tion, and one other person belonging such subscriptions: and that every perthereto, and chosen by them, sball be son making a donation of 101. 103. shall members of this society.

be an honorary member for lise : and V. That as the existing committee that such honorary meinbers niay attend possess the power of adding to their the general annual meetings of this sonumber, they, together with such other ciety. persons as may be chosen by them, shall XIII. That all investments of money be the committee for the current year in the public funds, or other real seco. Vi. That on the Saturday after the rities for the use of this society, shall be secoud Wednesday in the month of May made in the name of four trustees to be in every year, this society shall hold its appointed by the committee, who shall annual meeting, at the New London execute a deed of trust, declaratory of Tavern, Cheapside, when a treasurer the trust confided to them; and upon shall be chosen, the account's presented, the death, resignation, or incapacity of and a report of the proceedings in the either of themi, another trustee shall be foregoing year shall be made; which re- forthwith appointed by the committee. port shall be afterwards transmitted to

FORM OF A BEQUEST. every congregation contributing to the I give unto the Treasurer for the time society.

being, of a certain voluntary society VIT. That at every such annual meeting formed in London, in the year 1811, a committee consisting of thirty persons called The Protestant Society for the resident in London, or within five miles Protection of Religious Liberty, the sum thereof, shall be chosen from the members of pounds of lawful. English moof this society; one half of whom shall ney, to be paid within

months be ministers, and the other half laymen; next after my decease, out of such part one third of whom, who shall have been only of my personal estate, as sball not least frequent in their attendance shall, consist of chattels real, upon trust to be at the end of the year, retire from the applied towards carrying on the purposes committee, but shall be re-eligible after of the said society; and I do hereby dithe expiration of one year, and that the rect that the receipt of the treasurer of said committee shall be open to all the the said society for the time being, for members of the society resident in the the said legacy, shall be a sufficient discountry, whenever they attend the same, charge to my executor for the same. and that they shall be entitled to vote N. B. Devises of land, or money at any of the meetings.

charged on land, or to be laid out in VIII. That the comunittee shall meet land, are void; but money or stock may on the last Tuesday in every month, at be given by will, if not directed to be six o'clock in the evening, punctually, laid out in the purchase of land. or oftener if necessary, at the New Lon- Contributions from individuals or condon Tavern, Cheapside.

i grégations, will be received by Sir James IX. That the committee, for the time Esdaile and Co, Messrs. Robarts, Curbeing, shall elect all the officers except tis and Co. Lombard Street; Messrs. the Treasurer ; shall decide on all ap- Down, Thornton and Freé, Bartholoplications which shall be made to them mew Lane, London; Robert Steven, for proteccion; shall conduct all the af- Esq. No. 101, Upper Thames Street, fairs of the society, and give such din the Treasurer; and by the Secretaries, rections therein, as they, or the major Mr. Thomas Pellatt, Ironmongers' Hall, part of them present, at any meeting and Mr. John Wilks, Hoxton Square ; duly convened, shall resolve, and that to either of whom all applications may five of them shall be competent to act. be addressed.

X. That the treasurer annually chosen by the general meeting, shall be a member uf the committee for the time being. BONAPARTE'S CONFERENCE

XI. That there shall be one or more WITH THE CATHOLIC AND PROsecretaries, who shall gratuitously an- TESTANT CLERGY AT BREDA. swer all letters, and in all cases of emergency convene special meetings of the committee.

