office of commander in chief, from which, to prevent a vote of censure on his conduct in the house of Commons, and in deference to popular opinion so generally and loudly proclaimed, he volunLarily retired. Mr. Perceval seems to glory in having taken the hardy step of recommending the Duke's restoration to office. May the merit he boasts be long remembered, and suitably rewarded !

It cannot escape the public recollection, that although there were different opinions ju the house of Commons respecting the degree of criminality attaching to the conduct of the Duke, yet there was no party or description of nen wbo did not attach criminality sufficient to constitute a ground for legislative censure. The resolutiops of Colonel Wardle were negatived by a considerable majority, and those of Mr. Bankes by a small one ; but being disposed of, Mr, Bathurst brought forward a vote of censure, which was seconded by that convenient tool of all administrations, Sir Wiliam Curtis ; and which it was generally understood would have been carried, had not Mr. Perceval informed the house of the Duke's resignation, which occasioned a Resolution, that it was not necessary to resume the subject.

The circumstances which transpired on the trial between Col. Wardle and Mrs. Clarke, have formed the pretence to certain honourable gentlemen for voting contrary to their former opinion ; þut whatever imprudence may attach to the former, or disgrace to the latter, nothing has occurred to alter the nature of those melancholy facts on which the opinion of the public was formed. The bribes received by the duke's mistress, from officers of the army for the purpose of procuring preferment; the letters of the duke concerning General Clavering and Dr. O'Meary; the application of the latter for ecclesiastical preferment, and his appointment to preach before his Majesty, through the medium of a strum. pet ;-these with various other scandalous outrages to decency, good manners, and to the responsibility of an high official situation, remain recorded in the proceedings of the house of Commons, and nothing can obliterate them. As to Mrs. Clarke's evidence, no one ever paid attention to it, but as it received confirmation from evidence unexceptionable. The restoration of the duke to office is a pretty plain hint to the public, that although offences committed in the lower, or middle ranks of life, are not to escape punishment; although the propagator of truth itself, should he “ hurt the feelings of statesmen,” may be severely punished, men in office in proportion to their rank may be expected to be treated with lenity, or rather to be rewarded for their misconduct.

We know not whether the constitutional maxim—“ The King can do po wrong,” is applicable to the Prince Regent. Kings and Princes, have however, characters to maintain ; and if they are a!! to be praised as they are sure to be, and that in the most adulatory terms, when they do right, surely some degree of blame attaches to them when they do wrong. . Even Lord Ellenborough, on the trial in which the Editor of the Morning Chronicle was defendant, acknowledged, that we night remark on the weakness, ---The incapacity, or the misconduct of the Sovereign ;' and a weaker, or more indiscreet measure could scarcely have been taken, all circumstayces considered, thau that alluded to. The public have not only been accustomed to consider the general views and opinions of the Prince Regent in the most favourable light, but they noticed with peculiar pleasure bis refusal to grant the place of Governor of the Military College at Marloy to General Crawfurd, as the general already þeld places and pensious to the amount of 4,2001. a year. What excited still greater admiration, was the reply of the Prince Regent to Mr. Perceyal. When the latter strongly urged the appointment of the general on account of his claims being powerfully seconded by his son in law, the Duke of Newcastle, whose support was most essen. tial to hiş Majesty's administration perhaps of more consequence to them than any other individual, his Royal Highness declared that he did not expect such a reason to be assigned ; that once for all he never would consent to bestow any place or appointment, meant to be an asylum or reward for the toils and services of our gallaut soldiers or seamen, on any person upon accouut of parliamentary connection, or in return for parliamentary votes. Such conduct led the public to entertain hopes that the general system of court ayd parliamentary corruption was about to be diminished. But the recent appointment has much overclouded those hopes. * The measure however excites little animadversion or even notice. , Lord Miltou brought the matter before the house of Commons, and moved, “ That upon a deliberate consideration of the recent " circumstances under which his royal highness the Duke of York “ retired from the coinmand of the army in March 1809, it appears " to the house, that it has been improper, and indecorous in the “ advisers of the Prince Regent to recommend the appointment of « his royal higliness to that office.” The niotion was however negatived by a great majority, there being only 47 for, and 296 against it. To what is the great alteration of opinion in so many honourable members to be ascribed ? To the knowledge that the re-appointment was perfectly agreeable to the Prince Regent: the principal parties, Inns and outs being thus united, the interests of decorum, of virtue, and of national justice were sacrificed.

