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of Lord Stanhope's, but find I must - Whether the clergy of the esta. defer them to a future letter, blished church are bound to obey And remain, &c.
the proclamation is a question which TIMOTHY TRUEMAN. was agitated in the year 1715, a. Devonshire, Feb. 12, 1811.
gainst a clergyman of the name of Johnson, who was cited before the
bishop for omitting the service of the INQUIRY RESPECTING THE LE- Kiny's accession. The reason asGALITY OF FAST DAYS.
signed by him in his defence was
that the King's proclamation had not , Sir,
the force of a law, and that he was I have observed with satisfaction prohibited by the Stat. 5 and 6 Edyou have constantly decried those ward VI. from keeping any holidays annual disgraces to religion and mo- than such as are therein mentioned : rality, called GeneraL Fasts.---It This defence had the effect of has frequently occurred to me that staying the proceedings for six years, many persons have kept them that when on account of Mr. Johnson's otherwise would not have so done, publishing his case the prosecution from an idea that some legal penalty was revived, but no adjudication attached to those who opened their took place; as he afterwards retracshops or transacted any business on ted his defence, probably the effect these days. Now the fact is that of some previous compromise. Howthere is not in the whole statute 'ever, taking it in its fullest extent, it book any law which'enjoins the ob- is a question merely clerical, and servance of any fast, specially ap- by no means hinding upon the laity. pointed by the King, or inflicts any
A Constant READER. penalty on such as shall carry on London, Feb. 18. their usual avocations on those days.
STATE PAPERS, &c.
GAZETTE. EXTRAORDINARY. Earl of Cholmonde-- Visc. Palmerston
Sidmouth INSTALLATION OF THE REGENT.
Macclesfield Morpeth At the Court at Carlton-house, the
shire Lord Ossulston 6th of February 1811; present his
Hardwicke Granville L. royal highness the Prince of Wales,
Gower Regent of the united kingdom of - Chatham
G. Thynne Great Britain and Ireland,
J. Thynne in Their royal bighnesses the Dukes of Grosvenor Bishop of London York, Clarence, Kent, Cumberland,
Mount Edg-Lord St. John of Sussex, Cambridge, Gloucester,
Bletso Archb. of Canter. Marq.of Wellesley Liverpool
Carysfort - Mulgrave
Donoughmore St. Helen's
Teignmouth Duke of Montrosel. Winchelsea
Glenbervie Marq. of Lansdowne I and
Nottngham Harrowby Arden
Rt.Hon. the Speaker Rt.Hn.Sir J.Anstru- centre of the grand entrance: the R. Dundas
ther, Bart. band struck up God save the King, C. Arbuthnot R.B.Sheridan
Nepean, and continued playing that national
piece alternately with marrial airs G. Ponsonby . K. B.
during the day--About a quarter
privy counsellors who attended; he R. Fitzpatrick I. Corry
was followed by all the royal dukes, J. Pretor
and a very numerous assemblage of
privy counsellors who had all ar*.,* field ,
T. Wallace rived by a quarter before three o'clock. Sir A. Macdo-., G, Roses The whole of the magnificent suit of nald
C. Long state apartments were opened, and Sir J. Banks,
about half past two o'clock Earl Bart. K. B.
Moira, of his royal highness's coun. Sir J. Sinclair, mitis ,t Bart. .
cil, being also a privy counsellor of
the king, brought a message from This day bis royal highness the the prince to the president of the Prince of Wales, Regent of the united council, Earl Camden, - desiring kingdom of Great Britain and Ire- his attendance on the prince in an land, by virtue of ali act passed in adjoiving room, according to the the present session of parliament, in usual form, to communicate to him tituled, “an act to provide for the officially the return to the sum. “ administration of the royal autho- mons, &c. The noble earl accorCrity; and for the care of his Ma- dingly went with Earl Moira made " jesty's royal person, during the the necessary intimation to his royal “ continuance of his Majesty's ill. highness, and returned to the com“ ness, and for the resumption of the
pany; who during ihis time of wait“ exercise of the royal authority by ing were highly gratified with seeing " his Majesty," was, at his first the Princess Charlotte on horseback, coming into the council, pleased to accompanied by two grooms, make declare, that understanding that the the tour of the beautiful gardens in law required that he should take and the front of the palace. His royal subscribe certain oaths and declara- bighness appeared to be in excellent tions, he was now ready to do so; health and spirits. his royal highness accordingly took After Earl Camden's return, the and subscribed the oaths and decla- Prince approached in grand procesratiuns required by the said act; sion, preceded by the officers of his after which all the members present own household, and several of his of his Majesty's most honourable council, among whom were Earl privy council had the honour of kiss Moira, Lords Keith, Cassilis, Huting his royal highness's hand. chinson, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. M. An
gelo Taylor, Mr. Tyrwhitt, Colonel The following are the additional Mac-Mahon, Col. Blomfield, Gen. particulars of the ceremony of in- Hulse, Mr. Bicknell, &c. &c. The stalling the regent:
Prince was also accompanied by all About twelve o'clock on Wednes- the royal dukes. They passed through day a party of the flank companies the room where the privy counsellors of the grenadiers, with their colours, were assembled, through the circular the band of the 1st regiment, marched drawing-room, into the grand saloon into the court-yard of Carlton-house, (a beautiful room in scarlet drapery, where the colours were pitched in the embellished with portraits of all the
most distinguished admirals who have most of my power and ability, consult fought the battles that have given us and maintain the safety, honour, and the dominion of the seas) and here dignity of his Majesty, and the welfare the Prince seated himself at the top
of his people. So help me God.”
