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EXPOSITION.

LUKE xxi. 24. « JERUSALEM shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled;" that is, “ it shall be in the possession of the Gentiles, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in, or they be converted to the faith;” at which time the Jews will acknowledge the Messiah, and be restored to their own land. (See Rom. ï. 25, and Dan. ix. 27.)

Has not a part of this prophecy been remarkably fulfilled? Did not Jerusalem, with its territory, become the property of Vespasian, who sold it to such Gentiles as chose to settle there? In the time of Adrian no Jew was permitted to reside in Jerusalem, or its vicinity, but a number of aliens came thither, and the country became a colony of the Romans. When Julian apostatized to heathenism, being sensible that the evident accomplishment of our Lord's prophecies concerning the Jewish nation made a strong impression upon the people, and was a principal cause of their conversion, he resolved to deprive christianity of this support by bringing the Jews to occupy their own land again, and by allowing them the exercise of their religion, and a form of civil government. After he had made great preparations, he began his scheme with an attempt to rebuild the temple, but his workmen were soon obliged to desist by an evident interruption of God; for terrible balls of fire, bursting forth near the foundations, and frequently burning the workmen, rendered the place inaccessible. This fact is attested by heathen, and Jewish, as well as christian, historians, and is highly deserving of credit.

In later times, few of the Jews have lived in their own land, but they have been dispersed over the whole world, whilst their city has been oppressed by a succession of foreign masters; the Romans, Saracens, Franks, Mamelukes, and Turks, to which last it is still subject.

In short, ever since the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, every attempt to frustrate the divine decree, that Jerusalem should be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled, has failed. In our own times the French are known to have harboured the design of restoring the Jews to their own country. And is it not as well known, that their intentions were defeated by very inconsiderable means? The French general, Buonaparte, had experienced uniform success till he approached the borders of the Holy Land, and then a handful of men were sufficient to hinder his taking a small and weak place. The time was not come, which the Lord had purposed, and the devices of men were, therefore, ineffectual.

Ch. Ob.

ANECDOTES. I'r is customary for the missionaries at Serampore, to prevent the intrusion of unprofitable conversation, to propose some useful question for discussion at the time of their meals.

One morning, at the house of a brother of the name of Fernandez, several of the missionaries being present, Dr. Thomas put round this singular question. “ Supposing Christ were now to appear in the midst of us, what would you say to him ?” One said one thing, another, another; at length brother Fernandez, answered, “ I would say, Lord I am not worthy that thou shouldst come under my roof.

At a time when the distinguished philosopher, Lord Bacon, was in disfavour with his court, and when his domestics were leaving him (which he compared to the flying off of the vermin, when the house was falling) one told his Lordship, it was now time to look about him. He replied, “ I doe not looke about, I looke above me.”

Let such, O aMicted believer, be thy practice, whensoever thou art “ troubled on every side.” The gospel opens to thy view a new and living way upward, to which thy hopes and affections may soar,

And leave the world and sin behind.

MR. Henry, in his exposition of Exodus xiv. 10, after describing the afflicted situation of the Israelites, when “ all Pharaoh's horses, chariots, and horsemen were pursuing them,” says, " on one hand was Pi-hahiroth, a range of craggy rocks impassable; on the other hand, were Migdal and Baal-zephon which some think were forts and garrisons upon the frontiers of Egypt; before them was the sea, behind them were the Egyptians, so that there was no way open for them but UPWARDS, and thence their deliverance came.”

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. Extracts from the journal of the Red. and said, the things I had told them were

Foseph Badger, while on a missionary true, and hoped they would mind them. tour amongst the Wyandot Indians. Then, as is their custom, they came and

I set out on my mission on the 6th of took me by the hand, both men, women, June, 1805, and on the 13th arrived at and children. In the afternoon, I rode Sandusky, where I met with the Rev. down to Honey creek, and next morning James Hughs at Mrs. Whitaker's. On preached from Isaiah iii. 10, 11. Beauty Friday the 14th, I went up to the Indian appears to hear with careful attention. village, about three miles, and met the Afterwards I rode to the lower town, and chiefs from the upper town on their on Friday preached from Genesis vi. 5. way to the treaty. We were received by After preaching I talked with them, and them with suitable attention, and they told them the advantages of learning to told us they would hear us the next day read and write, and of living together, in the council-house. Accordingly we cultivating their land, raising cattle, wool attended, and found the chiefs collected. and flax, and of spinning, and making Others came in, to the amount of sixty or cloth. I told them, that our ancestors, seventy. Mr. Hughs preached, and when before they learned to read and write, he concluded, I addressed them at some used bows and arrows, stone axes and length. We were invited to preach there hoes, as they did before the white people again on the sabbath.