Whilst ministers have been squandering 400,0001, of the national properly, on the Sicilian government, wbich has been justly described in the house of Commons, as “ the most weak and profligate "' ip Europe," whilst the war supporters have been subscribing

150,000l. for the relief of the Portuguese, who have suffered ini consequence of French ravages only, passing over their sufferings in consequence of English ravages; the manufacturers of Manches

ter, Glasgow, &c. to the number of 50 or 60,000, have been pre. .. genting petitions to the house of Commons, coinplaining of the

present stagnation in trade, and their starving condition, in consequence of the orders in council. It appears that in Manchester alone, there are 30,000 manufacturers reduced to the condition of paupers. Their petitions have been sent to a committee, on whose report the house has voted " That it can grant them no " relief.” During the investigation, the following question and answer occurred, in the examination of Jaines Harley, a journeyman cabinet maker deputed to represent the situation of certain mecba. nics in Glasgow. “ Have you any other remedy to propose ??" I will propose the last remedy of all, that if the present stagna" tion continues, his Majesty's ministers provide a free passage to Botany Bay, and give them agricultural inplements to enable «s them to work there, and not to suffer them to starve at home !" - It is not however on foreign subjects only that the British nation, whilst inattentive and indifferent to the complicated distresses of her own manufacturers at home, has displayed its liberality. The highest circle has retently been distinguished by an unexampled display of pageantry and luxury, the expence of which there is little doubt must be paid by the people; who may expect ere long to be told that their loyalty and affection to the house of Hanover, will never suffer them to permit the illustrious branch ascending the throne, another “ best of kings" to be in debt. The columns of our public prints have for this week past been filled with particulars of this extraordinary fete, and of the many thousands of persons who have been since visiting the decorations. The apartments of Carlton House, have not only been adorned in a style the most splendid and expensive, but groves, gardens and rivers have been introduced therein as it were by enchantment. Every luxury of the table, was served up in massive services of plate, some of a new and extraordinary kind, “ golden donkies, with panniers full of fruit." It is a pity, that the “ golden donkies" present had not been those of a four legged description only!—The wbole of the late French royal family in Eng. land were present, and the display of riches and luxury in furniture, dress and provisions, we are assured was unrivalled. The Editor of the Morning Chronicle has, surely with some degree of imprudence, reminded us of the highest periods of Roman luxury, and of the fetes given by the French princes, just previous to the Revolution, which were however, the Editor, adds, “ far out-done on this occasion." Whether in the present circumstances of the nation, and of his MAJESTY, such a fete is a mark of wisdom or folly we leave our readers to determine.

We are obliged to defer our Reflections on the War, and on other important subjects to our following number, which we respectfully inform our readers will be the concluding number of the ninth, and LAST volume of the POLITICAL Review. Harlow, June 28, 1811.

B. F.


FOR JUNE, 1811.


SIR FRANCIS WALSINGHAM'S There is required in an honest ANATOMIZING OF HONESTY, AM- mari, not so much to do every thing BITION, AND FORTITUDE. as he would be done unto, as to for(Written in the year 1590.] bear any thing that he would be

content to suffer; for the essence of What it is directly that I will honesty consists in forbearing to do write, I know not. For, as my ill: And to good acts is a proper thoughts have never dwelt long passion, and no essential part of enough upon one thing; and so my honesty. As chastity is the honesty mind hath been filled with the ima- of women, so honesty is the chastity gination of things of a different na- of men. Either of them once im. ture: so there is a necessity that paired is irrecoverable. For a wothis offspring of so uncomposed a man that hath lost her virtue, may parent must be mishaped, answerable as easily recover it, as a man that to the original from whence it is de hath once taken liberty of being a rived. Somewhat I am resolved to knave can be restored to the title of write, of some virtues, and some vi- an honest man. For honesty doth ces, and some indifferent things. not consist in the doing of unc, or For, knowing that a man's life is a one thousand acts never so well; perpetual action, which every mo- but in spinning out the delicate ment is under one of these three threads of life, though not exceedheads; my imaginations have ever ing fine, yet free from bracks, and chiefly tended to find out the natures stains. We do not call him an hoof these things, that I might, (as nest man, but a worthy'man, that much as my frailty (the inseparable doeth brave eminent acts: But we companion of man's nature) would give him the title of an honest man, give me leave) wear out this gar- of whom no man can truly report ment of my body, with as little in. any ill. convenience to my soul as I could, The most eminent part of honesty and play this game of conversation is truth, not in words (though that

