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he no man has a more cruel lot. He is grieve to say that an almost total absence the victim of a reputation. On some oc- of calf is indispensable ; but with this casion his horse ran away with him, or physical advantage in his favor, if he can some combination of circumstances oc- Otherwise “dress up to it,” very little curred, resulting in his "going” brilliantly more is required from him. He expends in a run, or being carried safely over some all his energies on his "get-up," and when impossible place which, though he subse he is "got up "he is done and exhausted quently, like Mr. Winkle in his duel, had for the day, and is seldom seen out of a presence of mind enough to speak of and trot or a' lane. Then there is the man treat as nothing out of the way, and to who can tell you all about it.” He will have jumped which was to him an ordinary describe the whole run, with fervent and occurrence, he could not in any unguarded forid descriptions of this awkward fence, moment contemplate, allude to, or even or that wide brook, not positively assertthink of without shuddering. By nature ing, but leaving you to infer, that he was pervous and timid — weaknesses reacted in the front rank all the way; but someupon as a sort of antidote by a love of how no one else will have ever seen him notoriety and a secret craving for admira- in any part of the run. This rider is tion and applause — this heavy calamity gifted with a vivid imagination and vast had occurred to him, from which he could powers of invention, and, as a rule, never never shake himself free.
leaves the road. Then there is the poli
tician who button-holes you at every pos. The burden of an honor Unto which he was not born,
sible opportunity on the subject of the
Affirmation Bill, extracting from you clung to him wheresoever he went. Great. probably, as your attention is most likely
was thrust upon him. He must not intent on this matter just then, some ride; it was expected from him. Noblesse " oaths” not required by the statute. oblige! he hates it, but he must do it. It Then there is, finally, the honest man embitters his life, but he dares not sacri- who comes out, without disguise or prefice the reputation. The eyes of Europe tence, solely for the benefit of his diges. are upon him, as he thinks; and so, tion; who never intends to jump, and though in mortal fear during the most never does jump. part of every hunting day, he endures it. All these varied classes are happy, and He suffers, and is strony. Each day re- not a few of them go home under the quires from him some feat of daring for firm impression that they have distin. the edification of the field; and he does it, guished themselves; and some even comusually executing it in sight of the whole fort themselves with the reflection that field, when hounds are running slowly, they have "cut down” certain persons, charging some big fence, which there is who are probably quite unaware of this no real necessity for jumping, at full speed, operation having been performed upon and shutting his eyes as he goes over. them, or may possibly be of opinion that The county analyst, if called upon to ex. they themselves have performed it on the amine the contents of the various flasks very individuals who are thus rejoicing in carried by the field, would pronounce this this reversed belief. gentleman's sherry or brandy to be less With all this there is throughout these diluted with water than any one else's. varied classes of riders, although occaHonor to him! If you feel no fear, what sional bickerings may arise, a general credit to ride boldly? But if you really tone of good humor and tolerance rarely "funk," and ride boldly, this is to be brave to be found in other congregations of indeed.
mankind. Landlords and tenant sarmers Then among the more passive class of whose natural relation to each other riders comes the man who goes in entirely has recently been described by political for "a sporting get-up,” especially for a agitators (with their usual accuracy) as faultless boot, which is generally regarded one of mutual coldness, distrust, and an. as a sure indication of riding power. The tagonism — here meet with siniling coun. old Sir Richard Sutton, when asked dur-tenances and jovial greetings, and the ing his mastership of the Quorn Hounds, only question of "tenant right" here is whether So-and-so, recently arrived from the right of the tenant to ride over his the country, could ride, replied: “I don't landlord, or of the landlord to take a simknow - I have not seen him go; but I ilar liberty with his tenant. Rivals in should think he could, for he hangs a good business, opponents in politics, debtors boot.” To arrive, however, at this rarely and creditors – all by common consent attained perfection of sporting exterior, I seem to wipe off old scores, and, for the
day at least, to be at peace and charity | knows how much of his sport depends on with their neighbors.
