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A. D. 60.
A. D. 60. from heaven against all ungodliness VER. 11.
and unrighteousness of men, who hold Οι γάρ έστι προσωποληψία παρά τω | the truth in unrighteousness; because ©20.
that which may be known of God is For a there is no respect of persons with manifest in them; for God hath shes.
ed it unto them. For the invisible God.
things of him from the creation of the a For the LORD your God is God of world are clearly seen, being undergods, and Lord of lords, a great God, stood by the things that are made, a mighty, and a terrible, which re even his eternal power and Godhead; gardeth not persons, nor taketh re so that they are without excuse : Bewards, Deut. x. 17. Thou shalt not cause that when they knew God, they wrest judgment, thou shalt not re- glorified him not as God; neither spect persons, neither take a gift: were thankful; but became vain in for a gift doth blind the eyes of the their imaginations, and their foolish wise, and pervert the words of the heart was darkened, i. 18–91. Be righteous, xvi. 19. Wherefore now bold, this was the iniquity of thy sislet the fear of the Lord be upon you ; ter Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, take heed and do it: for there is no and abundance of idleness was in ber iniquity with the LORD our God, nor and in her daughters, neither did she respect of persons, nor taking of gifts, strengthen the hands of the poor and 2 Chron. xix. 7. How much less to him needy. And they were haughty, and that accepteth not the persons of committed abomination before me ; princes, nor regardeth the rich more therefore I took them away as I saw than the poor? for they all are the good, Ezek. xvi. 49, 50. And I say work of his hands, Job xxxiv. 19. unto you, It shall be more tolerable These things also belong to the wise. for Tyre and Sidon at the day of It is not good to have respect of per- judgment, than for you, Matt. i. sons in judgment. He that saith unto But I say unto you, That it shall be the wicked, Thou art righteous ; him more tolerable for the land of Sodom shall the people curse, nations shall in the day of judgment, than for thee, abhor him, Prov. xxiv. 23, 24. And 24. But I say unto you, that it shall they sent out unto him their disciples be more tolerable in that day for Sowith the Herodians, saying, Master, dom, than for that city. Woe unto we know that thou art true, and thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethteachest the way of God in truth, saida! for if the mighty works had neither carest thou for any man: for been done in Tyre and Sidon, which thou regardest not the person of man, have been done in you, they bad a Matt. xxii. 16. See also on Acts r. great while ago repented, sitting in ver. 34.
sackcloth and ashes. But it shall be VER. 12.
more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at "Ogos gyàp ávóru ws fuaptor, åróuws nai the judgment, than for you. And απολούνται και όσοι εν νόμο ήμαρτον, διά | thou Capenaum, which art exalted τόμου κριθήσονται, ,
to heaven, shalt be thrust down to For as many a as have sinned without hell, Luke z. 12–15. And that serlaw, shall also perish without luw: band vant, which knew his Lord's will
, and as many as have sinned in the law shall prepared not himself, neither did ac. be judged by the law;
cording to his will, shall be beata
with many stripes. But be that knew a For when the Gentiles, which have not, and did commit things worthy of not the law, do by nature the things stripes, shall be beaten with sex contained in the law, these having not stripes. For unto whomsoever much the law, are a law unto themselves : is given, of him shall be much requirWhich shew the work of the law | ed; and to whom men have commitwritten in their hearts, their con ted much, of him they will ask the science also bearing witness, and their more, xii. 47, 48. Jesus answered, thoughts the mean while accusin or Thou couldest bave no power at all else excusing one another, ver. 14, against me, except it were given thee 15. For the wrath of God is revealed from above : therefore he that deli
A. D, 60. vered me unto thee hath the greater | ministration of righteousness exceed sin, John xix. 11. And the times of in glory, 2 Cor. iii. 7-9. Knowing this ignorance God winked at; but that a man is not justified by the now commandeth all men every where works of the law, but by the faith of to repent: Because he hath appointed Jesus Christ, even we have believed a day, in the which he will judge the in Jesus Christ, that we might be jusworld in righteousness by that man tified by the faith of Christ, and not whom he hath ordained : whereof he by the works of the law : for by the hath given assurance unto all men, in works of the law shall no flesh be justhat he hath raised him from the tified. But if, while we seek to be dead, Acts xvii. 30, 31.