The prince then subscribed the two of the table--bis royal brothers and
oaths. The Lord President then precousin seating themselves on each
sented to his royal highness the de. hand according to seniority, and all the officers of his household, not
claration mentioned in an act made
in the 30th year of King Charles II. privy counsellors, ranging themselves on each side of the entrance to the
intitled, “ An act for the more effecsaloon. The privy counsellors then
tual preserving the king's person and proceeded, all in full dress, accor
government, by disabling papists from ding to their rank--the Archbishop
sitting in either house of parliament,”
and which declaration his royal highof Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor the Archbishop of York, the Lord
ness audibly made, repeated, and sub
scribed. Privy Seal, &c. &c. and as they
The Lord President signed
first, and every one of the privy counsererally entered they made their reverence to the Prince, who made a
sellors in succession, signed these ingrateful return to each, and they
struments as witnesses, and the same successively took their places at the
were delivered into the hand of the table, and lastly, Mr. Fawkener and
keeper of the records.
The Prince then delivered to the Sir Stephen Cotterell took their stats,
president of the council a certificate as clerk and keeper of the records.
of his having received the sacrament The Prince then spoke to the fol
of the Lord's Supper at the chapel lowing effect:
royal of St. James, on Sunday, the My Lords--I understand that by the
27th of January ult. which was also act passed by the parliament appointing me Regent of the united kingdom, in the
countersigned and delivered to the
coun name and on bebalf of his Majesty, I keeper of the records, who deposited am required to take certain oaths, and all these instruments in a box at the to make a declaration before your lord- bottom of the table.-The lord preships, as prescribed by the said act. I sident then approached the Regent, am now ready to take these oaths, and bent the knee, and had the honour to make the declaration prescribed.
to kiss his hand. The royal dukes The Loru privy Seal 'then rose,
followed, and afterwards the Arch. made his reverence, approached the
bishop of Canterbury, and all the Regent, and read from a parchment
rest according to the order in which the oaths as follows-- The Prince with an audible voice pronounced
they sat at the long table, advancing
to the chair on both sides. During after him :
the whole ceremony the Prince Re“I do sincerely promise and swear
gent maintained the most dignified that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to his Majesty King George.
and graceful deportment. So help me God.”
The ceremony being closed, a short « I do solemnly promise and swear, levee took place in the drawing-room, that I will truly and faithfully execute when his royal highness addressed the office of Regent of the united king- himself to the circle; and afterwards dom of Great Britain and Ireland, accor- he gave an audience of a few minutes ding to an act of parliament passed in
to Mr. Perceval, who had the honour the 51st year of the reign of his Majesty King George the Third (intitled, an Act,
again of kissing his hand, as Srst &c.) and that I will administer, accor
lord of the treasury and chancellor ding to law, the power and authority of the exchequer. vested in me by virtue of the said act; His royal highness gave private and that I will in all things, to the ut- audiences also to the Archbishop of
Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, This consideration alone dictates Earls Camden, Westmoreland, Li- the decision now communicated to Mr. verpool, Bathurst, and Derby, the Perceval. Marquis Wellesley, Lords Mulgrave, Having thus performed an act of Palmerston, and Gwydir, Sir D. indispensable duty, from a just sense Dundas, Messrs. Ryder and M. Sut- of what is due to his own consiston.--The latter laid before his royal tency and honour, the Prince has highuess the proceedings of some only to add, that, among the many courts martial, and took his royal blessings to be derived from his Mahighness's commands upon the same. jesty's restoration to health, and to
the personal exercise of his royal
functions, it will not, in the Prince's THE PRINCE REGENT AND MR. PERCEVAL.
most fortunate event will at once res
cue him from a situation of unexampled Copies of the letters that passed be embarrassment, and put an end to a tween his Royal Highness the Re
state of affairs, ill calculated, he fears gent and Mr. Perceval, on the an
to sustain the interests of the united nunciation of his Royal Highness's
kingdom, in this awful and perilous determination to retain the present
crisis, and most difficult to be reconministers in his service.
