promised to go to Princeton. On his way, he lodged at the house of a young clergyman, and, on rising in the morning, he seemed greatly oppressed in spirit. On being asked what troubled him, he answered, with a heavy sigh, "I am going to do a thing for conscience sake, directly against my conscience." Soon after his return home, to the surprise of every body, the British quarters at Trenton were beaten up, and a British regiment taken at Princeton; the American army again advanced, and took a strong position at Morristown, by which the British in their turn, were obliged to retreat and contract their lines to Brunswick and Amboy. The Americans again got possession of the county of Monmouth, where the whigs returned in force. Mr. Tennent's mind was greatly oppressed with his untoward situation, and he severely blamed his untimely submission.

About the latter end of February, or beginning of March, 1777, Mr. Tennent was suddenly seized with a fever, attended by violent symptoms. He sent for his family physician, who was in the act of setting off for the legislature of the state, of which he was a member. He called on his patient on his way, but could spend but a few minutes with him. He, however, examined carefully into Mr. T.'s complaints, and the symptoms attending the disorder. With great candour the physician informed his patient, that the attack appeared unusually violent; that the case required the best medical aid, and that it was out of his power to attend him. He feared that, at his advanced age, there was not strength of nature sufficient to overcome so severe a shock, and that his symptoms scarcely admitted of a favourable prognostic. The good old man received this news with his usual submission to the divine will; for, as he had always considered himself as bound for eternity, he had endeavoured so to live, that when the summons should come, he would have nothing to do but to die. He calmly replied, "I am very sensible of the violence of my disorder, that it has racked my constitution to an uncommon degree, and beyond what I have ever before experienced, and that it is accompanied with symptoms of approaching dissolution; but, blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence." After a moment's pause, he seemed to recollect himself, and varied the expression thus: "Blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence, unless it should be to see a happy issue to the severe and arduous controversy my country is engaged in; but, even in this, the will of the Lord be done."


and a man of war, and prudent in matters," fitted to attend the king both in court and camp. Now how can it be supposed that Saul's servants should have this knowledge of David previous to his combat with Goliath? Saul, whose anger was subsided, agrees to their proposal, and sends for David, whose skill in music and humble deportment so won upon the king, that he loved him greatly, and desired that he might abide with him. There only remains to be considered the junction of the close of chapter sixteen with the tenth verse of the eighteenth chapter, “ And it came to pass on the morrow," which seems abrupt to the English reader; but the objection disappears on considering the word we render to-morrow, to be the same which occurs, Exod. xiii. 14. Josh. xxii. 24. and Deut. vi. 20. in all which places the sense requires an indefinite future time; and then it only implies, that though David's music was, through the favour of God, a means of relief to Saul, yet, that after a time, his jealousy returned, and he gave himself up to the deliberate purpose of taking the life of that man whom he fully believed God had chosen to fill the throne of Israel, (see chap. xx. 30, 31, where he calls Jonathan's attachment to David perverse rebellion, which would produce his own exclusion from the succession). It is no wonder that this impiety of Saul led him into the evils, and brought down upon himself and his house the calamities* recorded, which ended in the utter extirpation of his family except the line of Jonathan, which was preserved by David in Mephibosheth.

C. L.


AFTER the signal victory off Trafalgar, one of the Spanish ships was taken possession of by the British; on board of which the Spanish captain addressed the Priest as follows: "Father, there has been a serious loss on our part: it appears that God fights for the Protestants!" To whom the Priest gravely replied, "Yes, he has fought for them indeed! and by this battle, it should seem that God himself is a Protestant!"

*By evils as distinguished from calamities I mean those great sins, the destruction of the priests, consequent neglect of God's worship, and, at length, seeking to devils for direction, into which Saul fell, and which awfully terminated in suicide: in the outline of his history (as David was a type of the Messiah,) Saul seems to have resembled Judas, both in his election and apostacy.


A letter from the Directors of the Nether-
land Missionary Society.
To the Rev. Dr. Ashbel Green, chairman
of the standing committee of missions of
the General Assembly of the Presb terian
church in the United States of America.

blished missionary society in London was brought to us, and awoke, in the first place, the learned and pious Mr. I. F. Vanderkemp, who, upon particular information that it was to be sent throughout Christendom, was seized with an ardent desire to go and proclaim the tidings of salvation to the heathen; he made a voyage to London, to visit the English brethren; upon his return, he was stimulated by his zeal, to form a small society here, in Rotterdam, and in other parts of our country, from which our society originated. Then he went again to England, taking with him the pious young teacher, Mr. J. J. Kicherer, which brethren, in the year 1798, made the first voyage to Africa, on account of the London society, and some societies with us. Brother Vanderkemp was ordained a teacher in England.

3. What are your leading religious principles?

A. Our society have wished to establish themselves, simply, upon the Gospel of Grace for sinners, according to the instructions of the Saviour and his apostles, as will be explained to you in a small pamphlet which accompanies this.

