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constitution, the throne, and the nation, that none can taste the godlike pleasure must, like a noxious exhalation, melt in reserved to the patriot saviour, who hath air, and disappear.
not first acutely felt the pain of contemAgainst ail counsel for protecting or plating public wrongs and calamities, fortifying the borough faction, who are the citizens of Westminster would have hostile to your every interest, we trust to regret, that the wrongs and calamiyour royal highness will be on your ties of their country should have made guard. Ours, Sir, were we entitled to the principal theme of this their first offer it, would be counsel of another salutation of your royal highness, in the complexion; as will be that of all those character of Regent. loyal and faithful advisers, whose desire But having not failed to dwell also it is that your royal highness should es- with emphasis on that reform, which is cape the toils of the wicked, that you the sole remedy for the nation's political may not be uncolstitutionally shackled, evils, they trust they have given the and made to appear the patron of a fac- best proof of their anxiety, that the tion, instead of standing free, dignified, blessings of a grateful people should aindependent, and illustrious at the head wait your royal highness; and that by of the nation.
all posterity your name should be veOnce, Sir, identified with the borough nerated as long as human records shall faction, farewell to greatness? Think, endure. Sir, of a Prince of Asturias and a Go- It is thus, Sir, the citizens of Westdoy! Surrounded by the toils of that minster give you their pledge, that, in traitor, the unhappy Prince became in- all your exertions for saving the state, strumental in undermining his own re- they, with life and fortune, are deterversionary throne, and in accelerating mined to stand by your royal highness. the downfall of the kingdom of his inhe- The following Resolutions were ritance. In the borough faction, Sir, then proposed, , and unanimously behold an army of Godoys!
adopted : It is this faction, Sir, ostentatious of its usurped dominions, which, for seve
· Resolved, That this meeting think it
right to make known to the Prince Reral months together, you have now a
gent their sentiments on public affairs, second time seen carrving on government over the English nation, without
particularly on the absolute necessity of
a Parliamentary Reform, not only for either a King or a Regent; thus striking
his royal highness's own consideration, in public opinion at the utility of the
but in a hope also, that, in case of surkingly office; thus striving to deepen
rendering his charge, he may report the root of their own usurpation, and
the same to his Majesty'; evil counselto accustom the people to the most
lors, having for many years past, deextravagant exercise of their hateful
prived the people of this realn, of acpower. * Wherefore, Sir, we repeat, that it is
cess to the throne.
Resolved, That this meeting approve a faction which alike tramples on the rights of crown and people. All but
and adopt the address which has been
now read. the name of king this insolent faction
Resolved, That the HIGI BAILIFF, hath usurped. Nay, Sir, with a King's
together with Sir FRANCIS BURDETT, authority it is not content: the faction
our representative, are requested to pre. aims at nothing short of being despotic.
sent to the Prince Regent the dutiful When, therefore, your royal high
address of this meeting. ness with us shall be convinced, that
Resolved, That the thanks of tbe electhe usurped authority of the faction is
tors of Westminster are due, and are utterly incompatible with “ the safety, " honour, and dignity of his Majesty,
hereby given, to their faithful represen
Lyn tative Sir Francis Burdett, for his un« and the welfare of his people," which,
qualified denial of an assertion made in as Regent, “ you have sworn you will
December last, “ That the Lords spin“ in all things, to the utmost of your
tual and temporal, and Commons of « power and ability, consult and main
Great Britain and Ireland, do lawfully, “ lain,” that conviction in the mind of
freely, and fully represent all the estates your royal highness will be to 'us a source of the most animating hope, and
of the people of this realm," contrary
to notorious fact-a fact, and a wrong, a pressage of recovered rights and li
of which the people of this realın have berties. Were it not, Sir, a law of nature,
so long and so constantly complained, but unfortunately without redress.
