Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

looked forward to a march on Paris : | army of at least five hundred thousand “This army, which might have been sup- men, and to subject her to losses which posed ruined, thus appeared once more, at last will tire her out. So we can await in renewed strength, ready to advance the time, when, with organized forces, we with four corps, numbering about 150,000 shall be equal to a great effort, and shall infantry, 6000 cavalry, and 54 batteries i be able, under less unfavorable conditions, of artillery without reckoning the Breton to expel the enemy from the country.” mobiles, who were being organized, and A guerilla warsare of this kind, howwbo when drilled would swell our forces ever, required a real army in the field to in the west to 235,000 men. ... Our maintain a solid and lasting defensive, course, therefore, was to make as quickly and continually to hold the enemy in as possible good use of this force, and to check. For this purpose Chanzy promarch to the relief of Paris."

posed to move the Second Army to the The fall of Paris on the 28th January, south of the Loire, and thus to make head and the catastrophe of Bourbaki's army, against the invaders. The ability with prevented Chanży from attempting this which he marked out the lines of defence march. During the armistice that ensued for this supreme contest, and the stern he was invited to present a scheme of op. confidence with which he declared that erations to the French government in the he would carry the war to the last man of event of a renewal of war. We shall France, without doubt of the final issue, quote a few passages from his masterly if the nation was worthy of its old redespatch, the whole of which should, how- nown, reminds us of Wellington at Torever, be studied. Without concealing the res Vedras: “Our organized armies, esperils of France, Chanzy showed with tablished on strong positions prepared for truth that she had still great resources: defence, could thus resist as long as pos“We had immediately available, 222,000 sible, yielding ground when forced to do infantry, 20,000 cavalry, 33,900 artillery. so, but only retreating upon new positions men, 1,332 field-pieces with 242 rounds for chosen beforehand, and so obtaining the each piece, and 4,000 wagons for parks; result which we must aim at, the prolonand, as resources to be organized, 354,000 gation of the contest. This resistance men in the territorial divisions and in the could be carried in parts of the country, depôts of Algeria, 132,000 recruits of the in succession, which would present inclass of 1871, 443 guns, mounted, though creasing difficulties to the enemy, espe. without horses, 398,000 projectiles, 1,200 cially in Auvergne, and so we should wagons in our arsenals, and 12,000 horses acquire solidity and strength, for we which could be delivered within six weeks should gain time to organize and maintain

i. Finally, we possessed a country with our resources.” a population of twenty-five millions of Recollecting what Chanzy had accoinsouls, on which the invader had not set plished, who shall say that this project foot."

was chimerical, had this great soldier A universal and fierce resistance, like been in supreme command? Chanzy bethat which Spain opposed to Napoleon, lieved that ultimate success was probable; which avoiding general engagements in and after the war declared that France the field, should compel the Germans to bad fallen from want of reliance on herdivide their forces, and to maintain armies self: “We found, even in our improvised at many points, and should aim at weary- soldiers, the great military qualities which ing them out at last, was obviously the are the inalienable heritage of our race; true course to follow: “The troops at and the principal cause of our final over. our disposal, we inust not forget, have throw was a want of confidence in ournot, as yet, either sufficient organization selves.” or coherence, and are not sufficiently Chanzy, however, added these words of trained to war, to form armies capable caution against that mischievous popular of maneuvring, and fighting persistently fallacy, that a nation may trust for its against those which the enemy can array defence on armies formed of young leve in at least equal numbers. We must ies: “ Yet let us not suppose jhat improtherefore avoid battles which might be. vised armies are a sufficient security in come decisive. The object to aim at, is the great crises of war which may again to make resistance national, and continu- happen. The events in which we have ous at all points, and thus to force the taken part demonstrate beyond question, enemy to disseminate his troops, to com- that a nation can only be sure of its inde. pel Germany to maintain in France an pendence, and really strong, when its

a

military organization is carefully matured, perhaps more than a soupçon of rouge, the complete, and.powerful.”