justified by Christ, we ourselves also • In the day when God shall judge are found sinners, is therefore Christ the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, the minister of sin? God forbid. For according to my Gospel, ver. 16. if I build again the things which I Now we know, that what things so destroyed, I make myself a transever the law saith, it saith to them gressor. For I through the law am who are under the law: that every dead to the law, that I might live mouth may be stopped, and all the unto God, Gal. ii. 16—19. For as world may become guilty before God. many as are of the works of the law Therefore by the deeds of the law are under the curse : for it is written, there shall no flesh be justified in his Cursed is every one that continueth sight : for by the law is the knowledge not in all things which are written in of sin, iii. 19, 20. Because the law the book of the law to do them, iii. 10. worketh wrath : for where no law is, But the Scripture hath concluded all there is no transgression, iv. 15. What under sin, that the promise by faith shall we say then? Is the law sin? of Jesus Christ might be given to God forbid. Nay, I had not known them that believe, 22. For whosoever sin, but by the law: for I had not shall keep the whole law, and yet ofknown lust, except the law had said, fend in one point, he is guilty of all. Thou shalt not covet. But sin, tak- For he that said, Do not commit ing occasion by the commandment, adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now wrought in me all manner of concu if thou commit no adultery, yet if piscence. For without the law sin thou kill, thou art become a transwas dead. For I was alive without gressor of the law, Jam. ii. 10, 11. the law once : but when the com And I saw the dead, small and great, mandment came, sin revived, and I stand before God; and the books died. And the commandment, which were opened : and another book was was ordained to life, I found to be unto' opened, which is the book of life: and death. For sin, taking occasion by the dead were judged out of those the commandment, deceived me, and things which were written in the by it slew me, vii. 7-11. For what books, according to their works. And the law could not do, in that it was the sea gave up the dead which were weak through the flesh, God sending in it; and death and bell delivered bis own Son in the likeness of sinful up the dead which were in them : flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in and they were judged every man acthe flesh, viii. 3. Cursed be he that cording to their works. And death confirmeth not all the words of this and hell were cast into the lake of law to do them. And all the people fire. This is the second death. And shall say, Amen, Deut. xxvii. 26. whosoever was not found written in But if the ministration of death, the book of life was cast into the lake written and engraven in stones, was of fire, Rev. xx. 12, 13. glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face
VER. 13. of Moses, for the glory of his coun Ου γαρ οι ακροαται του νόμου δίκαιοι tenance; which glory was to be done παρά τω Θεώ, άλλ' οι ποιηταί του νόμου away: How shall not the ministra- Sinalincovrai. tion of the Spirit be rather glorious ? (For a not the hearers of the law are For if the ministration of condemna- just before God, but the doers of the law tion be glory, much more doth the shall be c justified.
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ROM. II. 13.
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a For circumcision verily profiteth, thy name done many wonderful works! if thou keep the law; but if thou be And then will I profess unto them, I a breaker of the law, thy circumci- never knew you ; depart from me, fe sion is made uncircumcision, ver. 25. that work iniquity. Therefore whoNow therefore hearken, O Israel, unto soever heareth these sayings of mine, the statutes, and unto the judgments, and doeth them, I will liken him unto which I teach you, for to do them, that i a wise man, which built his house ye may live, and go in and possess upon a rock : And the rain descended, the land which the LORD God of your and the floods came, and the winds fathers giveth you, Deut. iv, 1. Hear blew, and beat upon that house ; and therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it fell not : for it was founded upon a it; that it may be well with thee, and rock. And every one that beareth that ye may increase mightily, as the these sayings of mine, and doeth LORD God of thy fathers hath pro- them not, shall be likened unto a mised thee, in the land that howeth foolish man, which built his house with milk and honey, vi. 3. It is not upon the sand: And the rain de in heaven, that thou shouldest say, scended, and the floods came, and Who shall go up for us to heaven, the winds blew, and beat upon that and bring it unto us, that we may house ; and it fell : and great was the hear it, and do it? Neither is it be- fall of it, Matt. vii. 21–27. And he yond the sea, that thou shouldest say, answered and said unto them, My Who shall go over the sea for us, and mother and my brethren are these bring it unto us, that we may hear it, which hear the word of God, and do and do it? But the word is very nigh it, Luke viii. 21. But be ye doers of unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy the word, and not hearers only, de. heart, that thou mayest do it, xxx. 12 ceiving your own selves. For if any -14. And I gave them my statutes, be a hearer of the word, and not a and shewed them iny judgments, doer, he is like unto a man beholding which if a man do, he shall even live his natural face in a glass; For he in them, Ezek. XX. 11. Also, thou beboldeth himself, and goeth his way, son of man, the children of thy peo- and straightway forgetteth what panple still are talking against thee, by