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the imputation shall be exempted chase at the dreadful price of subfrom all penalty : but nothing shall version, massacre, and desolation !" be considered as a legal proof, but that which results from a judgment, or some other authentic act.In CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN short, as we understand the provi

THE EDITOR OF THE şion, the defendant who is accused EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE, AND of calumny shall not be allowed to THE EDITOR OF THE PO. repel that accusation, by proving

LITICAL REVIEW. his charge to be true: but he may institute another proceeeding for the [The following correspondence was purpose of doing this, and, if he be printed on the cover of the Political successful, he shall escape punish

Review, for Jan. 1809, but at the re

quest of several of our readers, we here ment. We think that this is a wise

insert it, that it may be the better preand simple expedient, in a case na- served, as a memorial of the regard turally involved in great difficulty, shewn to moral character, and to the infor reconciling the interests of truth terests of practical piety by an Evanwith the public tranquillity and gelical Editor.] the protection of private character. To the Rev. George Burder, Hatton [The Reviewer concludes with the

Garden, London. following general remarks.1

Harlow, Dec. 6, 1808. We have judged it sufficient to

Rev. SIR, call the attention of the public to Understanding that you are the the more material parts of the code, Editor of the Evangelical Magazine, and have laboured to compress them, I beg leave to trouble you with a as well as our opinions on them, few lines on a subject of no inconinto the smallest space; for we are

siderable importance to your own persuaded that those who are in. character, as well as to mine. trusted with the reform and the pre

On the 21st of last month, I sent servation of the English system will to the publishers of the Magazine profit by studying that of France. an advertisemnent, a copy of which Not that we recommend it for in-' I enclose ; and which I naturally discriminate imitation, or are blind expected to see on the cover of the to its numerous defects of arrange- ensuing number. On the 301b. I, ment, precision, and subject : but however, to my surprise, received since nothing can keep the foundations a letter from the publisher, of which of society clear of corruption and de- the following is a copy : cay, except a frequent recurrence to Mr. B. Flower, Hurlow." first principles, we think that much benefit may be derived from attend- “ I think it necessary to inform ing to the practical discussion of you that the Editors of the Evan. them, by some of the first men in a “gelical Magazine have rejected neighbouring nation, in many in- your advertisement against Claystances closely resembling our own: “ton as inadmissible, consequently happy, we repeat, that, on this as “ it was not in our power to insert on every other subject, the very na

Yours respectfully, ture of our constitution provides the (Signed) T. WILLIAMS." means of peaceably introducing those " Stationers Court, Nov. 29, 1808." remedies of wbat is wrong, and those It appears, Sir, by this letter, improvements of what is incomplete that the publisher has no choice rely right, which countries less fa. specting the insertion of advertisevoured have been compelled to pur. monts; that the Editors have the

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absolute controul in this respect; when the public have had such free and that they “ rejected the adver- quent, and very proper declarations, " tisement" alluded to, as inad- inserteil on the cover of the Maga“ missible.”

zine, that the Editor does not conIt is not my design, Sir, to draw sider himself responsible for the nayou into any controversy on this ture of the advertisements, and which occasion, or I might ask the ques. indeed include all sorts of publication- What a desperate cause must tions, good, bad, and indifferent; that be, which dreads an appeal to and quack medicines, which may the public respecting A Statement be beneficial to health, or the conof Facts ?*--I might complain of the trary. injustice of shutting up from a per- As the Statement is, I am persuason who feels himself most grossly ded, connected with the interests of injured in his character, one of the truth and holiness, it is my detercommon channels for advertisements. mination, that it shall have an ex- might state, that the “ facts” tensive circulation. I request the in question seriously demand the at- favour, therefore, of an explicit antention of the religious world ; but swer, whether the Editors of the as these are topics on which we Evangelical Magazine persist in their might, perhaps, differ in opinion, I refusal to insert the enclosed advershall only appeal to you, Sir, on tisement ? I am preparing to adverthe impropriety of your making tise the Statement extensively, and yourself a party on this occasion, deem it but fair to apprise you, Sir,