many hues displayed in the costumes of As is well known, this eminent man both sexes, must altogether have given had not an opportunity to carry out his the scene a charm of color in which our projects, for the war ended with the fall modern balls are deficient. Even the of Paris. France, however, appreciated black of the clergy who might be present, his great deeds; she felt that he had re- was relieved by frills, ruffles, and the deemed her honor; and he received the silver buckles on the instep. A descripthanks of the Assembly at Versailles. tion is given in the Westminster Mag. Chanzy held afterwards high command; azine of the fashions worn on the queen's he showed great capacity of organization, birthday, January 18, 1781; and those of and of preparing the new army of France; Bath in the height of the season would and had war with Germany broken out not have materially differed, except that again, he would certainly have been com- the men wore no swords, under the wise mander-in-chief. He was esteemed, too, regulation formerly made by Beau Nash. by his late enemy; was received at Ber- The king was habited in dark-colored vel. lin with extreme courtesy; and Moltke vet, richly embroidered, with a star and has placed this opinion on record, that shoulder-knot of diamonds. His swordhis "reiterated efforts surpassed belief.” hilt was enriched with jewels. The queen He has passed away, and it was not given was in pink satin, trimmed with black fur. him to attempt to avenge the disasters of The Prince of Wales was dressed in pearlFrance, and to bring victory back to her colored silk, embroidered with gold; and standards. The vulgar opinion may be bis black hat was ornamented with a white that success is necessary to make a gen- feather, and rows of steel beads. The eral great; but this is not the judgment ladies were usually costumed in satins, of true critics; and Chanzy will rank trimmed with fur, lace, or crape, and ornaamong captains, like William of Orange, mented with fanciful flounces of gauze, Villars, and Washington - men who nev. fringed with gold and silver. The three er won a great pitched battle, yet whose most general satins were rose-color, white, martial qualities and heroic constancy, and orange-color; the former being preconspicuously shown in adverse fortune, dominant. The Duchess of Devonshire entitled them to the adiniration of man- wore a rose-colored vest and train, with a kind.

white satin petticoat, and small chains of silver, partly gilt, hanging around her dress. The ladies' head dresses were decorated with a few artificial flowers

airily placed; and they generally wore From The Cornhill Magazine. large bouquets of the same. The gentle BATH AND TUNBRIDGE WELLS A men's suits were mostly embroidered vel

vets and rich silks trimmed with fur. BRILLIANT, a century ago, must have “Sir Thomas Irvine's coat was reckoned been the scene presented in the ball-room the most elegant at court, being black of what Acres, in “ The Rivals,” styles the velvet with satin waistcoat and cuffs cou"new rooms at Bath. The lustre was leur de feu, and embroidered with gold more subdued in those days of candles; and pearls." When the company was but there were few black coats to deaden seated around the handsome and spacious the effect of the radiance. The cut-steel ball-room at Bath (one hundred and five buttons and buckles of the men, or the feet by forty-two), with its classical adorn. silver and paste of the more elderly beaux, ments and sufficiency of color on the walls, must have everywhere sparkled about the and belles were led forth by beaux to the

The effect of the general aspect stately minuet, with a gleaming of rich of a fine gentleman of the period must satin and golden embroideries, an aspect have been precisely as suggested in Pope's of great courtliness must have pervaded “Rape of ihe Lock," glittering - the place. If their apparel, however, was The morning dream that hover’d o'er her head, gorgeous, their habits were simple. In A youth more glittring than a birthnight beau: hints for etiquette it is suggested that a

gentleman should always offer bis partner Then the variegated tints of plumes or an orange at the termination of the dance. flowers adorning the snowy locks of the Two guineas entitle a subscriber, during fair sex, the heightened tone imparted to the season, to admissions for two ladies, to the complexion by powder, patches, and dress balls, fancy balls, and promenades;

CENTURY AGO.

[ocr errors]

room.

but all persons are expected to pay six- | maître; a bad Bobadil; a Cyrus; a Mercury, pence for tea. The dress and fancy balls who could neither fly nor skip; a brilliant are to commence at seven, and terminate Night; a Laplander melting with heat; two at eleven precisely, even in the middle of harlequins, the one short and thick, like a a dance.