the good-will of the tenant farmers, and One man only inay perhaps be some- he sees with pain rails needlessly broken, times excluded from the benefits arising crops needlessly ridden over, gates unout of this approximation to the millen. hinged or left open, perhaps fronting a nium, and he, to whom I have not yet road, along which the liberated cattle or alluded, is the most important of all horses may stray for miles, giving their the master. No position, except perhaps angry proprietors possibly days of trouble a member of Parliament's, entails so to recover them. Second-horse men too much hard work, accompanied with so are often careless in this respect. But I little thanks, as that of a master of fox. inust here remark as to the tenant farmhounds. A fierce light," inseparable ers, that, as a rule, their tolerance is be. from his semi-regality, beats on him; his yond all praise, especially when, as unforevery act is scrutinized and discussed by tunately is the case in many countries, eyes and tongues ever ready to mark and the mischievous trespassers above alluded proclaim what is done amiss. Very diffi- to have no connection with the county or cult is it for him to do right. There are hunt, do not subscribe to the hounds, or many people to please, and often what spend a shilling directly or indirectly in pleases one offends another. Anything the neighborhood. going wrong, any small annoyance, arriv. Time was when the oats, the straw, and ing too late at the meet, getting a bad the hay were bought and consumed by start, drawing away from, and not towards, the stranger in the land, who thus brought the grumbler's home (and grumblers, like some advantage to the farmer, and in the poor, must always be among us) — all other matters to the small trader. But these things are apt to be somehow vis. now he arrives by train and so departs, ited on the unhappy master.
leaving broken fences and damaged crops Upon the King ! let us our lives -our souls,
as the only trace of his visit. These are Vur debts, our sins, lay on the King !
the evils which may lead to the decadence
of fox-hunting. But Mr. Oakeley, mas. Then there is the anxiety for his hounds' ter of the Atherstone, an especially and safety among wild riders and kicking deservedly popular man, it is true, had a three-year-olds. He knows each hound, magnificent proof of an opposite concluand has a special affection for some, sion the other day, when over a thousand which makes him in gateways or narrow tenant farmers, on the bare rumor of the passes, as they thread their way among hounds being given up, got up, and signed the horses' feet, shudder to his inmost in a few days, a testimonial or memorial
Sir Richard Sutton was once over- to beg hiin to continue them, and pledgheard, when arriving at the meet, putting ing themselves to do all they could to the following questions to his second-promote the sport in every way. This is horse man:
“Many people out?": “A the bright side of a “master's ” life. great many, Sir Richard." “Ugh!” “Is But not to all is it given to bask in such Colonel F. out?” “Yes, Sir Richard.” sunshine. Earnest labor is required to “Ugh, ugh!” “Is Mr. B. out?" “ Yes, attain this or any other success.
And the Sir Richard.” “Ugh, ugh, ugh! Then following rules, I believe, always guided
" couple up Valiant and Dauntless, and Mr. Oakeley's conduct as a master: send them both home in the brougham !” 1. To buy his horses as much as possi
This same master in my hearing called ble from the farmers themselves not aside at one of his meets a gentleman, from dealers. who was supposed by him to be not very 2. To buy his forage in the country. particular as to how near he rode to the 3. To keep stallions for use of farmers hounds, and, pointing out one particular at a low fee, and to give prizes for young hound, said: “ Please kindly take notice horses bred in the district. (In both of that hound. He is the most valuable these objects many are of opinion that animal in the pack, and I would not have the master ought to be helped by the him ridden over for anything." The gen. State, as nothing would encourage the tleman promptly and courteously replied: breeding of horses so much, or at such “I would do anything to oblige you, Sir small cost.) Richard; but I have a shocking bad mem- 4. To give prizes, create rivalry as to ory for hounds, and I'm afraid he will the “ walked” puppies, by asking the have to take his chance with the rest !” farmers over to see them when they re. All these things are agonizing to a mas turn to headquarters, and giving them ter, and other anxieties perplex him. He luncheon.
