Art and Intellect in the Philosophy of Etienne Gilson
University of Missouri Press, 2004 - 363 pagina's
In Art and Intellect in the Philosophy of Étienne Gilson, Francesca Aran Murphy tells the story of this French philosopher's struggle to reconcile faith and reason. In his lifetime, Gilson often stood alone in presenting Saint Thomas Aquinas as a theologian, one whose philosophy came from his faith. Today, Gilson's view is becoming the prevalent one. Murphy provides us with an intellectual biography of this Thomist leader throughout the stages of his scholarly development. Murphy covers more than a half century of Gilson's life while reminding readers of the political and social realities that confronted intellectuals of the early twentieth century. She shows the effects inner-church politics had on Gilson and his contemporaries such as Alfred Loisy, Lucien Lévy Bruhl, Charles Maurras, Henri de Lubac, Marie-Dominique Chenu, and Jacques Maritain, while also contextualizing Gilson's own life and thoughts in relation to these philosophers and theologians. These great thinkers, along with Gilson, continue to be sources of important intellectual debate among scholars, as do the political periods through which Gilson's story threads-World Wars I and II, the rise and fall of Fascism, and the political upheavals of Europe. By placing Gilson's twentieth-century Catholic life against a dramatic background of opposed political allegiances, clashing spiritualities, and warring ideas of philosophy, this book shows how rival factions each used their own interpretations of Thomas Aquinas to legitimate their conceptions of the Catholic Church. In Art and Intellect in the Philosophy of Étienne Gilson, Murphy shows Gilson's early openness to the artistic revolution of the Cubist and the Expressionist movements and how his love of art inspired his existential theology. She demonstrates the influence that Henri Bergson continued to have on Gilson and how Gilson tried to bring together the intellectual, Dominican side of Christianity with the charismatic, experiential Franciscan side. Murphy concludes with a chapter on issues inspired by the Gilsonist tradition as developed by recent thinkers. This volume makes an original contribution to the study of Gilson, for the first time providing an organic and synthetic treatment of this major spiritual philosopher of modern times.
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Gilson observed with ironic courtesy that whatever one may think
saying of Michelangelo adds that the words are those of
In 1975 Paul VI sent Gilson a personal letter praising
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
Action Française aesthetic afﬁrms argued Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s artist Augustine Augustinian beauty believed Bergson Bonaventure Cajetan cause Christian philosophy church Collège de France conceived conception created creative Cubism deﬁned deﬁnition Descartes Deux approches divine doctrine Dominican epistemology essence eternal Étienne Gilson existential experience fact faith ﬁdeism ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst principles France Franciscan Garrigou Garrigou-Lagrange Gilson says Gilson told God’s grace Henri de Lubac Henri Gouhier historian human Ibid idea inﬂuence intellectual intelligible intuition Jacques Maritain Jesuit Jesus knowledge L’être et l’essence Laberthonnière Labourdette lectures logical Loisy Louvain Lubac Marie-Dominique Chenu Maurras mediaeval metaphysics métaphysique mind modern modernist crisis moral nature neo-Thomists notion object one’s painting Père philoso political pure rational realism reality reason reﬂection religious revelation Saint Thomas Saulchoir Scholastic Scholasticism sense sensible Shook soul spiritual Steenberghen sufﬁcient supernatural theologians theology things Thomas Aquinas Thomas d’Aquin Thomas’s Thomist thought tion truth unity writing