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Five minutes afterwards they were to with her jointure. I may be beggared for gether in Moray's den.

a technicality, and hard it seems; but you My things are packed, and perhaps tell me that the law is clear, so there is you will kindly order the dog-cart to take nothing for me but resignation. If you me on to meet the train to-morrow moro. voluntarily handed over your skin to the ing,” said Leslie.

flaying-knives of the liquidators on * I supposed as much," returned his technicality, you would Ay in the face of uncle, "and you are right to follow that your family duties, and sin agaiost all telegram of yours to your mother immedi natural affection." ately. She will need your presence and Leslie was struck by the argument, but advice. Fortunately my sister is a woman not altogether persuaded. He sat silent, of sense and spirit; and she keeps that turning the question slowly in bis mind, small jointure, I suppose, under any cir. as was his custom. So Moray, in his cumstances ?”

anxiety to drive the argument home and “I do not know how that may be," re. clench it, tried the effect of an appeal turned Leslie. “In the first place, the from which he would otherwise have creditors may have a lien even upon a shrunk. secured income; in the next place, if I “ You desire to ease your mind by io. know my mother at all, if she thinks suf- volving yourself in our common misforserers have any moral claim on her, she tune ; you don't want to float away on the will never stand upon legal technicalities.” raft of Roodholm, while Grace and I go

“ As to her legal rights, I can say noth. down with Glenconan and all our personal ing. But were she to make any sacrifice property. I understand the feeling, and such as you suggest, it would be nothing it does you honor. But it seems to me less than Quixotic. That, at least, is my that if any one has a claim on you it is deliberate opinion; and you know, Ralph, we, rather than the creditors of this most whether I am likely to think lightly of unlucky bank. You know I do not speak conscientious scruples.”

for myself; and my speaking at all com" Assuredly not; and, no doubt, your mits me personally never to accept a sin. opinion would have great weight with my gle shilling from you. But I confess I mother. However, till I have an inter- should not be sorry to know that Grace view with her lawyer, it is premature to as well as your mother had a friend, on discuss the point. I hope sincerely, for whose purse and sympathy I could see her sake, she may have a right to her ber fall back in case of necessity, without jointure, and that she can stick to it with any great sense of humiliation. There is out any searchings of beart. Otherwise, not another man living to whom I would it will be a black look-out for her, and I say as much; and remember that, after don't know who there is to help her.” all, you are our nearest kinsman.”

Moray stared at Ralph in astonishment, “If I could only play the Boaz to my which he did not seek to conceal. And, cousin's Ruth,” thought Ralph; but he of course, Ralph understood him, and an- was too generous to give expression to swered the look in a rather injured tone. the thought in the circumstances. Though

Why, sir, you surely cannot possibly he would not commit himself on the spur suppose that I mean to continue master of the moment, he was willing enough to of my little property? It is strictly en. be convinced by such considerations, and tailed, as you are aware, but the rents are be intimated as much to his uncle, consid. at my own disposal; and if your fortune erably to that gentleman's comfort. The must be engulfed in this miserable wreck, next morning he started for the south, you cannot imagine that I am to save any charged to make all possible inquiries at thing?"

the fountain-head, and to sist the matter Indeed, my dear boy, I do think so; as far as possible to the bottom. and you are not only justified in holding “ Don't telegraph, whatever you do," to your income, but bound to do so. If said Moray, “unless in case of extreme things are as bad as we fear, you cannot necessity. Grace must know nothing of save me; for the value of your life-rent of this, till we are assured of the extent of Roodholm, even could you give a valid the calamity, and disclosure becomes in. title to it, which I doubt, would be a mere evitable. But write fully, and above all, drop in the bucket. So much for legality frankly; my best hope now of an easy or expediency. As for morality, I say mind is to know the worst, that I may lose that the surrender would be more Quix. | as little time as possible in setting about otic than the case of your mother parting | making the best of it.”



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From The Nineteenth Century. Prof. Tyndall. “THE METAPHYSICAL SOCIETY."

Mr. Frederic Harrison.
Lord Selborne.