The address was presented by the apostacy, illustrious in wickedness, and High Bailiff and Sir F. Burdett, to a public scourge! the Prince Regent, at the levce, on
" Again, Sir, allow us to recall to
your remembrance England's former the 23d. instant.
condition, her pre-eminent rank, and
her high authority among the SovereignThe following passage, truly picturing ties of Europe. Permit us also to bring an affecting contrast in the condition back to your recollection how anxiously of our country at two periods in the her protecting mediation was desired by present reign, indignantly pourtraying France, for averting the dreaded war. the character of the minister by whom Hence, Sir, we are warranted in bethe affairs of the kingdom were at one lieving, that, had sage and temperate time conducted, and thereby implying counsels in this country then prevailed, high approbation of that able and bene- the wisdom of England had saved the volent statesman, who, while living, en- freedom of France-and' in so doing joyed the highest place in the confidence had kept her within her own boundaof the Prince Regent, and therefore de- ries, occupied in adjusting and consolilicately insinuating a fine compliment, dating her own new constitution." justly due to his Royal Highness, made part of the original address proposed by Major Cartwright, before he had, in
FREE ELECTION AND REFORM OF compliance with the urgent request of a previous meeting, consented to shorten
PARLIAMENT. that address, that it might be more adapted to a popular meeting:
The following statement is recom« Contemplate, Şir, the contrast be
mended to the serious consideration tween England twenty years ago, and England at the present day! Then, at
of, and as an example to the friends the head of the nations, she possessed
of freedom of election, and parliapeace, and the power of preserving it: inentary reform throughout the king. Now, with scarcely a hope of peace, dom. she struggles for self-preservation, a STATEMENT OF THE SEVERAL ACCOUNTS gainst a successful subverter of states IN WHICH MR. SAMUEL BROOKS HAS and kingdoms, whose means are im BEEN TREASURER, SINCE THE 1st of measurable, whose talents are unrival- MAY 1807. led, whose ambition is boundless, and May 1807. To subscriptions whose plan, as vast as unexampled in on account of the Weste L. S. d. its combinations, as dreadfully grand in mister election 1807 . . 1721 15 10 its object-England's subjugation - is By expences, in the elecip no slight degree advanced.
tion, chairing, anniver“ It is only, Sir, by reflecting on this saries, &c. to 1810, inappalling contrast, your Royal Highness clusive. ......... 1810 0 6 can rightly appreciate that sysTEM OF March, 1809. To subscripCOVERNMENT by which the present tions for Westminster state of things were brought about'; as meeting on the conduct it is only by contemplating that fatal of ihe Duke of York .. 36 11 0 SYSTEM OP GOVERNMENT you can view By expences ........ 57 12 0 in its trye light, the character of that May. To subscriptions for shallow and destructive Statesman, with general meeting, at the whose nauseous praise the abused nation Crown and Anchor, on to this hour is continually insulted!
reform . ......... 403 3 6 " It is now, however, observable by By expences ........ 381 38 whom, and to what end, that praise is Feb. 1810. To subscriptions bestowed. It is for the interest of the for Westminster meeting PORQUGH FACTION and their retainers on reform ........ 187 13 0 to eulogize one who, through lust of By expences . ....... 123 19 8 power, cast from him an exalted name, April. To subscriptions for to become their partener and their pan- Westminster meeting on dar-one who, without taste for true commitment of Sir F. glory, like a desperate leader of a ban. Burdett ......... 995 0 ditti, was content to become famous in By expences . ....18. 169 17 10 VOL. IX.
To expences on Middlesex
Committee of Privy Council for meeting on commitment
coin, in order to prevent their .. of Sir F. Burdett .... 46 4 6
being withdrawn from circulation, June. To Subscriptions on -
that an additional value, nearly pro-. account of the liberation
of Sir F. Burdett .... 47 12 6 portionate to that at which they were By expences ........ 93 17 0 first issued in relation to their in
trinsic value, be now assigned to Total expences ...... 2,682 14 8 them ; The Governor and Company" Total subscriptions ..... 2,496 0 10 of the Bank of England do therefore
hereby giue notice, that they have". Balance due to the treasurer .......... 186 13 10 given orders to their cashiers and
other officers, from henceforth (until The subscribers are respectfully in a public notice to the contrary, of formed, that books, containing the par- not less than six months, shall have ticulars of the above accounts, and the been given) to receive all Bank dola vouchers, are at Mr. Brooks's; No. 110, lar tokens tendered in payment at Strand, for their inspection; where sub
the Bauk, at the rate of five shillings scriptions continue to be received. . . CIRCULAR TO THE SUBSCRIBERS.
