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Be that as it may, without stopping to to the ridicule of his neighbors, who did pronounce an oration on the fallen, the not scruple to call him “the fool of the fool slung the hide over his shoulder and parish.” started at a trot to the manse. Arrived The following anecdote illustrates the there, he knocked loudly at the door, and peculiar twist in Mansie's mental organon the appearance of the servant, de ism. A farmer had intrusted him with a manded to see the minister. That was commission to buy a couple of pigs and quite out of the question, he was informed; some fowls in the island of Rousay, and the reverend gentleman had retired for bring them to his house in the neighbor. the night, and could not be disturbed. ing parish of Evie. The farmer's boat But Sandy was not to be balked. With was placed at his disposal; and one fine an impatient “Haud oot o'my way, lass,” morning Mansie started for Rousay, arhe puslied past the girl, made his way to riving at his destination without any misthe minister's bedroom, knocked at the hap. In a short time the pigs and pouldoor, and without waiting for an invita. try were on board, and Mansie set off on tion to enter, marched in. The minister his homeward voyage. But alack and had been reading in bed; but on the ab. alas ! in the hurry of departure, he had rupt entrance of his visitor, threw aside neglected to make fast the mouths of the his book, exclaiming: "Why, Sandy, man, sacks in which the grunters were stowed what brings you here at this time of away. Being descendants of the “wise night?”

pig," these animals quickly discovered “Great news, minister - great news!” | that egress from their prison was possible, cried Sandy.

and with a simultaneous grunt of delight, “What news?” asked the pastor, catch- rushed from the sacks, and capsized the ing something of his visitor's excitement. boat. Have the French landed?"

Had Mansie been minding his business, “French indeed !” quoth the fool con- such a catastrophe might have been averttemptuously. “I ken naething about thaeed; but as usual, his thoughts were far frog.eaters.”

away, and he only realized his dangerous "Well, what is your great news ? " reit- position whan be found himself strug. erated the minister impatiently;

gling in the water with the pigs and poul" It's just this — I've killed the deil; try floating around. Fortunately, the upand there's his hide;” and Ainging the set occurred within a couple of hundred skin on the bed, our friend stalked with yards of the shore. But our friend could injured dignity from the room.

not swim, and there were no straws to Sandy remained unconvinced to the clutch. “ Necessity, however, is the end of his life that he had not in very mother of invention, and Mansie clutched truth slain the arch enemy, and declared the tails of his pigs! There is reason to in confidence to the laird, that the minis- believe the animals rebelled at such a libter wasn't so grateful as he might have erty; but nevertheless they eventually been for the good turn he had done him. landed both themselves and their burden. After the supposed decease of the ene. Mansie was soon surrounded by a small my, Sandy became more settled in his crowd of sympathizers, who condoled habits, but continued to plume himself with him on the loss of the poultry — for not a little on his gallantry, complacently the fowls were drowned

- and put many adding that "it wasn't everybody had questions regarding the upsetting of the taken the.deil by the horns, as Sandy boat. But our friend was deaf to every Macintosh had done.”

Somewhat akin to Sandy was an Ork- trance," and such a trivial matter as the ney contemporary of his, one Mansie of loss of his employer's property troubled Queenamuckle. Mansie's particular craze him not. Presently he opened his mouth was implicit belief in the presence of and said: “ Ken ye, my frien's, what hapsupernatural beings, with whom, he de- pened to me when I was far doon at the clared, he had long and interesting con- bottom o'the mighty ocean?” versations. It is possible had Mansie “What was it, Mansie?” asked one of lived in these enlightened days of table. the bystanders. turning and spirit-rapping, that the spir- Weel, when I was haudin' on to the itualists might have discovered in him a tails o' the beasties, thinkin' my last hour powerful medium. But fortunately, or had come, there was a sound o'wings unfortunately, for him, spiritualism was above my head, and I heard the birds o' as yet unborn in the beginning of the paradise singing, 'Come, Magnus, come.' century, and he was consequently exposed A burst of derisive laughter greeted

