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of bamboo being of varicd thickness. The Every respect is shown to the phoongyees tsoung, or barp, consists of a wooden case by the people, but the former's idea of the with a long curved handle, and a buffalo- respect due to them is, in one thing at hide sounding-board, over which are least, very amusing. To have any perstretched thirteen silken strings. When son's feet abore their head they-consider played the instrument is placed on the highly unbecoming, and before entering a Jap, the handle resting on the left arm and two-storied house they invariably inquire the right hand passing over the strings. whether there is any body upstairs. If

Gautama, the last Buddba, said that there is, they decline to enter until the every man ought to become a monk, and person comes down. Should a phoongyee consequently every Burman does enter a be asked to come and see a sick

person, monastery, although, in the majority of and the invalid be lying in an upper room, cases, he only remains there for a few he sometimes refuses to go upstairs in the days. The longer they stay, the greater ordinary way, but gets a ladder, and plac. merit they obtain. No provisions are ing it against the house, climbs up it and kept at the monasteries, the phoongyees enters the sick-room through the window. relying entirely upon the liberality of the Although the phoongyees bind themselves pious for their sustenance. Every morning to a life of celibacy, self-denial, and menthe phoongyees are to be seen going their dicancy, their vows are not irrevocable, rounds with their collecting. bowls slung and, should they desire to do so, they can round their necks. They never ask for unfrock themselves and return to the anything, but when they halt in front of world, or, as the Burmese term it,

bea house the good people hurry out and come a man.' pour food into their bowls.

A phoongyee's life is a rery lazy one, have collected sufficient food for the day for, with the exception of occasionally they retrace their steps to the monastery. reading the discourses of Buddha to the Their dress is supposed to be made of old asseinbled people, they bave no clerical Tags, which they have collected and sewn duties to perform. They must, however, together with their own hands, but if a according to the venerable Roman Cathonew piece of linen or cloth is offered to lic Bishop Bigandet, “repeat on their them they do not refuse it, but tear it to beads a hundred and twenty times a day pieces, and then sew it together again. the four following considerations on the These rags are covered with a yellow robe, four ibinge most immediately necessary to and thus attired, and with bare feet and men--food, raiment, habitation, and mediclean-s haven head, the phoongyee is far cine :from handsome. But the most amusing

"I eat this rice not to please my appetite, thing abont bịm is the large fan which he but to satisfy the wants of nature. carries in bis band to hide bis face behind

“I put on this babit not for the sake of when he passes a woman, in case he should vanity, but to cover my nakedness. be tempted to admire her, and thus dc- “I live iu this kyoung not for vainglory, but stroy the serenity of his soul. So impor- wentber.

to be protected from ibe inclemency of the tant is it that he should neither touch nor

"I drink this medicine merely to recover converse with a female that a phoongyec my health, that I may with greater diligence is forbidden to recognize his own mother, attend to the duties of my profession.” and if she should fall into a liver and be drowning he must not give her his band It certainly seems as if the most arduous to pall her out, but if there is a pole or duty of that profession consisted in the ropo handy he may reach that to her. above vain repetition. Should pcither of these things be easily

The chief commandments of the Budobtainable his mother must drown. The

dhist religion are : exi-tence of such a mandate is rather ie

“: 1. Thou shalt not destroy life. markable, as it is said that on one occasion “ 2. Thou shalt not steal. a woinan saved Gautama's life. He fell " 3. Thou shalt not commit adultery. into a viver, and was drowning, when a

" 4. Thou shalt not speak falsely. princess walking along the bank saw bis

“5. Thou shalt not drink intoxicatiog

liquor." plight, and with laudable promptitude cut off her bair, made it into a rope, and Referring to these commandments Gautama threw it to him.

said :

" He who kills as much as a bug or a louse ; and the flames piercing. The smoke, he who takes as much as a thrend that belongs too, is disgusting, and there the doomed to another ; he who with a wish of desire

onez iemain for the whole duration of a looks at another man's wife ; le who makes a jest of what concerns the advantage of an

world. Deceitful persons and those who other ;

he who puts on his tonglie as much as boil animals alive will be kept in a hel! the drop that would hang on a blade of grass for four thousand years, and have their of anything bearing the sign of intoxicating bowels consumed by fire entering at their liquor—has broken these commandments."

mouths. Thieves, persons who receive The punishment prescribed for a priest bribes, and destroyers of pagodas will be who is found guilty of an act of inconti- punished in a great hell for eight thousand nence is expulsion. His face is painted years by fire and smoke entering at their black and ornamented with a few wbite cyes, mouth, and ears, and consuming spots. Then, preceded by a man beating their bodies. a drum, he is led through the streets to Among the other hells are the excrethe confines of the city, and turned out mintitious hells where the damned, as they of it.