and sixpence each, instead of five Sir,--" We have thought it our duty shillings as heretofore. And to pay to send you the above accounts. The and to issue all such Bank dollar city of Westminster, by returning a re- tokens as shall be paid or issued presentative to parliament without per- hereafter by them, at the same rate sonal expence, has demonstrated the of five shillings and sixpence each.. power of the people when acting for themselves. The example of the first city of the empire, if followed, will ase'
BANK DOLLARS.. suredly drive out the borough faction, and accomplish a substantial reform. In the Report of the Bullion Com. The various meetings held for the at- mittee is the following passage :-tainment of this desirable object have “ Your committee beg leave to addone much towards convincing the peo- vert to the temptation to resort to a ple of the necessity of obtaining it, as the only means of preserving their liber
depreciation even of the value of the ties. This has been effected with a small gold coin, by an alteration in the sum voluntarily subscribed by the friends standard. This has been the resource of reform, with the exception of a trifling of many governments, and is the balance due to the treasurer.We have obvious and most easy remedy to the the honour to be, Sir, your obedient evil in question. But it is unneces. Servants, .' “ WILLIAM ADAMS. 'cor
sary to dwell on the breach of public “ FRANCIS PLACE." March Soth, 1811.
faith, and the dereliction of a primary duty of government, which
would manifestly be implied in preBANK DOLLAR TOKENS.
ferring the reduction of the coin down to the standard of the paper,
to the restoration of the paper to the Bank of England, March 18, 1811. legal standard of the coin.” • Whereas the price of silver has In this sentiment all the writers risen so much since the first issue of on the subject have agreed; nor Bank dollar tokens at five shillings will it probably be controverted by each, as now to make them worth any honest and intelligent man. It more to be sold as bullion, than the might have been farther observed, - price at which they are current: that such a remedy could only have And whereas it has been deemed ex- a temporary effect. We may call a pedient, at the recommendation of piece of gold or silver what we 'The Right Ilonourable the Lords please, or declare it shall pass a:
mong ourselves for any nominal beyond the usual difference. But, sum; but it will never pass abroad in comparison with Bauk paper, for more than its intrinsic worth, silver has undoubtedly risen, or, in and at home the price of every ar- more accurate terms, the paper has ticle will quickly be enhanced in depreciated. The fact was sufficiently proportion.
demonstrated before, the comparison When the Bank first issued dol- being made with gold, which is the lars al the rate of 5s. little attention true and only standard. But if that was paid to the principle. The con- were wanted, the fact seems to be venience of increasing a good silver put beyond all doubt by this operacurrency was felt, and the declared tion of the Bank itself, and the preobligation on the Bank to take them sent rate of depreciation fixed at lack, at the nominal value was re- very nearly 20 per cent. Ilow soon Jied on. The Bank has issued five it may be at 50 per cent no man or six millions sterling in dollars at can tell, while the Bank is permitted that rate since 1797, a small part to follow the course it has done for of which will ever go back, the far some years past, and which it seems greater part having been melted or resolved to persist in, while any gold exported. The profit derived to the or silver remains in the country! Bank by this operation, at the expence of the public, is matter of LIGHT GOLD AGAINST easy calculation.
HEAVY GOLD. But now that the Bank has thought proper to increase the no- [From the Morning Chronicle.] minal value ten per cent. and it has. SIR;I am sure if that worthy become evident that it may go on to man, George Fisher, accountant, any amount, people begin to open the well-known author of the Young their eyes. Having the countenance Man's best Companion, was alive, of government, what hinders the he would in his questions for exerBank to operate on gold coin in the cise have introduced the following same way they have done on the “ If a light guinca be worth in paper silver, or to issue pieces of gold, currency 11. 45. Sd. what is a heavy intrinsically worth 15s. to pass for guinea worth in the same currency? guineas?