5. To draw all coverts in their turn, and weight of happiness in the other scale. not to cut up any particular portion un. So I myself in my old
still preserve duly because it may be a better country the follies of my youth, and counsel others with more favorite coverts.
to do the same. Laugh and be fat," Lastly. To get farmers to act for them- says some modern advertisement. “Hunt selves as much as possible in the manage and be happy," say I still. But who ment of poultry claims, etc., which they shall pierce the veil of the future ? As will then have a pride in keeping low. with the individual so I think it is with And above all ever to recognize and ac- nations. They too when they grow old knowledge that tenant farmers have, to should preserve, or, at least, not too resay the least, an equal voice with the land- morselessly extinguish their follies. I owners as to the general management of fear lest in grasping at the shadow of the hunting
national perfection we only attain the But I have done. I have shown, I reality of a saturnalia of prigs — an hope, that, on the whole, fox-hunting apotheosis of claptrap. Legislation has brings happiness to all — the fox, when performed such queer antics lately that killed or hard run excepted – but I can. the angels must be beginning to weep: pot go into the larger question of humani. And ugly visions sometimes haunt me of tarian sentiment; he is often not killed; | a time coming, which shall be a good time and, till he is, leads a jovial life, feasting to no man, at least to no Englishman, on the best, and thief, villain, and mur- when an impossible standard of pseudoderer as he is, protected even by the philanthropy and humanitarian morality ruthless gamekeeper. In return for this shall be attempted; when the butcher his day of atonement must come. But shall lie down with the lamb, the alder. for the sport, he would not have existed; man with the turtle, and the oyster shall and when he dies gallantly in the open, not be eaten without anæsthetics; when as in the run above depicted, his suffer- bature itself shall be under the eye of the ings are short. I myself like not the last police, and detectives watch the stoat's scene of some hunts, when, his limbs pursuit of the rabbit and keep guard over baving failed him, the poor fox is driven spider's webs; when all property (and not to depend on the resources of his vulpine in land alone, my advanced friend !) save brain alone. Often have I turned aside, that of Hardware magnates, who have declining to witness the little stratagems made a monopoly and called it peace, shall of his then piteous cunning; nay, more, be confiscated as an 66 unearned incre. I confess, when I alone have come across ment” to the State; when we have by the hiding-place of a “beaten fox," and he legislative enactment forbidden the prebas, so to speak, confided his secret to me vention and sanctioned the admission of with his upturned and indescribably ap- loathsome diseases, and anti-fox-hunting pealing eye, it has been sacred with me; may be as loud a cry as anti-vaccination; I have retired softly, and rejoiced with when there is a Parliament on College huge joy when the huntsman at last calls Green; when“ the languishing nobleman” away his baffled pack.
of Dartınoor is free, and repossessed of Altogether, I maintain that, with such his broad acres, which, in his case alone, exceptions, at small cost of animal suffer- because they so clearly belong to some ing, great enjoyment is compassed by all. one else, shall escape confiscation ; when, There are miseries of course even out as a final climax to our national madness, hunting; there are rainy days, bad scent. we have employed science to dig a hole ing days, and inconvenient mounts. The under the sea, and, by connecting us with celebrated Jem Mason, a splendid rider the Continent, deprive us of the grand and quaint compounder of expressions, advantage which nature has given us, and used to say that the height of human which has conferred on us centuries of misery was to be out hunting on an "ewe envied stability, while thrones were rock: Decked horse, galloping over a molehilly ing and constitutions sinking all around field, down hill, with bad shoulders, a us; when, having already passed laws snaffle bridle, one foot out of the stirrup, not only to prohibit our children being and a fly in your eye." But he dealt in educated with the knowledge and fear of figurative extremes. He replied to some God before their eyes, but even to forbid one who asked him as to the nature of a his very name to be mentioned in our big-looking fence in front: " Certain schools, we deliberately and scornfully death on this side, my lord, and eternal abandon our ancient religion and admit misery on the other!” Such sorrows as proclaimed infidelity and public blas, these are not much to balance against the phemy to the sanction, recognition, and
approval of Parliament; then indeed we chain of blue mountains, whose wavy out. need not wonder if we lose not only our lines have been following us since midday national sports, but our national exist. upon our right, and climbing gradually ence; and if Divine Providence, giving higher and higher into the western sky. practical effect to the old quotation, Between us and them lies an undulating Quos Deus vult perdere prius dementat,
landscape of field and forest, rich in the
gorgeous coloring of the south, and bathed allows England, after passing through the in the warm light of declining day. phases of insanity which she has already Our old friend the general's carriage, is begun to display, to be blotted out from there to meet us, and the beaming black the nations of the world.