Dutch dumpling, but exceedingly agile; a Ladies who intend dancing minuets whimsical harlequiness ; a girl with a fool's cap

on and a rattle in her hand, led by her gov. are requested, in the regulations for the

erness; flower girls, orange girls, milk girls, rooms, to wear lappets. It is hoped that and female haymakers, and a devil resembling gentlemen will accommodate their dress neither human, mythological, nor hellish being. to that of the ladies; and they are not to There were fancy and old English dresses in wear boots. It seems to have been the abundance, and the usual quantum of nuns, custom, in the minuets, for one gentle- friars, sailors, witches, etc. There were bands man to dance with two ladies consecutive of music in several apartments. Before the ly; leading forth the second after he had collation saloon was opened tea and orgeat handed the first to her place. Presumably Sideboards were set out, there were cold fowls,

were distributed,

In the apartment where the it was not easy to secure as many

beaux as belles, to face the ordeal of the eyes of Lisbon, Mountain, and Rhenish wines.

tongues, etc., with Madeira, Vidonia, Port, the company who were probably seated around the room, several benches deep. In this year the winter costume of laIt is ordered that three benches are to be dies is given as follows: reserved, at the upper end of the room, for ladies of precedence, of the rank of DRESS OF THE MONTH AS ESTABLISHED IN ST.

JAMES'S AND AT TAVISTOCK STREET, peeress. When the country dances commenced,

Full Dress. — The ladies in general still in which the bean' monde threw off its wear their hair dressed high, broad at top, statelier graces, and bobbed, capered, Negligées of rich, plain-colored silks or satins,

with large flys, and a feather on the left side. jigged, and grioned, as may be seen in very much trimmed with chenille and gauze illustrations of the period, it was ordained fancy trimmings, and ornamented with tassels that these ladies of precedence should of different colors — hoops and drop earrings have the right to take the upper places. -colored shoes and small rose buckles. They might not, however, assume these Undress. — French jackets or Jesuit dresses, positions after the dance had once com- with short gauze or silk aprons- - or nightmenced.

gowns with round cuffs and double robings Besides the “new rooms,” now only. Alat hat-bonnets with half handkerchief and opened for occasional balls, concerts, etc., appet to hang behind – cloaks of a middling Bath was then also able to support regular length behind and very long before, of white assemblies in the old rooms, established match, or of black mode, lined with white and

or colored satin, lined with skin, with muffs to by Beau Nash, near the abbey, on the site trimmed with broad laces - colored slippers, of the present museum.

Both sets of small roses. rooms were opened for balls and assemblies, and a fancy ball weekly. Our great

The master of the ceremonies at Bath, grandparents appear to have been exces- about the year 1780, publishes an apology sively enamored of masquerades, in which in which he states that the great extenthey seem 10 have endeavored to act up sion of the city has put it out of his power to their characters; though intrigues be. to keep himself regularly informed of arneath the shelter of the masks were prob- rivals. He requests that they will cause ably an important element in the raison their names and addresses to be inserted d'étre. There is an account of a mas in the book kept in the Pump Room. querade in the Westminster Review of On Sunday evenings non-subscribers December, 1785, which was held at Car. were admitted to promenade in the Aslisle House, under the direction of Mrs. sembly Rooms; gentlemen paying one Corneby, tickets of admission being twen. shilling and ladies sixpence, tea included. ty-six shillings.

No cards were allowed on Sundays, and

no hazard or unlawful game at any time. Nearly a thousand persons met on the occa

Of the bath we get a delighisul picture sion, and though much the greater number in Anstey's.“ New Bath Guide,” in Mr. were in dominos, there were nevertheless many | Simkin's letter to his mother: huniorous and characteristic masks; among the best of which we reckon a travelling fiddler; a 'Twas a glorious sight to behold the fair sex native of Otaheite; an English toper swelled | All wading with gentlemen up to their necks, to a most immoderate size ; a bellman; a Turk; And view them so prettily tumble and sprawl Sir Dilberry Diddle, parfaitement un petit In a great smoking kettle as big as our hal;

[ocr errors]

us,

ance,

And to-day many persons of rank and condi. | ber if she could inform him of the name tion

of Tobit's dog. Were boiled by command of an able physician. She replied with the utmost vivacity It should be observed that the fair

that his name was Nash, and an impudent pa.

