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risen to place among the minor notabilities, Harriet Preston's translation of

“ Mirèio" Mr. Jerome must be included. That humor (Mireille) by Frédéric Mistral, the French of the better vein which seeks the kinship of Provençal poet, a work in a new school of mirth rather than that of satire, and is not French poetry, which excited at the time great devoid of sympathy with the faults at wbich enthusiasm, and from which Gounod took the it laughs so pleasantly, is not so common theme of an opera. This Provençal renaisthat we can afford to let it pass. Mr. Jerome sance, known as the Félibrige, “lou rièi is a gracious and kindly jester, and he wears paire de Felibre,” has produced several brillthe cap and bells in the exercise of a mood iant additions to the literature of France, without the like of which the world would be butt he founder of it, who died recently, is a far more doleful place. He has found fit- less well known than some of his disciples. ting field for the exercise of his talents in the Joseph Roumanille died at Avignon on May domain of stage-land, and the pleasant little 24th. He was born August 8th, 1818, at St. book before us shows he has plenty more to Remy, where his father was a gardener. Edu. say on the same subject. The present sketches cated at Tarascon, he went to Avignon in 1845 relate the common professional experiences as tutor in a school, where one of his scholars of the actor, and are full of lively incidents was Frédéric Mistral. His first volume of and amusing pictures, some of which are as poems—à volume which dates the beginning good in their way as the stage experiences of of the movement which has added a beautiful Nicholas Nickleby. The book appears to have modern literature to the beautiful early literbeen derived from personal history and not ature of the Troubadours—was Li Marfrom observation, and of course is all the bet- garideto” (1847). This was followed by “ Li ter for this reason, It does not sparkle with Capelan” (1851), “Li Provenzalo" (1852). the strong and powerful quality of the writer's " Li Souniarello” (1852), La Part de Diéu". earlier writing, but it is racy and entertain. (1853), 'La Campana Mountado” (1857), ing. Ulysses does not always bend his bow. “Li Nouvè'' (1865), “Li Flour de Sàuvi,"

"Lis Entarro.chin'' (1874), and “Fau i'ana."

In 1864 a collected edition of Roumanille's FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES. works in verse and prose was published in THE Athencum notices with marked appro.

two volumes, Lis Oubreto en Vers'' and

“Lis Oubreto en Proso." In 1883 a volume bation and with no reservation of comment a

of tales was issued under the name of " Li short story by Mr. Frank Harris, the editor of

Routhe Fortnightly Review, published in the last

Conte Prouvençau e li Cascareleto." number of that periodical, entitled “A Mod. manille, who was a bookseller, was his own ern Idyl.” We do not propose to discuss the publisher, and the publisher of the works of

Mistral and most of the other Félibres. The literary value of the story here, but only to

charm of Roumanille's work lies in its quaint make a passing reflection in wonder that the staid Athenceum should have failed to call at

and simple freshness, its delicious humor,

its absence of literary artifice. tention to the abominable indecency and want of taste, not to use stronger terms, shown by have the flavor of folk-songs, his tales the

flavor of folk-tales. It is not literature that the author. The story is simply that of an adulterous courtship between an American

one reads, it is spoken words that one hears, it minister and the wife of his principal deacon.

is the people singing at their work. Tales

like “Lou Curat de Cucugnan” (“* Le Curé de The way in which religious ecstasy and licen. tious passion are commingled is worthy of Cucugnan,” well known in Daudet's French verthe most advanced disciples of the new French sion) and “ Lou Abat Tabuissoun" (" L'Abbé school. A self-respecting critic would far Tabuisson'') have the exquisite and perfectly better run the risk of being called a Philis- pious irreverence of the monkish legends of

the Middle Ages, with little that betrays & tine than express anything but disgust at

modern origin. such a flagrant insult to all the established decencies. This short story contains more

On June 3d Messrs. Sotheby sold the anto. callous immorality than “Madame Bovary''

“Mademoiselle de Maupin.” There is not graph mss. of Wilkie Collins's plays, together & reputable magazine in the United States

with the copyright and fees accruing there. which would dare to publish such a story.

from. Appended to the same catalogue are a

number of autograph letters, chiefly of literMany of our readers will remember Miss ary interest, including the original agreement


His songs


right of "

between Dickens and Bentley for the copy- in it are from the hand of Gerard David, of

Barnaby Rudge.” The price, ap- Bruges. parently, was £2000, with an additional £1000 if the sale exceeded ten thousand copies, and DR. HERMANN ADLER, who was recently a final sum of £1000 more if the sale exceeded elected Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew fifteen thousand.