float about, are bitten by worms as large Formerly there existed nunneries, the as elephants ; the hell of swords, in which inmates of which devoted themselves to the condemned are always being cut with chastity and religion, but they were abol- swords ; the hell of hooks, where lungs, ished years ago as being detrimental to livers, and bowels are torn out by hooks. the increase of the population. There There is also a hell where the occupants are, however, a few women who still dress

are compelled to pass the time climbing in the distinctive garments of the former up, and descending from, a tree, which is virgin priestesses, and devote themselves corered with thorns as sharp as razors. to keeping clean the altars at the pagodas. Another hell is filled with melted brass,

The punishments awarded 10 evil-doers and there are punished adulterers and are, according to the Burmese writings, other sensual persons, by being forced to very severe. Down in the depths of the descend to the bottom of it, and then Southern island are eight great hells, four come to the surface. Each descent and terribly hot, and four intensely cold. each ascent occupies three ihousand years. Each great hell cominunicates with sixteen As is seen by the above, the duration and small ones, and these are encircled by form of punishment depend upon the na. numberless still smaller ones. Professional ture of the crime committed. Having hunters and slayers of oxen, swine, etc., expiated their offence, the released ones will be committed to a great hell, and be are born again, and the form in which ground between four burning mountains they are born depends entirely upon the for two thousand years. Cruel, quarrel- amount of their merits or demerits presome, dishonest, and drunken persons will vious to their crime. Infidels, however, be torn to pieces with red-hot irons, and are eternally punished. They are sent 10 then placed in an intensely cold spot where a hell, and while fixed head downward are their limbs will reunite, only, however, to pierced with red-hot spits. When the be torn asunder and exposed again to the world is destroyed they pass into the air cold. This will be repeated during the to endure incessant torment there. Gave whole of the time that they are in hell. tama himself did not know when the first Persons who kill animals by setting a for- would cxisted or which would be the last est on fire will be sent to a great bell for one, and the general belief among the sixteen thousand years, and afterward Burmese Buddhists is that there nerer thrown headlong from a burning mountain, was a first would or beginning, and that to be transfixed on an iron spit and cut there will never be an end, but that as one and torn by demons. Those who entrap world is destroyed another one exactly with nets animals or fish will be tbrown resembling it is formed.

The present into a great hell, to remain for a thousand world will exist for another sixteen million years, and then be laid on a bed of fire

years, When a world has run its allotted and cut into pieces with burning iron course, it is destroyed by fire, water, or

The same punishment will be meted wind. If luxury is prevalent among the out to those who ridicule their parents. people at the time, the world is consumed Parricides and matricides will be sent to a by fire ; if anger and strife prevail, it is hell where the pavement is always red hot, dissolved in water; but when gross igno

saws,

rance is predominant it is blown to atoms visible, and has the reputation of being the by the wind.

cause of eclipses. He is a buge monster, The sun, moon, and stars, according to and occasionally amuses himself by taking the Burmese writings, revolve round Mount the sun or moon into his mouth or tuckMeru in a circle, the plane of which is ing it under his chin, thereby causing a parallel to the earth. There are also eight total or partial eclipse.- Fortnightly Replanets, one of which, named Rahu, is in- view.

A DEBT OF HONOR.

come

to summon

A FLOOD of yellow sunshine on yellow it is through his eyes and his thoughts sand, and a horse at the gallop. A borse that it must be seen and told ; therefore guided by an English boy, in blue specta- until he began to regain consciousness the cles, sitting squarely enough but some- scene remained, as it were, a blank, dewhat stiffly in his saddle, as if too inde- spite the fact that there were other actors pendent to give himself away even to the on the stage. joyous swing of the handsome little beast

Most people when coming to themselves beneath him. A big boy undoubtedly ; (to use a popular but confusing phrase) but a boy for all his size, and despite the meet first of all with the sound of slow, fact that he was an Assistant Commis- storm-spent breakers rolling in on some sioner of the third grade. In other words, unknown shore. Is it the one they are one appointed to administer justice to the leaving, or the one to which they seek reignorant heathen ; those ignorant heathen turn? Who knows ?--for the vague wonwho seemed to have such odd ideas of der is stilled by a whispered hush! growlife, and to require such immediate regen- ing louder and louder as if both worlds eration,—at the hands of English boys. were waiting, finger on lip, for a decision.

