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same plan with respect to the other; was preached up from the pulpits in and shew, that it is not more natu- those times, whilst from the Bench ral that our ancestors, previous to the not less accursed doctrine was the despotic reigns of the Stuarts, promulged, that the King is above should have reprobated the doctrine, the luws. Such was the disposition that truth may be a libes, than that of those days, when tyranny and opits adoption should have taken place pression engendered together the oafterwards by the judges of those dious doctrine, that truth may be a despotic days: for what, I beg leave libel, a doctrine that holds mortal to ask, were the judges in general, enmity with the religion, the laws, in the reigns of Charles and his two and the moral principles of Englishsons, but unprincipled. lawinen ? men. It was very consistent then And not the most skilful in their for Chief Justice Wright, a creature professions greither, for the govern- of the court, as Rapin truly calls ment that wants the best tool is not him, to say, that " any thing that at liberty to select the best lawyer. “shall disturb the government, or They were the men who declared " make a mischief, or stir among ship money to be legal, who, by the " the people was a famous libe] :" refusal of writs of Habeas Corpus, in other words, any ibing that should favoured the court in their unlawful disturb or prevent his tyrannical imprisonment of those who refused master James II. from prosecuiling to comply with the forced loans, the infernal scheme, in which he and who, by their quo warrantos, was then engaged, of enslaving both took from the free towns their char- the bodies and souls of the English ters, only that Charles II. might nation, any thing, of that nature sell them new ones. They were the or tendency, he very consistenly, men too, who, in James the Second's pruncunced to be a libel, whilst time, declared, that the king could Mr. Justice Powel declared a libel dispense with the law; and, in ad- to be that which he found it dedressing him from the society of the scribed, and set forth, in the body middle temple, promised, that they of :he indictment, agrecably to the would maintain with their last old form, and practice of the law breath the doctrine, a Deo Rer, a of England, namely, a publication, Rege Lex. These were I arimit some composed of these diabolical ingre. few honourable exceptions, as that dients, falsehood, malice, and sedi. of Mr. Justice Powell, Somers, Tru- tion: For gentlemen, said this' hoby, &c. but the generality of lawnest Judge, who shines so bright by men, in that day, were abject and contrast, .“ to make it a libel it obsequious slaves to the will of the “ must be false, it must be malicious. reigning despot: they asserted divine " and it must tend to sedition." right, and passive obedience, and Then comes Mr. Justice Allybone, therefore it was consistent with them who cooks up the doctrine afresh, to maintain that the measures of after his own papistical fashion, in government could not be impugned;' which we are not surprised to find for he who thinks he has received a nonsense and contradiction, because right from heaven, and is only re- they are so congenial with his creed ! sponsible to it for his conduct, thinks He give us a still stronger infusion himself above all laws, and charters, "of the despotic, and the passive oben and constitutions whatever ; his sub- dient, for he tells us,that it is a jects he conceives are bound to sub- “ libel to write against the actual mit, even though they should be “ exercise of the government, without exterminated to a man, like the " its leave," as if a despotic governThebeian Legion, whose example ment would give leave to people to VOL. IX.
