vehicles in Great Tower Street, he shrank | that the Home at Battersea takes in cats back abashed and confounded. He saw and boards them on reasonable terins. the hopelessness of barking at them all, To a starving cat there must be someaod seemed to feel that the delight of life thing very aggravating in the bearing of was spoiled by too abundant opportunity. the London sparrows. The sparrow's

But the lot of the lost dog in London is attitude is one of assured indifference ; no longer a hopeless ope. Sooner or later he hops jauntily about, almost within he is pretty sure to fall into the hands of reach of Grimalkin's claws. Almost, but the police, to be conducted carefully to the not quite. On the slightest movement on Dogs' Home, where, if his master has the part of the cat, the sparrow is away taken the trouble to look for him, a joyful with a derisive twitter. Indeed, most cats meeting may be expected. And the same of experience have given up the sparrow charitable provision has been proposed as a bad job, and take no notice of his and partly carried out for cats. In strik. vagaries. "And it is rarely you see a fulling contrast to the noisy, barking, agitated grown sparrow fall into trouble, though as crew on one side of the Home is the spring advances and the nestlings begin dignified quietude of poor pussy's seclu- to leave the nest and futter about, the sion. There are friendly cats who rub cats take their toll of the weakest and least themselves against the wire netting and active. The wonder is that the sparrows ask to be stroked, and sorrowful cats who are allowed to build their nests and rear sit silently by their untouched saucers of their young in peace. But that they do so milk, and refuse to be comforted. But is quite evident from the number of young cats soon accustom theinselves to new sparrows that appear every season, al. quarters, especially when they can't get though it is rarely that one comes upon a out, aod the general feeling among them house-sparrow's nest. is of contented resignation to the force of Lucký are those birds who get permacircumstances.

nent quarters within some roomy public Cats, however, do not often get lost on building, such as Westminster Abbey, their own account. Except in early kit. where there is generally a colony to be tenhood they rarely go far astray, and they found, or St. Paul's, where their twitter: know the airy paths among the slates and ings resound pleasantly in the huge dome. chimney-pots even better than their own. But while the sparrow within is a more or ers do the numbered and labelled streets less unauthorized intruder, the colonies below. When a cat is lost generally some of pigeons which have established themman is at the bottom of the mystery. In selves outside, might, as far as ancient the country the gamekeeper is mostly the title is concerned, seem to have rights of culprit; in London, apart from those possession more firmly founded than our prowling ruffians who make a market of own. From all antiquity, pigeons have poor pussy's skin, the pigeon fancier is hovered about the great buildings of great chiefly to be feared. A popular manual cities, and their cooings and flutterings on the subject of pigeons airily gives di- have resounded in the Acropolis and the rections for making a cat-trap. It is to Capitol, as now in the quadrangle of Som. be baited with a pigeon's head, and when erset House or about the façade of the the cat is caught it can be dropped into a British Museum. bag, and the bag - but we will draw a veil Seen in the broken light of a fine spring over pussy's fate; the subject is too bar. day, with massive clouds showing against rowing for a true lover of cats.

the dusky blue, the broad frieze of the And yet there are many stray cats about Museum portico is all alive with pigeons, London – homeless cats who may gradu. which strut about the broad ledges or flut. ally starve to death if not taken in by the ter in and out of the bollows and about the charitable. It is not the cat which has limbs of the sculptured figures; spreadabandoned its home, but the home itself ing out their tail-feathers, bowing and that is shut up and abandoned probably, scraping, and ruling up their iridescent and thus the animal of all others the most necks in happy indifference to the world home-loving is left to the miseries of slow below; to the sight-seers who are saunter. starvation, which must be aggravated by ing up the broad steps, to the readers and the mocking cry of the cats'.meat man, students, who pass in and out with faces once a signal of delight. Many people, more or less lined and care worn. The too, when they leave town for their sum- same scene is going on as far as the mer holiday, shut up their houses and pigeons are concerned, where executors, leave poor puss to the mercy of the streets. with wills under their arms, are making There is no longer an excuse for this, now their way to the probate offices, or sus.

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picious relatives, unblessed with legacies,

From Chambers' Journal.

BEE AND ANT PHENOMENA. are going to search for themselves to see what that will of Uncle John's actually did VERY important and highly interesting amount to, in the stony quadrangle of discoveries have been lately made on this Somerset House, that is, where once grew subject, which enable us easily to account the lime grove planted by Queen Henriet- for hitherto unexplained pbenomena in ta's father confessor. Equally preoccu-bee lise. It is well known that the honey pied, too, are the doves that flutter about of our honey-bees when mixed with tince the feet of her Majesty's faithful Com. ture of litmus acquires an unmistakable mons, and build among the pinnacles of red tint, a fact no doubt owing to the the great palace of Westminster.