came amongst them; but that now they Sabbath 16th. We attended early, and make all the fine cloths and iron instrui. a greater number convened than on Sa- ments that were sold them, and all their turday. Mr. Hughs and myself preached, brass and copper kettles. and the Indians attended with great pa- Lord's day, 23.1. I preached first from tience, and a number both of men and Mark ix. 47, 48, endeavouring to point women appeared to hear with solemnity. out the necessity of forsaking all sin, Barnet appears with the meekness of a especially those sins to which they were christian; he is truly an amiable man. most attached, called in the text rightCrane, the head chief of the Wvandot eye and right-hand sins; for that othermation, after we concluded, rose and spoke wise they could not enter into the kingwith a commanding deportment, thanked dom of God; and I told them, if they us for what we had said, expressed his cherished iniquities God would in his belief that we had spoken the truth, and anger cast them into hell fire which that we had told them God's word, and would never be quenched; and that those he hoped they would remember it. who were sent there, would never come

Monday 17th. We rode to Honey creck out, and that prayers for people after where there is a new village forming; the they were dead were of no use. In the chief man's name is Beauty, and he and afternoon I preached from Mark ii. 17, his wife were at the lower town on the telling them who those righteous were sabbath. He hears as though he had whom Christ did not come to save; and some concern to know the truth, and in- who the sinners were that Christ came to vited us to call and speak to his people in call to repentance; and then told them o'r way to the upper town. Accordingly what that repentance was to which he Mr. Hughs preached in the morning, and called them. At this place several hear about twenty attended with great decen. as though they had some feeling, and cy. I appointed to preach to them on my Barnet hears with attention. return.

Tuesday 25th. I rode through muddy Tuesday 18th. We rode to the upper swamps and water, nearly forty miles, town, 14 miles, and being requested by and lodged in the woods, near the banks Crane, we called at his house, gave out of the Miami. Wednesday, I rode to the notice that there would be sermon in Garrison at Swan creek, about fifteen about an hour and a half. About one miles, where the Indian agent, the combundred in number collected, and Mr. missioners, and the chiefs and people Hughs preached, and early next morning from seven or eight Indian nations were left us to return home. This morning, collected, to treat about land; tarried immediately after breakfast, about the here till Saturday, then rode to the river game number collected, and I preached Raison, 20 miles. to them from John xv. 14, endeavouring Sabbat, June 30th. I preached twice to show them plainly the distinction be. to about furty people, and on Wednesday, trvcen Gud's friends and his cnemies, July 3d, rode to Brown's town, about 20 After I had done, several of them spoke miles. Thursday, waiked about 5 miles,

Vol. II.

to see one called the Black chief, who apparent feeling; said that at times, and is in mourning for his wife who died last most of the time, he had no reason to March. I spoke to him of the providence think he had any religion. I asked him of God in taking away his wife, and of about prayer; he said most of the time the improvement we ought to make of he was very stupid, felt hard and uncom. sickness and death, that we may be rea. fortable, and could not pray; at other dy to follow our departed friends. He, in times he felt he must pray, and did try. a particular manner, thanked me for the He thought his way of living was bad pains I had taken to look after him and and difficult; he said he intended to quit find him, and for speaking to him the trading as soon as he could dispose of the things of God. After some time he said goods he had on band; and he would it was a surprising thing to him, that build, and live wholly on his farm. On there were so many bad people among Tuesday, rode to Magwago, a small vil. the French, English, and Americans, lage about eight miles from Brown's when they all had the same God and town, and lodged with Walk-in-the-water, same bible. I told him, that most of the one of the head chiefs of the nation, a people who had come among them, came man of handsome address, sociable and to trade, and had no regard to God nor sensible. In the morning he called the to his word, and that many of them did people of the village into his house, and not believe God's word, nor attend to any i preached to them from Matthew xvi. 26; instruction. He told me, that their father, they attended with decency, Thursday I the President of the United States, had preached at Brown's town from Matthew sent to them to know the reason why they vi. 12, and about 60 or 70 attended. diminished, for he found his children Sabbath, July 14th. I preached from wasting away. For answer, he said, “they 1 Cor. vi. 9, 10. Afternoon from Acts had requested the agent, Mr. Jouett, xvii. 30, 31; more than a hundred men when he went to see their great father and women attended, and behaved with last year, to tell him, that they appre. great propriety. Monday I rode to De. hended some diseases were sent to them troit, and had an interview with the goin the goods they received from Philadel. vernor, who expressed great satisfaction, phia; for by handling them people have that the missionary business had been deceased.” But he observed that the most commenced among the Indians and destructive thing sent among them was thought it the most benevolent design spirits, especially whiskey. “ It is,” that could be attempted. He told me, said he, “ not natural for our people to that he would use his influence with the use spirits: it burns up their stomachs, Indians to encourage their attendance, and they, not knowing how to use it right, and to promote the design; and that he are often made drunk, and quarrel, and would use his endeavours to stop the frequently kill each other, and do many carrying of spirits to them. He hoped, bad things. We desired our father, the the missionary societies would continue President, to take pity on his children, their exertions to enlighten them. On and wholly prevent all spirits from being Tuesday I returned to Brown's town, and brought to us; but we have had no answer on Thursday preached to about sixty, and from our father; and we wish you to then took my leave of them. Messrs. tell our father of these things, and to use Brown and Walker agreed to bring in all your influence to stop spirits from their children, in the fall, to school. Fribeing brought among us." I told him day I rode to the river Raison, and on that Congress had made laws to prevent Sabbath 21st, preached twice. Monday spirits from being brought among them; and Tuesday I rode to Sandusky, and on and that if they would complain of such Wednesday preached from Matthew xvi. people, and prove them guilty before the 26; but sixteen or eighteen attended, agent, they would be punished.