[An Account has been published XI!. That persons subscribing the in the Gazette of Dorpt, a town of sim of 1l. 1s. per annum, shall be ho- Livonia, of an audience granted by uporary members, during the payment of Bonaparte to the Catholic and Pro1811.) Bonaparte's Conference with the Catholic and Protestant Clergy. 391

testant clergy at Breda, on the 1st come into a province where the maof May, 1810. It professes to be jority are catholics, who, in former an accurate report of what. passed times, were oppressed, who, after on that uccasion; and we conclude, the revolution, acquired more lithat in the present state of the con- berty, and upon whom the king, tinental press, no gazette would dare my brother, bestowed many favours. to attribute to Bonaparte sentiments I come, in order to make you all materially different from those which equal to the rest; and you begin by he might deem it politic to avow. forgetting the respect due to me, and The account follows:-)

complain of the oppressions that you After Bonaparte had made thecus. suffered under the former governtomary tour, he said a few words to ments. Your conduct, however, the president of the court of appeal, shews how well you deserved them. took a view of the different colle.' The first act of sovereignty which I giates, and at length stopped oppo. was obliged to exercise, consisted in site to the catholic apostolic vicar, the necessity of arresting two of your who, with bis manuscript in his contumacious priests; even the aposband, complimented the monarch tolic vicar: they are imprisoned ; in the name of clergy. and shall continue under arrest. On His Majesty did not deign to give the other hand, the first words I any answer ; but asked, · Where are hear from a reformed priest, are to the reformed clergymen?" Where. render unto Cæsar the things which upon the Prince of Neufchatel pre- are Cæsar's. This is the doctrine sented them to the Emperor'; and you ought to preach. From that Mr. Ten Oever, of the Walloon con- gentleman, pointing to Mr. Ten gregation, received permission to ad- Oever, “ you ought to learn it. I dress his Majesty. The discourse have always met with faithful subwas short; and contained, among jects amongst protestants, — never the rest, the following words :--" It have I had occasion to complain of is the immutable principle of pro- any of them. You have calumnitestants, in every thing that hap- ated the protestants; by representing pens, to address Providence, and to them as preaching doctrines dangerender unto Cæsar the things which rous to the state ; but the best subare Cæsar's.”_-The Emperor listened jects I have are protestants. In Pa. attentively to this speech; and an- ris I am partly attended by them : swered, “You are right: I protect they have free access to me; and all religions. Protestants and ca- here a handful of Brabant fanatics tholics enjoy equal privileges in attempt to resist my designs. Had France: it is but just that the pro- I not met, in Bossuet's Doctrines testants in this department should and in the Maxims of the Gallican have equal prerogatives with the ca. Church, with principles that agree tholics." His Majesty asked Mr. with mine, and had not the concordat 'Ten Dever, “ Why, Sir, are you in been received, I myself should have your full dress?" Sire," answered become a protestant; and thirty mil. Ten Oever, " that is ihe rule," lions of people would have followed " Why, yes,” said the Emperor, “ it my example. But what religion do is the custom in every country; but,' you teach? Do you not know that continued he, turning to the Roman Christ said, " My kingdom is not of this catholic clergy, who were not in world ?"--and would you interfere in their full dress, “Why have not my concerns? You will not pray you your cassocks on? You say for a sovereign,” [Probably, the ca. you are priests. Wbat are you? tholic clergy in these new provinces Attornies, notaries, peasants? I had partly declared that they would

ply, but no satisfactory answer; on “ concerning the four American seawhich Mr. P. demanded his audi- “ men taken from the Alert, I inence of leave.

“ ferred from the reply to my appliThe following are extracts from “cation for the Mary, that she Mr. Pinkney's letters to Mr. Smith, “ would be released ; but so far the American Secretary of State : “ from it, she is to be forth with pro? 13th June." I have not yet ob- “ ceeded against as a prize. These “ tained any answer from Lord Wel- “ things require a large stock of pa" lesley to my letter of the 30th of “ tience." “ April last, concerning the block 7th Nov.-" I mean to mention “ades of France, before the Berlin “ again to Lord Wellesley the ap" decree,

" poinment of a minister, which note 26th June.---Lord Wellesley still " withstanding his written and ver. withholds any answer to my note “bal pledges, he seems to have for of the 30th of April, and I again " gotten !"— The first mention of it wrote to him on the 23d inst.” was in January, 1810, and Mr. Fos. 14th Aug. No answer yet from ter was not appointed till after Mr. Lord Wellesley to my note of the P. had demanded his audience of leave * 30th of April and 23d of June. in Feb. 1811. "I wrote to him again on the 8th 14th of November, and its post"inst. No importunity had before script of the 15th.