Roderick says that the Beau tients were attired in flannels during their dog he was. boiling

endeavored to compose himself by tak. He subsequently sketches the minuet ing snuff and forcing a smile; but that he graphically.

was obliged to sneak off in a very ludi

crous attitude. Roderick's Dulcinea was At the sound of the hautboy, the bass, and the applauded to the skies for the brilliancy fiddle,

of her wit, and her acquaintance immeSir Boreas Blubber steps forth in the middle,

diately courted by the best people of both Like a hollyhock, noble, majestic, and tall.

sexes in the room. Sir Boreas Blubber first opens the ball – How he puts on his hat with a smile on his

Nash usually seems, however, to have face,

been supreme; for he once desired the And delivers his hand with an exquisite grace ! Duchess of Queensberry to remove an How genteelly he offers Miss Carrot before apron of rich lace which she wore, and

he himself threw it to an attendant. And Miss Carrot Fitz Oozer, a niece of Lord Porus ! he would not suffer the princess Amelia How nimbly he paces, how active and light!

to have a single dance after the concluOne never can judge of a man at first sight, sion of the ball. But as near as I guess, from the size of his

In the summer he proceeded to Tuncalf, He may weigh about twenty-three stone and a

bridge Wells in a chariot drawn by six half.

grey horses, and preceded by outriders

blowing French horns. His three-corAt a public breakfast given by my Lord nered cocked hat was invariably white, Ragamuffin

and gold-laced. He and Richardson, Dr. The company made a most brilliant appear-Johnson, Colley Cibber, the Earl of Chat

ham, and Garrick are represented in a And ate bread and butter with great perse well-known old picture of the Parade, or verance ;

Pantiles. A century ago, Lord North, All the chocolate, too, that my lord set before Cumberland (the Sir Fretful Plagiary), 'em,

Lord Mansfield, Erskine, as we learn The ladies despatched with the utmost deco- from Rogers's " Memorials," and Michael Soft musical numbers were heard all around,

Kelly (the singer) had taken their places. The horns' and the clarions' echoing sound.

“Miss Peggy Banks,” says Richardson,

was the belle when I first came down to It is recorded that, at public breakfasts Tunbridge Wells, yet she had been so of this description, the company were re many seasons here that she obtained but galed with hot buttered rolls. Beau Nash a faint and languid attention; so that the appears to have ruled very ably at Bath smarts began to put her down in their list during the first half of the century, and of had beens. The 'sweet-tempered' to have done much to benefit the place Miss Chudleigh, afterwards Duchess of in aiding the architects in those works Kingston, was the next triumphant toast.” which have rendered Bath one of the These ladies and their great hoops had most perfect classical cities in the world; given place to the Duchess of Leinster, and his charity seems to have been un- who accidentally meets on Mount Ephraim bounded. It is rather painful to read and welcomes Kelly when he comes to Smollett's anecdote concerning him in stay with Cumberland. Judging from Sir “Roderick Random.” When Roderick Joshua Reynolds's picture, Miss Cumenters the Assembly Room with the de- berland must have been one of the beauformed, though not altogether ill-looking, ties of the Wells. Miss Snapper, the eyes of all present Kelly relates that Cumberland promised were turned upon them with many con- him and Bannister a great treat on the temptuous smiles and tittering observa- evening before their departure. · When tions. The Beau took it upon himself to the cloth was laid for supper, in the midgratify their ill-nature still further by ex- dle of the table was a large dish with a posing the lady to the edge of his wit. cover on it. The two actors' appetites Approaching with many bows and gri. were very properly prepared for the mys. maces, be welcomed her to Bath, and terious dainty by the bracing air of Tún. then, in the bearing of all present, asked | bridge Wells. But when the cover was

[ocr errors]

rum.