-Answer, 11. 45. 6.” When the It is vain to say the dollars are little boy, after a great deal of puznot current coin, while no person zling, had made out the answer, I can refuse them, or obtain the change think I see the venerable George of a 20s. note without taking them. Fisher mildly chucking his pupil That they have not been made a under the chin, and thus addressing Jegal tender, is just such a quibble this decimal fraction of a tradesas maintaining that Bank of Eng. man's large family. My dearBobby, land notes are not effectually such a this sum is only to be worked on a tender. As Mr. Giddy observes, the slate from whence it can be readily public creditors must take them, or spunged off, but you must not enter go unpaid.
it into your sum-book, because, my The excuse for the augmentation dear Bobby, though right by the of the nominal value of the dollars rule of three, it is wrong by the rule is, that silver has risen in price. In of faet; a heavy guinea is worth but comparison with what has it risen ? 11, 1s. in the paper currency. But Silver, in comparison with silver of one pound one! exclaims Bobby : the same standard, cannot rise. It why I multiplied the third by the will not be pretended that gold has second, and divided by the first, and risen, as in comparison with silver, the answer came out 11. 45. 60.- Ah! but my dear Bobby, replies of the clerk of the meltings, or of ang George Fisher, the bankers have so other, the slightest alteration in the multiplied the paper, and so divided ministry—by change, I strictly wish their bonuses, that in this instance to be understood to mean crowns, the common rules of arithmetic are half-crowns, shillings, and six. entirely violated; yea the very in- pences, which have now nearly, and trinsic value of things is changed; in the course of a few weeks, will for lo! a light guinea is more valu- altogether disappear. The remedy able, with reference to banknotes, I have proposed is not like the sinkthan a heavy guinea, for the lighting fund, founded upon theory, but you can get 1l. 4s. 3d. and for a has been actually carried into exeheavy guinea but 11. 1s.- This is cution in the sister kingdom, and I very strange, says Bobby-I'll tell am certain, that the directors of the my father of it-your father knows Bank of Ireland, who have been in: it already—but why don't people defatigable in their endeavours to sell their heavy guineas, and get buy up all the bad shillings and re11. 45. 6d. for them, rejoins Bobby? coin them, pro bono publico, into
they are prevented by an act of two-penny pieces, will readily comparliament---but is it not very ab- municate with their brethren of the surd that an act of parlia m ent Bank of England on this interesting he would have said, had not George subject, send them samples of their Fisher ordered him to go toʻhis seat, farrago, lend them their die, and as , and leave the mysteries of the mint Mr. Davy may not bave any test to to the clerk of the meltings.
ascertain it, reveal the extreme de But of guineas let us not speak- grce of baseness to which they have it is a tale of other times with the been obliged to descend in their enBank of England, we may well ex. deavours to accommodate the Irish claim, de mortuis nel nisi bonum, public.----At all events, let me deprethat is, of the defunct there is no cate any thing like the issuing of vestige but the bonus, the amount of notes under one pound; the suffer: that indeed, and the immense rise in ings of the people in Ireland, parthe value of bank stock, are the ticularly the poorer classes, in con. legacies which guineas bequeathed sequence of such an arrangement, to the governor and company of the were dreadful. Every petty shopBank of England, when they expired keeper became a banker, issued pain the year 1797. Within the space per, bought bad goods, and put of thirteen years from that period, what price he pleased upon them, the marketable value of 1001. bank certain that his neighbour must buy stock, has risen from something less them, because his paper had no curthan 128). to very near 2801. the rency except from his counter 10 dividend has been increased from 7 his till. Oh, no! any thing except to 10 per cent. and bonusses to the five shilling and two-and-six penny amount of 32 per cent. have been notesrather than that, let the brass distributed among the proprietors, pots and kettles, as in the time of
-I see you have published my James II. be called in, melted, and humble suggestions upon the want coined—but no more paper for the of change--and here, that they may sake of common humanity! I am have a chance of being read by all now called away to see a very fine parties, let me clearly explain, that ram, upon which, I am informed, under the expression - want of Sir John Sinclair is to ride round change', there is not the slightest the hall of the Bank of England, allusion to the removal of the Hon. preparatory to his being crowned Spencer Perceval from his situation with a wreath of cancelled bank