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ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS PRIVACY ACT

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES,

AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST AND SECOND SESSIONS

ON

H.R. 3378

ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS PRIVACY ACT

SEPTEMBER 26, OCTOBER 24, 1985, JANUARY 30, AND MARCH 5, 1986

Serial No. 50

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

58-844 0

WASHINGTON : 1986

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California DON EDWARDS, California

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

DAN LUNGREN, California ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

Wisconsin MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

BILL McCOLLUM, Florida PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado

E. CLAY SHAW, JR., Florida DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas

GEORGE W. GEKAS, Pennsylvania BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts

MICHAEL DEWINE, Ohio GEO. W. CROCKETT, JR., Michigan

WILLIAM E. DANNEMEYER, California CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York

HANK BROWN, Colorado BRUCE A. MORRISON, Connecticut

PATRICK L. SWINDALL, Georgia
EDWARD F. FEIGHAN, Ohio

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina
LAWRENCE J. SMITH, Florida
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
RICK BOUCHER, Virginia
HARLEY O. STAGGERS, JR., West Virginia
JOHN BRYANT, Texas

M. ELAINE MIELKE, General Counsel

GARNER J. CLINE, Staff Director
ALAN F. COFFEY, Jr., Associate Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, Civil LIBERTIES, AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

MICHAEL DEWINE, Ohio PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado

THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts

PATRICK L. SWINDALL, Georgia
BRUCE A. MORRISON, Connecticut

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
RICK BOUCHER, Virginia

MICHAEL J. REMINGTON, Chief Counsel
Gail HIGGINS FOGARTY, Counsel

DAVID W. BEIER, Counsel

DEBORAH LEAVY, Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, Associate Counsel
JOSEPH V. WOLFE, Associate Counsel

CONTENTS

HEARINGS HELD

Amick, Neal J., division manager, AT&T.

Prepared statement

Cavanagh, Michael F., executive director, Electronic Mail Association

Colgan, Richard T., executive secretary, Association of North American Radio

Clubs ...

Prepared statement

Fishman, Clifford S., professor of law, Catholic University of America Law

School

Prepared statement

Hess, Frederick D., director, Office of Enforcement Operations, Department of

Justice

Knapp James, deputy assistant attorney general, Department of Justice.

Prepared statement
Kelly, John W., Jr., attorney, Southwestern Bell Telephone Co

Prepared statement
Kuhnreich, George A., vice president, Tandy Corp........

Prepared statement
Leahy, Hon. Patrick J., U.S. Senator from the State of Vermont

Prepared statement
Nugent, P. Michael, chairman, Committee on Computer Systems and Commu-
nications Privacy, ADAPSO.

Prepared statement ...
Quigley, Philip J., president and chief executive officer, pacTel Mobile Co.'s.

Prepared statement
Stanton, John W., chairman, Telocator Network of America.....

Prepared statement
Walker, Philip M., general regulatory counsel, GTE Telenet Inc...
Weingarten, Fred W., program manager, Communication and Technologies
Program, Office of Technology Assessment

Prepared statement
Williams, Perry F., secretary, the American Radio Relay League, Inc...

Prepared statement

212

212
218
108
135
147
157

3
5

74
77
26
29
92
95
18

42
46
147
148

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL

Article from the New York Post, "E-Mail Bill Focuses on Security,” dated

September 10, 1985

Article from the New York Times, "New Law to Protect Computer Data

Sought,” dated September 19, 1985
Letter to Hon. William French Smith, Attorney General of the United States

from Patrick Leahy, U.S. Senator, dated January 26, 1984 with enclosures ...

10

11

Page 279

280

282

286

288

289

292

294

296

298

298

301

302

305

307

APPENDIX
Letter from John R. Bolton, Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of

Justice to Hon. Peter W. Rodino (June 6, 1986)......
Letter from Edward W. Hummers, Jr. to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (May

12, 1986)......
Letter from Jerry W. Cox, Counsel for Dynascan Corporation to Hon. Robert

W. Kastenmeier (April 29, 1986)
Letter from Alexander B. Trowbridge, President, National Association of

Manufacturers to Hon. Edwin Meese (April 29, 1986).
Letter from R.S. Willis, Vice President, Associated Credit Services, Inc. to

Subcommittee on Courts Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice

(April 25, 1986)..
Letter from John R. Bolton, Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of

Justice to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (April 15, 1986)...
Letter from Ward H. White, Vice President, United States Telephone Associa-

tion to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (April 14, 1986)..
Letter from Michelle Meier, Consumers Union to Hon. Robert W. Kasten-

meier (April 9, 1986).
Letter from Ted A. Heydinger, Vice President, Government Relations,

CBEMA to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (April 9, 1986)
Letter from John W. Roach, President, Tandy Corporation to Hon. Robert W.