Prof. Clifford.

Father Dalgairns.

Sir James Stephen. [In the autumn of 1868 Mr. Tennyson and

Dr. Ward. the Rev. Charles Pritchard — Savilian Pro

The Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. fessor of Astronomy were guests together in

Dean Alford.

The Dean of St. Paul's. A good deal of talk arose on speculative

Mr. Ruskin. subjects, especially theology, and in the course

Mr. Froude. of it the idea was suggested of founding a Mr. Grant Duff. Theological Society, to discuss such questions

Mr. Robert Lowe. after the manner and with the freedom of an

Rev. Prof. Maurice. ordinary scientific society.

Rev. Prof. Pritchard. I volunteered to endeavor to bring such a

Prof. Robertson. body together if Mr. Tennyson and Mr. Pritch

Sir Alexander Grant. ard would promise to belong to it, and I then Lord Arthur Russell. consulted other friends, beginning with Dean Rev. Canon Barry. Stanley, Dean Alford, Archbishop Manning,

Rev. James Martineau. the Rev. James Martineau, the Bishop of Prof. Seeley. Gloucester and Bristol, Dr. Ward of the Dub.

Mr. Walter Bagehot. lin Review, Mr. R. H. Hutton of the Spectator,

Sir John Lubbock. and one or two more, finding them all willing

Rev. Mark Pattison. to join. I next went to “the opposition,” and,

Dr. Carpenter. explaining our plan, found Professor Huxley,

Prof. Lushington. Professor Tyndall, Mr. Froude, Mr. Walter

Mr. Shadworth Hodson. Bagehot, Sir John Lubbock, and others equally

Dr. Andrew Clark. ready to co-operate.

Mr. Leslie Stephen. The originally intended name of Theological Mr. John Morley. Society was dropped in favor of “ Metaphysical Sir William Gull. Society," under which full discussion of the

Dr. Gasquet. largest range of topics from all points of view

Prof. Fraser. could be better insured, and on the 21st of

Mr. George Grove.
April, 1869, we held our first meeting at Wil- Rev. Dr. Mozley.
lis's Rooms.
I remember Mr. Froude — who was among

Mr. James Hinton.

Prof. Sylvester. our first members — saying, that, if we hung Dr. Bucknill. together for twelve months, it would be one

Prof. St. George Mivart. of the most remarkable facts in history. But

Prof. Barnes Upton. we “hung together” for nearly twelve years, Mr. Henry Sidgwick. meeting once a month, usually at an hotel,

Mr. R. H. Hutton. where, after dining together, a paper was read Rev. Robert Clarke. by some member, and afterwards discussed.

Mr. W. R. Greg. Mr. Tennyson's remark at an early meeting Mr. Matthew Boulton. seemed always borne in mind - that “modern

Mr. Frederick Pollock. science ought, at any rate, to have taught us Dr. Acland. one thing - how to separate light from heat." Hon, Roden Noel. When the list of members and the character

Mr. James Knowles. of the subjects discussed are considered, many will agree that it is matter for congratulation, Amongst our chairmen - appointed annu. and a pleasant sign of the times, that such a ally, but sometimes serving for two years suce society should have lived its full life in Lon. cessively - were Sir John Lubbock, Cardinal don in entire harınony. It came to an end Manning, Professor Huxley, Mr. Gladstone, because, after twelve years of debating, there Dr. Ward, Dr. Martineau, Lord Selborne, and seemed little to be said which had not already Lord Arthur Russell. been repeated more than once. The members The character of the subjects brought for. were as follows:

ward may be gathered from the titles of some

of the papers, and as the discussions were ab. Mr. Tennyson.

solutely confidential and unreported, they were Mr. Gladstone.

almost always of much animation and interest. The Duke of Argyll.

They suggested to myself (as Hon. Sec. to the Dean Stanley

society) the idea of the “Modern Symposium" Archbishop Manning.

which several times appeared in this review. The Bishop of St. David's,

The following were amongst the papers read The Archbishop of York.

before the society : – Prof. Huxley. The Bishop of Peterborough.