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this extravagant statement, and one of of relinquishing the prize, so he put his the younger members of the group sug: best foot foremost, and made for the Nab gested“ whaups” (curlews) as the origi- - a high rock some little distance from Dal of Mansie's birds of paradise. Lerwick. Gnawing the goose as he ran,

“Wbaups, indeed!” snorted that indi. he occasionally turned round to shake it vidual. “I tell you they were the birds insultingly in his pursuer's face, whom he o paradise. It's no the first time I've invited to catch him if she could. Cook heard them.” And Mansie in high dudg. was asthmatic; moreover, she foolishly

at the scepticism of his auditors, spent her breath in calling the marauder proceeded to secure his four-footed friends all manner of uncomplimentary names; in their respective sacks — which, with consequently, she lost ground, while Wilthe boat, had drifted ashore -and once lie gained it. Still, she kept up the chase, more embarked on his homeward voyage. goaded to unusual energy by the heart

Very different from Sandy Macintosh rending spectacle of the impending deand Mansie of Queenamuckle, was Sham-struction of her master's dinner. At bling Willie. A Shetlander by birth, length Willie reached the Nab; farther Willie lived some fifty years ago near the he could not go unless he took a header town of Lerwick. Of respectable parent into the sea. Cook came puffing along, age, he had received a fair education, vengeance in her eyes ; but just as she loved reading, and was always to be seen, thought she had the thief in her grasp, he with head very much on one side, shuf- eluded her, tossed the remains of the fling along the streets of his native town goose over the cliff, snapped his fingers carrying three or four of his favorite au in the old dame's face, and took to his thors secured by a strap: Willie's eccen. Heels, chuckling gleefully. He had cirtricities were rather trying to his neigh. cumvented Madam Cook, secured a good bors. He was in the habit of entering dinner, and was triumphant. their houses surreptitiously, and made Shambling Willie bad yet another adnothing of pouncing on anything eatable venture at the Nab which is worth relat. and carrying it off. A favorite time for ing. A West Indian negro, a professor such raids was New Year's day, as he of inesmerism, had come to Lerwick to was sure to secure something particularly deliver a series of lectures, and on the savory at that festive season. He had á evening of his arrival had gone for a fine nose (or the good things of this life, walk in the direction of the Nab. Now, though he wasn't extra particular whether Willie had heard of the mesmerist, and as the viands were underdone or overdone. he had never seen a black man in bis life,

One New Year's day, when prowling in was exceedingly anxious to make the prothe vicinity of a Lerwick gentleman's fessor's acquaintance. With this object house, he was attracted by the odor of in view, he had been prowling round the roast goose. Now, Willie fairly doted on outskirts of the town ever since the neroast goose, so he immediately began re. gro's arrival, and when he saw him walkvolving in his mind ways and means of ing towards the Nab, started in pursuit. securing the object of bis desire. Sta. The professor was for some time unaware tioning himnself near the kitchen window, of Willie's approach, until he heard hurhe had the pleasure of observing the no- ried steps behind him; and turning round, ble bird slowly turning on the spit, ten beheld what he believed to be an escaped derly basted by a buxom old dame, whose lunatic tearing after him, and shrieking in soul was evidently in her task. From his the squeakiest of voices: “Stop, man, coign of vantage our friend could perceive stop, or I'll be the death o’ye !” . Terror the exits and entrances of the cook, who laid hold on the mesmerist, and he fled; fitted to and fro, but never absented her. but what was his horror, on reaching the seli long enough from the kitchen to per- Nab, to find that unless he jumped over mit of Willie carrying out his intentions. the cliff, he could not escape his pursuer. Patience, however, had its reward at last. In his dilemma, the professor thought he The dining-room bell rang, and the old would try the effects of mesmerism on the dame vanished. Willie's opportunity had lunatic. Willie as but a few yards dis

Dashing into the kitchen, he tant, when he turned and confronted bim seized the goose, and made off with it. with folded arms and wild, rolling eyes. But he was hardly a hundred yards from Our poor friend stared for a moment at the house, when the cook returned, dis- the negro, then, unable to bear his pierccovered the theft, and catching sight of ing glance, rushed away, shrieking: “It's our friend from the window, started in the deil himsel; he'll be the death o' me. hot pursuit. Willie, however, had no idea | The pursued now became the pursuer.