write against it; and he tells us too, “ of chicane."-One remark how. " that it makes no odds, whether ever, I hope will not escape the " that which is written is righ: or reader; the depravity exhibited by “vrong, true or false, for the cri- these two wretches, the disgrace not "minality consists in writing against only of their profession, but of their " the exercise of the government species; Wright and Ally bone's, “ uithout its leave.” Now I beg the who make use of such ridiculous reader to reflect a moment, and he pretences to ensnare the consciences will see how impossible it is for any of the Jury, that questionless they man, to have said this, except one must have supposed them all to be who believed in divine right, one such ignoramuses as poor George who considered the King as bound Baylıs, and his crew, or at least by no tie whatever upon earth ; for hoped they would turn out to be if he had supposed him under the such : for they hoped to persuade restriction of any law, as Magna them, that a writing published with Charta for instance, then he must out the leave of the government, or bave supposed the possibility of such one which was likely to disturb it, a breach of the constitution, such was the same thing as a writing an exercise of the government as containing malice and falsehood; would have justified a complaint and although they knew that the against the exercise of the govern- salvation of these twelve good men ment; a complaint, breathing the was staked upon the true deliverance language of truth, and founded on of the party, yet were they anxo the just basis of the law and the ious, by a legal juggle, to mislead constitution ; but this miscreani, al. them in this important point. Is it though he was a judge, had no con possible to conceive a more degraded ception of the justice of any such state of human depravity ? Such possible complaint, and therefore were the judges with whom the dochis dictum was, that " no man can trine originated-- Truth is a libel! “ take upon him to write against May Judges in all succeeding ages, “ the actual exercise of the govern- who may be inclined to follow their “ ment, unless he have leave of the example, take warning by that ig. “ government, but he makes a libel, nominy which has so justly beer “ be what he writes true or false;" their fate.. I am &c. which, to use the words of Bishop
TIMOTHY TRUEMAN. Burnet," is as good nonsense as Devonshire, May 13, 1911. “ could be expected from the jargon
society FOR PARLIAMENTARY Hutchinson, the Northmore, T. REFORM.
Hon. C. H. Oxford, Earl of
Maddocks, W. A. Tracy, c. H. [CIRCULAR.].
It was agreed and minuted in wriAt a select meeting of friends to ting, that the house of Commons Parliamentary Reform, 30th March,
does not speak the sense of the na: 1811, present
tion, and that a reform of the said Brand, the Hon. I. | Cartwright, J. house is equally essential to the inBurdett, Sir F. Fawkes, Walter dependence of the crown, and to the Burdett, w... | Halsey, Joseph , liberties of the people, Byng, G.
Heathcote, Sir G.
It was further agreed verbally, Christopher Wilson, Esq. ditto; George that at the general meeting, pro
eering pro. Johnson, Esq. ditto ; William Clough, posed to be held in the metropolis,
Mr. HALSEY -- J. L. Hodges, Esq. on Thursday, the 23d day of May Kent. next, it would not be advisable to Sir G. HEATHCOTE-Coi. Noel, Esq. muve for any specific plan being re. Rutland. commended to parliament for re- MEMORANDUM.--One of the genforming the representation.
ilemen, who originaliy, gave his. That the persons present at this
name conditionally, now drew the meeting shall endeavour to add io line at which he would consent it their strength prior to calling a ge- should stand ; that line he drew at neral nieeting, by applying to per- sixty country genılemen of landed sons of rank, property, and influence.
property appearing on the list of That this select meeting adjourn
stewards, independent of persons to the 6th of April.
otherwise respectable.--A principal At the adjourned meeting, held
magistrate of the city of London, the 6th of April, 1811, present made known to the meeting his opiBrand, the Hon. T. Hutchinson, the
nion, that probably it would be easy Brown, T. Esq. l Hon. C. H. Burdett, Sir F. Northmore, T.
to obtain the use of the Guildhall of Byng, G. Strickland, H.
that metropolitan city, for the proCartwright, J. Tracy, C. H. posed general meeting in so constiFawkes, Walter | White, T. Holt tutional a cause. Halsey, Joseph Wood, M. Heathcote, Sir G.
" Sir-Prior to the revolution, notThe accession of new friends rc- withstanding all the doctrines of liberty ported to this meeting was as fol. in Magna Charta, the want of a “ free lows, namely:
parliament,” exposed our country to inMr. Brand reported G. Hale, Esq. cessant practices of tyranny. Ever since of Hertfordshire.
the revolution, notwithstanding the conSir F. BURDETT_W. Bosville, Esq. stitutional words and declarations in the of Yorkshire, H. H. Townsend, Esq. bill of rights, the want of a “ free parliaSurrey; - Leach, Esq. ditto ; ----- ment” has deluged the land with incessant Leach, Esq. ditto: — Gill, Esq. ditto; acts and deeds of corruption and ruin. - Gill, Esq. ditto.
