sure to meet on its host - a thing not chivalrous at all, but board the “Sea-Mew,” and in the mean rather savoring of the self-importance of time Justine could make herself useful to an arrogant man. However that might be, her compatriots. Justine eagerly seized Tom reminded me that hitherto Hilda had the opportunity - an orderly little creanot shown any repugnance to Mr. Chan- ture, a satellite who felt herself lost with. cellor, and that having made up her mind out a central planet- and presently we to accept him she must have been pre. saw and heard her in full career of activpared for a certain high-handedness which ity, darting here and there for things for was part of his character. And, again, madame, and singing: Chancellor's visit to France was in pursu
A Saint Malo sont arrivés, ance of a scheme of direct advantage for
Sur le bord de la rivière, the Chudleigh family. For the son of the
Trois balemens chargés de blés, house, Redmond, the ex.guardsman and Sur l'i sur l'o sur le bord de l'eau, roué, was now, Tom informed me, lying
Dans l'eau, hidden in some French town, mixed up in Sur le bord de la rivière.
" A nice little girl that,” quoth Tom, | able in their present quarters.
"Not at rising and throwing away the end of bis all, my friends,” rejoined the director; cigar; I mean to have a talk to her, and "no triling considerations of comfort find out what's the matter with Hilda.” shall interfere with my devotion to the Tom must have found an opportunity for friends of my excellent Chancelleur. Till carrying out his purpose, for presently he we are on board that ship with the extraorreappeared, and seated himself beside me. dinary name, I will not lose sight of you, “ A clever little thing, too, that girl,” he my friends, for a
You, my began; "she put me up to the situation brave Courtnez, conduct my wife to the in a moment. Her mistress, she said omnibus, and we others will follow on was quite satisfied and happy at least, foot.” if not quite happy, anyhow quite content, And I presently beheld Tom pleasantly till last night when the post came in with sandwiched between Justine and her mis. two dépêches for mademoiselle, one, no tress, while the director held me by the doubt, from her fiancé, which she read arm as he discoursed upon the origin of quite calmly, half smiling to herself, and the name of Cherbourg, whether Cæsarthe second -ah, the second -- which she burgh, as some pretend, a derivation the opened quite indifferently. It was only director was inclined to scout, or more from the vieille châtelaine at the château probably after some Saxon chieftain Cyric of monsieur, her papa. Yes, the sec- or Cedric. ond,” went on Tom, imitating the little But soon we were speeding, at the de. femme de chambre's gestures, and waving | liberate speed of a French express train, of hands, "the second produced a most along a pleasant English-looking valley, lamentable effect on mademoiselle. She with a stream showing here and there a turned pale, was about to faint, and then gleam of light, and snug villas perched gave way to an indescribable agitation, among the trees; through a woodland wringing her hands, and even weeping, in country, the trees all aglow with the rays a way à navrer le cæur. “Now, what's of the declining sun, with little fields benavrer le cæur?” asked Tom, interrupt- tween, shining in vivid green ; the storm ing his narrative." I want to get up all all cleared away, and the day finishing in those little phrases; they are so useful in peace and splendor; then among roses travelling. Navrer le côur, what does it which cluster about every cottage, hang mean, now?"
