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could make a person, in such a distressing case, give advice not to go. “Let him know, that he who turneth a sinner from the error of his ways, saveth a soul from DEATH!
August 23d. I find that the old man, after leaving the schoolhouse last night, went to our Sirkar, fell at his feet, and besought his help. This morning a number of people were assembled at the school with Soroop's father; but the son persisted that he would not go now, but said he would go soon, meaning after he should have been baptized. At length a person, who seemed to be a friend of the old man's, asked whether Soroop had eaten among our brethren? They said, Yes. Finding, therefore, that he would not go, and that he had really lost cast, they were constrained to depart. Yet the old man said that he would not return without him, but would lie down, and die at Serampore.
August 29th. A man, bringing a printed tract with him, arrived after a journey of four or five days, from a part of Jessore. He says, he is sent by a body of people, who are in the same way as Boodoyesah was. Their goroo is called a Lăro. All casts eat together secretly, and reject the debtahs. He says, he came once before, and could not find us; and that this time also some illnatured person deceived him, and carried him across the water, and into the country on the other side, to prevent his coming to our house. This day week the young brahmin, named Ramdhon, ran away from us. I suppose he thought there was no hope of his baptism: we could not well encourage him.
September 1st. This evening Ram Kaunt, Hawnye, and Soroop came before the church, and were received. Yesterday it was resolved, that Bhoyerub must be excluded: two or three others were interdicted from the Lord's table.
September 10th. There has been, for this week or two, much sickness, and very many deaths, all around us. It is attributed to the sultry weather, and the want of rain : a much smaller quantity has fallen, this rainy season, than usual. Thank God, we have been preserved, though one or two of the scholars have fevers. One youth has been under much concern in his affliction, I have waited on him a good deal in his sickness. Last week he asked me to pray with him. I did so, and found a good degree of liberty. He followed, and was overwhelmed with tears, and earnest cries for divine mercy. After prayer was over, I talked to him, and opened the way of life; but he said, he was afraid he
There was reason to believe, we doubt not, that the mother's illness was only a pretence to draw the son back to idolatry. VOL. II.
had simmed too much. He was a good deal struck with a private address which brotlier Marshman made to him a few nights ago, and with the death of Toplady, which I lately read to the boys. I suppose, however, the gradual light he has received, has contributed more to his convictions, in connexion with bis sickness, than any private exercise. I read, at his request, Psalm li. and Isaiah xlix.
September 24th. This day, Nazir Mahomed, the man mentioned August 29, returned with a letter, as from the people with whom he is connected. Ile says, they want one of us to go and live there, and teach thein. They are afraid of an open profession, without some protector among them.
October 2d. This morning, Felix, Bydenaut, &c. set off in two small boats, on a journey into Burdwan; a new route, where the gospel never went before. Nazir Mahomed this day went away, rather angrily, saying he would not come again. A man came this afternoon to be instructed; got a few pence to go and eat his dinner, and, instead of going to the school for instruction, as he professed, he went away without notice.
October 9th. The same man this day came again, with a letter from Petumber Singgu. He now applied for leave to be there a short time for instruction: we granted his request, and he returned to Sooksaugur.
October 14th. Lord's day. Last Friday afternoon I went to the house of our brother Peroo, accompanied by our native brethren, and spoke to a few Portuguese. It is not as in England, that you can speak in the house of a brother. Here you can only preach ai the house; for the house is too low and confined to hold any body, except the two or three persons of the family; and the house is too sacred, being the asylum of the women, for strangers to enter indiscriminately. This morning early, Felix, Fernandez, Caleb Hirons, Krishno Presaud, Ram Rotton, Ram Mohun, Roop, and I, went down to Calcutta in the mission-boat. I spoke in the forenoon in English: in the afternoon at four, we had Bengalee preaching for the first time. First, we sung, then Ram Roiton prayed, then we sung again, then Krishno Presaud preached an excellent sertion on the way of salvation; then singing, then prayer by Ram Mohun. We had between thirty and forty Hindoos, Musselmen, and Portuguese; and two or three Europeans. A brahmin boldly preaching the gospel, on the day five years after we had landed in this country-at Calcutta, the capital of Bengal, and the seat of the government of the companybrahmin too, avowing his own conversion, and preaching, to the
admiration of Europeans, a consistent gospel sermon, with Auent language, and in that place where two years before he was an idolator—this is the Lord's doing, and is marvellous in our eyes!
October 30th. Heard from brother Chamberlain to-day, who has been greatly disappointed by the departure of a man, respect, ing whom he had expressed the strongest hopes, that he was under divine awakenings. How necessary is it, that a missionary should be careful to avoid a sanguine way of writing; and that you should not print any thing of this kind too hastily, upon the testimony of a young missionary. The frequent disappointments we have encountered, makes us earnestly concerned to avoid this fault, into which we may have fallen in time past.
November 5th. This evening Ram Rotton and Chand were married at our house: we had a room full of spectators.
November 7th. We reached Sooksaugur this afternoon. Petumber's wife talks encouragingly: she conversed with me from behind the door: she is not so familiar as some of our native sisters. Indeed, I have always been for breaking in, by degrees, upon that excessive modesty of the native sisters, and not to drag them out into view in public worship, fearing that breaking up old habits of modesty should make them impudent. Oh, a missionary ought to be the most prudent and candid man in the world! One day, as brother Carey was going to the Bengalee school, two women were talking about Komul, Gokool's widow: one of them said to the other, “ Phoh! what need has she of a veil, after she has shaken hands with a white man?"
