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and shafts of light here and there poured down. Some of Carlyle's works are such shafts of light and power; but even yet they are seen, as the sunlight often is, amidst streams of vaporous prejudice drawn from the earth and rising into clouds. The veil of prejudice is yet to be removed

away, and the work of Divine Providence and Grace is to be revealed, as a glorious landscape amidst clear shining after rain.

New YORK, Nov. 21, 1848.

A RELATION OR Iournall of the beginning and proceedings of the English Plantation setled at Plimoth in New

ENGLAND, by certaine English Aduenturers both

Merchants and others.

With their difficult passage, their safe ariuall, their ioyful building of, and comfortable planting themselues in the now well defended Towne

of NEW PLIMOTH.

AS ALSO A RELATION OF FOVRE seuerall discoueries since made by some of the

same English Planters there resident.

1. In a iourney to PVCKANOKICK the habitation of the Indians greatest King Massasóyt: as also their message, the answer and entertainment they had of him.

II. In a voyage made by ten of them to the Kingdome of Nawset, to seeke a boy that had lost himselfe in the woods : with such accidents as befell them

in that voyage.

III. In their iourney to the Kingdome of Namaschet, in defence of their greatest King Massasoyt, against the Narrohiggonsets, and to reuenge the supposed death of their Interpreter Tisquantum.

IIII. Their voyage to the Massachusets, and their entertainment there.

With an answer to all such obiections as are any way made against the lawfulnesse of English plantations

in those parts.

LONDON, Printed for Iohn Bellamie, and are to be sold at his shop at the two Greyhounds in Cornhill neere the Royall Exchange. 1622.

EXPLANATION OF THE INITIALS I. P. AND R. G.

The individual to whom the introductory note or letter at the beginning of this volume is addressed, as the writer's much respected friend, Mr. I. P—, is supposed by Dr. Young to be Mr. John Pierce, perhaps a leading merchant under authority from the Council of persons, between whom and King James the patent of incorporation to the Northern Colony of Virginia, between 40 and 48 degrees North, was signed, unknown to the Pilgrims, Nov. 3d, 1620, about a week before their arrival at Cape Cod, while they, under toleration of no King or earthly power, were struggling across the ocean. The incorporated body, composed of the Duke of Lenox, the Marquises of Buckingham and Hamilton, the Earls of Arundel and Warwick, Sir F. Gorges, with thirty-four others, and their successors, were styled, The Council established at Plymouth in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of New England in America.

The patent for the Plymouth Colony under this body seems to have been taken out in the name of Mr. John Pierce, to whom therefore, in all probability, the initials I. P. belong. Under date of July, 1622, we find in Prince's Chronology, an extract from Governor Bradford's Journal as follows: “ By Mr. Weston's ship (from England) comes a letter from Mr. John Pierce, in whose name the Plymouth patent is taken ; signifying that whom the Governor admits into the Association, he will approve."

By another entry in Governor Bradford's Journal, it

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