of my intention of stating, should * The only mistake which the author the refusal be persisted in, such an of the Statement has since discovered, unfair method of suppressing truth, is that relating to Mr. George Clayton, and of counténacing falsehood. You of whose conduct as distinguished from will, therefore, consider this letter, that of his father and brothers, be expressed bis bigh approbation. With

not as a private but a public comsincere regret justice obliges him to in- munication. forın the public, on the evidence of se- If the Editors of the Evangelical veral respectable dissenting ministers, Magazine mean to make a common that Mr. George Clayton has shewn the

cause with certain Reverend gentle. same industry in circulating the malig- men, whom, as long as I believe nant falsehoods of which his relatives the gospel to be true, and until they above mentioned stand convicted before the public. One of the respectable mi- manifest the most public repentance nisters alluded to, thus addressed the of their conduct, I shall always Author of the Statement.

hold up to the world, and in the “ much deceived in Mr. George Clay- social circle, as a standing scandal “ ton : his treatment of you has been to their profession, and a disgrace

bad as that of the rest of the fami- to the christian name,– I hope they “ ly!" It is much to be feared that will have the fairness 10 avow their Mr. Clayton's three sons may adopt the language of Dr. Watts, in a somewhat

determination. more appropriate sense than originally

Mr. Williams, in his letter, menintended by the author.

tions the Editors of the Magazine; “ How strong in our degenerate blood, but as you are the only gentleman

“ The old corruption reigns ; whose name has been published as “ And mingling with the crooked food, the Editor, since the death of Mr.

“ Wanders through all our veins !" May God grant the four Reverend Eyre, I must request, should there Slanderers that sincere repentance, with

be
any
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person connected with out which there can be no satisfactory you, that you would have the goodevidence of their being christians. ness to communicate to him the con

" You are

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tents of this letter. Waiting your fered the diabolical calumnies cast answer, I remain, Rev. Sir,

on my character, and on the meYours Respectfully, mory of my mother, by the Clay

Benj. Flower. tons, to have been circulated withAfter waiting a week for an an- out giving them the most ample, swer, I wrote a second letter to Mr. and the most public refutation in Burder, requesting, as the time of my power, I reflect with great satisadvertising on the cover of the Evan- tion on the steps I have taken for gelical Magazine for the ensuing that purpose. month drew near, that he would fa- I know not whether you have vour me with an explicit reply to read the publication alluded to; but my last. On the 18th instant I re- I have a right to complain that you, ceived a letter, of which the follow. Sir, should have made yourself a ing is a copy

party in the disgraceful business, To Mr. Flower, Printer, Harlou. by endeavouring to shield those per

London. Dec. 17, 1808. sons, who have vented the calumSIR,

nies I have so justly characterised. I have received both your letters, Ilappy it is for the interests of respecting an advertisement of your truth, justice, and morality, that late publication on the cover of the the editors of our public prints, and Evangelical Magazine. In answer, periodical publications in general, permit me to say, that deeply re- have a greater respect for that inesgretting, as I do, that family dis- timable privilege of Britons-TIE putes have been brought into a court FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, than the of justice, and still more that they Editor of the Evangelical Magazine ; have formed the subject of a pamph- concerning whom, I shall, without let, I cannot allow myself to be in making any apology for so doing. strumental in giving further publi- state to the public, that, however city to the unhappy affair by the a person may be injured in his good insertion of the proposed advertise-. name, or however false and wicked ment. I am Sir,

may be the calumnies vented against Your obedient Servant, him, if the calumniators happen to

GEO. BURDER. be acquainted, or any way connecTo the Rev. George Burder.