subtilized formic acid it contains; the The official pigeons, as these birds may presence of which acid likewise imparts be called, which devote themselves to the to the raw honey its power of keeping service of the crown, are very much of a for a considerable length of time. Honey feather; their plumage sombre and uni- which has been clarified by means of water form, throwing back, as the dog.fancier and exposure to heat the so-called would say, to the original “ blue-rock sirup of honey - spoils more easily than pigeon, the ancestor of all the tribe. Re- the ordinary kind, because the formic acid cruits from outside occasionally join the in it has in a great measure been expelled. ranks, admitted by competitive examina. The honey of very fierce tribes of bees tion, probably a stray carrier, perhaps, has a peculiarly acrid taste and punyent that has lost its way, or a widowed dove smell; this is due to the excess of formic from some neighboring cote. There was acid contained in such honey. a brown and white pigeon, the other day, Till lately, complete ignorance prevailed on the Museum grass, which seemed to as to the manner in which this so essential have found domestic joy among the blue component of honey, formic acid, found rocks, and its progeny will show distinct its way into the substance secreted from markings for a while, which will disappear the stomach or honey-bag of the busy in the course of a few generations — that workers; recent discoveries have, howis, if its progeny are allowed to survive — ever, enlightened us on this point. These for one has heard dark rumors on that show us that the sting serves the bee not subject apropos of the fact that these civil- only as a means of defence, and some. service pigeons, although they certainly times of offence, but possesses likewise multiply, do not increase to any appre. the almost more imporiant power of infusciable extent.

ing into the stored-up honey an antiseptic As far as can be learnt, nobody feeds substance, not subject to fermentation. these pigeons. They pick up a living It has been lately observed that bees in about cab-stands, and share in crumbs hives, even when left undisturbed, from and broken victuals with the sparrows. time to tiine rub off against the honey. An interesting incident in pigeon annals comb, from the point of their sting, a tiny was the dynamite explosion at Westinins. drop of bee poison; in other words, formic ter, in consequence of which the inner acid. This excellent preservative is thus quadrangle was closed to cabs, and there little by little introduced into the honey. were no more pickings to be had from The more irritable and vicious the bees that quarter.

But in this emergency it is are, the greater the quantity of formic pleasant to add that the birds sound a acid conveyed into the honey by them; a friend in lospector Denning, who caused sufficient admixture of which is essential daily rations to be issued till the opening to the production of good honey. of Parliament brought cabs and horses to The praise, therefore, that has been so the rescue.

often lavished by adepts in such things on We may hope that in time other birds that indolent member of the bee tribe, the will become denizens of the gardens and Ligurian bee, which hardly ever stings, is open spaces that are now being provided in point of fact misplaced. The observafor public use. When the trees on the tion just made above will explain, too, why Embankment attain a fair size, there seems the stingless honey-bee of South America no reason why birds should not build collects but little honey; for it is notorious amongst their branches – ibat is, if the that when trees have been felled which ever-destructive London rough can be have been inhabited by the stingless eventually neutralized. And to hear the melipone, but little honey has been found wild wood-note of some sony-bird in pass in them. And indeed, what inducement ing along the Strand would be an expe. have the bees to store up honey that will rience worth living for.

not keep, since it contains no formic acid ? Of the eighteen different kinds of north- destroys the preservative power of the Brazilian honey-bees known to the nat- formic acid; hence this drying process. oralist, only three possess a sting.

We see, then, that the winter provision A very striking phenomenon in the of honey for the bees, and the store of habits of a certain species of ant is now grain which serves as food for the ants, amply accounted for. There exist, as is are preserved by means of one and the well known, various tribes of grain.col. same fluid - painely, formic acid. The lecting ants. The seeds of grasses and use of formic acid as a means of preserv: other plants remain stored up by them, ing fruit, and the like, was first suggested often for years in their little granaries, by Feierabend in the year 1877. without germinating. In India there is a very small red ant which drags into its cells grains of wheat and oats. But the creatures are so tiny, that, with their ut

From Longman's Magazine, most efforts, it takes from eight to ten of

THE MATCHMAKER'S EUCLID. them to carry off even one single grain. They move along in two separate rows,

Introduction. over smooth or rough ground, as the case The art of match-making and eldest-son may be, and even up and down stairs, in hunting having been long since reduced steady regular progression. They have to a science by the mammas of fashion. often to traverse inore than a thousand able life, it has been thought desirable to metres to carry their booty into the com- embody the same in writing for the ben. mop storehouse. The celebrated natural- efit of posterity; and in accomplishing ist Moggridge repeatedly observed that this task the method of Euclid has been when the ants were prevented from reach followed, both as one which will be udi. ing their granaries, the seeds in the grana.versally understood, and as showing more ries began to sprout. The same thing clearly than any other the connection be. happened in storehouses that had been tween the successive steps of tbe science. abandoned by them. We must infer, then, that ants possess the means of suspending