Willie ran, and the professor ran after | apprentices, help to discharged prisoners, him. There are people still living who the care of young deaf mutes, the pro. remember seeing our friend and the black tection of the insane, the prevention of clattering down the principal street of cruelty to animals, the embellishment of Lerwick, and hearing the agonizing cry of the environs of Bâle, a savings-bank, sick the former: “It's the deil himsel; he'll and burial societies, an asylum for the be the death o mo."

aged, the furtherance of domestic indus. Presently Willie dived through an open try, the providing of appliances for the door, taking care to bolt it after him; relief of the sick, the maintenance of the while the negro professor returned to his city museum of natural history and of its hotel highly delighted at what he consid-mediæval collection. The machinery of ered a striking proof of the omnipotence the Society consists, besides a directorate of his art.

(Vorstand) of nine persons, for the most Shambling Willie has been dead these part of separate committees for the sevthirty years, but his memory is still kept eral objects, ranging from three to sevengreen by the older inhabitants of his pa- teen members; in other cases, where partive town.

ticular undertakings have passed out of the hands of the Society, or are simply contributed to by it, of from one to four delegates for each of such. In one or

two cases, companies or societies which From The Spectator.

have sprung out of it report directly to it. ORGANIZED CHARITY IN SWITZERLAND. For it has repeatedly happened in the bis.

THE Charity Organization Society has tory of the Society that it has served as given expression to a sense of dissatisfac- pioneer to the State, and has seen objects tion with the desultory, haphazard charac- taken up as of public obligation which it ter of our benevolence, which had long had originally sought to compass by pribeen a growing one in many minds. But vate effort; whilst in other cases, the it is somewhat humiliating to us English work which it has initiated has either so men, who boast of being practical, to find developed itself as to require an organizathat what we have only been talking about, tion of its own, or from its costliness has and trying to do, within the last few years, required this from the first. Hence, its has been actually done in a Swiss city for forty-five present objects represent nearly more than a century. There has been no seventy which it has had in all, although talk about charity organization in Bâle, new ones are frequently added, in place but since the year 1777, the canton has of those which have passed out of its possessed a society (Gesellschaft zur Be- hands. In a few cases, indeed, it has had förderung der Guten und Gemeinnützi simply to give up what it had undertaken. gen), established on so simple and broad In other cases, where a first attempt had a basis as to afford room for the organic failed, another has succeeded in later development of every form of benevolence, years. Thus, instead of the senseless, so that at the present day (or at least at sickening, intolerable competition of charthe end of 1881) it can provide at once ity with charity which fills the advertise. for forty-five different objects, which in ment columns of the Times and the waste. practical England would have required paper baskets of every person who has a forty-five offices, forty-five paid secreta- discoverable address, these Swiss burgh. ries, forty-five separate subscription lists, ers have made it a practice, for now these and forty-five separately published yearly one hundred and six years, to bring their reports. It has over seventeen hundred benevolence to a focus, to set it to work members, over £8,000 funds, and an in- in a manner which is at once the most come of over £3,000. Its objects include practical and the most scientific, and the improvement of the dwellings of the which at the same time answers best to laboring class, public eating-rooms, baths the spirit of true Christian fellowship. and washhouses (including men's and No political or religious differences have women's swimming · baths), athietics, a ever been suffered to exclude from its skating-rink, public lectures, Sunday membership; it has been found wide schools for girls, choral singing, various enough for men of the most various charlibraries, kindergarten, insant schools, acters, sympathies, and tendencies. drawing and modelling schools, music. The following passages from the rules schools, sewing-schools, assistance of va. of the Society, which were adopted on rious kinds to clever or to poor scholars, Easter Day of 1777 by the seven original provision for orphans, the maintenance of members, may seem to explain the largeaess of its aims: “Object of the Society: director for 1882, besides ten subscribers.