ner of man he was. But whoso look. the walls and in the doors of the eth into the perfect law of liberty. houses, and speak one to another, and continueth therein, be being not every one to his brother, saying, a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the Come, I pray you, and hear what is work, this man shall be blessed in his the word that cometh forth from the deed, Jam. i. 21-25. If ye know Lord. And they come unto thee as that he is righteous, ye know that the people cometh, and they sit be every one that doeth righteousness is fore thee as my people, and they hear bom of him, 1 John ii. 29. Little thy words, but they will not do them; children, let no man deceive you : be for with their mouth they show much that doeth righteousness is nighteous, love, but their heart goeth after their even as he is righteous, iii. 7. covetousness. And, lo, thou art unto • Therefore by the deeds of the law them as a very lovely song of one that there shall no flesh be justified in his hath a pleasant voice, and can play sight; for by the law is the knowwell on an instrument : for they hear ledge of sin, Rom. iii. 20. For all thy words, but they do them not. And have sinned, and come short of the when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will glory of God, 23. For Moses decome,) then shall they know that a scribeth the righteousness which is of prophet hath been among them, xxxiii. the law, that the man which doeth 30 — 33. Not every one that saith those things shall live by them, r. 5. unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into And behold, a certain Lawyer stood the kingdom of heaven ; but he that up, and tempted him, saying, Master, doth the will of my Father which is what shall I do to inherit eternal life? in heaven. Many shall say to me in He said unto him, What is written in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not the law ? how readest thou? And he prophesied in thy name? and in thy answering said, Thou shalt love the name have cast out devils ? and in Lord thy God with all thy heart, and
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ROM. II. 13–15.
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with all thy soul, and with all thy sion dost transgress the law? ver. 27. strength, and with all thy mind; and Because that which may be known of thy neighbour as thyself. And he God is manifest in them; for God said unto him, Thou hast answered hath shewed it unto them. For the right; this do, and thou shalt live. invisible things of him from the creaBut he, willing to justify himself, tion of the world are clearly seen, said unto Jesus, And who is my being understood by the things that neighbour? Luke x. 25.-29. But are made, even his eternal power and that no man is justified by the law in Godhead : so that they are without the sight of God, it is evident : for, excuse, i. 19, 20). Finally, brethren, the just shall live by faith. And the whatsoever things are true, whatsolaw is not of faith : but, The man that ever things are honest, whatsoever doeth them shall live in them, Gal. | things are just, whatsoever things are iii. 11, 12.
pure, whatsoever things are lovely, e See on Matt. xii. ver. 37.
whatsoever things are of good report;
if there be any virtue, and if there he VER. 14.
any praise, think on these things,
Phil. iv. 8. “Οταν γαρ έθνη τα μη νόμον έχοντα, For as many as have sinned with. Púcu tà toữ vópeu woñ, etta vópos pais ont law; shall also perish without έχοντες, εαυτούς είσι νόμος:
law; and as many as have sinned in For when the Gentiles, a which have the law shall be judged by the law, not the law, 6 do by nature the things ver. 12. contained in the law, these, having not
VER. 13. the law, cure a law unto themselves : οίτινες ενδείκνυνται το έργον του νόμου
γραπτών εν ταίρ καρδίαις αυτών, συμμαρ• For as many as have sinned with- τυρούσης αυτών της συνειδήσεως, και μεout law shall also perish without law; | ταξυ αλλήλων των λογισμών κατηγορούνand as many as have sinned in the
των, ή και απολογουμένων: law shall be judged by the law, ver. 12. What advantage then hath the
Which shew the work of the law a writJew? or what profit is there of cir- ten in their hearts, their b conscience also cumcision? Much every way: chiefly bearing witness, and their thoughts the because that unto them were com
mean while Caccusing, or else ercusing mitted the oracles of God, iii. 1, 2. one another ;) For what nation is there so great, who a For the wrath of God is revealed hath God so nigb unto them, as the from heaven against all ungodliness LORD our God is in all things that we and unrighteousness of men, who call upon him for? Deut. iv. 7. He hold the truth in unrighteousness; sheweth his word unto Jacob, his Because that which may be known of statutes and his judgments unto Is- God is manifest in them; for God hath rael. He hath not dealt so with any shewed it unto them, Rom. i. 18, 19. nation ; and as for his judgments, they bAnd they which heard it being have not known them. Praise ye the convicted by their own conscience, Lord, Psal. cxlvii. 19, 20. Who in went out one by one, beginning at the times past suffered all nations to eldest, even unto the last: And Jesus walk in their own ways, Acts xiv. 16. was left alone, and the woman standAnd the times of this ignorance God ing in the midst, John viii. 9. And winked at; but now commandeth all Paul, earnestly bebolding the counmen every where to repent, xvii. 30. cil, said, Men and brethren, I have That at that time ye were without lived in all good conscience before Christ, being aliens from the com God until this day, Acts xxiii. 1. monwealth of Israel, and strangers And herein do I exercise myself, to from the covenants of promise, having have always a conscience void of ofno hope, and without God in the fence, toward God and toward men, world, Eph. ii. 12.
