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" and this year after year, by which “ have carried it.” Yes :-we be* he realized his professions." lieve this will be said by every in
How Mr. Clarkson could so con- partial person who has duly aitendfidently make assertions contrary to ed to evidence which he that runs the plainest and most incontroverti- may read. “ This," says our author, ble evidence, is truly astonishing: “ brings the matter to an issue, for so far from the truth of this state. “ unquestionably the charge of inment being “ acknowledged hy all,” “ sincerity, as it related to ibis great we should suppose, there is scarcely “ question," (and indeed to several a person to be found, except Mr. others] “ arose from the mistaken Clarkson, who would have had cou- “ notion, that as his measures in rage sufficient to have laid before “ parliament were supported by great the public a similar statement. It “ majorities, he could do as he is an absolute impossibility, if Mr. “ pleased there. But they who hold Pitt had been thus,“ sincere and “ this opinion, must be informed, “consistent,” that he could have “ that there were great difficulties been left from “ year to year"in such “ against which he had to struggle miserable minorities. But what “on the subject. The Lord Chan. “sincerity or consistency" can be " cellor Thurlow ran counter to his expected from the statesman who wishes almost at the very outset, had before pledged himself, that “as “ Lord Liverpool, and Mr. Dundas “a man and as a minister he would do “ did the same," Granted: but if “every thing in his power to effect the abolition had been as the minis"a parliamentary reform;" but who ter had declared--the object nearest afterwards endeavoured by every his heart, he would have acted as means in his power to inflict the he did on another occasion, when traitor's doom on those who did not he differed from Lord Thurlow, and follow him in his a postacy; and when he refused to act with him any who would have bathed the scaffold longer; the consequence was Lord In the blood of the consistent friends Thurlow's resignation. As to those of a reform of parliament, had it not " wha want ine" ministers, Mr. Dunbeen for the virtuous and firm inter- das, and Lord Liverpool, had their vention of British juries.
places depended on their supporting Mr. Pitt's attachment to the cause the abolition, no one will doubt but of the slave trade abolition, was si- they would have ranked amongst milar to the attachment of professing its warmest friends. christians in general to the chris. “But the abolition," we are fartianity of the New Testament. They ther informed, “ could with this difthink it a good thing, abstractedly “ difference of opinion, never become considered; they are wonderfully “a cabinet measure." Nor was it jealous of their own peculiar no to the last, " a cabinet measure;" tions; but when they come to the and yet under an adininistration, the grand point, yielding of prejudices, heads of which were sincere and or the sacrifice of worldly interest, consistent in their endeavours to they too plainly discover they are bring about the great object, the as destitute of real, vital christianity, friends of justice and humanity trias a Hottentot.
umphed by a very large majority. Mr. Clarkson adds," I believe “But a difficulty still more insti.. “it will be said, notwithstanding " perable presented itself in an oc. "what I have advanced, that if "currence which took place in the "Mr. Pitt had exerted himself as " year 1791, but which is much too. "the minister of the country in be- "delicate to be mentioned; the exo "half of the abulizion, he could "planation of which would convince
" the reader, that all the efforts of " measures to be adopted for the " Mr. Pitt from that day, were ren- “ abolition of the Slave trade," was “ dered useless; I mean as to bringcarried without a division. The "ing the question as a minister of resolution of the Commons was or " state to a favourable issue." If the dered to the Lords, and after the most matter alluded to was" too delicate" decided opposition from Lord Liverto be mentioned, it ought not to pool, and Lord Westmoreland, the have been brought forward in argu- consistent and uniform friends to ment. This delicate affair, we pre- the traffic, and likewise of the grasume to be, the supposed opinion of dual abolitionist, Lord Sidmouth, his Majesty ; but we are unwilling the resolution was agreed to hy 41 to believe that the sovereign of a to 20. As it was now supposed free people, who has been so highly that the slave trade had received its panegyrised by our jubilee preach- death's wound, and that the wretchers, both in the establishment and es whose infamous gains were about out of it, could possible have dis- to be annihilated, would make the missed a minister because he made most of the traffic, by extraordinary the abolition of so infernal a traffic exertions of villany; a bill was passa principle of his administration. ed by both houses" That no vesBut whatever may be the nature of " sel should clear out for the slave this “ delicate” matter, the plain “ trade, after August 1, ensuing, fact demonstrates, that it was no " unless it should have been preobstruction to the accomplishment “ viously employed by the same of the desired object, under a si- “ owner, or owners." Such were cere, and in this respect consistent the first fruits of sincerity over inadministration.