in which every one as long as he be necessarily required) but in the lives makes one) with the reputation course of his life; in his profession of a fair gamester, rather than a of friendship; in his promise of recunning one.

wards and henefits to those that deAnd first I will write of honesty ; pend upon him; and gratefully acnot in its general sense (in which it knowledging those good turns that comprehends all moral virtues) but he receives from any man. in that particular in which (accor The greatest opposite to honesty ding to'our phrase) it denominates an is falsehood; and as that is commonhonest man. ,

ly waited upon with cunning and disHonesty is a quiet passing over simulation, so is honesty with discrethe days of a man's life, without do- tion and assurance. ing injury to another man.


It is true that custom makes some greatest blessings of this world: All apparently false; some through in- other contents reflect primarily upon pudence, and too much use; and the body; and please the soul only other some for want of discretion, because they please some one or which if they had had, should have more senses. But those therefore been employed in covering it. And only delight the senses, because the there be some in whom (ibough it be soul by discourse was first pleased impossible honesty should be a fault with them. For in itself there is in society) their indiscreet managing more music in a railing song, thrust of it, makes it holden for a thing upon a good air, than in the colle thai's merely a vice, a wonderful fused applause of the multitude. troublesome coinpanion.

But because the soul, by discourse, . An honest man is as near an ap- finds this claniour to be an argutitude to brcome a friend, as gold is ment of the estimation which those to become coin: He will melt with that so commend it have of it, it gnort offices well done, and will likes itself better, and rejoiceth the casily take the stamp of true friend more in itself, because it sees other sbip; and having once taken it, men value it. For there are two ways though it may be benced and bruised, of proving; the one by reason, and yet still will keep his stamp clean the other by witness; but the more without rust or canker, and is not excellent proor is that of reason : ashamed to be enclosed in it, but is For he that can by reason prove any contented to have all his glory seen thing to me makes his knowledge through it only.

mine, because by the same reason I It is of itself a competent estate am able to prove il to another; but of virtue, able to supply all neces- if twenty men should swear to me sary parts of it to a man's own par- they saw such a thing, which before ticular; and and a man that is born I did not believe ; it is true, I should to it, may raise himself to an emin alter mine opinion, not because there nency of all virtues; though of itself appeared any greater likelihood of it will not furnish a man with the the thing; but because it was unabilities of doing any glorious thing. likely thai so many men should lie: It is a pity that honesty should be And if I should go about to make o. abstracted from the lustre of all 0- thers of the same opinion, I should ther virtues. But if there be such not do it, by telling them I kne ait, an honesty, the fittest seat for it is or I saw it; but all I could say the country, where there will be litwere, I did believe it, because such tle need of any greater ability, and and such men told me they saw it. it will be the least subject to cor- So in the comfort á man takes of ruption. And therefore, since it is himself (which grows out of the conthe foundation upon which a man. sideration of how much itself demay build that part of his life which serves to be beloved) a virtuous and respects conversation, he that builds wise fellow will take enough comfort upon it (let his actions be never so and joy in himself (though by mismean) shall be sure of a good fortune he is troubled to carry about though not of a great reputation; him the worlds ill opinion) by diswhereas letting it perish, let the rest coursing that he is free from those of the building of his life be never so slanders that are laid upon him, and emment, it will serve but to make that he hath those sufficiencies and the ruin of his good name more no- virtues, which others deny. And on torious.

the contrary side, he without deOf AMBITION.

serving it (having the good fortune Love, lionour, and praise are the to be esteemed and honoured) will

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