xxiv. 16. For our rejoicing is this, And shall not uncircumcision which the testimony of our conscience, that is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge in simplicity and godly sincerity, not thee, who by the letter and circumci- with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace VOL. II.
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ROM. II. 15, 16.
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of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly
VER. 16. to youward, 2 Cor. i. 12. Knowing
"Εν ημέρα ότε κρινεϊ ο Θεός τα κρυπτα therefore the terror of the Lord, we
των ανθρώπων, κατά το ευαγγέλιον μου, persuade men: but we are made Soà 'Incoũ X2:55. manifest unto God; and I trust also In the day when a God shall judge are made manifest in your con the secrets of men, b by Jesus Christ, gesciences, v. 11. Speaking lies in hy- cording to my Gospel. pocrisy; having their conscience sear a But after thy hardness and imed with a hot iron, 1 Tim. iv. 2. Unto penitent heart treasurest up unto thythe pure all things are pure : but unto self wrath against the day of wrath them that are defiled and unbelieving and revelation of the righteous judg. is nothing pure; but even their mind ment of God, ver. 5. God forbid : and conscience is defiled, Tit. i. 15. for then how shall God judge the
And they heard the voice of the world? üi. 6. That be far from thee LORD God walking in the garden in to do after this manner, to slay the the cool of the day: and Adam and righteous with the wicked: and that his wife hid themselves from the pre- the righteous should be as the wicked, sence of the Lord God, among the that be far from thee. Shall not the trees of the garden. And the LORD Judge of all the earth do right: Gen. God called unto Adam, and said unto xviii. 25. But the LORD shall enhim, Where art thou ? And he said, I dure for ever : he hath prepared his heard thy voice in the garden, and I throne for judgment. And he shall was afraid, because I was naked; and judge the world in righteousness, he I hid myself. And he said, Who told shall minister judgment to the people thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou in uprightness, Psal. ix. 7, 8. And eaten of the tree, whereof I com- the heavens shall declare his righmanded thee that thou shouldest not teousness : for God is judge himeat? Gen. iii. 8–11. And they said self, 1. 6. Before the LORD: for he one to another, We are verily guilty cometh, for he cometh to judge the concerning our brother, in that we world: he shall judge the world with saw the anguish of his soul, when he righteousness, and the people with besought us, and we would not hear; his truth, xcvi. 13. I said in mine therefore is this distress come upon heart: God shall judge the righus. And Reuben answered them, say. teous and the wicked : for there is a ing, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do time there for every purpose and not sin against the child; and ye for every work, Eccl. iii. 17. Rewould not hear? therefore, behold, joice, 0 young man, in thy youth; also his blood is required, xlii. 21, 22. and let thy heart cheer thee in the The king said moreover to Shimei, days of thy youth, and walk in the Thou knowest all the wickedness ways of thine heart, and in the sight which thine heart is privy to, that of thine eyes : but know thou that for thou didst to David my father : there all these things God will bring thee fore the LORD shall return thy wicked into judgment, xi. 9. For God shall ness upon thine own head, 1 Kings ii. bring every work into judgment, with 44. My righteousness I hold fast, and every secret thing, whether it be good, will not let it go: my heart shall not or whether it be evil, xü. 14. Therereproach me so long as I live, Job fore judge nothing before the time, Xxvii. 6. For oftentimes also thine until the Lord come, who both will own heart knoweth that thou thyself bring to light the hidden things of likewise hast cursed others, Ec. vii. darkness, and will make manifest the 22. And bereby we know that we counsels of the hearts: and then shall are of the truth, and shall assure our every man have praise of God, 1 Cor. hearts before him. For if our heart iv. 5. And as it is appointed unto men condemn us, God is greater than our once to die, hut after this the judg. heart, and knoweth all things. Be- ment, Heb. ix. 27. Who shall give lored, if our heart condemn us not, account to him that is ready to judge then bave we confidence toward God, the quick and the dead, 1 Pet. iv. 5. 1 John žji19–21.
The Lord knoweth how to deliver the