sincerity, and honest zeal over byBy the death of Mr. Pitt, and a pocritical lukewarmness. The first change of administration, the grand sincere attempt of administration obstacle to the abolition was at proved successful! length happily removed. Some pre- These proceedings were shortly. liminary measures were immediately followed by an event which in some proposed and carried in both houses, measure damped the hopes of the and on June 10, 1806, Mr. Fox in friends to the abolition---the death a speech distinguished by his usual of Mr. Fox, in October, 1806. Our ability, “confessed that 'since he author pays a just tribute to his “ sat in that house, (a period of be- memory, representing him from the “tween thirty and forty years) if he commencement of the proceedings, " had done nothing else, but had as a warm friend to the measure; “only been instrumental in carry- and very properly remarks,—" That “ing through the proposed measure, “his subsequent conduct evinced the • he should think his life well spent; “ SINCERITY of his promises ;-that " and should retire quite satisfied, “he considered the abolition of the " that he had not lived in vain." " traffic as the highest glory of his He concluded with a resolution ex- “ administration, and as the grcalpressive of the determination of the “ est carthly blessing which it was house to proceed in the abolition “ in the power of governinent to with all practicable dispatch. Af- “ bestow ; thus acting in consistenter a long debate the resolution was “cy with his public declaration in carried by 114 to 15. An address “ 1791-That in whatever situation to his Majesty that he would " di- “ he might ever be, he would use his “rect a negociation to be entered “ warmest efforts for the promotion of "into, by which foreign powers" this righteous cause." “ should be invited to cu-operate in
The death bed of Mr. Fox bore house divided, and the bill was read witness to his sincerity respecting a second time on a division of 283 this, as well as another great na- against 16! In the committee the tional object. “ Two things" said period of abolition was fixed for May the expiring patriot, “I wish ear- 1, 1807 ; and the bill was after" nestly to see accomplished --PEACE wards passed without a division, af"WITH EUROPE, and the ABOLITION fording in the house of Commons an "OF THE SLAVE TRADE.”—“ The additional display of the glorious ef“ very hope of the abolition (as Lord fects of MINISTERIAL SINCERITY in "Howick expressed it) quivered on a good cause. Fears however, again "hıs lips in the last hour of his life.” revived on account of the change of Had he lived it is probable, as the ministry, as it was well known, sesame noble lord stated, he would veral members of the no popery fachave attained the first of these ob- tion, were bent on the continuance jects : with respect to the last," he of the traffic; these fears, happily, " had taken considerable pains to proved groundless. A commission " convince some of his colleagues in for giving the royal assent to the “ the cabinet of the propriety of the bill, was signed the day before mi* measure.” Lords Grenville and nisters delivered up the seals of office, Grey, wanted no conviction, as they and on March 25, 1807, the INFERhad uniformly acted with him. The NAL SLAVE TRADE was erased from bill for the final abolition was shortly the black catalogue of our national introduced in the house of Lords by crimes ! Lord Grenville; and we again per Our author concludes the work ceive the happy result of SINCERITY with some suitable and animated reon the part of the prime minister. flections on the subject; every one Lord Grenville's motion, after a long of his readers will we doubt not enter debate, was carried by a majority of into the spirit of his closing paragraph. 100 to 36. The Duke of GlocESTER “Reader! Thou art now acquainted on this occasion honourably distin
with the history of this contest! Reguished himself from the rest of his
the rest of his joice in the manner of its termination !