about the station walls, and clamber " Perhaps you'll know before you are around the wheels of old deserted lugmuch older," I replied gloomily, for, in- gage-trucks - a land of roses and rich deed, the little story, I had just heard had meadows, with green hedges and happy, made me feel something of a heart-break. comfortable-looking cows standing to be The “vieille châtelaine” could be no milked, and milked into vases of polished other than Mrs. Murch, and the news brass of quite noble classic form: a coun. that liad so much affected Hilda conld try of village spires and thatched roofs, hardly be other than an account of my with a pretty bit of river here and there visit to Combe Chudleigh, and of what I shining from under a bridge. It is the had said and done. But that Hilda felt river Douve - a less brawling stream than that I had come too late, and that we were our English Dove, but with a charm of hopelessly and irrevocably parted, was its own, in its rich and pleasant valley. only too plain from the manner in which And yonder on the hill our director points she had received the news. Not a gleam out a spire among the trees, which should of joy or of hope, but only the grief and be a place of pilgrimage for the Scots. 'It sorrow with which she took leave forever is Brix, the original home of the Bruces of all the sweet promise of earlier days. before they knew either Northumbria or
But if I could only see her — speak Scotland. And then we are left at Va. to her in my own name, urge my own lognes, while the train speeds on into the rights of first and only love. I became green, smiling country. in a moment leverishly anxious to depart. The inevitable little omnibus waiting at
To a man anxious to get away, it was the station is already nearly filled with rather vexing, that as Tom and I were commisvoyageurs, and there is only settling our bills we should be seized upon room for Justine and the boxes, which are by the director. "Are we to travel on packed outside, so we walk down into the to-night then, my friends?” And then quiet town where the shadows are creepI suggested that as we were going to ing up the walls while the the tall roofs of a small town of limited resources, his the big château are still in full sunshine. wife and he would be much more comfort. A pleasant social life they must have led,
these provincial seigneurs before the high with hay. A girl is driving some Revolution, shut out from most of the turkeys into a dilapidated stable, and cares of the world behind these big florid cocks and hens are marching to roost in gateways within the shaded courtyards, a long procession. But by the doorway, and the gardens full of sunshine. The in a little nook shaded with shrubs and gardens are still there, with their pear. creepers, there is a group of which I recirees loaded with fruit trained in formal ognize the principal members — the old neatness over the espaliers, with the apple- squire, regarding the scene with dignified trees and plum-trees, that may have been complaisance, while at a table sits Hilda, grafted by the dainty hands of dukes and sketching the old gateway, the tower, with marquises of the ancien régime; and the its conical roof just touched by golden courtyards are still there and the forid sunlight, the shadows that hang about the gateways, these last with a narrow door. mullioned windows. The grey, time-worn way, perhaps, cut out of the great ex. front of the church behind is still bathed panse, and a little grating whence some in light; there is a solemn kind of pathos white-coifed sister may look out upon the about this last little bit still left of the old world outside, as quiet almost as the castle of Valognes. cloistered world within. These big “But, mademoiselle, you have suchouses of the old noblesse are nearly all ceeded admirably,” cried an enthusiastic convents now, or seminaries, or retreats. voice from the group. " You have ex. Except that in one or two of them, per- pressed the very sentiment of the scene, haps, some honest bourgeois lives, like a and in such a charming manner that I mouse in the corner of a granary, in a shall treasure this sketch as one of my room or two cut off from the grand salon, most precious possessions.' with the legs of a fat carved cupid on one The speaker was
a young, handsome side of the partition, and his torso on the fellow, small and slight, but well-built, other; while the carved mantelpiece holds who hung over Hilda as she worked with the dish for tobacco and the modest pipe quite unnecessary solicitude. of the propriétaire. He will replace the But he is charming, that young man," purchase money in a few years with the said madame la directrice to her husband produce of the grand garden, that seems sotto voce. “Do you happen to know' continually soaked in sunshine all through bim, mon ani?” the long summer days. But of the courily • Know him ? - yes,” exclaimed the old families who lived here through so director. “ This is one of the best of many centuries in their homely state, what my friends — the young M. de St. Pol." trace is there now? Who knows or cares whether our friend De St. Pol, for instance, is the offshoot of some almost royal line, or the son of some speculator
From The Mail. or contractor, who the other day might
VACCINATION. have carried a pedlar's basket ?
In a wide, grass-covered place we come to a halt -- the place surrounded by formal
PLAYFAIR, P.C., K.C.B., F.R.S., rows of well-clipped limes, with seats un.
IN BRITISH HOUSE OF COMMONS, JUNE 19, 1883. der the trees, but not a soul to be seen, and the silence only broken by the ring. Sir L. PLAYFAIR said: The charge ing of the big solemn bells of the church, made against vaccination was twofold whose graceful dome and quaint spire in the first place, that it communicated crown the housetops, and the tinkling of disease, and in the second that it did not little bells of convents from anywhere give any protection as against small-pox. among the trees.
Hereabouts was the With regard to the first of these objeckeep of the old citadel, that stood out tions, the question was carefully examined against kings of England and kings of by a committee of the House in 1871, the France in turn, with hardly a stone lest member for Leicester being himself a upon another now to tell the tale, but zealous member of it. Before this comwhere the turf gives back a solemn echo mittee one of the military surgeons stated from the cells and dungeons below. that 153,316 soldiers had been re-vacci.