ted with the editor in question, they Harlow, Dec. 20, 1808. are sure of his protection, he being Rev. Sir,

determined not to insert, eren an By your letter of the 17th I per- advertisement, on the cover of his ceive, that although you persisi in Magazine, consisting of a Statement your refusal to advertise on the co- of Facts, designed to vindicate the ver of the Evangelical Magazine the injured person from the base atStatement of Facts, &c. you decline tempts of those, who have, during answering the reasons I suggested a long course of years, repeatedly respecting the impropriety of such endeavoured to assassinate his charefusal. You cannot lament more racter, if not 'to rob him of his life ! than I have done, that the dispute The question between the Clay. between me and the Messrs. Claytons tons and me, and I am sorry to add, has been brought into a court of between you, Sir, and me, is not justice, and that it has since been relating to a mere family dispute, made the subject of a publication ; but to a subject of much greater but being perfectly conscious, that importance. It is-Whether moral I should have justly forfeited all character in Protestant Dissenting claim to the character of an honest ministers of the Independent denomi. man, and a christian, if I had suf nation, is to be considered as of es

VOL. IX.

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sential importance, or a matter of persevere as Editor of the publicaindifference; or, whether slander, tion alluded to, in your partial, un falsehood, malignity, and hypocrisy, just, and unchristian conduct, to are to be tolerated in persons, wbo reprobate such conduct in the terms profess to be of a sacred order, and it deserves. I remain &c. to be zealous for sentiments pecu

B. FLOWER. liarly evangelical ?

The Author of the Statement I before informed you, Sir, that deems it unnecessary to add any my correspondence with you on this thing farther to the above corresponsubject, was not to be considered dence, than to express his ardent as of a private nature. I now fur- hope, that the period is far distant, ther inform you, that as you take when the character of an honest man, upon yourself the entire responsibi- or the freedom of the press, shall be lity of the refusal referred to, I shall at the mercy of the Editor of the think it my duty, so long as you EvanGELIGAL MAGAzine !

REVIEW OF BOOKS.

Religrous Liberty the Offspring of mutilated and defaced? Why not hurt

Christianity; a Sermon preached the thunderbolts of his vengeance against at Worship Street, June 4, 1811, sion? Surely there either can be no

the offender in the very act of transgresbefore the Annual Assembly of the Deity, or this Deity pnys no regard General Baptists: to which are the affairs of men, or he is incapable of subjoined Schedules of Lord Sid- producing their reformation.” But this mouth's Bill, &c. &c. By John reasoning is founded upon the idea that Evans, A.M. p. 40. 1s. 6d. Sher- we are competent judges of the ways wood, Neely and Jones.

and works of God, iban which a more The author of this discourse has incorrect opinion cannot be entertained. from the parable of the Tares and To shew our incompetency let it be rethe Wheat, (Matt. xiii. 24—30), times respecting that part of the divine

membered, that we judge falsely oftendrawn a variety of useful observa- dispensation which is subjected to our tions leading to his ultimale design. observation. For do not the objections After having discussed his first ob- already mentioned suppose, that the servation respecting that “ mixture prevalence of evil is like a dark portenof good and evil which we are

tous cloud, through which not a single “ taught to expect in this world,” he

ray of light penetrates? Whereas this

is by no means the case-for evil is free proceeds under his second head to quently checked in its career, both as to remark on the “ continuance of this individuals and to nations.-Witness the “ mixture of good and evil,” under ejectment of our first parents from Pawhich we have the following impor- radise-the deluge hy which the inhabitant observations.

tants of the world, excepting one family, « Here it may be observed, thać as were destroyed—the drowning of Phathe entrance of evil into our system, un

raoh and his host in tbe Red Sea-the der the superintendence of a perfectly cutting off of Korah, Dathan, and Abiwise, gnod, and powerful being, bas ram-the captivity of the Israelities, and been considered a great difficulty, 30

the destruction of Jerusalein? You will the continuance of it in the system has recollect also, that in profane history we been a subject of equal perplexity. read of nations, who, distinguished for

Possessing," it is said, “ an infinity of their vice and profligacy, have been conwisdom, power, and goodness—Why signed to irremediable destruction. does not the Supreme Being employ