face of his grey-headed Achates, greets W. BROMLEY DAVENPORT.
us with grins of recognition from the box, and with numerous tugs at the brim of his shabby wide.awake, as we and our trunks and the mail-bags are hustled on to the
platform, by the snorting and impatient From Macmillan's Magazine.
train. He wears no livery, it is true. THE OLD VIRGINIAN GENTLEMAN.
The carriage has not been cleaned for a No man with a soul within him could month. The horses probably have been enter Virginia for the first time with the taken this very afternoon from the plough; same feelings of indifference that he but what of that? Is not the hospitality would cross the borders of Ohio or In- | all the greater on that account? The sta. diana. Shocking as is the Englishman's tion-master does not rush out and touch ignorance of America's past, the fields of his hat, but the general is quite as much Virginia, at least, even through the win. honored as if a cloud of obsequious porters dows of a Pullman car, will call up dim and powdered footmen bad assisted in visions of George Washington and the our removal from the train to the trap; Fairfaxes; of Captain Smith and Poca- not from a standpoint merely of mutual hontas; of La Fayette; of Mr. Jefferson, respect — that might apply as well in Ne. in his blue coat and three-cornered hat, braska or Ohio — but simply on social jogging along the country road; of Pat- grounds alone, as a Montague of Berkerick Henry thundering at king and Parlia. ley County, Virginia, who has in no way ment; and if all these figures are not failed to maintain the credit of that highly outlined so distinctly on the traveller's respected and aristocratic family. The memory as perhaps they should be, there founder of the Berkeley Montagues, it is will be at least a lurking tenderness for well known, surveyed in 1710 those large the scenes of that dreamy old plantation tracts of land upon Tuckahoe Creek in life that through the medium of wander. that county, which was then a wilderness ing minstrels in more recent times fasci- poorly protected from Indians by a blocknated our childhood, and with the echoes house, which they still in part own, while of its banjos gave us the romantic side of the title-deeds of the family are a grant slavery. Then it is but yesterday that sla- given under the hand and seal of “Good. very itself perished upon these self-same Queen Anne.” fields, and made them the theatre of one of In our five-mile drive we pass numbers the most gigantic wars of modern times. of farmhouses of all sorts and sizes Here, winding beneath the railroad is an some new, some old, some large, some obscure brook, whose name twenty years small, sometimes with shady porches emago was in every Englishman's mouth as it bowered in annual creepers, and some. ran red with the blood of slaughtered thou- tiines old straggling gardens full of box sands. Here a country village, where the and honeysuckle and myrtle, thyme, and fate of a great nation hung for twenty-four balm, and many half-forgotten herbs; but hours upon the balance; and if any monu- these are not inhabited by Montagues. ment is wanting of this Titanic struggle, Rippling streams cross the road in every where would you find one so complete as valley, for it is mostly up and down hill. in the great graveyards that, scattered Nothing can be more picturesque than over Virginia, bristle thick with tomb. the country through which we are travelstones of Federal and Confederate dead! ling; sometimes the rough and winding It is at a little station not one hundred road leads us through woodlands whose and fifty miles south of Washington that large leaves wave above our heads, someI would ask the reader to alight. For times through open fields, where the toseveral hours we have been running south, bacco just ripening for the cutter's knife and been gradually drawing nearer to a lis spreading its dark green leaves above