Definitions. or arresting the action of germination 1. An undesirable partner is one who has without destroying or impairing the actual no town house, and whose income vitality of the grain, or without impairing has no magnitude. the vital principle that lies latent in the 2. A doubtful partner is title without grain.

wealth. The famous English scientist, Sir John 3. The extremities of a ball-room are the Lubbock, in his work entitled " Ants, Bees, best to flirt in. and Wasps,” relates these and similar 4. A bad business is the plain inclination facts, and adds that it was not yet known of two young people to one anotber, how the ants prevented their provision of who meet together, but are not in grain from sprouting. But now it has the same circles. been proved that this is due simply to the 5. When one fair maiden “sits on” an. preservative power of the formic acid, the other fair maiden (for “outrageous effect of which is so powerful that it can Hirting”) so as to make ibe adja. either arrest the process of germination, cent company notice her, each of or destroy it altogether in the seed.

the listeners will call it jealousy, and We will further mention that there ex. the fair maiden who sits on the ists ainong us a kind of ant that lives on other fair maiden will be called “ too seeds and stores them up. This is our particular” by them. Lasius niger, which, according to the 6. An obtuse angler is one who does not statement made by Wittmack at the meet. hook an eldest son. ing of amateur naturalists at Berlin, car. 7. An acute angler is one who does look ries seeds of violets, and likewise of

an eldest son. ground ivy (Veronica hedercefolia), into 8. A term of endearment is the extremity its cells. lo his description of an Indian of a flirtation. ant (Pheidole providens), Sykes relates 9. A blue stocking is a plain figure hav. that the above-mentioned kind collects ing one decided line which is called large stores of grass-seeds. He notices her erudition, and is such that when likewise that after a monsoon storm, the forming the centre of a circle all ants bring their stores of grain out of young men will be found equally their granaries, in order to dry them. It distant from that centre. seems, therefore, that excessive moisture 10. A figure is that which is compressed by a more or less confined boun. shall at length meet with such repdary.

robation at the hands of the said an. 11. A good figure is that compressed with- gels as shall lead one to believe that in an inch of the owner's life.

they are not quite angels. 12. Dull partners are such as, being drawn out ever so well in all directions,

do not talk.


To secure an aristocratic partner by the Let it be granted –

help of a given (finite) number of charms. 1. That an eligible young man may be Let a talent for dancing A, and a pair of

drawn by skilful management from fine eyes B, be the given finite numany one young lady to any other ber of charms. Let D be the aris. young lady.

tocratic partner. 2. That an engagement for one dance may It is required to secure D with AB.

be prolonged to any number of Bring B to bear on an old gentleman C, dances by a few fibs.

whom you know to be acquainted 3. That a visiting circle may be extended with D. Tell the decided fib E

to any extent from a West End that you are not engaged for this square, and may be made to include dance. Then, since the decided a marquis resident at any distance fib E is equal to a very broad hint, from that square.

if the aristocratic partner D pass

by at that moment, he will be introAxioms.

duced. 1. If your daughter be married to a no. Then with your captive D, and to the tune body, the match is unequal.

of the last waltz out, describe the 2. If your daughier be married to a duke, circle of the room, and if at any the match is equal.

point of the dance you meet the gen3. Elder sons are preferable to younger

ileman G, to whom you are really

engaged, consoling himself with a 4. If wealth be added to younger sons, the new partner H, let that be the two are equal.

point when the dancers cut one an5. If wealth be taken from elder sons, the other. two are equal.

Then since it has been shown that your 6. Two short lines may enclose a pro- fine eyes B have had a great effect posal.

on the old gentleman C, much 7. If one young lady meet with too much greater will be their effect on D;

attention, so as to make the infe. and with your charis AB you will
rior angels on either side of her have secured an aristocratic partner
equal to tearing her eyes out; this

conduct, if continually repeated, Wherefore, etc. Q. E. F.



ACCORDING to the San Francisco Courier | such that they toss about the largest vessels the great glacier of Alaska is moving at the which approach the glacier as if they were rate of a quarter of a mile per annum. The small boats. The ice is extremely pure and front presents a wall of ice five hundred feet dazzling to the eye ; it has tints of the lightest in thickness; its breadth varies from three to blue as well as of the deepest indigo. The top ten miles, and its length is about one hundred | is very rough and broken, forming small hills, and fifty miles. Almost every quarter of an and even chains of mountains in miniature, hour hundreds of tons of ice in large blocks This immense mass of ice, said to be more fall into the sea, which they agitate in the most than an average of a thousand feet thick, ad. violent manner. Tlfe waves are said to be Ivances daily towards the sea.

Fifth Series,
Volume LI.


No. 2145.- August 1, 1885.


From Beginning,



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National Review, . II. MRS. DYMOND. Part VII.,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Fortnightly Review,
Mrs. Oliphant. Part XXVI.,

Chambers' Journal,

Macmillan's Magazine, VI. A PARIS SUBURB,

All The Year Round, VII. AN AFGHAN JAILER,






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