ciled to the genuine principles of the
MR. PERCEFAL'S ANSWER. Carlton House, Feb. 4, 1811. · Downing-street, Feb. 5, 1811, The Prince of Wales considers the Mr. Perceval presents his humble moment to be arrived, which calls duty to your royal highness, and for his decision, with respect to the has the honour to acknowledge the persons to be employed hy him, in receipt of your royal highness's letter the administration of the executive of last night, which reached him this government of the country, accor- morning. ding to the powers vested in him by Mr. Perceval feels it his duty to the bill passed by the two houses of express his humble thanks to your parliament, and now on the point of royal highness for the frankness with receiving thesanction of the great seal. which your royal highness has con
The Prince feels itincumbent upon descended explicitly to communicate him, at this precise juncture, to the motives which induced your royal communicate to Mr. Perceval his bighness to honour his colleagues and intention not to remove from their him with your commands for the stations those whom he finds ibere, continuance of their services, in the as his Majesty's official servants. stations entrusted to them by the At the same time the Prince owes King. And Mr. Perceval begs leave it to the truth and sincerity of cha- to assure your royal highness, that racter, which, he trusts, will ap- in the expression of your royal highpear in every action of his life, in ness's sentiments of filial and loyal whatever situation placed, explicitly attachment to the King, and of anxto declare, that the irresistible in- iety for the restoration of his Mapulse of filial duty and affection to jesty's health, Mr. Perceval can see his beloved and afflicted father, leads nothing but additional motives for him to dread that any act of the Re- their most anxious exertions to give gent might in the smallest degree, satisfaction to your royal highness, have the effect of interfering with the in the only manner in which it can progress of his Sovereign's recovery. be given, by endeavouring to promote
your royal bighness's views for the •
SPEECH security and happiness of the country. DELIVERED IN THE NAME OF THE Mr. Perceval has never failed to
PRINCE REGENT. regret the impression of your royal highness, with regard to the provi
HOUSE OF LORDS. sions of the regency bill, which his
Tuesday, Feb, 12. Majesty's servants felt it to be their
The Lord Chancellor informed duty to recommend to parliament. their Lordships that his Royal HighBut, he ventures to submit to your ness the Prince Regent, not finding it royal highness, that, whatever dif convenient to attend personally, a ficulties the present awful crisis of commission had been ordered by his the country and the world may create
Royal Highness to pass in his Main the adininistration of the execu- jesty's name, declaring the purposes tive government, your roval bigbness for which their furtber attendance in will not find them, in any degree in. parliament was desired. The house creased by the temporary suspension adjourned for a short time in order of the exercise of those branches of to robe, and, on its resumption, the the royal prerogatives, which has commission was read, running in been introduced by parliament, in his Majesty's name, but signed for conformity to what was intended on
and in behalf of his Majesty by the a former similar occasion ; and that
Prince Regent, before both houses, whatever ministers your royal high
the Commons being in attendance ness might think proper to employ!
below the bar. After which the would find in that full support and
Lord Chancellor read from the wool. countenance which, as long as they
sack the following speech in the were honoured with your royal high
name of his Royal Ilighness the ness's commands, they would feel,
Prince Regent : confident they would continue to
My Lords and Gentlemen,
In execution of the commission which enjoy ample and sufficient means to
has now been read to you, we are comenable your royal highness effectually
manded by his Royal Highness the to maintain the great and important Prince Regent to express, in the stroninterest of the united kingdom. gest manner, how deeply be laments,
And Mr. Perceval humbly trusts, not only in common with all bis Majesthat, whatever doubts your royal
ty's loyal subjects, but with a personal highness may entertain with respect
and filial affiction, the great national
calamity which has been the occasion to the constitutional propriety of the of inposing upon bis Royal Ilighness measures which have been adopted, the duty of exercising, in his Majesty's your royal highness will feel assured name, the royal authority of this kingdom. that they could not have been re- In conveying to yon the sense which comniended by his Majesty's servants, his Royal Highness entertains of the nor sanctioned by parliament, but great difficulties attending the imporupon the sincere, though possibly
tant trust which is reposed in bimi, bis
Royal Highness commands us to assure erroneous conviction, that they in no
you, that he looks with the most perfect degree, trenched upon the true prin confidence to the wisdom and zeal of ciple and spirit of the constitution. parliament, and to the attachment of a
Mr. Perceval feels it his duty to loyal and affectionate people, for the add, that he holds bimself in readi
most effectual assistance and support; ness, at any moment, to wait upon
and his Royal Ilighness will, on his
part, exert his utinost endeavours to your royal highness, and to receive
direct the powers with which he is inany commands with which your royal
vested to the advancement of the proshighness may be graciously pleased perity, welfare, and security of his Mas to honour him.