And if thou feelest grateful for the event, royal relatives !
retire within thy closet, and pour out thy On Feb. 10, 1807, the bill was car. thanksgivings to the Alinighty for this bis ried to the Commons. The opposers unspeakable act of mercy to thy opwere heard by counsel, after which the pressed fellow creatures !"
- MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
THE KING'S ILLNESS. here present, appointed to assist her
Majesty in the execution of the trust REPORT OF THE QUEEN'S COUNCIL. committed to her Majesty, by virtue
Queen's Lodge, Windsor, of the statute passed in the 51st year
April 6, 1811. . of his Majesty's reign, entitled, “an Present, the Archbishop of Can- “ act to provide for the administraterbury, Archbishop of York, Earl of the royal authority, and for the of Winchelsea, Earl of Aylesford, care of his Majesty's royal person, Lord Eldon, Lord Ellenborough, during the continuance of his Mas Sir W. Grant, (the Duke of Mont- jesty's illness, and for the resumpTose being absent on account of in- tion of the exercise of the royal audisposition.)
thority by his Majesty :"-- Having We, the members of the council called before us, and examined on oath, the physicians and other per- habitual suspensions of the royal authosons attendant on his Majesty, and rity, some of which have been but rehaving ascertained the state of his cently brought to light, that have been Mlajesty's health, by such other ways
so derogatory to your royal highness,
'. and are in their nature so portentous : and means as appeared to us to be but, we trust, that a repetition of such necessary for that purpose, do hereby suspensions, which we know not how to declare the state of his Majesty's distinguish from usurpations, will be renhealth at the time of this our meeting, dered impracticable. as follows, viz.
Independent of these unconstiintional That the indisposition with which proceedings, there had been much cause bis Majesty was afflicted at the time
of coinplaint, if not of suspicion, in the
obstacles interposed by ministers for of the said act does still so far exist,
preventing the accustomed access of the that his Majesty is not yet restored subject to their Sovereign : wherefore, to such a state of health as to be ca Sir, in now beholding your royal highpable of resuming the personal exer- ness Regent of the kingdom, we are incise of his royal authority.
spired with a cheering hope ; because That his Majesty appears to have
his Majesty, should his health be hap
pily restored, will assuredly, through made material progress towards re
the faithful report of your royal highness, covery since the passing of the act, learn the true condition of his kingdom, and that all his Majesty's physicians. and the real sentiments of his loyal and continue to express their expecta aggrieved people. tions of such recovery.
In habitual suspensions of the rega! (Signed) C. CANTUAR, E. EBOR, functions, it is not a mere token we disWICHILSEA, AYLESFORD, EL
cover whence to infer the existence of
evil. In breaches of the constitution so DON, ELLEN BOROUGH, Wil
flagrant, we do not witness mere slight LIAM GRANT.
indications of something wrong; but they are so many proofs that a borough
faction, trampling on the rights of crown WESTMINSTER ADDRESS.
and people, triumphant reigns. In the
example now fresh in all our minds, the On the 18th ult. a numerous and re- indignant nation hath seen, in full disspectable meeting of the housebolders, play, that faction's odious pretensions, inhabitants of Westminster, was held and your royal bigbness has been inade to consider of an address to the Prince sensible of its detested power. Regent. The High BAILIFF took the Thirty years ago it was declared by chair, when Major CARTWRIGHT came Sir George Suville, in his place in parforward, and after a suitable speech, liament, that the Commons House was proposed the following address.
no more a representation of the people of TO THE PRINCE REGENT. this kingdom, than it was of the people THE DUTIFUL ADDRESS OF THE HOUSE- of France. HOLDERS OF THE CITY AND LIBERTIES OF WESTMINSER.
close and for open boroughs, are notoNAYIT PLEASE YOUR Royal HighnESS! riously marketable. One of them, as
Sincerely attached to your person, we are credibly informed, was once as on the present occasion will be evin- bought by a French King's mistress, for ced, it is with a lively sensibility we her English correspondent, in time of participate in the sorrow your royal war; and it stands ou record, that at bigboess must feel for the cause of your another time those seats were purchased having been called to your present si wholesale by the Nabob of Arcot, for tuation.
bis intriguing agents. None then, Sir, But we trust that, by taking on you can assure us, that at this day a whole, a nation's cares, demanding, as they troop in the pay of a Napoleon may not now do, an uudivided mind, the private sit and vote in that house. griefs of your royal bigbness must be The inveteracy of this disease was made less painfully felt.
manifest to the whole world, when, in It has been, Sir, with extreme dissa- the cases of Mr. Wellesley, Lord Castle tisfaction we have coutemplated those rough, and the present minister, Afr.