been spared which it became me. He appears to have lost all confi" to use, and I intend to renew my dence in Lord Wellesley's promises : “efforts to obtain some answer." .: determines not to write as he thought

29th Aug.-" Yesterday, in a of doing respecting the minister; " short conversation, Lord Wellesley that he hears nothing from Lord W.

told me, that my notes resepcting as to the orders in council ; and " the Berlinand Milan decrees should adds, “ It is impossible for me to “ be mentioned to his colleagues to. “look back, and to place much va" day, and that I should have an “lue on conferences." ... " immediate answer; that the affair 14th Dec.-" The general impres“ of the Chesapeake should be settled “sion as to the orders in council is, " to my satisfaction, and that he “ that they will do nothing. My "! believed he should recommend to “ letter (of the 10th) was written " the King the appointment of a mi- “ (as my verbal communicatiou had

nister either this week or the next; “ been given) under a persuasion " that he had two persons in his eye, " that they will do nothing if they ...both men of high rank. I urged “ can help it. A very firm tone “ promptitude on all these subjects “ought now to be assumed with this

as indispensible; but you will per- “ govzrnment.” "ceive, notwithstanding past pro 23d Dec.--"No answer of any "mises, nothing has yet been done; " sort bas been given to my note of "and there bas been no security that “the 21st of Sept. on the subject of " we shall have any thing but pro. blockades. I bave urged in my "mises : I am truly disgusted with “ letter of the 10th instant, the revo* this, and if I followed my own in “cation of all the blockades to “clination, would put a speedy end "which my note of the 21st of Sept. 6 to it.

os related.” 4th Sept.--" I mean to confine. What apology can be made for “ myself te written intercourse with such conduct on the part of the Lord W."

Marquis Wellesley, it is difficult to 28th Sept.-No notice has been conceive; but it is hardly possible "taken of the residue of my letter that upon such documents, the as


sertions so repeatedly made by his teenth year of the reign of his pre Majesty's ministers that no conci- sent Majesty, to extend towards liatory effort towards America had such persons further relief. been neglected on their part, can be That your petitioners apprehend founded. Common courtesy appears that the said bill is inconsistent with to have been wanting on the part of the principle of the before-inentioned our government!

acts, and will greatly diminish or entirely sụbvert the privileges and

exemptions which those acts have PETITION PROM THE PRIENDS so long usefully conferred--That OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY AT your petitioners conceive that such

bill is not justified by necessity, nor

can produce any advantage, but To the Right Honourable, the that it will occasion great inconveLords Spiritual and Temporal, in nience and distress to many of your parliament assembed :

petitioners, and to many hundred The humble petition of the seven thousand loyal, virtuous and reliral persons whose names are here gious inhabitants of this realm unto subscribed, being protestant will injure the public peace and dissenters, or friends to religious to prevent national prosperity—and will leration, residing in various parts contravene the object of the first of the United Kingdom of Great before-mentioned statute as declared Britain and Ireland. ..

in the preamble thereto, by tending That your petitioners have been “ to disunite bis Majesty's protesinformed that a bill is depending in tant subjects in interest and affecyour right honourable house, en- tion.” titled, “ An act to explain and ren- Your petitioners therefore humder more effectual certain acts of bly pray that the said bill may not the first year of the reign of King pass into a law, and that they may William and Mary, and of the nine- be heard by their counsel or agents teenth year of the reign of his pre- against the same. sent Majesty, so far as the same re. Signed by about 600 persons. late to protestant dissenting minis. ters:

PETITION OF THE MINISTERS OF THE That your petitioners humbly re

THREE DENOMINATIONS. present and submit to your lord

May it please your Lordships,

We, whose names are subscribed, beships, that it was the object and

ing psotestant dissenting ministers of meaning of the before-mentioned act the three denominations, residing in and of the first year of the reign of King about the cities of London and WestWilliam and Queen Mary, that all minster, beg permission most respectpersons being dissenting protestants, fully to approach your lordships, for who conceived themselves to be qua.