" A free parliament” was the demand Mr. CARTWRIGHT—Joshua Grighy,
Joshua Grigby. of those who called bither the Prince of Esq. Şuffolk; W, Hallet, Esq. Ilants; Orange. A“ free parliament" was that T. Jones, Esq. ditto; C. Lofft, Esq. for which, above all, the Prince proSuffolk ; Richard Reynolds, Esq. Ilun- fessed to coine over. A "free parliatingdonshire; J. Rider, Esq. Kent; ex- ment" was, by the bill of rights, declusive of three new members present at clared to be a sacred birth-right of the tbis meeting. Lord Cochrane; Sir W. English people; but alas! the epocha Wolseley, Bart. Staffordshire; W. Wol of the revolution is now verging towards seley, Esq. ditto ; J. Birch, Esq. ditto; antiquity, while a “ free parliament" reF. Castley, Esq. ditia; John Foster, inains yet to be obtained! Esq. ditto; Ralph Stephenson, Esq. “The violation of fundamental prinditto; - Oates, Esq. Yorkshire. Ad- ciples, although in its working it may be ditional since the meeting: E. B. Clive, slow, yet in its fatal results is nevertheEsg. Herefordshire; J. Disney, D. D. less sure: the complicated résuits of Essex; R. Knight, Esq. Warwickshire. violation acting for ages on the constitu
Mr.FAWKES-Samuel Crompton, Esq. tion, are now upon the nation. To speak Yorkshire; Benjamin Dealtry, Esq. ditto; in the words of the present head of the John Grimstone, Esq. ditto; Benjamin Russels and inheritor of their virtues, lleywood, Esq. ditto ; Samuel Sbore, “ The source of our evils is an inadequate Esq. ditto ; J. Shore, Esq. ditto; Da- defective representation of the people in miel Sykes, Esq. ditto; ----Watts, Esq. parliament; until that source be cut off, High Sheriff, ditto; Ricbard Watts, Esq. abuse and corruption will never cease to ditto; John Wharton, Esq. M, P, ditto; flow in a thousand different channels
it being visionary to except, or to hope held in the metropolis, on Thursday, the for parliamentary reform from parlia 23d of May next; and that you will rementary votes, until the voice of an in- commend a like consent to any friend or jured and offended nation shall bave the friends of yours, whose names will add same effect on the borough faction in respectability to the list. both bouses of parliament as it had on I have the honour to subscribe myKing Jobm, when he signed Magna sell your most obedient humble servant, Charta, and on King Jannes II. whose (Signed) " J. CARTWRIGHT." flight gave us the Bill of Rights ; so the best evidence of'genuine and enlightened
James's-street, West, April, 1811. patriotism at the present juncture seems to be, in actively contributing towards a .
At a seleet meeting of Friends to correct public opinion on the state of Parliamentary Reform at the house representation, and the destructive ef- of George Byng, Esq, on the 4th. fects of that state on the liberty, pros- of May, Sir John THROCMORTON, perity, and well-being of our country; Bart. in the chair, the names of and in calling forth on the necessity of 123 gentlemen, amongst whom were reform, a public voice that shall not be disregarded.
several members of parliament were “ The baronis of Runnemead, and the added to the list; and a committee leaders of the revolution, were compelled of 26 of those present, were chosen to act; they acted energetically, they for carrying into execution the obresisted with effect; whereas the virtu- ject of those who haye agreed to ous now having more rapid means of cir- hold a future general meeting of culating knowledge, have only to speak : friends to Parliamentary Reform. when the nation shall have raised its voice, they will have spoken with effect.
It was Resolved " That the comAs soon as the nation shall speak, cor
“ mittee should be open to all who ruption will be dumb to the nation's “ had already concurred in the object will; the borough faction, sovereign as “ stated in the foregoing resolutions, it now is, must be obedient.
“ as well as to any one who shall be “ Magna Charta and the bill of rights, "introduced by a member now merely proved despotism, and for a
" named, and who at the same time while mitigated oppression. Parliamentary reform can alone restore the consti
“ shall give in his name in writing tution. Magna Charta and the Bill of
“ to the chairman of the committee Rights tell us indeed what our rights and
“ as concurring in the said object." liberties were; by parliamentary reform, --That“ Seven should be a Quothey can alone be recovered and esta “rum;" and that “ A meeling of blished!