most of the people being now in the Sabbath 7th. I preached twice to the woods hunting. On Thursday I rode to Indians; first from Luke xxiv. 47, and upper Sandusky, and on Friday morning, afternoon from Isaiah iii. 10, 11. About chief Cranc sent for me, and after stating fifty attended and behaved with decency. to me some irregular conduct of some George Bluejacket attended the first white people living on Sandusky, he desermon, but was very unwell, and desired sired me to write for him a petition to me to visit him, and give him some me. the governor at Detroit, to have them dicine, which I did on Monday, and he removed; which I did as Crane dictated. was quite relieved of his complaint. I I also wrote, as he directed me, a peti. conversed with him freely on his spiritual tion to the President of the United States, concerns; he spoke of his situation with te fulfl his promise to them, and send a

aithful trader to them, who would trade « Father, listen. The reason we did not cheap; and to send them a blackstnith, accept the gospel before, and agree to who can do all kinds of work from the have a minister to come and live with us, hoe to the gun. There were here at this was, that we were so bad, we were afraid time, eight or nine persons affected with to have one among us; we were all bilious complaints, to whom I gave me drunkards, so that he could not preach to dicine, and it was so ordered, in the pro- us but a few times; and we were afraid vidence of God, that every one found that our young men, when intoxicated, help, and several appeared quite relieved would stagger to his house, whooping and when I came away. This circumstance velling, and act so as to put him in fear, of helping them by medicine, both here and make him uncomfortable. But now and at Brown's town, gained much of we are willing to have a minister come their confidence and friendship, I believe, and live with us; there is no difficulty in more than anything else I could have done. the way; we are reforming, and liave

Saturday. I preached from Mark x. 6— left off drinking, and are determined to 9, on the duty of marriage. Their notions quit it altogether. There is no difficulty; about marriage are very wild; they think a minister can settle on congress land, those who are married may never part, and not be disturbed. We wish our father however unchaste they may prove; or if to tell the ministers who sent him here, one leaves the other altogether, the one to send us one who has some knowledge so left may never marry again; or if one of medicine, and can help us when we dies, the survivor must not marry again. are sick; and one who can show us about But they think they may live unmarried, cultivating our land, and teach some of with two or three at the same time, and our voung men the laws and regulations have children by them, and put them of tbe government, and also who will away when they please; and in this, they take care that we are not imposed upon think, there is no great evil. I endea- by people that come among us. We are Foured to state to them both the sin and willing the minister should have other the natural evils attending such a way of people with him, if they be such as will living; and told them the advantage and not treat us illy. We wish a school teacher duty of constancy in the relation of hus mav be sent to us, who is a faithful man, band and wife.

who will teach us no bad things but give Sabbath 28th. I preached first from good instiuctions to our children. We Rom. iii. 10, 11, endeavouring to show desire our fathers the ministers, and the them from the uniform conduct of all men President of congress would see that that their hearts, by nature, are full of good men are sent to us. We wish our nothing but sin, as God has told us in his father the President would send us a good word; and in the afternoon, I preached blacksmith, an honest faithful man, who from Rom. v. 8, endeavouring to state, in can do all work from the gun to the hoe." a plain manner, the way God had provid. This specch I wrote down, and it was ed to save men through Jesus Christ, and interpreted to the chiefs, and they signed pointed out the characters those have it with their marks. who are the subjects of this grace. Num. I agreed to take a little girl home with bers attended with more solemnity than me to learn to read and work; and on I had seen here before, and one was in Monday rode to the lower town. Wed. tears. During the intermission, I con. nesday I preached from Mark xi. 6–9, Fersed with the chiefs together respect, on the duty of marriage; and on Thursing their having a minister to come and day, August 1st, visited the Mohawks, live with them, and also a school set up who live three miles down the river. among them, to teach the children to read Sabbath 4th. I preached twice at Mrs. our language. I endeavoured to urge the Whitaker's to about forty people, on the necessity of attending to these matters appointed time to die and the judgment for their own good; and told them that a day; and also on the parable of the sow. good minister living with them would er, Mark iv. 3–8. Show them in many things how to live, Sabbath 11th. I preached at Mrs. Whiand take care of them, and see that bad taker's from Eph. v. 6, and in the afterpeople were kept away from them, and noon from Exodus xx. 8, on the duty of that he would teach them the word of keeping the sabbath. On Wednesday I God; also that their children would learn rode to the upper town. Stopped about to read the word of God, and then they an hour at Greencamp village, at the Sewould know that the things we told them neca feast, then holding there. The dance Fere true. To wbich the chief Crane continued most of the time I tarried. I pare the following answer.

arrived at the upper town late in the

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