“ Nor inust we say, that the divine these attributes to stop the desolating displeasure against evil is confined merely progress of this evil principle? Why

to bodies of men.-- Individuals experisuffer the works of bis hands to be thus ence the testimony of God within them

against the commission of sin. Why plain that the tares are not rooted out was CONSCIENCE planted in the human by an Almighty hand-much less be breast? Why are its remonstrances so disposed to root them out by your own imperative as often-times not to be violence before the time which heaven borne, driving the unhappy victim to has appointed.” self-destruction ? Why is intemperance Condemnation of “ that rash, followed by a train of baneful diseases, hasty, uncharitable, and intolerant whilst other vices are the sure destruc

spirit which would avenge the cause tion of every species of felicity? This is the voice of the Almighty, raised a

of righteousness; an office which the gainst transgression; it emphatically de Divine Being claims to himself” monstrates that he is a lover of righte- and “ The expectation of a day of ousness, and a hater of iniquity. retribution when the wicked shall

“ It must be remembered likewise, be punished, and the righteous meet that the continuance of evil affords a with a gracious reward,” form the large scope for the virtues and graces of the good. Many of the duties of the in the improvement we have the fol

remaining heads of the discourse. righteous, arise out of that evil by which they are surrounded. Portitude, pati- lowing reflections on the differences ence, resignation, all the passive virtues of opinion amongst christians. which ennoble and dignify humanity,

“ It is deeply to be regretted that flow from that trying situation in which CIIRISTIANS of different denominations we are placed. Even the active virtues are with such difficulty brought to enterare called forth by the mixed condition tain a favourable opinion of each other. in which we find ourselves. Were there we cannot suppose, that persons think. no enemy, Jesus Christ could not have ing and acting different from ourselves inculcated the love of our enemy- -Were are good men. We question their mothere no poverty, charity, in all its fair tives, we misrepresent their views, we varieties, could not exist--Were there reprobate their conduct. The term heno sorrow and sighing, sympathy could resy, with which christians so often renot be called forth, and thus would be proach each other, is of Greek origin, suppressed some of the finest and best and in its origina sense means nothing emotions of the human soul. The evils, more than an opinion taken up by an inof which we are most ready to com- dividual, differing from the majority. A plain, are intended to wean us from 'very competent judge, Dr. Campbell, earth, and to prepare us for the pure and observes, that“ as far down as the fifth permanent joys of the heavenly world. century, and even lower, error alone,

“ Nor should we, when lamenting however gross, was not considered as the continuance of evil, forget that the sufficient to warrant the charge of hedelay of punishment is the means of ac- resy. Malignity or perverseness of discomplishing some salutary purposes. To position was held essential to its crime." complain that evil continues, is in effect lleresy then, in its proper acceptation, to say that every transgression should is an opinion contrary to the church, or be followed by immediate punishment. to the majority. But truth bas nothing Where then would there be time given to do with numerical calculations--for for repentance? Where then an oppor. if this were the case, christians being tunity for imploring the mercy of heaven! outnumbered by Mahometans and hea Whereas Now many are plucked as thens, must be banished from the world. brands out of the burning !" Emotions The right of private judgment means noof contrition for past offences arise : and thing if it include not the right of mainthe man, notorious for his wickedness, taining a private opinion, which has has become distinguished for his piety. been deliberately formed by the operaThus bąd the Apostle Paul, when a per- tion of that judgment. Creeds, and secutor of the saints, been struck dead confessions of faith, set up as standards in his career---his edifying conversion-- are destructive of research and inquiry. his unwearied efforts to propagate the For it is expected, by their authors and Gospel--and his instructive writings, abettors, that there should be a confors would have been lost to the world! mity to this standard independent of the The wisdom, and goodness, and mercy evidence with which any one truth is at. of God, are discernible even in the de- tended-a failure is the sure cause of Jay of punishment. Cease then to com- displeasure. But the Scripture is the

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