In front, across the foregr und, the Then, as a rule, comes a kindly, familiar glaring white high road for which he was voice or touch to settle the question in steering : to the left centre a gnarled, favor of this earth ; perhaps, some day it knotted old jhand tree hung with colored inay

us to another. threads and patches, proclaiming it to be Again, who knows? still sacred to some effete modern form of Smith-Jones, however, felt something serpent-worship; one of those mysterious so distinctly unfamiliar that he opened his Indian cults of which no one, not even eyes is a fright, relieved to find himself the disciples themselves, know anything. in that unmistakable flood of sunshine Young Jones, or Smith,—what inatters which does not exist out of India. Briefly the name when a character has but to fig. he felt, or thought he felt, a kiss upon

his ure before the footlights of a single scene ? lips. Now Smith-Jones, like most well-noticed these threads and patches with trained, unemotional English boys had a the quick but incomprehensive eye of su

strong dislike to kisses.

Ile Jumped periority. A not uncommon feeling of them, with many other things, under the contemptuous interest came over him, generic term bosh, and contined himself which prolonged itself even when the to reserved pecks at the forebeads of bis cause changed into a wonder why the mother, bis sisters, his aunts, and an ocbrute he was riding would not keep its casiona!, a very occasional, cousin. Even head at the proper angle. Then darkness, when they had all stood round in tears and silence !

while Robin the gardener hoisted the Smith-Jones' horse bad put its foot into brand-new cabin-trunk to the fly, a rat-hole and given him a bad fall, about which from the large white placards on as bad a fall as could well have been, the luggage was evidentiy destined to short of those curious plunges over the carry Smith-Jones part of the way to Bomedge of one world into the next. He lay bay, he had only got as far as a kiss on white and still on the yellow sand, neither the cheek, despite a choke in his throat, in time nor eternity, for a long while. and a distinct inclination to cry. How long matters no more than his name, And now ? It was startling in the exfor this is the story of Smith-Jones, and treme ! New SERIES - VOL. LVII, No. 1.

2

on

Lying on his back, a prey to somewhat his brain still muddled by the jar which alarmed surprise, he became aware through had so nearly sent bim to still more novel his nose of a pleasant scent, and through environments, until bis batred of bosh his eyes, of the pendant mistletoe-like made him sit up suddenly, unsteadily, one twigs of the jhand tice. Mistletoe, -yes, hand supporting himself, the other avertthat might account for the kiss ; but what ing tle sweep of the fan. There was no about the perfume of roses? There it doubt as to the place ; yonder was the was again, in company with an old pea- white road, there the responsible hole, the cock's feather fan which looked as it wallow in the sand where his horse had were half through a severe moulting rolled, the jhand tree gay in its shreds Some one was fanning him, positively fan- and patches. ning him ! for the feathers swooped again But what was that to one side of him ? and again just above his face in composed Someone, either balf-fledged girl or curves suggestive of leisure and perpetual shrunken old woman, seated in one of motion. He tried to find out more by those flat baskets which packmen use for turning his head ; an effort which made carrying their burdens. It was, in effect, him realize that he had been within an a pack-basket, since cords attached it to ace of breaking his neck, and sobered him one end of a banghy, or yoke, which was to acquiescence for a time. Not for long, resting against a net-full of small earthen however, seeing that the boy was a perti. pots fastened to the other extremity of the nacious boy. So, at the expense of a pliant lever. The sight of a human being fearful risk, he discovered a hand and arm in a pack-basket was unusual, but Smithbelonging to the fan ; at least if it was a Jores during the last six months (that is hand and arm after all and not merely a to say, during his sei vice in India) had withered brown branch. Smith Jones's

seen so many strange things that he set it blue eyes came to the conclusion that it down as yet another eccentricity of an ecwas at any rate the skeleton of a hand and centric people. The occupant of the arm, and what is more a curiously graceful basket, however, disturbed bim more ; he skeleton. Then, being still confused out even thought (with a certain sense of of speech, he tried to arrest the arm by shame, which would have been wanting catching hold of it ; but either he had had he been older, or younger) of fairy not yet recovered a just estimate of dis- godmothers ; as if such banalities could tance, or it eluded his grasp, for the even be considered by Smith-Jones, Assistant monotony of the curve continued. And, Commissioner of the third grade. And on the whole, it was pleasant enough to yet he was not without excuse. Mr. Rider lie on one's back in the yellow sand and Haggard has described what“ She' bebe fanned sleepily, gracefully.

came when the fire scorched the charm out joyment, however, which could not be al- of a face and form which, but for magic, lowed long continuance when there was a would have mouldered and been re-mouldhorse to be caught, a camp to be reached, ed to fresh beauty centuries and centuries a judgment to be written the whole bur- before. The figure in the pack-basket den of a world, in short, on Smith-Jones's as shrunken, as shrivellid, as any young shoulders.