The Theory of Causation.

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The Theory of a Soul.

At the meeting of the Metaphysical SoIs God unknowable ?

ciety which was held on the Toth of De. What is Death?

cember, 1872, Dr. Ward was to read a Will and Responsibility.

paper on the question, "Can experience The Scientific Basis of Morals. The Nature and Authority of Miracle.

prove the uniformity of nature ?”

dlemarch " had been completed and pubHas a Frog a Soul ? On the words Nature, Natural, and Super- lished a few days previously. On the day natural.

following the meeting the Convocation of The Ethics of Belief.

Oxford was to vote upon the question What is Matter ?

raised by Mr. Burgon and Dean Goul. The Soul before and after Death.

burn, whether the Dean of Westminster What is a Lie ?

(then Dr. Stanley) should be excluded for How do we come by our Knowledge ?

his heresies from the list of select preachThe Personality of God.

ers at Oxford or not. The “claimant” The Verification of Beliefs, The Emotion of Conviction.

was still starring it in the provinces in the

interval between his first trial and his Memory as an Intuitive Faculty. The Relation of Will to Thought.

second. Thus the dinner itself was lively, Matter and Force.

though several of the more distinguished The Absolute.

members did not enter till the hour for The Nature of Things in Themselves.

reading the paper had arrived. One might The Nature of the Moral Principle.

have heard Professor Huxley Aashing out The Evidence of the Miracle of the Resurrec- a sceptical defence of the use of the Bible tion.

in Board Schools at one end of the table, The Arguments for a Future Life. Hospitals for Incurables from a Moral Point Mr. Fitzjames Stephen's deep bass re.

marks on the claimant's adroit use of his of View, Double Truth.

committal for perjury, at another, and an

eager discussion of the various merits of The subjoined article, kindly volunteered by Lydgate and Rosamond at a third.“ Ideal Mr. Hutton, was suggested by him, not as a portrait of any actual meeting, but as a remi. Ward,” as he used to be called, from the niscence of the sort of debate that used to go for which he had lost his degree nearly

work on the “Ideal of a Christian Church,” Its faithfulness is remarkable, except for the omission of his own valuable part in the thirty years earlier at Oxford, was chuck. discussion. – EDITOR Nineteenth Century.] ling with a little malicious satisfaction

over the floundering of the orthodox clerThe following attempt to give an im

зу, in their attempts to express salely pression of a typical meeting of the once their dislike of Dean Stanley's latitudinarather famous Metaphysical Society, of rianism, without bringing the Establishwhich I was throughout a member, must ment about their ears. He thought we not be regarded as in any sense contain: might as well expect the uniformity of naing a historical report of an individual ture to be disproved by the efforts of spirdebate. No such reports were, so far as itualists to turn a table, as the flood of I know, ever taken. But to a rather dili. latitudinarian thought to be arrested by gent member of the society there were Mr. Burgon's and Dean Goulburn's at. plenty of opportunities of learning the gen. tempt to exclude the Dean of Westmioeral views of the more eminent members ster' from the list of select preachers at on such a subject as was discussed at the Oxford. Father Dalgairns, one of Dr. meeting here selected for treatment; and Newman's immediate followers, who left though it is likely enough that none of the English Church and entered the Ora. them, except of course Dr. Ward, whose tory of St. Philip Neri with bim, a man of paper was really read (though be may have singular sweetness and openness of char. made no final reply), spoke on this par acter, with something of a French type of ticular occasion, as I have imputed to playfuloess in his expression, discoursed them; and though several of those to to ine eloquently on the noble ethical whom I have attributed remarks may not character of George Eliot's novels, and have been present at this particular dis: the penetrating disbelief in all but human cussion at all, yet I do not think I shall excellence by which they are pervaded. be found to have misrepresented any of Implicitly he intended to convey to me, I their views.* If I have, the responsibility thought, that nowhere but in the Roman and fault are mine.