November 8th. This day we got as far as Srinagur. Some of the brethren, not waiting at the place of rendezvous, walked on till night, as far as Lokphool. I rode from Sooksaugur in a palanquin: we had come by boat to Sooksaugur. I got a place to sleep at a musselman's, who is a kind of police officer. With this man and another, in the presence of several more, I had much con. versation. He seemed to place a great deal of sanctity in their corporeal ablutions, and to be surprised that we did not practice the same. The other man denied that we had the true book, called “ The Angel.” He says, that the true book is among them, and that Eman took away all the faults, and made a perfect
copy of it. So assured are the musselmen of their being in the right, that they utterly despise both christians and idolators. I have heard the like of the Turks; and see by Park's travels, that this is the very soul of musselmanism in Africa. However this man was very kind in other respects; I suppose because I
was an Englishman, of the same nation as the governor of the country. He procured me milk, &c. and wished to get me a dinner.
November 9th. This afternoon I got to Lokphool. In the way I distributed some papers, and talked; but do not find a disposition among these people to receive the gospel. They talk fairly, and call us brethren; but they do not like baptism, because in this case they would infallibly lose their cast. They say, they cannot see what good baptism does any body. Their conduct also is far from being christian : they discover a great degree of pride and quarrelsomeness, and cannot submit heartily to the selfdenying commands of Christ. I talked to them as faithfully as I could, and warned them against deceit and delay. The children in the school. eight or ten in number, seemed pretty forward, and were able to repeat most of Dr. Watts's second catechisms, and some rhymes of eight pages, written by Petumber Singgu. Sitting in the school-room, when the boys had done, I talked as solemnly as I could, from the line in the hymn which they had just been singing: “ Full salvation by the death of Christ." When I had done, one man cried out, “ After all you have said, Sahib, my mind does not turn.” I reminded him that now he was well; in a little time he would be on a sick bed; then his note would be changed.
November 11th. Lord's day. People have been coming all day long, and we talked in turns. Krishno Presaud talked well. The young man Golook, who teaches school here, is, I trust, in a hopeful way. His father is the landholder of many villages round: he came to see me, bringing his second and third sons with him. Golook’s family are of the writer cast: they were rich people formerly, under the Hindoo Rajah; but he, in expensive poojahs, erecting idol temples, marrying monhies, &c. (in honour of Ram) failed in paying his revenues to the company, and they sold him up. Golook's father seemed to have a good deal of confidence in us, and was very anxious that his son might get service with us: he recommended Golook to go to Serampore with me. Golook will go; but his father is not aware that he will be baptised and lose cast. However, Golook seems to have counted the cost, and is determined, as he says, to embrace the gospel, let the consequence be what it may: he seems now not to care much for riches. If he should be baptised, and can be reconciled to his father and family, much may be expected, with the blessing of God; as all these villages are under the influence of his father. At any rate, in this case, persons will have less fear of getting a
livelihood in this quarter. The school here is reduced much: tbey say there are eight or ten children. Many came some time ago, but somebody told them that one of us would come and carry them all to Serampore; and on hearing this they ran away. In the evening I was a good deal moved with compassion towards the people assembled. At the close of the conversation, Hawnye prayed, and I after him; and in this way we dismissed them. Afterwards I took Golook aside, and talked with him: he declares his determination to come to Serampore next month, and be baptised.
November 13th. I have heard of a curious circumstance, which has just taken place here. Some wag (I suppose at Calcutta) has seen the goddess Kalee in a dream, who ordered him to publish, that in all places, three days after receiving notice, all people should perform her worship. He wrote letters, charging every person receiving a copy, to publish the news in his own village, before he should either bathe or eat, on pain of incurring the ire of Kalee! In this way, copies are spreading all over the country, and the women and children are hastening to the temples to worship Kalee. All the country is moved; while the arch rogue at Calcutta is laughing at the credulity of his countrymen !
November 14th. This morning early, we left Arendah for Bishoohurry, and arrived at the latter place about noon. I think I perceive, that visits of this kind, when we can stay a day or two at a place, are likely to be very useful. This evening Buxoo, a brother, who is servant with us, and Soroop, went to a market in the neighbourhood, where they were discovered to be Yesoo Khreestare Loke, (Jesus Christ's people). The whole market was all in a hubbub: they clapped their hands, and threw dust at them. Buxoo was changing a rupee for cowries, when the disturbance began; and in the scuffle, the man ran away with the rupee, without giving the cowries.
November 15th. This day I got to Lokphool again. Krishno Presaud and I had much close work with two or three of the heads of them. They deny eternal punishment; dislike baptism; but would like to rise up against the brahmins. They think Christ's death is true; but they say, in consequence of it, at the the day of judgment, all will be free.
November 24th. This day Hawnye and Ram Kaunt returned from their village. They relate that our brother Fotick, who lives in the same village, was lately seized by the chief Bengalee man there; dragged from his house; his face, eyes, and ears clogged with cow-dung, his hands tied; and in this state confined