– The furtherance, encouragement, and An Andreas Merian was another original extension of all that is good, praiseworthy, member, and a Hoffmann-Merian was socially useful, all that can raise and in- president for 1882, besides thirty-eight crease the honor and welfare of the com- subscribers. Thus, out of the seven orig. munity, the happiness of the citizen, and inal names, four appear after the lapse of of mankind at large, has a right to the one hundred and six years in the Direcattention of the Society. Choice of Memotor of the Society, and only one seems bers. - Admission to the Society must to bave died out of the list of members. therefore be open to every friend and There is surely something very fine in furtherer of that which is good. Duties this hereditary benevolence, generation of Members. — Every, member, in the after generation devoting themselves to same manner as he will strive for himself the furtherance of a common work. No to make that use of his knowledge, his doubt, the S. P. G. in this country and a gifts, his position, his fortune, which he few local charities, might afford similar considers most conducive to the general instances out of their subscription lists; happiness, so will he also have always but few amongst us would be disposed this principle before his eyes in reference at the first blush to connect such fixity to the aims of this Society.” The Society of purpose with republican institutions. thus presupposes active individual benev. And there is something touching to note olence as a many-sided duty, and then that, although the area of the Society's proceeds to make it collective. Hence, operations is local, it has many members whilst it has not disdained to spend money not only in other cantons, but in foreign freely on occasional commemorative fes- countries. One subscribes from Heideltivals (more particularly that of its cen. berg, another from Milan, a third from tenary, in 1877), it has been able to do its Naples, two from Havre, another from quiet work without any grand yearly din- Weimar, another from London, another ders, and, above all, without any voting from Troyes, another from Marseilles, machinery; and yet it has grown almost another from New York, another from St. uninterruptedly, though slowly at the first. Alban's. (Be it observed that the report Its income during its first year was only gives simply a list of members, not the 2,126 francs (say, £85). After 1809, it quota of individual benefactions.)

never under 3,000 f.; after 1915, It may, indeed, have been noticed that never under 5,000; after 1816, never under among the various objects of the Society 6,000; after 1821, never under 7,000; after there are none of a directly religious char1829, never under 8,000; it was over 9,000, acter, although the Protestant Union for in 1830; over 10,000, in 1831; over 14,000, Church-singing (Kirchengesangverein) re. in 1834; over 15,000, in 1838; over 34,000, ports to it, as well as the Klein-Basel in 1851; over 42,000, in 1863; over 47,000, Choir (probably Roman Catholic), and a in 1874. Its lowest number of members delegate from the Church Choir (Kirchenwas 121, in 1784; in 1804, it was over 200; gesangchor, apparently a different body in 1813, over 300 ; in 1823, over 400; in from the first-named). That the existence 1827, over 500; in 1845, over 600; in of the Society has in no wise quenched 1853, over 700; in 1861, over Soo; in 1868, religious zeal in Bâle, nor its restriction over 900; in 1869, over 1,000; in 1870, to local objects narrowed the range of over 1,100; in 1871, over 1,200; in 1872, Bâle benevolence, is shown clearly by the over 1,300; in 1874, over 1,400; in 1876, coexistence in the same city of the wellover 1,500; in 1881, over 1,700, being known Bâle Missionary Society, almost more than three per cent of the whole the pioneer among such institutions, and population. What is still more remark. which has rendered signal services to able is that the same names remain con- Christendom. Many clergymen are memDected with it during its century and more bers of the Gesellschaft zur Beförderung of existence. Its founder was one Isaac der Guten und Gemeinnützigen, and it is Iselin, and a Major Rudolf Iselin was its obvious that its position is in no wise that treasurer in 1882, and twenty-one Iselins of antagonism to the Christian faith, but are among the subscribers. A Peter rather of friendly, but wholly unsectarian, Burckhardt was another of the seven orig- co-operation with it. inal members, and three Burckhardts were It would, of course, be idle simply to members of the Directorate for 1882, be- imitate such a body in this country, or sides over seventy subscribers of the even in this metropolis, this “province name. A Jacob Sarasin was another orig. covered with houses," of which the Can. inal member, and a Sarasin-Stehlin was a ton of Bâle City would form but a frag.