4. What obstacles or difficulties have you had to surmount?

A. After the first mission to Africa on account of the English brethren, we also engaged some other missionaries, and sent them to those parts, to serve withinland: therein we had no great difficulty; and throughout the whole we have met with more encouragement and assistance than obstruction, both from the pious here and in that country.

5. Have any opposed you by writing, or by governmental influence?

4. Some small pamphlets were published, containing reflections on our undertaking; but none expressly in opposition to it: nevertheless, the government has always been friendly and helpful to us, although it was not necessary for them to countenance it by public authority, which indeed we never asked. Both the English and Dutch governments at the Cape of Good Hope have been very favourable to the brethren.


YOUR very acceptable letter dated Philadelphia, 28th April, 1804, came safe to our hands, and we acknowledge our obligation for the opening you have made for a brotherly correspondence with you. We have learned with pleasure, from the worthy brethren at New-York, with whom we have corresponded since the year 1800, that the missionary spirit increases in all parts of your country; we trust it

been excited by the same spirit which in these last days has, amidst all the commotions of the world, enkindled so much christian zeal for the conversion of the heathen, and for the instruction of destitute christians, especially of those on your own borders, who, in such a multitude, call for help.


We thank you particularly for your minute statement of the furtherance with which this important undertaking has been blessed; and we perceive also with gratitude the communion with our glorified Head, which is the only sure band that can produce brotherly co-operation and that he has graciously pleased that so many different christians should herein, with one heart and one soul, wish to be the evidence that he will openly approve all who truly engage in this work for the enlargement of his kingdom. This also strengthens the hands of all here in Europe, of different religious societies, and of different ranks, who have united in this weighty undertaking; and it gives us boldness to request your help in mutual love and labour, and by your prayers.

You have the goodness to ask from us some particulars respecting our society about which you have had only some imperfect reports: we shall satisfactorily answer your questions, but it will not be necessary to be very particular, as we must especially refer to the printed pamphlets sent herewith, which we request you to accept in love.

You ask us,

1. How long has your society existed? Answer. Since the month of December, 1797.

2. What were the circumstances and motives which led to its institution?

4. A report from a then lately esta-

6. What are your funds?

A. Voluntary contributions, and gifts from devout people, have not been inconsiderable, and have hitherto been sufficient.

7. What is the number of your missionaries?

4. You will see by the pamphlets sent herewith that the number of the Dutch missionaries is not vet very great; but when we join, from time to time, in the same work with the English brethren, undertakings can be set forward, for which there is great encouragement. We have now also in our employ Dutch brethren from a religious missionary seminary at Berlin.

8. Are they all men of education, or not? A. But few besides Dr. Van lerkemp and Mr. Kicherer have had an academical education; but we require good natural understanding, and an aptness for the missionary work which they undertake; and, above all, a hearty love to the Lord Jesus Christ, and to the souls of their fellow-men.

9. What instructions do you give your missionaries?

A. We instruct them to qualify themselves beforehand as much as possible with all the requisites for christian missionaries, as well with respect to their preaching, as to the conduct of the mission; (such instructions have hitherto been carefully given by our brethren appointed for that purpose at Rotterdam;) and also relating to the common doctrine of salvation by the knowledge of the gospel, and its necessary fruits, without being restricted by the peculiar system of any particular church."

10. What are the places to which you have already sent missionaries?

A. For our own part, we have sent missionaries only to Africa, where the extent of the country, and the prospect of a blessing, afford great encouragement.

11. And what other places do you contemplate for them?

A. If it please God to bless us, we think of Madagascar, or Ceylon; for which last island also a Holland sister, married to the Dutch brother Palm, is now on a voyage, in the employ of the English company.

12. What has been your success hitherto?

A. Besides the blessing which has attended our undertaking here in this country, in many awakenings of the pious, and in instructing many of our ignorant countrymen, the favourable reports of our missionaries give us great reason for a thankful acknowledgment of the divine goodness; particularly in the year past, a visit was paid to Europe by the worthy Kicherer, with three converted Africans, which were here, as well as in England, a very acceptable fruit of the labour of this brother, as you will under

stand from the little printed account sent herewith.

Brother Kicherer, with his friends, went upon a new missionary voyage in October, 1804: we hope soon to receive information of his arrival at the Cape of Good Hope. These brethren have receiv. ed new instructions for Africa, with the approbation of the English brethren.

13. What are your hopes and prospects for the future?

4. Our hope is, that our Lord Jesus Christ, who was so evidently with our missionaries, will establish a true church both in Africa and elsewhere, whereby the poor and ignorant natives may em brace the truth, and their lives be thereby truly reformed, and his honour estab lished. We can say but little as to our future prospects: could we once have a general peace and open navigation, we should have prospects from our Asiatic settlements; but this is uncertain. We have reason to stand astonished that, by the blessing of the Lord, so much bas been done in so few years; and we wish, moreover, to see what other ways will be opened.