Whenever no inverted commas are used the * Whenever those views were actually given in the words and thoughts are mine, though I believe them to words here used, though occurring in ihe reading of represent faithfully the views of the speakers to whom other papers, I have always placed them in inverted | they are attributed. - R. H. H.


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Church could you find any real break. rather an expression which I might al. water against an incredulity which could most describe as a blending of grateful survive even the aspirations of so noble a humility with involuntary satiety, — gen. nature as hers. And as I listened to this uine humility, genuine thankfulness for eloquent exposition with one ear, the the authority on which they anchored sound of Professor Tyndall's eloquent themselves, but something also of a feelIrish voice, descanting on the proposal ing of the redundance of that authority, for a "prayer-gauge,” which had lately and of the redundance of those provisions been made in the Contemporary Review, for their spiritual life of which almost all by testing the efficacy of prayer on a;se our other members seemed to feel that lected bospital ward, captivated the other. they had but a bare and scanty pasturage. Everything alike spoke of the extraordi. Dr. Ward, who was to read the paper nary fermentation of opinion in the society of the evening, struck me as one of our around us. Moral and intellectual" yeast” most unique members. His mind was, to was as hard at work multiplying its fun- his own apprehension at least, all strong goid forms in the men who met at that lights and dark shadows. Either he table, as even in the period of the Re- was absolutely, indefensibly, “superabun. naissance itself.

dantly certain, or he knew no I was very much struck then, and fre. “than a baby,” to use his favorite simile, quently afterwards, by the marked differ- about the subjects I conversed with him ence between the expression of the Roman upon. On the criticism of the New Tes. Catholic members of our society and all tament, for instance, he always maintained the others. No men could be more dif. that he knew no more than a baby, though ferent amongst themselves than Dr. Ward really he knew a good deal about it. On and Father Dalgairns and Archbishop the questions arising out of papal bulls Manning, all of them converts to the Ro. he would often say that he was as abso. man Church. But, nevertheless, all had lutely and superabundantly certain as he upon them that curious stamp of definite was of his own existence. Then he was spiritual authority, which I have never a very decided humorist. He looked like noticed on any faces but those of Roman a country squire, and in the Isle of Wight Catholics, and of Roman Catholics who was, I believe, generally called " Squeer have passed through a pretty long period Ward,” but if you talked to him about of subjection to the authority they ac- horses or land, he would look at you as if knowledge. In the Metaphysical Society you were talking in an unknown language, itself there was every type of spiritual and and would describe, in most extravagant moral expression. The wistful and san. and humorous terms, his many rides in guine, I had almost said hectic idealism, search of health, and the profound fear of James Hinton struck me much more with which, whenever the animal showed than anything he contrived to convey by the least sign of spirit, he would cry out, his remarks. The noble and steadfast, “ Take me off ! take me off !” He was but somewhat melancholy faith, which one of the very best and most active memseemed to be sculptured on Dr. Marti-bers of our society, as long as his health neau's massive brow, shaded off into wist-lasted most friendly to everybody, fulness in the glance of his eyes. Pro- though full of amazement at the depth to fessor Huxley, who always had a definite which scepticism had undermined the standard for every question which he re-creed of many amongst us. A more can. garded as discussable at all, yet made you did man I never knew. He never ignored feel that his slender definité creed io no a difficulty, and never attempted to ex. respect represented the cravings of his press an indistinct idea. His metaphys. large nature. Professor Tyndall's elo ics were as sharp cut as crystals. He quent addresses frequently culminated never seemed to see the half-lights of a with some pathetic indication of the mys- question at all. There was no penumbra tery which to him surrounded the moral in his mind; or, at least, what he could life. Mr. Fitzjames Stephen's gigantic not grasp clearly, he treated as if he could force, expended generally in some work not apprehend at all. of iconoclasm, always gave me the im. When dioner was over and the cloth pression that he was revenging himselt removed, a waiter entered with sheets of on what he could not believe, for the dis. foolscap and pens for each of the mem. appointment he had felt in not being able bers, of which very little use was made. to retain the beliefs of his youth. But The ascetic Archbishop of Westminster, in the countenances of our Roman Cath. every nerve in his face expressive of some olic members there was no wistfulness, vivid feeling, entered, and was quickly