the purpose of expressing the deep con

cerii and aların with which we have pelified to preach or teach, and who

rused a bill now before your right hothereby pretended to holy orders, nourable house. intitled “ An Act to and who demonstrated their loyalty explain and render more effectual cerand christian principles, by taking tain acts of the first year of the reign of the oaths and subscribing the de- King William and Queen Mary, and of clarations thereby required, should the nineteenth year of the reign of his be at liberty to teach and preach. present Majesty, so far as the same reunder the regulations thereby enac

late tu Protestant Dissenting Ministers.”

Your petitioners conceive the princited, and that it was also the declar- ple of that bill to imply an invasion of ed intent and meaning of the said inalienable rights pertaining to the dearbefore-mentioned act of the nine- est interests of man, nor can they connot receive any orders on spiritual tant idiots you are! Prove me out subjects from a temporal power : of the gospel that Jesus Christ has the order to pray for the Emperor appointed the pope his substitute or must be intimated to them, by some successor of St. Peter, and that he spiritual sovereign.) “You want to has the right to excommunicate a be obstinate citizens :-I have the sovereign.” [From these repeated proofs of it in my pocket. If you espressions one is led to suppose the maintain such principles, your lot pope has actually excommunicated will be punishment in this world, the Emperor.] “ If you care about aud eternal damnation in the next. my protection, then preach the gospel You,” said he, turning to the apos- as the Apostles did. I will protect tolic vicar, who had addressed him, you if you are good citizens; if not, " are the apostolic vicar. Who ap- 'I will banish you from my empire, pointed you to that office? The and will disperse you over the world pope? he has no right to do it. I like Jews. You belong to the bishop. create bishops. You will not, said ric of Moulines : appear before your he, turning to the rest, “ pray for bishop; make your confessions to the monarch ? Perhaps, because a him, and sign the concordat. The Romish priest excommunicated me: bishop will inform you of my will. but who gave him the right of ex- I will appoint another bishop at communicating a sovereign? Why Herzegenbuch. Is there a seminary did Luther and Calvin separate them- at Breda?" An affirmative was given. selves from the church? Your in- “ Well, then, Mr. Prefect, you will tamous sales of indulgences caused make lhe necessary preparations tbat them to revolt, and the German these people may swear to the con princes would no longer bear your cordat. Attend at the seminary, and sway. The English acted wisely be it your care that the orthodox in renouncing you. The popes, by gospel be preached there, in order their hierarchy, set Europe in flames. that more enlightened men should Perhaps, it is your wish to re esta come forth than those idiots who blish scaffolds and racks; but it preach a strange kind of doctrine.” shall be my care you do not succeed. Are you of the religion of Gregory vu.' Boniface VIII. Benedict XIV. REFLECTIONS ON THE NEW or Clement XII.? I am not. I am PENAL CODE OF FRANCE. of the religion of Jesus Christ, who [From the Monthly Review. said, “ Give unto Cæsar the things which are Cæsar's;" and agreeably That branch of the Napoleon to the same gospel, “I give unto code, to which we are now about God that which belongs to God.” to introduce our readers, may justly “ I bear the temporal sword; I know be considered, in the solennity of how to guide it. God placed me its sanctions, in the lasting conseon the throne ; and you reptiles of quence of its decisions, and in the the earth dare not oppose me. I tone which it naturally imparts to owe no account of my administra- the moral character of a people, as tion to the pope; only to God and the most important portion of the Jesus Christ. You, perhaps, think duty of a legislature; and finishing, me created to kiss the pope's slipper. as we now do, an attentive perusal If it only depended on you, you of this system, we cannot refrain would cut off my hair, put on me from expressing our admiration of a cowl, or would, like Lewis the the general principles on which it Pious, place me in a convent, or is founded, our satisfaction at the banish me to Africa. What igno- salutary reforms which it has pro

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