the warm, red soil, and where the tall In- mentioned in Queen Anne's grant. It dian corn in all the splendor of its full has been dear since then to generations of foliage rustles gently in the evening wind. Montagues. As men it has turned their Here, too, to the right and left, stretch grist and saw inills; as children they have wide stubble fields with their deep carpet paddled in its gravelly shallows among of annual weeds over which in a month's the darting minnows; as boys they have time the sportsman's setters will be rang: learned to swim in its swirling pools or ing for the coveys of quail, but now half dragged the seine-nets for chub and perch, grown. In the valleys soft meadows or stalked the blue-winged ducks that now spread their level surface fresh from and then in early autumn go whistling recept rains along the margin of willow along its surface. Many a field of the bordered streams that water and enrich Montague tobacco too has it washed away them, while over their soft turf the or buried in the mud, and many a deep shadows of overhanging woodlands grow channel has it cut through cornfield and longer and longer as the light of day meadow in those occasional freshets declines. From the tall tobacco-barns whose violence has caused the years in comes the familiar odor of the curing of which they occurred to stand out as local the first cut plants, and thin clouds of landmarks in the flight of time by the smoke above their roofs hang clearly fireside of the negro and the poor white. against the reddening sky. Negro cabins No Montague ha ever built a horseof squared logs cluster upon the road. bridge across it. Railway companies and side on sunny billtops, or in shady glens, city corporations are the only people that while from field and forest comes the wild build bridges in Virginia; and many an melody with which the Ethiopian cheers impatient lover and returning wanderer, his hours of toil. Behind all, though in summer thunder-showers or in winter many miles away, the grand masses of the storms, has waited in despair on its furBlue Ridge Mountains lie piled against ther bank while the turbid waters have the western sky, their rocky summits, been rolling six feet above the gravelly their chestnut-shaded slopes, their deep bed of the ford, and rippling over the ravines hollowed by white cascades that hand-rail of the little foot-bridge, that in thunder ceaselessly through hemlock fair weather does excellent service in its groves and shrubberies of rhododendrons way. and of kalmias, all mellowed into a uni- A short struggle up the hill beyond form tint of the softest and the deepest brings us to the plateau on which the blue.
homestead stands. In front is the manWe are now upon the ancestral acres of sion itself with its two acres of lawn and the Montagues, or what is left of them, as much more of kitchen garden, surand the horses without shout or effort on rounded partly by a wall, and partly by a Caleb's part, turn suddenly from the main picket-fence. Behind are the barns, outroad, where the latter is bounded on both buildings, negro cabins, resonant at this sides by an oak forest, and dash along a hour of sunset with all the sounds incitortuous track, whose character of privacy, dental to a Southern farmhouse at close of as roads go, no one would for a moment day: Negresses, their heads bound round venture to doubt, as Caleb, with the skill with colored handkerchiefs, and carrying of constant practice, ducks his head be. tin milk-pails on them, come calling down neath, or dodges it to one side of the the lane for the long line of cows that are hanging bouglis that every now and then slowly splashing through the ford bescrape familiarly along the roof of the neath; negro ploughmen are coming in carriage. A big white gate, hung upon on their mules and horses singing lustily by half-a-dozen negro urchins, armed with to the accompaniment of their jangling books and slates, lets us out again into trace-chains; pigs and calves from dithe open country, and there, upon a hill verse quarters, and in diverse keys, bail in front of us, with groves of oak behind, the approach of their common feedingand apple-orchards before it, the fortress hour, while through all, the dull thud of of the Montagues looks out over the sur the axe from the wood-pile seems to strike rounding country: Once more we drive the hour of the evening meal. into a valley, and once more the horses If picked to pieces there is nothing are standing knee-deep in a little river, specially attractive about the general's while Caleb, for the last time, assists them house ; but to any one who had been wanto appease their apparently quenchless dering among the whitewash, and fresh tbirst.
paint, and crudeness of the ordinary This is the famous Tuckahoe Creek | Northero or Western rural districts, there