Perceval, all accused of trafficking in dignation and resentment; combustithose seats, not only no punishment en- ble passions which, so pent up, cannot sued, but the traffic was vindicated, and without terror be contemplated. for This extraordinary reason, that it This system of government hath, in was become as notorious as the sun at the end, demonstrated the wickedness, noon day!
and exposed the folly, of those who, to Here, Sir, is the cancer of the state. tear from the people all hope of a just With a house of Commons rapidly be- reform, forced them into an unjust war: coming, by the virulence of this pest, For, after hundreds of inillions have been a mere mass of corruption, death must insanely squandered, after rivers of ensue, unless the cancer to its last fibre blood have been inhumanly shed, after be eradicated, and free parliaments re the nation, foiled and disgraced, bas stored.
been reduced to a forlorn hope-after For such a restoration, your royal all this has been brought on us by cor- . highness must . perceive that no talent, rupt, short-sighted, and tyrannical igen, no wisdom, no virtue in ministers, can for putting down and treading under become a substitute.
foot Parliamentary Reform, it is at Proud and light men hare, indeed, length seen, that in this reforin, and in in all ages, pretended to such a skill; this reform alone, national salvation can puffed up with a conceit of their own be found. sufficiency, they have been abundantly D uring the machinations for fettering ready to dispense with the constitution. your royal highness, and bringing you But did not all history proclaim the under the galling yoke, you must, Sir, absurdity of such pretensions, that ab- have noticed the faction's base ingratisurdity must, to every reasoning mind, tude to the King your father, for whom be self-evident.
with the deepest hypocrisy, they affect The nature of the nefarious system of the greatest devotion. That system of government which hath grown with the government which has been our bane growth, and strengthened with the that system of governinent which had strength of the borough faction, is as- its origin in the worst corruptions, and certained to us by long and calamitous the most treacherous counsels of ill-adexperience. Its root is tyranny, its fruit visers, they made no scruple to call the is ruin. it scourged America into resis- King's own system of government. tance; Ireland it tortured into rebellion. There is no view, Sir, of the nation's It disinherited your royal highness of affairs, but must impress on your royal many and flourishing states : and the highness a conviction of the pernicious numerous seamen of those states it alie- consequences of a system of government nated from the English navy.
founded on a house of Commons in It was this system of government which which the people are not represented. peopled our prisons with innocent per Wherefore the subject which, above sons, for the malignant prosecution of all others, for its paramount importance, w hom ministers took shelter under a bill we are anxious to rivet on your thoughts, of indemnity, passed by themselves and is that which your royal highness has their abettors.
found to be uppermost in our ow! It is this system of government which Parliamentary Relorm. hath pauperized more than a million of It being our confident hope that the our English fellow subjects; and which present session will not pass away withdaily augments their number.
out a renewal of parliamentary efforts It is this system of government that in that cause, we believe, Sir, that a covers our once free land with Bastiles public knowledge of an earnest desire and barracks; that brands the millions on the part of your royal highness for of England as cowards, needing foreign the success of those efforts, would assusoldiers for defenders; and that brings redly cause their early triumph. back upon us the doctrines and the Convinced indeed we are, that when cruelties of the Star Chamber.
ever the crown and the subject, for muThis system of government, by a blind tual self-preservation, shall make cominfatuation, confers on French and other mon cause in pursuit of this indispensiforeign Roman catholic officers what it ble object, the odious, the intolerable offensively refuses to native Irish, filling usurpation of the borough faction, smit. the hearts of the Irish millions with in- ten by the united rays of the law, the