Extreme old age had driven I could get up now, if you would re- womanhood away; it had stolen every move that fan,” he said at last, weakly curve, every contour, every color; and surprised at his own difficulty in stringing yet, possibly because the slow furnace of two words together in a foreign tongue. natural life is kinder than its artificial “ There is no hurry, Huzoor,

hurry, Huzoor," came fires, there was nothing unlovely in the in immediate reply. The Protector of wizened face or form. On the contrary, the Poor being so very young, there is Smith-Jones, despite the memory of that naturally plenty of time for all things ere fancied kiss still haunting his brain, looked he has to leave life ; yea, plenty of time.” at her without a shudder.

She was What a remarkable voice! Soft as the dressed in a way which even his ignorance cooing of the doves in the jhand tree, and of the gala costumes of respectable females no londer ; the far-away echo of a voice, told him was unusual,

A very full red toneless, yet mellow. But then the whole, silk petticoat bordered with gay colors experience was remarkable, and he lay was half tucked into the basket, half distrying to piece common-sense into it with played over the edge in coquettish quill

An en

was

" She.”

even now.

ings and frillings of the bright embroid- " What do you know about my greatery. A loose sacque of the same stuff, grandfather ?” he interrupted hotly. many times too large for the bones it cov. “Nothing ; except that the Protector ered, lay in wrinkles on arins and bust of the Poor must have had one. That is with here and there a glint of tarnished all. Nevertheless, if the Presence's greattinsel, while a veil of like material, faded grandfather (Heaven cool his grave!) bad to a purplish tint, its beavy gold thread been in Jodhnagar when he was young he tracings torn, frayed, or wanting, hid all might have heard Gulâbi* sing. I am but the tiny band and arm swaying the Gulâbi, Huzoor." fan, and a shrunken, waxen face whence The peacock's feather fan, with its a pair of bright black eyes looked at him scent of dead roses, swung backward and wisely.

forward, backward and forward, in that • The Presence would do well to repose even rhythmical sweep which only those once more,

came the worn-out voice, accustomed to the task from childhood " He is not to die this time. He hath can maintain for long without break or broken nought save his blue spectacles, flaw. It was particularly soothing. and that is well. Spectacles are not for I was singer to the great Mâharâni at the young ; and, as this slave said but the Pearl Palace,' " went on the voice. now, my Lord is in possession of such “ I had to sing her to sleep while I fanned great youth that he can afford to rest till her as I am fanning the Pillar of Justice Dittu returns from pursuing the Presence's

I used to sing also before the horse, wbich, conceiving that the Protec- court in the evening, sitting in the screened tor had no immediate need of its services, room where only the great and the favored hath retired, after the manner of beasts, bad sight of my mistress. Sometimes to gorge in a gram field.

But I, being the Presence's people came from over the Dittu's relation, can affirm that he will of sea ; I have seen them. They came in a surety return erelong; therefore rest is those days for gold and jewels. Somewithin reach, and if the Presence will lie times also for love ; not for justice as my down again I will keep the fly-people

Lord comes

Nor did they wear from settling on the Presence's face.blue spectacles; but then they were

To tell the truth the effort to rise had young, and I, who am so old now, I made Smith-Jones feel decidedly queer, so young

also.' without more ado he lay back on the pil- The melancholy cadence of her words low which the strange watcher had evi- was quite lost on Smith-Jones who was dently improvised from the coarse outside fast recovering himself and beginning once veil she had worn over her finery. He more to take a rational view

of life, and guessed this by the lingering smell of an interest in the situation, as a situation. roses which clung to the fabric.

Among other things he was a student of You might tell me how I came to folk-lore, and the chance of acquiring infall off, and who you are,

” said he after formation from this old woman, somea pause ; a little fretfully, for he was un- thing that might even be construed into a used to inaction, and impatient at things sun-myth, was exceedingly tempting. he did not understand.

“ You must know a lot of old songs, Huzoor! rat-holes are very simple mother," he said in superior tones. things. Or perhaps it was a snake-hole. Sing ine one, while we are waiting for If my Lord had gone a space farther from Dittu. Or if

you

can't sing it, you know, the tree, he would not have been on sacred just say it ; I only want the words.' ground and then the serpent might not Was it a faint chuckle he heard, as he have revenged himself."

lay prone on his back, or only a louder Smith-Jones gave

a little wriggle. gurgle of those ceaseless doves in the "What bosh!” he muttered ; adding hand tree? The old lady's voice, imperaloud as if to change the subject, " And turbably toneless, arrested bis wonder. who are you, mother ?”

Why should I not sing, Huzoor, seeing “If my Lord dislikes old wives' tales,'' I am of a family of bards. We sing both came the cooing voice, “ he will not care of the old and the new order.

My father for mine.

If the Presence's great-grandfather

* Rose.

now.

was

He is so young:

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