Congregations of the British Empire, has

made several contributions to literature. In AMONG some autograph letters to be sold by 1863, immediately after the publication of Dr. auction shortly will be a curious contract be- Colenso's famous book, he addressed a series tween Charles Dickens and Richard Bentley, of letters to the Athenæum in reply. The letdated January 28th, 1839, in which Dickens ters were followed by a volume entitled “A agrees to allow his name to appear on the Jewish Reply to Dr. Colenso’s Criticism on title-page of Bentley's Miscellany in return for the Pentateuch,'' of which he was joint au£40 a month, and this did not include any thor. He has engaged in controversy with editing or literary work, but merely the use of Professor Max Müller relative to his Westhis name. Though the arrangement was never minster Abbey lecture on missions, and with carried out, the agreement is a striking proof Professor Goldwin Smith, whose charges of of the popularity of Dickens, even at the “incivism" he answered in the Nineteenth time when he had only produced two books— Century. Several lectures and articles of his viz., “ The Pickwick Papers” and Oliver on Talmudic themes have been published, Twist.”

likewise an essay on

“ Solomon Ibn Gebirol,

the Poet Philosopher," and also more than A NEW journal of a special character is about one volume of sermons. Dr. Adler has occuto be founded in San Francisco. One of its pied himself much with the early history of projectors, an Oxford graduate who has been the Jews in England, and contributed a monofor some years a journalist in the States, has graph on the Chief Rabbis of England to the conceived the idea that Americans do not know publications in connection with the Anglothe actual feeling of Englishmen toward their Jewish Historical Exhibition. He intends country because many of the existing Ameri- editing the “ Etz Chaim," a work on Jewish can newspapers misrepresent it. He will, law and ritual, written by Jacob, the son of therefore, seek in his new enterprise to tell Judah, Episcopus of London, shortly before Americans what English men really think about the expulsion, the manuscript of which is in them. He will also try to show Englishmen the Raths-Bibliotek of Leipzig. what is the actual opinion of educated Americans respecting English institutions. In his The forthcoming work by the Hon. George view, American feeling toward England is not Curzon, M.P., on Persia, will not be published fairly expressed by much of the existing till the autumn. It will fill two large volAmerican press.

umes, An entirely new map of Persia is in

course of preparation for it, and it will contain AFTER the Piot library is dispersed (Athe- several other maps and nearly a hundred illusnæum, No. 3316) there will be a sale at the trations, and a bibliography of Persian hisHôtel Drouot (on June 6th) of some valuable tory, geography, and travel. It is not in. books and mss. belonging to a well-known tended to be so much a record of the author's private collector, Among these are three

travels as a compendium of information about notable illuminated Mss. One belongs to the modern Persia and a history of the steps by early days of the thirteenth century, and is of which in recent years that country has been the French school ; another, of the Flemish brought within the pale of civilization. There school, may be assigned to the last decade of will be chapters on the Shah, royal family, the fourteenth ; the third, and most impor- ministers, government, institutions and retant, is the Book of Honrs of Pope Alexander forms, revenue, resources, army, trade, comVI. (Borgia). This is the only volume bearing munications, as well as accounts of all the his arms which has been preserved, and it is principal provinces and cities, and the recent a marvel of the art of the illuminators of results of archæological research. Bruges, dating about 1495. The next number of the Gazette des Beaux-Arts will contain a Max 9TH, which was the day of Schiller's notice by M. Pawlowski of the Borgia ms. death, seems to have become a favorite day He is of opinion that the finest minintures for adding to the treasures of the Schillerhaas


이 로 at Marbach, which is the national property of schools. The mistress of a poor village school the German people. O

On May 9th last year in Sussex (Mr, Barker says) was the recipient the heiresses of Schiller's daughter-in-law of a most remarkable piece of juvenile in. (who died in 1869) presented twelve family formation. The lady had been giving the portraits which she had bequeathed to them. younger girls a lesson on the tenses of verbs, On the same anniversary this year Dr. Steiner, and, at the close of her discourse, she requestof Stuttgart, presented to the Schillerhaus ed the children to write down in their exerthirteen letters of Christophine Reinwald, the cise books a few examples of the manner in poet's sister,

which the tenses may be changed. The mis.

tress then walked round the desks and overMR. GOSSE has undertaken to write the arti.