14. What advice can you give to us? A. Far be it from us to presume to give any advice to your superior know. ledge, and greater experience, especially respecting the places and circumstances of your extensive missions, which differ so much from ours. Prayer, and the con. tinual committing our society to the pow er and mercy of the Lord, is our principal mean. Our society has spread itself through all our provinces, and many take part in it in each city and village, where the members meet on the first Monday in every month: as in England they hold meeting for praver, communicate infor mation relating to the spreading of the gospel, and keep alive and strengthen religious impressions. We send you herewith the Report for 1804.

We pray you to receive this little parcel in love, and the rather because it will confirm the foregoing letter. We request an answer, and also some accounts from you of your proceedings, or concerning religious revivals in your country: such will very much oblige us.

We earnestly entreat aremembrance of our society in your addresses to the throne of grace; as we also shall not forget yours; being with great esteen and love,

The Directors of the Netherland
Missionary Society.
In the name of the whole,

B. LEDEBOER, SecretaryRotterdam, May 20, 1805.

Philadelphia, Feb. 4, 1806.


To all who love the prosperits of Zion, and are disposed to aid in propagating the Gospel among the Heathen.

THE subscriber lately returned from a Voyage to the East-Indies, touched in Europe, and was in London in August last, where he received from the Baptist Missionary society in England, for propagating the gospel among the heathen, one thousand guineas, to be sent in the spring to the missionaries in Bengal, for the purpose of printing the sacred scriptures in one of the languages of that country. There are seven languages that the missionaries there aim to translate and publish the scriptures in. They have made such progress in three of them that it is expected that the above sum will enable them to complete the work. The money is now in the hands of ROBERT RALSTON, Esquire, of Philadelphia, who will forward it in due time. Should any individual, society, or congregation of people in the United States of America, be disposed to contribute to this good work, Mr. Ralston will gladly receive whatever may be sent to him for that purpose, and add to it the above sum, to be forwarded to the missionaries at Serampore, near Calcutta.


BENJAMIN WICKES, Sen. Philadelphia, Nov. 4, 1804.

WE whose names are underwritten, ministers of the gospel in the city of Philadelphia, do hereby certify that we are fully ascertained that the statement made by capt. Wickes, in the foregoing advertisement, is perfectly correct. We also take the liberty respectfully to recommend to the pious and the liberal of all denominations of christians, in the United States, an attention to the important objects which this advertisement holds up to their view. Nothing, it appears to us, can be more interesting to a truly benevolent mind. The design contemplated, is not to disseminate the favourite tenets of any particular sect of christians. It is to print and propagate, among a race of heathen who are sunk and degraded by the vilest and cruelest system of superstition and idolatry, the pure word of eternal life contained in the holy scriptures, without any gloss or comment whatsoever. If this can be extensively effected, the happiest consequences may be expected to follow; since the natives of India, unlike most other pagans, are, many

of them able to read, and still more of them are disposed earnestly to listen to what the Bible contains. Even the ame

lioration of their condition in this life, by

a knowledge and belief of the scriptures, would be an event calculated to produce a lively joy, in every mind influenced by humanity: for their horrible superstition subjects them unceasingly to the most dreadful torments, and annually deprives a large number even of life itself. But in addition to this, how interesting must be the thought to every truly pious mind, that many of these miserable creatures, by having a Bible in their hands, may not only better their worldly condition, but become truly converted unto God, and through the merits of the Saviour, be raised to eternal happiness and glory, Among the many objects which we know are now soliciting the patronage of the pious and the liberal, throughout our Country, we cannot but think, that this deserves a marked attention. Nor can we forbear to add, that we have good reason to believe, that donations from the inhabitants of the United States, for the promotion of the design which has here been specified, would greatly animate and encourage the worthy men who are engaged in the translation of the scriptures, by giving them a striking proof that their arduous work interests the feelings, and is accompanied by the good wishes of christians, in every region to which the knowledge of it has extended.

Some other important considerations, which it is hoped will as much encourage the liberality of the public, as they animate the hopes and labours of the missionaries in India, ought to be briefly stated. At Serampore, the immediate seat of the mission, there are a type foundery and printing presses, together with a valuable library,consisting chiefly of books containing the various copies and readings of the scriptures, with whatever can materially facilitate the labours of a translator. Learned natives can be procured to assist in the work: and the local situation of the mission is such as will render its distribution throughout India easy and immediate. The missionaries themselves, (among whom is the laborious, learned, and pious Mr. CAREY, professor of Oriental languages, in the college of Fort William, at Calcutta) have been so long engaged in studying language, and translating, that the employment has become in a good degree habitual.

Seven languages are spoken in India the Ootkul, which prevails among for millions of the inhabitants; the Telinga

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