Our director leads the way across the nated, and, although syphilis was a comgrassy place, and enters the porte-cochère mon disease among soldiers, not one case of a rambling old hotel. A couple of old. had happened where that disease had fashioned diligences block the view of been thus communicated. They knew the entrance, and sundry wagons piled that since 1853 seventeen millions of chil
EXTRACT FROM SPEECH OF RT. HON. SIR LYON a
dren had been vaccinated in this country, various diseases to which the human body and it was very doubtful whether there is liable.” (Hear, hear.) It was against were three or four specific cases where this disease that we sought protection. this disease had ever been produced. Vaccination was not introduced until the (Cheers.) Therefore, though it was pos- beginning of the present century. In 1807, sible, it was extremely rare. As to the the House of Lords called upon the Royal much more common forms of diseases College of Physicians to report on the known as skin diseases, he did not deny subject, and they stated that small-pox, that, as the result of the irritation pro- after vaccination, was less violent than it duced, either by teething or by vaccina. would have otherwise been, and that in tion, skin diseases might occur ; but they inost cases it was of a remarkably mild were very often post hoc altogether. One character.
a precise stateof the policemen of the House came to ment of the knowledge that we had now, him last week, and supposing him to be, as post-vaccinal cases of small-pox were not a doctor of laws, but a doctor of medi- extremely mild in comparison with the cine, said, “I wish to consult you, sir, former disease. As he had just said, vacvery much upon a very serious eruption cination was introduced at the beginning which is all over my body, and produced of this century. Soon an enthusiasm was by revaccination.” He replied, “I am got up for it, and charitable associations interested in that, let me see it.” The throughout the country spread it gratuieruption was certainly decided, and the tously. Vaccination began to spread rap. policeman stated that he had had it about idly, and after these voluntary agencies a month. On being then asked when he had been at work for about forty years, was revaccinated, the officer replied, the average rate of morality, which was “Seven years ago.” (Laughter.) li was three thousand per million in the last cen. a case of post hoc, and, therefore, it was tury, fell to six hundred per million. By supposed to be propter hoc. But were the year 1840 it was only one-fifth of what they to dispense with a remedy which it was in the last century. Then the State was efficacious over the whole commu. began to interfere for the first time, and nity because a few very rare cases might determined, in accordance with the exoccur, any more than they were to pro-perience of other countries, to give grabibit the us of anæsthetics because altuitous vaccination. That continued from patient occasionally died under them, or 1841 to 1854, and at the end of that period prohibit drinking water because people the average morality had come down to sometimes got typhoid from using pol. three hundred and five per million. (Hear, luted water? (Hear.) After hearing the hear.) Next, in 1853, the State passed an evidence, the committee in 1871, of which obligatory act, but no good machinery was the member for Leicester was a member, provided for carrying out its objects. declared "there need be no apprehension Still compulsion was the law of the land, that vaccination is injurious to health, or and by the end of 1871, the average morcommunicates disease.” The member for tality had fallen from three hundred and Leicester moved the omission of these five per million to two hundred and twentywords and proposed the insertion of the three per million. (Hear, hear.) Then following as an amendment: “That some there came our present period from 1871, few cases of disease have been communi. when a new act was passed obliging cated by vaccination, but the danger is so Boards of Guardians to appoint vaccinainfinitesimal, that, subject to the condition officers. In this period of true comtions above mentioned, the committee do pulsion, from 1871 to 1883, the average not hesitate to express their conviction mortality had been only one hundred and of the safe character of the operation." fifty-six per million. (Loud cheers.) That (Cheers.)
was in England. Scotland and Ireland Then it was said that vaccination had did not get compulsory vaccination laws pot been protective. Against what dis. till 1863, and they did not come into operease did we seek protection ? Some hon-ation till the following year. The average orable members seemed to think that, mortality was much higher there than in because it was a small disease now, it was England – fifty per cent. in some cases. not necessary to have protective laws. From 1864 to 1874, which period included He would, however, read Sir Thomas a very important epidemic, the rate of Watson's description of this disease : mortality in Scotland fell from three hun“Small-pox is the most hideous, loath- dred and five per million to two hundred some, disfiguring, and probably - except and fourteen per million; and from 1875 hydrophobia - the most fatal also of the I to 1882 the average was only six per mil