looked her pupils while they were studiously cle “Poetry” for the new edition of Chambers's Encyclopædia.

engaged with their exercises. Presently she

drew near to a rustic little nymph who was in. A GERMAN philologist of note has just passed timating by her raised hand and jubilant away in the person of Dr. Karl Andresen,

countenance that she had completed her exBorn 1813, in Holstein, he occupied several ample of one of these tense changes. When distinguished posts in the scholastic world,

the mistress arrived at the child's desk and and was in 1874 appointed “ Professor Ex

looked wn at what was written, her own traordinary'' at Bonn, Dr. Andresen was the

hands immediately became elevated with asauthor of the excellent works,“ Volksetymo- tonishment as she read:-“The verb To be. logie” and “Sprachgebrauch und Sprachricht Past tense—I was a baby. Future tense-I igkeit im Deutschen," both of which enjoy shall have a baby." high esteem and great popularity. He was The following extract from an essay on particularly distinguished by a most genial « The Moon" affords—jn defiance of its title disposition, which made him a great favorite

—some most interesting glimpses of sublunary with his colleagues and his pupils.

home-life :-" To look at the white moon We understand that Sir Charles Dilke and

shinin threw your winder at night, sitting on Mr. Spenser Wilkinson, the author of two the edge of the bed, and lissnin to your father well-known volumes on “ Citizen Soldiers'' and mother's knives and forks rattlin on their and “ The Brain of an Army," are preparing plates while they are getting their niced supin collaboration a popular work upon National pers, is the prittist site you ever seed. When and Imperial Defeuce. Account will be taken

it's liver and hunyens there a having, you can of the military and naval needs of the empire,

smell it all the way upstairs. It looks very and of the extent and cost of the resources

brite and nearly all white. Once when they which exist to meet them, while suggestions

was a having Fried fish and potaters I crept will be made for greater efficiency and econ.

out of my bedroom to the top of the stares all omy. Messrs. Macmillan & Co. will be the in the dark, just so as to have a better lissen publishers.

and a nearer smell. I forget weather there

was a moon that night. I dont think as there The attempt to stop Professor Max Müller's

was, cose I got to the top of the stares afore I Gifford Lectures at Glasgow has failed. In

new I was there, and I tumbled right down the Glasgow Presbytery the charge of heresy

to the bottom of the stares, a bursting open was defeated by seventeen to five votes, and

the door at the bottom, and rolling into the the General Assembly dismissed the appeal

room nearly as far as the supper table. My made to it. Professor Max Müller will next

father thote of giving me the stick for it, but year deliver his last course on “ Psychological he let my mother give me a bit of fish on some Religion." His third course, delivered this

bread, and told me to skittle off to bed again. year, on Anthropological Religion,' is in

I am sure there was not no moon, else I should have seed there wasnt a top stare when

I pnt my foot out slow. I only skratted my MISCELLANY.

left eye and ear a bit with that last bump at THE HUMOR OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. — the bottom, witch was a hard one. Stares are

Our Boys and Girls at School,” Mr. steeper than girls think, speshilly where the Henry J. Barker has published, through Mr. corner is.” Arrowsmith, another budget of the absurdities In the course of an examination in gram. committed by boys and girls who are crammed mar, a Surrey inspector was the privileged rewith undigested knowledge at our elementary cipient of some most edifying (or startling) in.


the press.


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formation. The parents of the children were and adds at the end of the paragraph, mostly agricultural laborers. The examiner can only suggest that the wants of the read. was dealing with grammatical“ diminutives,” ing public are becoming more and more and particularly with the force of the suffix satisfied with newspapers, reviews, and magakine.g., mannikin, a little man, etc. On his zines, and that authors consequently find asking the lads to give him a few examples of their own best market in the same field.”

diminutives," a number of eager hands This view is confirmed by the classified table was soon raised. The gentleman, much grati- of publications during 1890. The decrease fied at such a ready response to his question, in the number of new books and new editions pointed to one of the lads for an answer. is very nearly the same as that recorded for “ Lambkin, a little lamb,” was the reply. 1889. In educational works and books for the