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ment. The field is long since preoccu. I tinguished for the abundance and choice. pied, – the vested interests of hundreds ness of its fish - so much so that the of charities would no longer allow of the local proverbial equivalent for our mod. growth of a body capable of combining so ern “ carrying coals to Newcastle,” was many important objects as the Bâle So. “ bringing fish to Acco" (Acre, the nearciety. But it is a question whether some est port to Gennesaret). The southern inspiration might not be derived from its portion of the lake was a noted fishing, example. It is possible to conceive of ground, and the whole district teemed a group of friends, united, perhaps, by with busy communities of fishermen, and the influence of some precious memory, fish-curers and picklers. It does not bringing together their efforts, in what seem that the traffic was regulated by any ever direction, for what is right and good, specific laws except one, reputed to be as and instead of trying to set up separate so- old as Joshua, and whicho insisted that cieties (a benevolent nobleman is reported fishing should be quite unrestricted in to have said that he sometimes lay awake order that the people might enjoy the full at nights for thinking what new societies measure of the food yielded by the gener. required to be formed), resolving them ous waters. This is an early solution of selves into committees only, all acting in the “ Harvest-of-the-Sea” question that harmony with each other. What might should commend itself to the genial presgrow out of such an attempt at co-oper- ident of the International Fisheries Exhi. ation in benevolence, time alone could bition. Markets for the sale of fish seem show. But our present competition in to have been plentiful in Palestine. A benevolence is as odious as it is wasteful. gate on the north-east side of Jerusalem

was called the Fish Gate, probably from its being in the neighborhood of the spot where the fish salesmen laid out their

stock. This market was, of course, closed From The Jewish World

on the Sabbath ; but we learn that the FISH IN THE TALMUD.

fish-loving Jews did not hesitate to buy on Of the very few references to fish in the that day of Phænician fish-peddlers who Bible, the most significant is the verse in perambulated the city much in the same Numbers xi. which tells how the Israelites way as the “ Fish, all alive 'O” men of in the desert hungered for the finny deni- the present day. At Sidon was another zens of the deep they had enjoyed in very large market, where, says a someEgypt. From this we gather that fish what hyperbolous passage in Shekalim, was, as it is yet, a favorite article of food no less than three hundred kinds of fish with the Hebrews. The sacred narrative, were daily on sale. The species highest however, has nothing more to say on this in public favor was called tris or thirissa, subject. It is silent as to the trade which considered by Herzfeld to have been a so pronounced a taste must have stimu- kind of anchovy, but by other authorities lated, inexorably dumb on the all-impor. - particularly Lewysohn and Schwab tant question of cookery; and if we want ordinary tunny. In Berachoth 44, R. to know anything more, we must search Dimi relates that the fiy.gatherers to Althrough the weary pages of the more exander Jaunæus consumed every week voluminous Talmud. Fortunately for six hundred thousand baskets of this fish. piscatorial literature, the rabbins were From a remark in Aboda Sara it would domesticated, men who devoted no small seem that the great Jehuda Hanassi — the amount of attention to the questions in first editor of the Mishnah - did not disvolved in the supply and preparation of dain to speculate in this delicacy, for we creature comforts. Hence we have in are told that he owned a ship carrying their discussions ample materials for as. more than three hundred barrels of thris. certaining the part played by fish in the sa. Probably a large portion of the wealth economy of Palestinian society at a very of the great patriarch was due to astute early age. The yearning which expressed dealings in this favorite fish; but if, unitself so wailingly in the wilderness had like the apostles, he preferred such a suffered no diminution in the period asso- wholesale trade to the humbler netting ciated with the Talmudic doctors. From and angling, it will be remembered to his the seaboard, lakes and rivers of the Holy credit that he expended the greater por. Land, the supply of fish was plentiful, the tion of the riches so acquired for the internal trade active and prosperous, and benefit of students and the assistance of the consumption very large. The Sea or the poor. Notwithstanding the plentifulLake of Gennesaret was particularly dis- | ness of native fish a good many foreign

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