followed by Dr. Martineau. Then came physicists, as a fruitful working hypotheMr. Hinton, glancing round the room sis, the assumption of which had led to a with a modest, half-humorous furtiveness, vast number of discoveries, which could as he seated himself amongst us. Then not have been effected without it. If they Dr. Ward began his paper. He asked could not assume that under heat the how mere experience could prove a uni- vapor of water would expand one day as versal truth without examining in detail it had expanded the previous day, no lo. every plausibly asserted exception to that comotive would be of any use; if they truth, and disproving the reality of the could not assume that under certain given exception. He asked whether those who conditions the majority of seeds put into believe most fervently in the uniformity the ground would spring up and reproduce of nature ever show the slightest anxiety similar seed, no fields would be sowo and to examine asserted exceptions. He im- no harvest would be reaped. In innu. agined, he said, that what impresses phys. merable cases where the same aptece. icists is the fruitfulness of inductive dents had apparently not been followed science, with the reasonable inference by the same consequents, thinking men that inductive science could not be the had taken for granted that they must have fruitful field of discovery it is, unless it been mistaken in supposing the antecerested on a legitimate basis, which basis dents to be the same, and had found that could be no other than a principle of uni- they were right, and that the difference in fornity. Dr. Ward answered that the the antecedents had really been followed belief in genuine exceptions to the law of by the difference in the consequents. He, uniform phenomenal antecedents and con- for his part, should not object at all to sequents, does not in the least degree examine into any presumptive case of invalidate this assumption of the general miracle sufficiently strong to prove that uniformity of nature, if these exceptions in a substantial number of cases English. are announced, as in the case of miracles men had been enabled to thrust their they always must be, as demonstrating hands into the fire without injury, by the interposition of some spiritual power adopting so simple a safeguard as calling which is not phenomenal, between the on St. Thomas of Canterbury. But the antecedent and its natural consequent, truth was, that asserted miracles were too which interposition it is that alone inter. sparse and rare, and too uniformly accom. rupts the order of phenomenal antece- panied by indications of either gross dence and consequence. Suppose,” he credulity or bad faith, to furnish an inves. said, "that every Englishman, by invok-tigator jealous of his time, and not able to ing St. Thomas of Canterbury, could put waste his strength on futile inquiries, witb his hand into the fire without injury: a sufficient basis for investigation. Men Why, the very fact that in order to avoid of science were too busy in their fruitful injury he must invoke the saint's name, vocation to hunt up the true explanation would ever keep fresh and firm in his of cases of attested miracle, complicated mind the conviction that fire does natu- as they generally were with all sorts of rally burn. He would therefore as un- violent prepossessions and confusiog emoquestioningly in all his physical researches tions. He, for his part, did not pretend assume this to be the natural property of that the physical uniformity of nature fire, as though God had never wrought a could be absolutely proved. He was conmiracle at all. In fact, from the very cir. tent to know that his working hypothecumstances of the case, it is always one sis" had been proved to be invaluable by of the most indubitable laws of nature the test of indumerable discoveries, which which a miracle overrides, and those who could never have been made had not that wish most to magnify the miracle, are led working hypothesis been assumed, Jo. by that very fact to dwell with special deed, what evidence has any man urgency on the otherwise universal prev. for the existence of his own home aod alence of the law.” There was a short family, better than that of a fruitful hy. pause when Dr. Ward had concluded his pothesis, which has time after time repaper, which was soon ended by Pro- sulted in the expected verification ? No fessor Huxley, who broke off short in a can be absolutely certain that the very graphic sketch he had been making home he left an hour ago is standing on his sheet of foolscap as he listened. where it did, or that the family be left in

Dr. Ward, said Professor Huxley, had it are still in life; still, if he acts on the told us with perfect truth that the uni- hypothesis that they are there, he will, in formity of nature was only held by even innumerable cases, be rewarded for makthe most thoroughgoing of clear-minded ling that assumption, by fiading his expec.




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