Very good indeed," said the inspector ; and amusement of the young, we find higher fig. he pointed to another lad. Tomkin, a little ures. Of novels there are not quite so many as Tom,'' was the answer. The gentleman some- in 1889, and yet the reader of fiction has had what demurred at this, but finally accepted it. provided for him almost three new novels per He then pointed to a further lad. “ Buskin, diem, besides one in a new edition for each a little 'bus !" was the response. The in- week-day. Perhaps the most striking fact to spector's countenance fell. Now, my lads,'' note is that artistic works, whether new or in he pleaded, “ do take time to think before you new editions, have dropped to about half the speak. The last answer was altogether wrong.” number put forth in the preceding year. And he pointed to a little yokel behind who, Poetry at first sight seems to be idler, but the in his desperate eagerness to catch the in. increased number of new editions shows that spector's eye, had ventured to half mount at all events public taste does not flag in that upon the form. “Well, you, my lad ?'' said direction. Belles-lettres, too, as a class, does the inspector, pointing at last to this young not suffer by comparison with the production hopeful. “ Pumpkin, sir, a little pump !" of 1889. Here, too, the number of reprints

“ The Irish are so called because they live is also in excess, showing that interest in pure in the island of Ireland. It is a beautiful literature or standard works is not on the decountry as is chiefly noted for three prinsipal cline. Lastly, books which have to be ranged classes of things, which is namely, its great ander“ miscellaneous" are greater in numgreenness, its big bogness, and its little sham. ber than those of 1889.-Publishers' Circular. rocks. It says in our lesson books as green is the favorite color with all the Irish great and “ LIEUTENANT GRANT OF THOBAL" seems quite small classes. Shamrock is nothing but a lit. indisposed to look upon his gallant achievetle bit of green clover. But the Irish love it. ment as a final attempt to win glory at the They cant manyfacture things in Ireland same cannon's mouth, or, indeed, as anything beas we can in England, from a trackion ingin yond a mere incident or accident of a sol. to a sowing needle. But still the Irish many- dier's career. When telegraphed to by the facture the follering classes of things very ex- Viceroy in terms of congratulation and praise, seedingly, namely, Linin, bacon, shop eggs, he modestly replied that, with such men as and whisky. The Irish are nearly as fond of he had with him, the work was easy. An an. bacon as they are of potatos ; and as for that swer worthy of a good soldier and a brave there whisky, the Irish love it. The hearts of And only on Wednesday [week] the the Irish, the book says, are all very warm. public read, to its sorrow, that one of those If you was walking out in the country and wounded in the attack on the Manipuris near you met a pore man, you could easily tell Palel was young Grant, who probably was whether he was an Irishman ; for if he was an given a place in the expedition almost by preIrishman, he would perhaps be in a pashion scriptive right. Our sincere sympathy is with and have a pig with him."

Lieutenant Grant's father, Lieutenant-Gen.

eral Grant, to whom this untoward occurrence ANALYTICAL TABLE OF BOOKS PUBLISHED IN must be a great blow. We earnestly hope 1890.–The Academy remarks that the sta- that the hardy young Scot, who held a little tistics of books published in the United army in check for days with a mere handful States during 1889 show the same decrease, of natives, will soon get over his wound, and as compared with the figures for the pre- once more resume the war-path, to which he coding year, as the corresponding figures of seems to take with hereditary readiness.the tables issued by the Publishers' Circular, Broad Arrow.


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We ail recognize, more or less, the ex- to atrophy by long disuse of the divers istence and raison d'être of the moral con- qualities of which it is composed, or we science, that factor which guides man's have rendered it tough and unimpressionaction, and bids him control his desires able with the cicatrices of many wounds on the borderland, a little to one or other we have torn in its once delicate surface. side, of his neighbor's interests. This Whatsoever we may do in practice, therestraining sense, which impels him to oretically we are all agreed as to the imconsider himself, not only in relation with portance of developing to the full, and his fellows, but likewise in his relation maintaining the vitality of this principle, toward that higher man whom evolution which subtends our moral growth and sets before him as his model, and in whose progress. It is curious that equally with shadowy presence he is ashamed, this re- the existence of a moral conscience there straining sense we allow to be a symptom has not also been discovered and described of the healthy sensitiveness of the moral a physical conscience, whose duty toward nature, and according to its degree of de- the body is precisely the same as is that of velopinent and its condition of sensitive- the moral conscience toward the mind. ness we consider the particular mind to The healthy moral conscience, with its which it belongs as being highly organized vanguard the moral imagination, is ever and in a state of health.

aspiring to a higher level of action ; and Some of us are born without any very has not the body likewise a conscience grcat possessions in this direction. Some which, in exactly the same way, strives to of us have permitted the healthy faculty maintain the normal level, and; moreover, Now SERIES.-VOL, LIV., No. 2


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