“ the Friends to Parliamentary Re" Those whose guide is truth, are the enlightened; whose appeal is to reason, wton be called.”_-The day of meet
“ form, agreeably to the first resolu. are the temperate ; and whose claim for their injured country is bare justice for ing has since been advertised for the future, with oblivion for the past, are Monday, June 3d. surely moderate. These are the ways of tranquillity and happiness. Falsehood, LIVERY OF LONDON. fraud, force, and oppression, lead to violence, convulsions, and misery! .“ As ihe beneficial effect of the pre
On Friday, May 3d, a numerous ser
se and respectable meeting of the Livery who, as stewards, shall sanction it with of London, the Friends of Parliatheir names (to which end personal at- mentary Reform, was held at the tendance of the infirm or distant is not City of London Tavern, at which necessary,) it is hoped the countenance were present Mr. Brand, Lord Ossuls. it will receive will be correspondent to ton. Mr. William Smith, and the the vital importance of the object. “ I therefore beg to be allowed to in
Gentlemen of the Corporation of scribe your name among the stewards to
London, friendly to the design of the said general meeting of friends to the meeting. Mr. Waithman, who parliamentary reform, proposed to be was in the chair, read the following
Declaration, which was unanimous. That such has been the progress ly agreed to.
of corruption in the representation
of the people, that we have seen it DECLARATION.
openly avowed in the house of Com. That towards the close of the un- mons itself; and when Lord Castlejust and calamitous war with our reagh and the Right Hon. Spencer fellow-subjects in America, it was Perceval, botb ministers of the crown, declared by the Livery of London in were charged with being concerned Common Hall, “ That our excellent in corrupt traffic for seats in that " constitution appeared in no cir. honorable house, they were defend“cumstances more grievously de- ed, and inquiry rejected, upon the “ faced, thanin the unequal represen, alleger notoriety of such practices, "tation of the people in parliament, which were there declared “ to be “ which continual experience had “as notorious as the sun at noon“ proved to be no less productive of “day;" practices, as the Speaker of “ calamities to this country, than the hon. house declared~" at the “ depredatory to the rights of En- “ bare mention of which our ances- “ glish men."
“tors would have startled with in. That about the same period, simi. “ dignation.” lar declarations were made by nu. That nothing can more strongly merous public meetings throughout demonstrate the corruption and dethe country, as well as by the inost generacy of parliaments, than that disinterested and enlightened states- during the whole course of our late men of the time, who predicted a wars, notwithstanding the waste of continuance and an increase of na- blood and treasure, the many untional grievances and calamities, un fortunate and destructive expeditions less a speedy reformation was effected ---the numerous failures and disasin the representation of the people ters we have experienced --no want in parliament.
of confidence has appeared -- no That since that period the same symptom of distrust manifested-no heateful system has been pursued--the effectual inquiry instituted - but same pernicious influence exercised and that, on the contrary, a determinawidely extended-frequent and daring tion has appeared to stifle or evade violations of the law and constitution every attempt to promote investigacommitted—the best blood and treasure tion, or to reform abuse, and we of the nation profusely wasted--the have seen the same unlimited confi. public burdens enormously increased dence alike estended to all admini
-a depreciated paper currency esta strations. blished, which has caused the current 'That by the predominating influcoin of the realm to disappeur--an ence of a borough faction, every conarmy of placemen, pensioners, contrac- stitutional check and controul upon tors, jobbers, surveyors, inspectors, as ministers appears to be completely sessors, tax-gatherers, their agents and lost: and we cannot but apply the emissaries, created and enriched, whilst expression of Lord Bathurst to Dr. the great body of the people have been Swift, “ 'That were his Majesty. 10 pining under grierous and unequal" appoint his body-coachman prime taration. We have also seen great “minister, the wheels of governpublic delinquents and violators of “ment would move just as easily as the constitution escape with impunity, “with the sagacious driver who now whilst those who have dared to expose “ sits upon the box.” public abuses, and to resist innovations That nothing short of a full, fair, of the constitution, have been pursued and free representation of the people with unrelenting rigour !
in parliament, can afford a remedy for