Kastenmeier (April 9, 1986).
Letter from Travis Marshall, Senior Vice President, Motorola, Inc. to Hon.

Robert W. Kastenmeier (April 8, 1986).
Letter from L. Ralph Mecham, Director, Administrative Office of the United

States Courts to Hon. Peter W. Rodino (March 25, 1986)..
Letter from John Spain, President, Radio-Television News Directors Associa-

tion to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (March 18, 1986)....
Letter from F.W. Gerbracht, Jr., Vice President, Chase Manhattan Bank to

Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (March 17, 1986).
Letter from Jerry J. Berman, Chief Legislative Counsel, ACLU to Hon.

Robert W. Kastenmeier (March 14, 1986)..
Letter from William H. Dempsey, Presdent, Association of American Rail-

roads to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (March 14, 1986)....
Statement of Edward O. Fritts, Presdent, National Association of Broadcast-

ers before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administra

tion of Justice (March 7, 1986)..
Supplemental Statement of ANARC concerning H.R. 3378 "The Electronic

Communications Privacy Act of 1985” (February 27, 1986)...
Letter from Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier to Hon. Edwin Messe III, Attorney

General of the United States Department of Justice (February 19, 1986)....
Letter from Robert A. McConnell, Vice President, CBS Washington, to Hon.

Robert W. Kastenmeier (February 4, 1986).....
Testimony of Richard L. Brown before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil

Liberties and the Administration of Justice on behalf of Regency Electron

ics. Inc. (January 30, 1986). Statement of Richard L. Brown before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil

Liberties and the Administration of Justice on behalf of SPACE (January

30, 1986)... Letter from Richard L. Brown to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (January 28,

1986)..
Letter from Michael Goldsmith, Associate Professor of Law, Brigham Young

University to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (January 10, 1986)
Letter from Bruce J. Eggers, Director, Congressional Relations, Ameritech to

Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (December 17, 1985)....
Letter from Richard L. Brown, Counsel to the Satellite Television Industry

Association/SPACE to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (December 3, 1985)........
Letter from Leslie C. Seeman, General Counsel, The Source Information

Network to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (November 21, 1985)
Letter from Christy E. Massie, Counsel, Administration Office of the United

States Court to James C. Murr, Office of Management and Budget (October

31, 1985).... Memo from James S. Golden, Southwestern Bell Corporation to Subcommit

tee on Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice (October 31,

309

312

323

359

363

373

392

396

400

405

407

409

413

Page 425

428

430

432

450

464

Letter from Hubert F. Owens, General Attorney, Bell South Corporation to

the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of

Justice (October 22, 1985)...
Letter from Douglass J. McCollum, Attorney, C&P Telephone to the Subcom-

mittee on Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice (October

22, 1985)..
Letter from Warren G. Austin, General Attorney, Northwestern Bell to the

Judiciary Committee (September 30, 1985)
Memo from Jerry J. Berman and Marc Rotenberg, ACLU, to Conferees and

Interested Persons (September, 1984)..
Letter from Martin T. McCue, Director of Government Relations, Centel

Corporation to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (July 17, 1985)
Letter from Jerry J. Berman, Legislative Counsel, ACLU to Hon. Robert W.

Kastenmeier (June 26, 1985).
Memo from ACLU Project Staff to Conferees and Interested Persons (June,

1985).......
Letter from Lynn W. Ellis, Chairman, IEEE to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier

(May 24, 1985) Letter from Mary C. Lawton, Counsel for Intelligence Policy, U.S. Depart

ment of Justice (May 20, 1985). Statement of Uniden Corporation of America before the House Subcommittee

on Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice.... Statement of Pacific Telesis Group for Recommendations for Amendments....... Statement of the National Association of Business & Educational Radio Con

cerning the “Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1985".
Analysis of H.R 3378 (Same as S. 1667) “Electronic Communications Privacy

Act of 1985” by AT&T..
Comments of H.W. William Caming, Attorney and Consultant, upon “Elec-

tronic Communications Privacy Act of 1985”.

469

481

484

501 517

519

523

546

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