ܙ

removed a manuscript play lay upon the Princess Royal's dress was a fawn-colored sil. dish. “ There, my boys,” said Cumber.ver tissue, ornamented with festoons of white land; "there is the treat which I promised silver tissue, bordered by green. The Prince you; that, sirs, is my • Tiberius,' in five of Wales wore a bright-colored pink silk coat, acts; and after we have had our sandwich richly embroidered with silver, and a waistcoat and wine and water, I will read you every for the greater part, spring silks with flowered

of silver tissue. The gentlemen's dresses were, word of it. I am not vain, but I do think borders. Those of the ladies were of white, it by far the best play I ever wrote.”

straw color, and green lustring, most beauti“'Will the reader believe," writes Kelly, fully trimmed with gauza and tiffany, and inin his “Reminiscences,” “that it was noterspersed with natural and artificial flowers. joke, but all in earnest, and that he actually fulfilled his horrid promise, and

At Tunbridge Wells the company met read the first three acts; but seeing vio- early en déshabille, to drink the waters to lent symptoms of sleep coming over us,

the music of hautboys and fiddles in the he proposed that we should go to bed, and orchestra in the centre of the Parade. that in the morning he would treat us be. Both ladies and men wore light dimity fore we started, by reading the fourth and suits, but at eleven o'clock they met in fifth acts; but we saved him the trouble, the Episcopal chapel in full dress. After for we were off before he was out of his the daily prayers they again resorted to bed!"

the Parade for cards or coquetry. The Kelly writes of the evening of his ar- newspapers were to be seen in the coffee rival, that he dined pleasantly with Cum- house, and ladies made a favorite resort berland and his wife, an agreeable old of the pastry.cooks'.

In the library a lady, and Bannister; but the wine was

book was kept for the effusions of poetastscarce, though excellent in quality. Cum-ers, which were usually of the China shep

herdess order of verse. This book has berland sent him to sleep afterwards by reading one of his own comedies. After been printed and published under the title supper upon a cold mutton bone and red of “ Tunbrigalia." wine and water, he says that “the bard

The following is an average specimen conducted us to our bedrooms.

of the muse of the macaronis of this

The apartment in which I was to sleep was his period :study; he paid me the compliment to say Cupid and Venus one day strove that he had a little tent bed put up there To warm Amintor's heart, which he always appropriated to his fa- And give him all the joys of love, vorite guest.

• The book-case at the The joys without the smart. side,' he added, was filled with his own

Says Venus, “ Then let ev'ry maid writings.'

Bestow a fav’rite grace.” “I bowed and said, 'I dare say, sir, I

No, mama,” Cupid, smiling, said,

“Let's show him Celia's face.” shall sleep very soundly.'

Ah! very good,' said he; I under. After dining at the Ordinary many of stand you — a hit, a palpable hit; you the gentlemen played a game at bowls in mean, being so close to my writings they the garden behind Pottinger's — the Suswill act as a soporific! Well, God bless sex Inn - or smoked ibeir pipes and you — you are a kind creature to come looked on. In about the year 1780 don. into the country and listen to my non- keys were introduced, and became fash. sense. Buenos noches, as we say in Spain. ionable for ladies. Previously, those who I hope it will be fine weather for you to had been ordered equestrian exercise for walk about in the morning, for I think their health were accustomed to ride over with Lord Falkland, who said that he the common on pillions behind their cavpitied unlearned gentlemen on a rainy aliers. In the evenings whist, picquet, day;'

quadrilles, etc., entertained the visitors in suggestiveness of the appearance of four times a week, and ball assemblies the old Assembly Rooms at Tunbridge twice. It is related that while the gentleWells, the summer fashions of 1781 may folk were performing their minuets or be quoted from tlie descriptions of the country dances inside the Assembly king's birthday ball on June 4.

Rooms, it was customary for the trades.

people and servants to dance to the music, The King wore a stone-colored silk coat outside the rooms, on the Pantiles. Three with diamond epaulet and star. The Queen shops now stand on the site of the old was in white, with silver tissue, ornamented Assembly Rooms in the centre of the with bows bordered with brilliants. The Parade.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« VorigeDoorgaan »